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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

To Darwin Children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To Darwin Children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To CD’s Children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 16 hits

To CD’s executors & other children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 34 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … An appeal. [By Charles and Emma Darwin. ] [Bromley, Kent]: [privately printed. ] [ …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. [Darwin, Edward Levett. ] 1859. The game-preserver’s …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 ( E.  L.  Darwin 1863 ). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ( [E.  L. Darwin] 1859 , pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … Field office. Derby: W. Bemrose & Sons. Darwin, Edward Levett. 1863. The game-preserver’s …
  • … act" of 1862. 4th edition. Buxton, Derbyshire: the author. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ( [E.  L.  Darwin] 1859 , p.  22). The …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 30 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … Bibliography Anon. 1862. Mr Darwin’s orchids. Saturday Review 14 (1862): 486. …
  • … papers : The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. 2 vols. …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

From E. A. Darwin   19 February [1866]

Summary

Division of Catherine’s estate.

Arrangements for EAD’s will.

Wishes CD would pay him another visit.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5010

Matches: 24 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B40–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … University calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950. Darwin, Francis. 1916. …
  • … Memoir of Sir George Darwin. …
  • … In Scientific papers , by George Howard Darwin. Vol. 5. …
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. The letter from CD has …
  • … been found. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. Emily Catherine Langton ( …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … 13301)). William Erasmus Darwin was CD’s eldest son. George became an undergraduate …
  • … University calendar 1867, p.  400, F.  Darwin 1916 ). The references are to the family of …
  • … Allen, lived near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978 ). …
  • … of Emily Catherine Langton. Susan Elizabeth Darwin was the the younger of CD and Erasmus’s …
  • … had attended Catherine when she was dying (undated letter from H.  E. Darwin to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin (DAR 245: 273)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was CD’s second son. …
  • … s death in 1881, George and William Erasmus Darwin appear to have acted as executors (see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 28 August 1881 ( Calendar no.   …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …

From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879

Summary

Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book].

Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited.

Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11980

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 210.14: 21 Reginald Darwin Buxton 7 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book]. …
  • … Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited. …
  • … Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby. …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus, ed. 1780. Experiments establishing a criterion between …
  • … Raeburn, R.A. Edinburgh: P. Neill. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … Chicago Press. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Milo. 1994. Portraits of Dr Erasmus Darwin, F.R.S. , by Joseph Wright, James Rawlinson and …
  • … the Royal Society of London 48: 69–84. King-Hele, Desmond, ed. 2003. Charles Darwin’s ‘The …
  • … Life of Erasmus Darwin’. First unabridged edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
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darwin in keywords
Natural selections: a longer read in Commentary
9 Items

