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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

To Darwin Children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To Darwin Children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To CD’s Children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 16 hits

To CD’s executors & other children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 34 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … An appeal. [By Charles and Emma Darwin. ] [Bromley, Kent]: [privately printed. ] [ …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. [Darwin, Edward Levett. ] 1859. The game-preserver’s …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 ( E.  L.  Darwin 1863 ). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ( [E.  L. Darwin] 1859 , pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … Field office. Derby: W. Bemrose & Sons. Darwin, Edward Levett. 1863. The game-preserver’s …
  • … act" of 1862. 4th edition. Buxton, Derbyshire: the author. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ( [E.  L.  Darwin] 1859 , p.  22). The …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

From E. A. Darwin   19 February [1866]

Summary

Division of Catherine’s estate.

Arrangements for EAD’s will.

Wishes CD would pay him another visit.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5010

Matches: 24 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B40–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … University calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950. Darwin, Francis. 1916. …
  • … Memoir of Sir George Darwin. …
  • … In Scientific papers , by George Howard Darwin. Vol. 5. …
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. The letter from CD has …
  • … been found. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. Emily Catherine Langton ( …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … 13301)). William Erasmus Darwin was CD’s eldest son. George became an undergraduate …
  • … University calendar 1867, p.  400, F.  Darwin 1916 ). The references are to the family of …
  • … Allen, lived near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978 ). …
  • … of Emily Catherine Langton. Susan Elizabeth Darwin was the the younger of CD and Erasmus’s …
  • … had attended Catherine when she was dying (undated letter from H.  E. Darwin to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin (DAR 245: 273)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was CD’s second son. …
  • … s death in 1881, George and William Erasmus Darwin appear to have acted as executors (see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 28 August 1881 ( Calendar no.   …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 29 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … papers : The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. 2 vols. …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

From E. A. Darwin   20 May [1880]

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets;

Otto Zöckler’s [Darwin’s Grossvater (1880)] he thinks worthless.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12611

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   20 May [1880] …
  • … DAR 105: B112 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 20 May [ …
  • … 1880] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … for two pamphlets; Otto Zöckler’s [ Darwin’s Grossvater (1880)] he thinks worthless. …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Ferrari, Henri. 1880. Érasme Darwin. [ …
  • … Review of Erasmus Darwin . ] Revue scientifique de la France et de l’étranger 2d ser. …
  • … 9: 1090–4 Zöckler, Otto. 1880. Darwin’s Großvater als Arzt, Dichter und Naturphilosoph. …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
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Life sciences in Commentary
11 Items

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 24 hits

  • … The case is a sore puzzle to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] . …
  • … One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the …
  • … work in ecology. Despite the difference in language between Darwin’s letter and the modern …
  • … in seeds that have no nutritive value. Other subjects that Darwin worked on at Down also have …
  • … the mix of species in a plot of grass; pollination. Was Darwin, then, an early ecologist? The …
  • … was becoming well enough established in universities that Darwin’s ‘held together with a piece of …
  • … laboratory institute in Würzburg, criticised Darwin’s experiments on movement in root radicles as …
  • … As a gentleman amateur, observing his surroundings, Darwin seems to fit easily into an earlier …
  • … between organisms over time – were highly innovative. Darwin’s own experiments challenged the old, …
  • … clearly did not mark an epoch in the history of science; Darwin and some of his correspondents …
  • … ‘The number of new words … is something dreadful’, Darwin wrote to T. H. Huxley on 22 December …
  • … world only from the late nineteenth century onwards. Darwin himself never used the word, either in …
  • … the study of all those complex interrelations referred to by Darwin as the conditions of the …
  • … in Stauffer 1957, p. 141). How important is it that Darwin did not use the word ecology, and …
  • … So, we should be careful not to make the same mistake with Darwin. When we try to understand the …
  • … there’s also a horizontal dimension, the question of what Darwin himself thought he was doing. …
  • … realising it, and what areas are still contested? Darwin’s intellectual context Darwin
  • … be involved in chemical or meteorological investigations. By Darwin’s time the term was associated …
  • … of natural objects: indeed, this is pretty much what Darwin did on the  Beagle  voyage. An …
  • … natural history, and an early influence on Darwin, was Gilbert White’s Natural history of Selborne. …
  • … natural theology had been intimately linked. In some ways Darwin’s work fitted neatly into the …
  • … of White, and other naturalists, upon him. However, Darwin’s theory challenged some of the …
  • … it could be argued that such change was guided by God. But Darwin’s theory, while not commenting on …
  • … that there was no pressure for change. According to Darwin’s theory, the natural world showed …

