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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

To Darwin Children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To Darwin Children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To CD’s Children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 16 hits

To CD’s executors & other children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy) (Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 34 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … An appeal. [By Charles and Emma Darwin. ] [Bromley, Kent]: [privately printed. ] [ …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. [Darwin, Edward Levett. ] 1859. The game-preserver’s …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 ( E.  L.  Darwin 1863 ). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ( [E.  L. Darwin] 1859 , pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … Field office. Derby: W. Bemrose & Sons. Darwin, Edward Levett. 1863. The game-preserver’s …
  • … act" of 1862. 4th edition. Buxton, Derbyshire: the author. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ( [E.  L.  Darwin] 1859 , p.  22). The …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

From E. A. Darwin   19 February [1866]

Summary

Division of Catherine’s estate.

Arrangements for EAD’s will.

Wishes CD would pay him another visit.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5010

Matches: 24 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B40–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … University calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950. Darwin, Francis. 1916. …
  • … Memoir of Sir George Darwin. …
  • … In Scientific papers , by George Howard Darwin. Vol. 5. …
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. The letter from CD has …
  • … been found. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. Emily Catherine Langton ( …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … 13301)). William Erasmus Darwin was CD’s eldest son. George became an undergraduate …
  • … University calendar 1867, p.  400, F.  Darwin 1916 ). The references are to the family of …
  • … Allen, lived near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978 ). …
  • … of Emily Catherine Langton. Susan Elizabeth Darwin was the the younger of CD and Erasmus’s …
  • … had attended Catherine when she was dying (undated letter from H.  E. Darwin to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin (DAR 245: 273)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was CD’s second son. …
  • … s death in 1881, George and William Erasmus Darwin appear to have acted as executors (see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 28 August 1881 ( Calendar no.   …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 29 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … papers : The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. 2 vols. …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

From E. A. Darwin   20 May [1880]

Summary

Thanks for two pamphlets;

Otto Zöckler’s [Darwin’s Grossvater (1880)] he thinks worthless.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12611

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   20 May [1880] …
  • … DAR 105: B112 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 20 May [ …
  • … 1880] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … for two pamphlets; Otto Zöckler’s [ Darwin’s Grossvater (1880)] he thinks worthless. …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Ferrari, Henri. 1880. Érasme Darwin. [ …
  • … Review of Erasmus Darwin . ] Revue scientifique de la France et de l’étranger 2d ser. …
  • … 9: 1090–4 Zöckler, Otto. 1880. Darwin’s Großvater als Arzt, Dichter und Naturphilosoph. …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
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darwin in keywords
Human nature in Commentary
13 Items

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect …
  • … ease of distribution sometime in late 1867 or early 1868. Darwin went over his questions, refining …
  • … was the collection of observations on a global scale. Darwin was especially interested in peoples …
  • … cultural and conventional, or instinctive and universal. Darwin used his existing correspondence …
  • … and with the mouth a little drawn back at the corners?” Darwin’s questionnaire was an extension of …
  • … was also carefully devised so as to prevent the feelings of Darwin’s remote observers from colouring …
  • … and not the susceptibilities of a moral nature.” Darwin did not typically countenance such …
  • … the collection of information to its display in print. After Darwin received all of the replies to …
  • … except “yes” or “no.” “The same state of mind” Darwin would later assert in Expression of the …
  • … uniformity.” Table of Correspondence about Darwin’s Questionnaire (click on the letter …
  • … could available online ahead of schedule as part of the “Darwin and Human Nature” project, funded by …
  • … Southampton, England letter to W.E. Darwin shrugging/pouting of …
  • … blushing Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 …
  • … Bartlett and S. Sutton Darwin, Francis …
  • … pouting Darwin, W.E. [after 29 March 1868] …
  • … blushing in blind students Darwin, W.E. [7 …
  • … blushing Darwin, W.E. [22? April 1868] …
  • … Place, London, England letter to Emma Darwin baby expression …
  • … Conway, Wales letter to Emma Darwin infant daughter …

