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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

From C. M. C. Darwin   14 April 1879

Summary

Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn.

Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 138–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11994

Matches: 39 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From C.  M.  C.  Darwin   14 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 138–41 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 14 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn. …
  • … Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2. Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father. …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 8 April 1879, n. …
  • … 8 . William Morgan Darwin had no sons. …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1848) …
  • … was Robert Darwin ’s son …
  • … and Erasmus Darwin ’s eldest brother. ( …
  • Darwin pedigree . ) …
  • … Richardson’s portrait depicted Robert Darwin in his ‘great wig and bands’ and looking, …
  • … Bibliography Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … printed for the author. 1984. ] Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Post Office London …
  • … Otley. April 14 th . 1879 Dear M r . Darwin, , I have to thank you for a long kind letter, …
  • … question about our mutual ancestor, Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn— My Husband and I have …
  • … Balderton, and died 1754— his cousin William Morgan Darwin (who died in 1762. ) being then …
  • … owner of Elston— Rob t . Waring Darwin his son, then got …
  • … me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin 2.2 he ... 1762. ) 2.3] scored blue crayon …
  • … dignified doctor of divinity’ ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 4). Simon Dunning , solicitor, had an …
  • … London directory 1878). George Howard Darwin had made this suggestion (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2). CD had asked whether Leonard Darwin could photograph Elston Hall (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 3). The letter of introduction has not been found. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 4. …
  • … CD had found letters from Erasmus Darwin and a drawing of Elston Hall from around …
  • … 1750 in a box owned by Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) that had been labelled ‘old …
  • … settlements & deeds’ (see letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 ). Paul-Adolphe Rajon …
  • … the Elston Estate— Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn was buried at Elston, and we have a …
  • … of Parliament S t .  has a number of old Darwin deeds & papers, which might throw some …
  • … introduction for your son M r . Leonard Darwin to our Tenant at Elston who I am sure will …

To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879

Summary

Details of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, died.

The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation.

Is tired of writing letters, "half the fools throughout Europe write to ask me the stupidest questions".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 98; Lawrences Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11982

Matches: 47 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879 …
  • … Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, …
  • … died. The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation. Is tired of …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1879. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. …
  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Moilliet, Amelia and …
  • … questions. — Yours cordially obliged | Charles Darwin P.S Very many thanks about the Seal; …
  • … See letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 . The section ‘Since … a copy. ’ was cut out …
  • … CD also mentioned his discovery of letters from Erasmus Darwin and others, and the drawing …
  • … of Elston Hall in Robert Waring Darwin’s deeds box in his letter to C.   …
  • … M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879 . On the engraving by John Allen Wedgwood , …
  • … Keir ( Moilliet and Moilliet 1859 ), mentioned by Reginald Darwin in his letter of 7 April …
  • … 1879 . Reginald Darwin had mentioned that …
  • … he had Erasmus Darwin’s two seals ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 ). …
  • … CD had asked Reginald Darwin whether he would …
  • … mind if Erasmus Darwin’s poem on the folly of …
  • … atheism was published (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … The first four lines appeared in Erasmus Darwin , p. 44. The text from ‘Europe write’ is …
  • … Cotton M.S. ; but George remarks that there is no evidence that this Mr.  Darwin was W.   …
  • Darwin of Cleatham. …
  • … We are much puzzled whether Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn and Father of Dr.  Erasmus was …
  • … at Elston. I have also written to Mrs.  Darwin of Creskeld to ask about this point. By the …
  • … see the letter from V. H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 3. Leonard Darwin of the Royal Engineers was an instructor in chemistry and photography at …
  • … of Military Engineering at Chatham in Kent. Violetta Harriot Darwin had offered to make a …
  • … drawing of Breadsall Priory, Erasmus Darwin’s death place (see letter from V. …
  • … H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin had been in Algiers for several months; he …
  • … was, as CD had anticipated, interested in Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). Robert Bruce Cotton had recorded that a …
  • … in his collection in the British Library had been found by a Mr Darwin (see letter …
  • … to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 9). William Darwin (1681–1760) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s uncle. …
  • … Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father; his …
  • … brother was William Darwin (1681–1760). Their mother, Anne, lived at Elston Hall with her …
  • … Elston. After Anne Lascelle’s death, Robert Darwin bought Elston Hall from the Lascelles ( …
  • … accessed 23 November 2018)). See letter to C.  M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s eldest son, Charles , died in 1778, while a student at Edinburgh …
  • … before Charles died (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). It was Elizabeth …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   16 September 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 183 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   20 December 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879