Getting to know Darwin's science

Summary

One of the most exciting aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the opportunity it gives to researchers to ‘get to know’ Darwin as an individual. The letters not only reveal the scientific processes behind Darwin’s publications, they give insight…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … One of the most exciting aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the opportunity it gives to …
  • … of sharing some of the knowledge gained from our work on Darwin’s correspondence with university …
  • … in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Research assistants from the Darwin Correspondence Project joined in a …
  • … the class in the following  video . Darwin Resources from Darwin
  • … set of teaching modules. Each module features a theme from Darwin’s research and life. In every …
  • … objective of the course was to introduce students both to Darwin’s most influential ideas, and to …
  • … from  On the Origin of Species  (1859) and several of Darwin’s other published works dating from …
  • … in Kent. The students analysed each topic in the context of Darwin’s correspondence, and then …
  • … that he himself undertook. Topics ranged from Darwin’s early life and education, to the …
  • … of mud, and a green thumb. In some cases, the class updated Darwin’s technological arsenal: for …
  • … smart phones) instead of rulers and pens! Integrating Darwin’s correspondence with exercises …
  • … course, reading the letters enriched their understanding of Darwin’s life and work. The letters …
  • … we were looking at to life, and gave much context to who Darwin was from childhood to old age, as a …
  • … integral part of the full comprehension of it. Knowing that Darwin was a devoted family man, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental …
  • … hothouse early in 1863 marked something of a milestone in Darwin’s botanical work, since it greatly …
  • …  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855] ). Darwin became increasingly involved in …
  • … Though his greenhouse was probably heated to some extent, Darwin found himself on several occasions …
  • … make observations and even experiments on his behalf. Darwin’s decision to build a hothouse …
  • … Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for this purpose a glass …
  • … of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) Darwin told Hooker: I have …
  • … Encyclopedia of gardening  (Loudon 1835), a copy of which Darwin signed in 1841 (see the copy in …
  • … of heat’ (p. 1100). The latter was the sense in which Darwin used the word. The building of …
  • … accounts (Down House MS)). When it was completed, Darwin told Turnbull that without Horwood’s aid he …
  • … ). Even before work on the hothouse started, however, Darwin began making preparations to …
  • … plants’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January [1863] ). Darwin apparently refers to the catalogues …
  • … whom he had dealt over many years. In his letter to Hooker, Darwin mentioned that he hoped to be …
  • … (letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 January 1863] ). Darwin agreed to send Hooker his list of …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 January [1863] ). Darwin probably gave his list of plants to …
  • … [1863] ). On 20 February, the plants from Kew had arrived. Darwin was delighted, telling Hooker: ‘I …
  • … moss, peat, and charcoal (see the letter from Henrietta Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [22 …
  • … (see letter from J. D. Hooker, [6 March 1863] ). Darwin derived enormous pleasure from his …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic appreciation of the …
  • … the tropics. Even before he left on the Beagle  voyage, Darwin used the hothouses in the Cambridge …
  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Caroline Darwin, [28 April 1831] ), and when, on the  …
  • … again’ ( Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Catherine Darwin, May–June [1832] ). Years later, …
  • … 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin soon began the more serious work of …
  • … department at Kew, had helped select the plants for Darwin). Hooker had also sent seeds, and was …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 February [1863] ). Darwin’s hothouse became an important focus …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms featured in the news announcement in May 2014 that a citizen science project had been launched to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … for plants to flourish can be traced back to the last book Darwin wrote, snappily-titled The …
  • … on their habits, which was published in 1881. Despite Darwin’s fears that a book on earthworms might …
  • … out in his Natural History of Selborne of 1789 (a book Darwin claimed had ‘much influence on my …
  • … a new field in natural history, and almost a century later Darwin argued that all fields had passed …
  • … variety of strange things he persuaded people to do. Darwin concluded that worms had no sense …
  • … a metal whistle and to being shouted at, but also to Francis Darwin playing the bassoon, and to Emma …
  • … realising that this negative evidence was also valuable to Darwin. Thomas Henry Farrer , …
  • … existence of worms at that altitude. By the 1870s, Darwin was also drawing on the work of …
  • … him. Soon worm excrement was trusted to postal services, and Darwin acquired casts from India and …
  • … observations he had gathered to write a book on the subject. Darwin brought to the topic the …
  • … bigger souls than anyone wd suppose’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 31 January [1881] (CUL DAR 210.6: …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 25 hits

  • Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke …
  • … on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial by the …
  • … draft legislation that would protect animals from suffering. Darwin was sympathetic to the cause, …
  • … (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill passed by a …
  • … to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became closely involved with the …
  • … for assistance in preparing a bill for Parliament. Darwin almost never involved himself in …
  • … recent research on insectivorous plants. Indeed, some of Darwin’s plant experiments, such as …
  • … and because it failed to mention anaesthetics. Darwin’s indebtedness and allegiance to …
  • … to put an end to any suffering before his eyes’. Darwin was clearly disturbed by the prospect …
  • … to E. R. Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). In the same year, Darwin had published Descent of man , …
  • … some animals possessed social sympathies akin to conscience. Darwin even described an animal …
  • … 1: 40).  Vivisection was a sensitive subject within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 …
  • … of a network of reformers and philanthropists that included Darwin’s brother, Erasmus, and his …
  • … of course) or I might get one or two’ (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] …
  • … night, prepares and sets instruments of torture’ ( Emma Darwin (1904) 2: 201). Darwin’s …
  • … (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 March to 12 …
  • … to Burdon Sanderson, who drafted a memorial, sending it to Darwin on 7 April (letter from J. S. …
  • … was prepared with the legal assistance of Lushington and Darwin’s son-in-law Richard Buckley …
  • … sought from some ‘half dozen eminent scientific men’. Darwin sent a copy to Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … bill was submitted by Playfair on 12 May.   The Darwin Archive (DAR)  in Cambridge …
  • … between different parties, some of which are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May …
  • … frogs to demonstrate fundamental physiological processes. Darwin wrote to Playfair about the changes …
  • … ). In his testimony before the Royal Commission (see below), Darwin described the bill as having …
  • … testimony was presented in full in the final report. Darwin was asked to appear before the …
  • … of the medical profession mounted a more organised defence. Darwin followed the debate with interest …