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence …
  • … Russel Wallace. This letter led to the first announcement of Darwin’s and Wallace’s respective …
  • … the composition and publication, in November 1859, of Darwin’s major treatise  On the origin of …
  • …  exceeded my wildest hopes By the end of 1859, Darwin’s work was being discussed in …
  • … Charles Lyell, 25 [November 1859] ). This transformation in Darwin’s personal world and the …
  • … The 'big book' The year 1858 opened with Darwin hard at work preparing his ‘big …
  • … his ninth chapter, on hybridism, on 29 December 1857, Darwin began in January 1858 to prepare the …
  • … appropriate. The correspondence shows that at any one time Darwin was engaged in a number of …
  • … The chapter on instinct posed a number of problems for Darwin. ‘I find my chapter on Instinct very …
  • … ). In addition to behaviour such as nest-building in birds, Darwin intended to discuss many other …
  • … celebrated as a classic example of divine design in nature. Darwin hypothesised that the instinct of …
  • … of construction as it took place in the hive. As with Darwin’s study of poultry and pigeons, …
  • … founder and president of the Apiarian Society, provided Darwin with information and specimens. His …
  • … For assistance with mathematical measurements and geometry, Darwin called upon William Hallowes …
  • … from the  Beagle voyage; on his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin; and his son William. Even his …
  • … bees and bee-hives. Variation and reversion Darwin also continued the botanical work …
  • … of smaller genera? The inquiry was of great importance to Darwin, for such evidence would support …
  • … of the statistics was still problematic. Hooker thought that Darwin was wrong to assume that …
  • … were not certain. This was a question new to the experts. Darwin was delighted to hear from Asa Gray …
  • … completed and his results written up. With some trepidation, Darwin sent his manuscript off to …
  • … in the letters of 1858 also relate to questions that Darwin had begun to explore earlier. Letters to …
  • … rush to publish With much of his research completed, Darwin began in mid-June 1858 to write …
  • … Wallace enunciated his own theory of natural selection. Darwin’s shock and dismay is evident in the …
  • … Charles Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). As was his custom, Darwin did not supply a full date on his …
  • … as having been received ‘today’. Following Francis Darwin ( LL 2: 116–17) and relying on Charles …
  • … dated the letter 18 [June 1858]. However, the accuracy of Darwin’s words has been questioned by John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It …
  • … unique window into this complicated relationship throughout Darwin’s life, as it reveals his …
  • … belief (and doubt) than many non-conformist denominations. Darwin’s parents attended a Unitarian …
  • … the necessary studies to be a clergyman. During Darwin’s lifetime, the vast majority of the …
  • … income was essential to enjoy a gentlemanly lifestyle. For Darwin, who could rely on the financial …
  • … compatible with the pursuit of scientific interests. Indeed, Darwin’s Cambridge mentor, John Stevens …
  • … (Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine (1887): 321). Darwin started on his journey around the world …
  • … it even through a grove of Palms.—’ (letter to Caroline Darwin, 25–6 April [1832] ). Darwin’s …
  • … Museum or some other learned place’ (letter from E. A. Darwin, 18 August [1832] ). Writing to Fox …
  • … about—’ (letter to W. D. Fox, [9–12 August] 1835 ). Darwin’s doubts about orthodox belief, and …
  • … in 1838 and 1839, as can be read here. In the end, Darwin chose a middle course—a life of ease in …
  • … within six years of his return from the  Beagle  voyage, Darwin moved to Down House, in the …
  • … where their children Mary and Charles were buried; later Darwin’s brother Erasmus, Emma’s sister …
  • … of Emma, whose religious scruples are discussed here. But Darwin’s correspondence reveals his own …
  • … Although he was not the principal landowner in Down, Darwin was a gentleman of means, and clearly …
  • … made inroads on Anglican authority in the countryside. The Darwin family took an interest in, and …
  • … Many of the letters highlighted in this section focus on Darwin’s long-standing relationship with …
  • … To the end of his life Innes refused to be persuaded by Darwin’s theory of evolution, but …
  • … cordial; in the first extant letter of the correspondence, Darwin wrote to Innes expressing concern …
  • … to 1869 (letter to J. B. Innes, [8 May 1848] and n. 2). Darwin praised Innes to John William …
  • … from Down (letter to J. B. Innes, 15 December [1861] ). Darwin and Innes continued to correspond …
  • … Innes, 7 December 1868 ). Innes had a tendency to tease Darwin about his theories rather than …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental …
  • … hothouse early in 1863 marked something of a milestone in Darwin’s botanical work, since it greatly …
  • …  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855] ). Darwin became increasingly involved in …
  • … Though his greenhouse was probably heated to some extent, Darwin found himself on several occasions …
  • … make observations and even experiments on his behalf. Darwin’s decision to build a hothouse …
  • … Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for this purpose a glass …
  • … of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) Darwin told Hooker: I have …
  • … Encyclopedia of gardening  (Loudon 1835), a copy of which Darwin signed in 1841 (see the copy in …
  • … of heat’ (p. 1100). The latter was the sense in which Darwin used the word. The building of …
  • … accounts (Down House MS)). When it was completed, Darwin told Turnbull that without Horwood’s aid he …