Summary

Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book].

Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited.

Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11980

Matches: 45 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 210.14: 21 Reginald Darwin Buxton 7 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Keir’s correspondence edited by her grandson James Keir Moilliet . Erasmus Darwin’s father …
  • … was Robert Darwin (1682–1754) . …
  • … red crayon Top of letter : ‘about | Father of Erasmus’ pencil ; ‘R.  Darwin’ red crayon …
  • … Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book]. …
  • … Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited. …
  • … Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby. …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus, ed. 1780. Experiments establishing a criterion between …
  • … Raeburn, R.A. Edinburgh: P. Neill. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … Chicago Press. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … CD had asked to keep Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down …
  • … House MS) until George Howard Darwin returned from Algiers ( …
  • … see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). ‘A new Song …
  • … in praise of two young Hunters’ was written by Erasmus and John Darwin’s older …
  • … brother, Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) . John’s stammer may be indicated in the poem by …
  • … beware) dead’, a hunting cry; King-Hele ed. 2003 , p. 17). Reginald Darwin’s grandmother …
  • … was Elizabeth Darwin , …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s second wife; CD’ …
  • … Portrait Gallery, D34687). Erasmus Darwin’s motto was ‘E conchis omnia’ (everything from …
  • … contained correspondence with Erasmus Darwin, who was a close friend of Keir . The book …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Milo. 1994. Portraits of Dr Erasmus Darwin, F.R.S. , by Joseph Wright, James Rawlinson and …
  • … the Royal Society of London 48: 69–84. King-Hele, Desmond, ed. 2003. Charles Darwin’s ‘The …
  • … Life of Erasmus Darwin’. First unabridged edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … s grandmother was Mary Darwin , Erasmus’s first wife. The …
  • … was probably among the loose letters sent by Reginald Darwin with the Commonplace book ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father …
  • … was Francis Sacheverel Darwin . CD had heard the jockey story from Elizabeth Anne Wheler ( …
  • … 1879 and n. 7). The enclosure in Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s hand has not been found. …
  • … Andrew Duncan was Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles’s Edinburgh professor. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh when he heard …
  • … Charles was dying (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). Duncan evidently …
  • … Duncan 1824 , pp. 11–12). Charles Darwin (1758–87) was buried in the Duncan family vault …
  • … Buccleuch Parish Church), Edinburgh ( E. Darwin ed. 1780 , p. iv and 135). The city was …
  • … 2000 , p. xv). The inscription on the memorial tablet to Charles Darwin was written by …
  • … his father, Erasmus Darwin ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 82). …
  • … For the text on the tablet, see ‘Charles Darwin 1758–78’, http://www.findagrave.com ( …
  • … of Derby painted a portrait of Erasmus Darwin around 1770; Anna Seward described it as a ‘ …
  • … was painted in 1802, shortly before Erasmus Darwin’s death ( M. Keynes 1994 , p. 78). …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 30 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … C. Darwin was commander of HMS Lord Warden from September 1878 until December 1879 ( …
  • … Archives, ADM 196/15/167). Mary Anne Darwin . For the story about the jockey, see letter …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … offer my best regards & those of M rs Darwin & my son (who is home on a few days leave) …
  • … me| always affec tly yours | Reginald Darwin Top of letter : ‘New Market Jockey Story’ …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 ; …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were arranging a translation of Ernst Krause ’ …
  • … s sketch of the life of Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). Matlock and Buxton were spa towns …
  • … of the statements made by Anna Seward in her biography of Erasmus Darwin ( Seward 1804 ). …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House MS) was written between 1776 and 1787; for …
  • … 3. Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles was nineteen when he died. ‘Tardy mails’: slow mail …
  • … letter has not been found. Erasmus Darwin was buried in Breadsall church in Derbyshire ( …
  • … of 1831–6. Reginald’s son, Sacheverel Charles Darwin , was an officer in the Royal Navy. …
  • … Reginald also refers to George Howard Darwin and to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin , who lived in Bassett, Southampton. S. …
  • … and passim . Reginald also refers to Erasmus Darwin’s ‘The folly of atheism’; Emma Sophia …
  • … has not been identified. Reginald’s father was Francis Sacheverel Darwin ; his mother …
  • … was Jane Harriett Darwin . His sisters were Mary Jane Worsley , …
  • … Wilmot , Frances Sarah Huish , Georgiana Elizabeth Swift , Violetta Harriot Darwin , Anne …
  • … Eliza Darwin , and Millicent Susan Oldershaw . …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 and n. …