Darwin and barnacles

Summary

In a letter to Henslow in March 1835 Darwin remarked that he had done ‘very little’ in zoology; the ‘only two novelties’ he added, almost as an afterthought, were a new mollusc and a ‘genus in the family Balanidæ’ – a barnacle – but it was an oddity. Who,…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … In a letter to Henslow in March 1835 Darwin remarked that he had done ‘very little’ in zoology; …
  • … a young Balanus in this ill-formed little monster?’ Darwin put his specimens away for over a decade, …
  • … sessile barnacles with which to compare it, and eventually, Darwin decided to write a complete …
  • … Cirrhopoda ’ embranchement (1812).   When Darwin sailed on the Beagle at the end of 1831 …
  • … of opinion among zoologists’.   How and why did Darwin become the person who would dispel …
  • … taxonomic monograph on the sub-class Cirripedia?   Darwin’s interest in marine invertebrates …
  • … that the ova of all Zoophites enjoy spontaneous motion’. Darwin was already demonstrating two …
  • … Taxonomy did not interest him for its own sake. By 1844, Darwin had produced only one small addition …
  • … discovered mostly in Chile and Brazil. In the introduction, Darwin focused on the differences …
  • … in the forests of southern Chile and Ceylon’. Although Darwin had not mentioned transmutation, the …
  • … adaptation of each species to a particular way of life. If Darwin was going to embark on a larger …
  • … true genealogical relatedness.   In his monograph, Darwin located the Cirripedia within the …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … think London is only 16 miles off.— To E. C. Darwin,  [24 July 1842] Charles …
  • … village combined the benefits of rural surroundings, where Darwin could make observations and …
  • … of access to London, and was the environment within which Darwin’s work over the last forty years of …
  • … circular sandwalk, all contributed at one time or another to Darwin’s research.  The countryside …
  • … from his letters and papers remain largely as they were in Darwin's lifetime, and comparisons …
  • … by English Heritage to reflect their state shortly before Darwin’s death. Selected letters: …
  • … the house and surroundings: To his sister, Catherine Darwin,  [24 July 1842] To P. …
  • … for existence: To J. D. Hooker,  5 June [1855] : Darwin describes the systematic collection …
  • … the range of plants in the meadow remains much as it was in Darwin’s day.  To J. D. Hooker,  …

Beauty and the seed

Summary

One of the real pleasures afforded in reading Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the discovery of areas of research on which he never published, but which interested him deeply. We can gain many insights about Darwin’s research methods by following these …