  • … ). Even before work on the hothouse started, however, Darwin began making preparations to …
  • … plants’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January [1863] ). Darwin apparently refers to the catalogues …
  • … whom he had dealt over many years. In his letter to Hooker, Darwin mentioned that he hoped to be …
  • … (letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 January 1863] ). Darwin agreed to send Hooker his list of …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 January [1863] ). Darwin probably gave his list of plants to …
  • … [1863] ). On 20 February, the plants from Kew had arrived. Darwin was delighted, telling Hooker: ‘I …
  • … moss, peat, and charcoal (see the letter from Henrietta Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [22 …
  • … (see letter from J. D. Hooker, [6 March 1863] ). Darwin derived enormous pleasure from his …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic appreciation of the …
  • … the tropics. Even before he left on the Beagle  voyage, Darwin used the hothouses in the …
  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Caroline Darwin, [28 April 1831] ), and when, on the  …
  • … again’ ( Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Catherine Darwin, May–June [1832] ). Years later, …
  • … 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin soon began the more serious work of …
  • … department at Kew, had helped select the plants for Darwin). Hooker had also sent seeds, and was …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 February [1863] ). Darwin’s hothouse became an important focus …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the …
  • … is available below . As with much of his other work, Darwin gathered additional information on the …
  • … lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect information on …
  • … the expression of emotions. As the following transcript of Darwin’s notes reveals, he closely …
  • … William Erasmus, the stages of his development suggesting to Darwin those expressions which are …
  • … The tone of the manuscript reflects an aspect of Darwin’s character clearly perceived by Emma during …
  • … “What does that prove”.’[6] For in these notes, Darwin’s deep scientific curiosity transcends his …
  • … that on occasion he refers to William as ‘it’. Darwin possessed the ability to dissociate …
  • … memories.[8] Yet, though the dissociation was essential for Darwin’s scientific goal, the notes here …
  • … the record breaks off until January 1852, by which time the Darwin family had increased by five: …
  • … the onset of frowning, smiling, etc., as was the focus of Darwin’s attention on William and Anne, …
  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … all the notes until July 1856, when the observations ceased. Darwin’s later entries, like Emma’s, …
  • … Transcription: 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. …
  • … written in pencil by CD and subsequently overwritten by Emma Darwin. The transcription throughout …
  • … [15] ‘Annie . . . fortnight’ was written by Emma Darwin on the verso of page 3 and opposite the …
  • … The name and address of a Mrs Locke are noted in Emma Darwin’s 1843 diary. [16] The following …
  • … following text to ‘Feb 27. 1840’ on page 6 is in Emma Darwin’s hand. [19] ‘After . . . weeks …
  • … of the section. [20] CD’s sister, Emily Catherine Darwin, who stayed with CD and Emma Darwin
  • … [22] The text on this page is not in the hand of CD or Emma Darwin. It was probably dictated by CD …
  • … [25] The details on this page were written by Emma Darwin. [26] This note (in pencil) by Emma …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Charles Darwin’s daughter Henrietta wrote the following journal entries in March and …
  • … 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound notebook now in the Darwin Archive of Cambridge University …
  • … excised within it, presumably by Henrietta herself. Darwin’s letters in 1870 and 1871 ( …
  • … scepticism; many of her arguments are reminiscent of Darwin’s own discussion of religious belief in …
  • … of the theory of natural selection. Snow occasionally sent Darwin information relating to his …
  • … emotion (see letters from F. J. Wedgwood to H. E. and C. R. Darwin, [1867–72],  letter   nos. 7058 …
  • … one of  Descent  (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to F. J. Wedgwood, [March 1871?], and …
  • … period of their courtship. We are grateful to William Darwin for permission to publish the …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … for plants to flourish can be traced back to the last book Darwin wrote, snappily-titled The …
  • … on their habits, which was published in 1881. Despite Darwin’s fears that a book on earthworms might …
  • … out in his Natural History of Selborne of 1789 (a book Darwin claimed had ‘much influence on my …
  • … a new field in natural history, and almost a century later Darwin argued that all fields had passed …
  • … variety of strange things he persuaded people to do. Darwin concluded that worms had no sense …
  • … a metal whistle and to being shouted at, but also to Francis Darwin playing the bassoon, and to Emma …
  • … realising that this negative evidence was also valuable to Darwin. Thomas Henry Farrer , …
  • … existence of worms at that altitude. By the 1870s, Darwin was also drawing on the work of …
  • … him. Soon worm excrement was trusted to postal services, and Darwin acquired casts from India and …
  • … observations he had gathered to write a book on the subject. Darwin brought to the topic the …
  • … bigger souls than anyone wd suppose’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 31 January [1881] (CUL DAR 210.6: …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 26 hits

  • Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between …
  • … are probably among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works. Often dismissed as a …
  • … and classification both informed and were informed by Darwin’s species theory. Every aspect, from …
  • … of his predecessors. Background In 1846, Darwin switched focus from geology to …
  • … he had not done so with invertebrates.  By the time Darwin turned his attention to these specimens, …
  • … ’. Hooker was probably taken aback by how hard this hit Darwin. When Darwin wrote ‘ How painfully …
  • … out species ’. What part, if any, this exchange played in Darwin’s eventual decision to produce a …
  • … had certainly not been taken even a year later; instead, Darwin told Hooker, that he was ‘going to …
  • … first animal to be investigated was an odd little barnacle Darwin had collected from the Chonos …
  • … on it, & daily see some more beautiful structure! ’. Darwin was more than a little intrigued by …
  • … of Concholepas , a Chilean abalone. By February, 1847, Darwin had expanded his study and informed …
  • … comparative anatomy, but it was only at the end of 1847 that Darwin decided to undertake a …
  • … but the circumstances were anything but normal. Not only did Darwin want to study the specimens at …
  • … can do it thoroughily ’. Shortly after his first request, Darwin added that if he was sent the …
  • … this would be ‘ all I could wish ’. In February 1848, Darwin received ‘ the good tidings of the …
  • … specialised works on natural history with limited appeal. Darwin’s proposed barnacle work was …
  • … Having already spent well over a year on cirripede anatomy, Darwin wrote a rather reflective letter …
  • … and convinced of the importance of his work for his theory, Darwin now had to deal with two bugbears …
  • … only a distinct genus, but a distinct sub-family. ’ For Darwin, the practice of appending the name …
  • … tirade’ was written to Hugh Edward Strickland , who, like Darwin, had served on a British …
  • … drop the battle about perpetuity of names ’ began to wear Darwin down, but he  could not ignore the …
  • … ... The subject is heart-breaking.— ’ While Darwin reluctantly conceded to Strickland on …
  • … synonymy. On the heels of their discussion on naming, Darwin and Strickland again differed on the …
  • … human titles, only used as a matter of convenience. ’ Darwin countered, ‘ I feel some difficulty …
  • … nearest allied to former genus first. ’ Implicit in Darwin’s method is the idea of a real …
  • … together, than to separate & make new ones ’. Darwin’s most radical move, however, was …