To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879

Summary

Has been "deeply interested by the great book" [see 11966]. Asks permission to publish extracts.

Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, died? Asks whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11977

Matches: 40 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 153: 97 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … Desmond, ed. 1981. The letters of Erasmus Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … Asks permission to publish extracts. Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, …
  • … whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons. …
  • … King-Hele ed. 2003, p. 7). George Howard Darwin visited the British Museum to transcribe …
  • … Mrs Bort from a lithograph by Miss V.  Darwin; and if I could borrow this lithograph, it …
  • … thanks. | Yours affectionately | Charles Darwin P.S.  What a curious story that is about …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 ). The copyist probably made …
  • … rather than just ‘return’; George Howard Darwin arrived back from Algiers, where he had …
  • … 17 April, when he left Down for Cambridge (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD included …
  • … first version of his sketch of Erasmus Darwin’s life; three copies of these first proofs …
  • … from his medical practice in Lichfield, appeared in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 25–6, 28–9, 43– …
  • … 4, and 121. The story of Erasmus Darwin being woken at night in a Newmarket hotel to be …
  • … kindly by Erasmus was published in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 63–4. Elizabeth Anne Wheler , a …
  • … story in her letter of 25 March 1879 ; Francis Sacheverel Darwin was Reginald’s father. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh and reached …
  • … the city before his eldest son, Charles Darwin , died ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 83; King-Hele ed. 1981 , p. 87). It was probably his second son, …
  • … at the time of his death in 1799, and given to CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin, in April …
  • … 1802 ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 76; King-Hele ed. 1981 , …
  • … p. 89). See letter from Reginald Darwin, 2 April 1879 . …
  • … In the letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 , CD had mentioned that he thought he would …
  • … Priory (the birth and death places of Erasmus Darwin) in his biographical account. …
  • … The lithograph was made by Violetta Harriot Darwin. The copy was made by Ann …
  • … marriage, was a neighbour of Erasmus Darwin in Full Street, Derby. The copyist wrote ‘? …
  • … Bort’. Sydnope Hall near Matlock, Derbyshire, was purchased by Francis Sacheverel Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father, in the 1820s, and sold after his death in 1858 (‘Sydnope Hall’, …
  • … Sydnope with his cousin William Darwin Fox when they were Cambridge undergraduates (see …
  • … of the Commonplace book by Reginald Darwin, there are two taken from the Derby Mercury of …
  • … 8 April 1874, describing Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s life at Sydnope Hall and the hunt he …
  • … organised in 1837 to kill the last wild boar of his herd. Reginald Darwin felt that he …
  • … had ‘desecrated’ Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book by pasting in …
  • … newspaper cuttings (see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). At the beginning of …
  • … of the preliminary notice of Erasmus Darwin, CD mentioned in a footnote that a rare book …
  • … the history of Lichfield, found by a Mr Darwin in the thatch of a house and presented to …