Matches: 22 hits

  • … One of the real pleasures afforded in reading Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the discovery of …
  • … which interested him deeply. We can gain many insights about Darwin’s research methods by following …
  • … edition of On the Origin of Species (the fourth) in 1866. Darwin made substantive changes to every …
  • … was only the latest statement of a common argument against Darwin’s theory, one he had dealt with …
  • … on as he prepared a fourth edition of the book. Darwin began with the argument that ‘the idea …
  • … selection as another instance of beauty-with-a-purpose, Darwin turned to the plant world and …
  • … … or are they? Towards the end of September 1866 Darwin received a letter from Fritz Müller, …
  • … to Brazil in 1852, and who had begun to correspond with Darwin only a year earlier. The letter is …
  • … composite of letter from Müller to Darwin, 2 Aug 1866, in Darwin’s experimental notebook"," …
  • … file-default"}}]] What interested Darwin so much was something that had been on his mind …
  • … great distance.— Fritz Müller to Charles Darwin, 2 Aug 1866. Darwin
  • … whole case seems to me rather a striking one. Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 25 …
  • … beset with brilliant red pearls. By the time he received Darwin’s letter he had found yet more …
  • … ) or other birds.’ ( see the letter ) By this time Darwin had already sent some of the seeds …
  • … will give you some idea of the difficulties. Darwin picked up on Müller’s suggestion and …
  • … them. The case is a sore puzzle to me.— Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 10 Dec [1866] …
  • … how far it is a prey to birds. Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Dec 1866 …
  • … about half the seeds he tried to eat, possibly confirming Darwin’s suggestion of accidental …
  • … dropped – and we suppose remained a ‘sore puzzle’ to Darwin. So what now? Luckily …
  • … puzzle and have been able to resolve some of the questions Darwin posed. Brazilian ecologist, and …
  • … “mimetic fruits”.’ (Galetti 2002, p. 177.) Like Darwin, Galetti tested seeds on captive birds …
  • … Galetti listed dozen of species (many of them cited by Darwin and Müller), as mimetic fruits are …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … In the unseasonably warm weather of March 2012, one of the Darwin Correspondence Project editors …
  • … seems very much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward …
  • … when the Darwins became neighbours of his at Down, and Darwin encouraged Lubbock’s interest in …
  • … of familiar animals and plants as season followed season, Darwin offered a more unsettling picture …
  • … on the adaptive ability of plants and animals. Darwin was fascinated by bees; he devised …
  • … In an 1841 letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle  Darwin wrote about ‘the humble-bees which bore …
  • … gardener advocating the destruction of  bees, but Darwin pleaded against this: ‘one would lament to …
  • … visiting the flowers but not effecting cross fertilisation. Darwin wrote to the Italian botanist …
  • … published in volume 21 of  The Correspondence of Charles Darwin ).  Darwin came close to the …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the …
  • … could have been given to it’ (Kirby 1852, 2: 246). Darwin’s copy of Brougham’s  …
  • … instance, if my theory explains one it may explain other.’ Darwin, and others working on …
  • … if it could not explain bee cells, it was radically flawed. Darwin needed to show two things: first, …
  • … ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that humble bees made …
  • … construct: for example, birds’ nests are usually circular. Darwin argued that if the  Melipona …
  • … The second point, how bees actually built the comb, involved Darwin in a great deal of …
  • … on the subject for a projected book on the species question, Darwin wrote to George Robert …
  • … antagonistic principles and the proximity of other cells. Darwin’s letter has not been found, but …
  • … Waterhouse but William Bernhard Tegetmeier (who had helped Darwin with his work on pigeons) and …
  • … R. Waterhouse, 13 February 1858 .) In April 1858, Darwin went to London to meet William …
  • … than any which had yet been devised’ ( ODNB ). Possibly Darwin consulted Miller simply on geometry …
  • … in how a complex pattern may arise from natural forces. Darwin made notes for their discussion in a …
  • … subjects of wasp’s nests. He sent another long letter to Darwin on the subject, this time arguing …
  • … Waterhouse, 17 April 1858 ). Waterhouse also told Darwin of a meeting at the Entomological …
  • … which presented the same peculiarities. Darwin quickly arranged to look at Tegetmeier’s …
  • … April 1858] ); however, it had been mislaid. Nevertheless, Darwin asked Tegetmeier to keep an eye …
  • … cells, would not be hexagonal. At this time Darwin was much exercised by the work of François …
  • … described their manner of building’ (letter to W. E. Darwin, [26 May 1858] .) To Tegetmeier, he …
  • … must be very minute. ( See the letter ) Darwin was probably particularly …
  • … arch, since Huber’s diagrams show this transition clearly. Darwin thought that the arch was not made …
  • … the bottoms of three cells on the other side of the wall. Darwin thought that this angular structure …
  • … of their proceedings?’ (Huber 1841, p. 269.) Darwin asked Tegetmeier to observe the beginning …
  • … wax in the hive for the bees to work on. Using this method, Darwin ‘got some excavated hemispherical …
  • … bees in hive were producing and working themselves.) Darwin tried three different experiments …
  • … next to the left-hand clump of cells. Secondly, Darwin put a thin piece of vermilion wax in …
  • … through into another cell. In his third experiment, Darwin covered edges of the walls of a …
  • … and it is likely that the ‘knife-edged ridge’ used by Darwin was a similar arrangement. The results …

Biodiversity and its histories

Summary

The Darwin Correspondence Project was co-sponsor of Biodiversity and its Histories, which brought together scholars and researchers in ecology, politics, geography, anthropology, cultural history, and history and philosophy of science, to explore how…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … The Darwin Correspondence Project was co-sponsor of Biodiversity and its …
  • … of life on earth.  The conference included a session on 'Darwin and evolutionary theory' …
  • … Paul White (University of Cambridge):  Darwin’s divergence   Alistair …
  • … the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (CRASSH) and the Darwin Correspondence Project. …