Insectivorous plants

Summary

Darwin’s work on insectivorous plants began by accident. While on holiday in the summer of 1860, staying with his wife’s relatives in Hartfield, Sussex, he went for long walks on the heathland and became curious about the large number of insects caught by…

Matches: 25 hits

  • Darwin’s work on insectivorous plants began by accident. While on holiday in …
  • … illness, probably typhoid fever. While caring for Etty, Darwin’s wife Emma wrote to a friend: …
  • … he hopes to end in proving it to be an animal.’ ( Emma Darwin 2: 177) By the end of August …
  • …  In this song the lyrics are based on Darwin's statements about insectivorous plants in his …
  • … exchanging over twenty letters in the autumn of 1860 alone. Darwin started by asking Oliver to …
  • … as the Australian Drosera , and tried to reproduce Darwin’s results on the reaction of …
  • … certain nitrogenous compounds is marvellous. ’ Darwin turned his attention to the mechanism …
  • … viscid, dark red fluid. ’ By the end of November Darwin wrote to Charles Lyell: ‘ I will …
  • … of the Royal Society in February 1861 (Bonney 1919, p. 154), Darwin decided not to publish his …
  • … son Leonard’s and wife’s recovery from scarlet fever , Darwin began experiments with various …
  • … analogous in constitution & function to nervous matter. ’ Darwin wrote to the surveyor Edward …
  • … plants for 10 years. Early in 1872, Asa Gray reminded Darwin ‘ pray don’t run off on some …
  • … about Drosera & Dionæa ’. By August and September, Darwin was ordering essential oils and …
  • … New Jersey with these remarkable observations and Darwin asked her to observe the North …
  • … sundew) . As part of his medical training, Darwin’s son Francis studied histology at the …
  • … performing comparative experiments on animals. After Darwin had sent Burdon Sanderson an abstract of …
  • … was so pleased with his results he excitedly telegraphed Darwin and presented them in paper to …
  • … Brown Institution’s staff, Thomas Lauder Brunton, assisted Darwin with the digestibility of chondrin …
  • … of Chemistry Edward Frankland supplied pure chemicals for Darwin’s study of digestion and …
  • … substance . After many careful experiments, in May 1874 Darwin proudly reported to his cousin …
  • … (the genus of tropical pitcher-plants) in parallel with Darwin’s study of Drosera and Dionaea …
  • … as your finger nail in 48 hours to lovely jelly ’, while Darwin could only reply: ‘ Poor Drosera …
  • … almost beyond their digestive power— ‘ Most of Darwin’s experimental work was on Drosera …
  • … , of all the other insectivorous plants he worked on, Darwin spent the most time studying …
  • … Dorothy Nevill leant him a plant of Utricularia montana . Darwin realised he had mistaken the …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the …
  • … could have been given to it’ (Kirby 1852, 2: 246). Darwin’s copy of Brougham’s  …
  • … instance, if my theory explains one it may explain other.’ Darwin, and others working on …
  • … if it could not explain bee cells, it was radically flawed. Darwin needed to show two things: first, …
  • … ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that humble bees made …
  • … construct: for example, birds’ nests are usually circular. Darwin argued that if the  Melipona …
  • … The second point, how bees actually built the comb, involved Darwin in a great deal of …
  • … on the subject for a projected book on the species question, Darwin wrote to George Robert …
  • … antagonistic principles and the proximity of other cells. Darwin’s letter has not been found, but …
  • … Waterhouse but William Bernhard Tegetmeier (who had helped Darwin with his work on pigeons) and …
  • … R. Waterhouse, 13 February 1858 .) In April 1858, Darwin went to London to meet William …
  • … than any which had yet been devised’ ( ODNB ). Possibly Darwin consulted Miller simply on geometry …
  • … in how a complex pattern may arise from natural forces. Darwin made notes for their discussion in a …
  • … subjects of wasp’s nests. He sent another long letter to Darwin on the subject, this time arguing …
  • … Waterhouse, 17 April 1858 ). Waterhouse also told Darwin of a meeting at the Entomological …
  • … which presented the same peculiarities. Darwin quickly arranged to look at Tegetmeier’s …
  • … April 1858] ); however, it had been mislaid. Nevertheless, Darwin asked Tegetmeier to keep an eye …
  • … cells, would not be hexagonal. At this time Darwin was much exercised by the work of François …
  • … described their manner of building’ (letter to W. E. Darwin, [26 May 1858] .) To Tegetmeier, he …
  • … must be very minute. ( See the letter ) Darwin was probably particularly …
  • … arch, since Huber’s diagrams show this transition clearly. Darwin thought that the arch was not made …
  • … the bottoms of three cells on the other side of the wall. Darwin thought that this angular structure …
  • … of their proceedings?’ (Huber 1841, p. 269.) Darwin asked Tegetmeier to observe the beginning …
  • … wax in the hive for the bees to work on. Using this method, Darwin ‘got some excavated hemispherical …
  • … bees in hive were producing and working themselves.) Darwin tried three different experiments …
  • … next to the left-hand clump of cells. Secondly, Darwin put a thin piece of vermilion wax in …
  • … through into another cell. In his third experiment, Darwin covered edges of the walls of a …
  • … and it is likely that the ‘knife-edged ridge’ used by Darwin was a similar arrangement. The results …