To C. M. C. Darwin   24 March 1879

Summary

Can CMCD provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1879
Classmark:  The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11950F

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Francis Rhodes Darwin . …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, C. M. C. …
  • … To C.  M.  C.  Darwin   24 March 1879 …
  • … The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin 24 Mar 1879 …
  • … Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
  • … provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have …
  • … it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … so that I am not hopeful on this head. I beg leave to remain | Dear M rs . Darwin | Yours …
  • … sincerely | Charles Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … Krause had published a biography of CD’s grandfather Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). …
  • … CD’s brother was Erasmus Alvey Darwin . See letters from E. …
  • … A. Darwin, 8 March [1879] and 11 March [1879] . CD …
  • … planned to use a photograph of a portrait by Joseph Wright of Erasmus Darwin as the …
  • … frontispiece to Erasmus Darwin (see letter to Ernst Krause, 19 March 1879 and n. 8). …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire, was the seat of the senior branch of the Darwin family and the …
  • … birthplace of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Orpington. S.E.R. Mar 24/1879 Dear M rs Darwin, I am going to beg a little favour of you. …
  • … published a short life of D r Erasmus Darwin, chiefly in relation to his scientific work. …
  • … be greatly obliged. I fear that is not probable that M r Darwin or yourself possess any …
  • … documents about D r Darwin or letters from him; for if you have any & would not object to …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … advisers. Here ends my sermon— Charles Darwin To William Please forward this soon to G. & …
  • … F. “G.  H.  Darwin Esq Villa Beau Séjour Colonne Voirol Algiers. ” …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … Frederick Ransome, 7 February 1866 ). George Howard and Francis Darwin were in Algiers; …
  • … see letter from Francis Darwin, [ c. 25 February 1879]. …
  • … Charles Langton , and CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin . The trust paid out twice yearly on 30 …
  • … probably managed by CD’s son William Erasmus Darwin . The last payment to CD, for £352 10 …
  • … is dated 30 June 1876 and marked ‘W. E. Darwin in Trust money’ (CD’s Account books–banking …
  • … were Henrietta Emma Litchfield and Elizabeth Darwin ; his sons were William Erasmus , …
  • … Howard , Francis , Leonard , and Horace Darwin . CD had purchased shares in the Patent …

From Francis Galton   9 June 1879

Summary

Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 June 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12097F

Matches: 50 hits

  • … Galton, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests. …
  • … DAR 210.14: 30 Francis Galton 9 June 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … aside from a similar sum given him by his uncle, John Darwin (1730–1805) , it was the sole …
  • … pecuniary aid that Robert ever received ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … Mem: about D r . Erasmus Darwin’s bequests When D r . …
  • … Eras: Darwin died, he appears to have left no money …
  • … to D r . Robert Darwin who was the sole surviving issue of his first marriage with Miss …
  • … M r . Darwin’s) youngest Brother D r . …
  • … Eras. Darwin— Did Issue mean, D r . …
  • … Eras Darwin’s children—or children & …
  • … grandchildren— This much excited Emma Darwin—as D r . Rob et . had 6. children—& Violetta …
  • … decided against the grandchildren M rs . Darwin had only 2 children living at her death …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) was the …
  • … sole surviving child of Erasmus Darwin and his first wife, Mary Howard . …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin ’s first husband was Edward Sacheverel …
  • … Pole ; her six children by Erasmus Darwin, still living at the time of his death, were …
  • … the illegitimate daughters. Robert Waring Darwin married Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817) in …
  • … CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin , had five other children: Marianne …
  • … Parker , Caroline Sarah Wedgwood , Susan Elizabeth Darwin , Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin , and Catherine Langton . Violetta Galton ’s eight children …
  • … Adele Bunbury , Agnes Jane Galton , Darwin Galton , Erasmus Galton , Violetta Galton , and …
  • … his grandfather, CD did not discuss Erasmus Darwin’s legacies to any of his children; CD …
  • … that Erasmus had given his son Robert Waring Darwin £20 when he first set up his medical …
  • … £ 30.000. On the other hand, D r . Erasmus Darwin left comparatively very little money & a …
  • … a time, and it is supposed that D r . E.  Darwin was enabled to save what he did by living …
  • … Galton June 9/79. 1st ly . M rs . Eras: Darwin (neé Collier) had a jointure f m . Col l . …
  • … the Rev d John Gisborne— 2nd ly D r . E Darwin lived at Radbourne after his marriage to M …
  • … till M r . Pole was of age— M rs . Erasmus Darwin having £800-a year, besides the rent of …
  • … the Radbourne Let 3 rdly . D r . Eras: Darwin has to educate & place out at Ashbourne, M …
  • … Mother, M rs . Day— 4 thly . — D r . E Darwin lent several thousands, or I think there was …
  • … was left in his will to M rs . Era s . Darwin, (his 2 nd . Wife) & her Children—& it was …
  • … M rs . Archdall’s death. 5 th . When D r . E Darwin died—he left by his second marriage 6. …
  • … If the Archdall money was ever p d . M rs . Darwin was to have it, & the second family …
  • … at M rs . Darwin’s death—& so they did receive f r . 5 to £6,000—each f m .   …
  • … first to last— Had M rs . Eras s . Darwin died soon after her Husband—the Pole Jointure …
  • … money cd.  be paid which was very uncertain— Old M r . Darwin of Elston—left his Property— …
  • … some to his Heir William Darwin—& some to the issue of his ( …
  • … According to CD’s introductory sketch, Robert Waring Darwin received £20 from Erasmus when …
  • … he set up practice in Shrewsbury ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). The Poles had four children: …
  • … of the Pole family, a few miles west of Derby, was rented out by the Darwins for most of …
  • … the time until Elizabeth Darwin’s son Sacheverell Pole reached his majority at 21 ( King- …
  • … been employed by Erasmus as a nursemaid for Robert Waring Darwin (see King-Hele 1999, pp. …
  • … 106–7). Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) , who died unmarried, was …
  • … the elder brother of William Brown Darwin , who then inherited Elston …
  • … Hall, and of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Emma Georgiana Elizabeth Darwin never married. …

To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879]

Summary

Notes observations on sensitivity and movement of radicles.

Has finished chapter [of Movement in plants] on sleeping plants and is now looking over heliotropism notes.

Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus [A. Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  12 July [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12152

Matches: 31 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879] …
  • … DAR 211: 62 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 …
  • … July [1879] Francis Darwin
  • … and is now looking over heliotropism notes. Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin ; Erasmus [A. …
  • Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long. …
  • … to Lakes & finish it there. I am tired— Ever yours | C.  Darwin (What are your plans, if …
  • … you have any, you degenerate Darwin. ) Abbadabba flourishing & Dumming …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … from 2 to 27 August 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … CD jokingly alludes to some of the more illustrious Darwin ancestors discovered …
  • … by George Howard Darwin while …
  • … researching Darwin family history (see letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 24 June 1879 ). Abbadabba …
  • … was a pet name for Francis’s son, Bernard Darwin . ‘Dumming’: Bernard’ …
  • … s mispronunciation of ‘drumming’ (see letter to Francis Darwin, 4 July [1879] ). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 1. Francis had not mentioned …
  • … Virginia spiderwort; see letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 2). CD described …
  • … mustard; see letter from Francis Darwin, [after 16 June 1879] ). In his investigations …
  • … the roots with gold-beater’s skin (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 5). …
  • … curvature’, see the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 June [1879] , n. 8. The long chapter for …
  • … away from the sun (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 6). Various members …
  • … proof-sheets of CD’s biographical sketch for Erasmus Darwin ; among them were Henrietta …
  • … Emma Litchfield , Erasmus Alvey Darwin , and …
  • … Emma Darwin . …
  • … The Darwins stayed at Coniston in the Lake District …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …
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