Darwin on human evolution

Summary

'I hear that Ladies think it delightful reading, but that it does not do to talk about it, which no doubt promotes the sale.' For the first time online you can now read the full texts of nearly 800 letters Darwin wrote and received during 1871,…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … "you treat man in such a bare-faced manner." Darwin wrote and received more …
  • … and 5000 more copies were published during the year. Darwin's friend Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … promotes the sale.'    Read a detailed account of Darwin's life and work for this …
  • … species , appeared at almost the same time as Descent . Darwin found his criticisms deeply …
  • … makes me the most arrogant, odious beast that ever lived.' Darwin financed the re-publication …
  • … pouting &c. &c Once Descent was published, Darwin continued his work on …
  • … cast up by earth worms over a square yard. Darwin didn't confine himself to the …
  • … 10px;","class":"media-element file-default"}}]] In 1871, Darwin's …
  • … in a brief diary that she kept for part of the year.  Darwin clearly found the prospect of her …
  • … not to mention still more important aids in the reasoning', Darwin wrote to her after the …
  • … mathematics and science. In his letter of congratulations, Darwin became philosophical: I …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … | Selected Readings In Descent of Man , Darwin argued that human morality had …
  • … (Barrett et al. eds. 1987, p. 619) Darwin gathered observations over many decades on …
  • … Though rooted in instinctive sympathy, moral behavior for Darwin was not purely automatic or …
  • … the social instincts that humans shared with animals. Darwin's moral theory was the most …
  • … obligation, compassion, guilt, and the pangs of conscience. Darwin's theory was condemned by …
  • … female members of their hive in order to protect the queen. Darwin engaged with his critics in …
  • … Letters Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In …
  • … of ideas, rather than as evolving from animal instinct. Darwin got clarification on this point from …
  • … the whole subject" Letter 7645 : Morley, John to Darwin, 30 March 1871 …
  • … Descent of Man in the Pall Mall Gazette (Morley 1871). Darwin admired the review, and …
  • … from generation to generation." Letter 7685 : Darwin to Morley, John, 14 April …
  • … animal." Letter 7691 , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don …
  • … at a time when Paris is aflame". Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March …
  • … that he read Immanuel Kant's Metaphysics of ethics . Darwin thanked her for the book, which …
  • … sense of mankind." Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] …
  • … Letter 7470 : Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, [before 3 March 1871] Darwin exchanged long …
  • … reverence or respect is shame." Letter 7537 : Darwin, C. R. to Wenslow, Hensleigh, …
  • … himself & regret his conduct." Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., …
  • … philosopher and free-thinker, Francis Ellingwood Abbott, Darwin suggests that even moral creatures …
  • … as before?" Letter 12610 : Preston, S. T. to Darwin, 20 May 1880 In …
  • … is Self or Self-Interest." Letter 12615 : Darwin, C. R. to Preston, S. T., 22 …
  • … Selected Readings Primary Darwin, Notebooks, OUN (30 [pp. 390--91], 42-9 [pp. …

The expression of emotions

Summary

Darwin’s work on emotional expression, from notes in his Beagle diary and observations of his own children, to questionnaires, and experiments with photographs, was an integral part of his broad research on human evolution. It provided one of the main…

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin’s work on emotional expression is less well known than his more …
  • … the descent of humans from animals. Early work Darwin’s earliest observations of …
  • … children Another important source of information for Darwin was infants. Darwin recorded  …
  • … children followed, and the record was kept through 1856. Darwin’s wife, Emma also recorded her …
  • … and that had originally given competitive advantage. Darwin’s picture gallery Darwin
  • … several London photographers to capture specific emotions. Darwin used the photographs as emotional …
  • … of that experiment  here . Gathering data: Darwin’s expression questionnaire Darwin
  • … or who were in contact with missionaries or travellers. Darwin received replies from South Africa, …
  • … table form . The writing of  Expression Darwin originally intended to publish his …
  • … The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals  (1872). Darwin incorporated some of the wide …
  • … or for simple reasons of economy. Some of the replies to Darwin’s questionnaire contain descriptions …
  • … reported detailed observations and experiments conducted on Darwin’s behalf, investigating the …
  • … expressing devotion. These pages highlight the importance of Darwin’s correspondence for the study …

Results of the Darwin Online Emotions Experiment

Summary

Thanks to all who took part in our online emotions experiment – over 18,000 of you! The formal stage of the experiment is now over, but it will be staying online as an activity, so if you don’t want to know the results, look away now.  If you’d like to…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … were processed in exactly the same way but, as with Darwin’s original experiment with colleagues, …
  • … a much larger number and broader range of test subjects than Darwin. Darwin only tested 23 English …
  • … that our responses came from all over the world. Though Darwin’s subjects were all middle class …
  • … of taking part, and in learning more about the context of Darwin’s studies of expression and the …
  • … sense of what it was like to participate in an experiment in Darwin’s day. What we can say is …
  • … of, often conflicting, interpretations. This was true of Darwin’s subjects as well. Clearly some of …
  • … photographs for a long time. This is broadly in keeping with Darwin’s conclusion that ‘many shades …
  • … to have been seen as an emotion in Victorian times. Darwin was surprisingly inventive in …
  • … You can find the experiment, background context and Darwin’s results here . …

Descent

Summary

‘Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming tail, an imperfect skull & undoubtedly was an hermaphrodite! Here is a pleasant genealogy for mankind.’ There are more than five hundred letters associated with…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and …
  • … route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s thinking: his utter confidence that …
  • … and song, as well as antlers, horns, and pincers.   Darwin relied more than ever on his …
  • … in two volumes in 1871, yet as late as the summer of 1868 Darwin thought it would be only a ‘ short …
  • … mass of notes ’ that went back twenty years.   Darwin claimed his reluctance to publish on …
  • … published The antiquity of man [Lyell 1863a] in 1863.  Darwin had looked forward to it eagerly, …
  • … Book has come ’ In the midst of reading Lyell, Darwin also received a copy of Thomas Henry …
  • … he crowed, ‘ as good as a dessert ’. Nevertheless, Darwin felt there was yet more evidence that …
  • … A few months later, still not intending to publish, Darwin offered his notes on humans – ‘ at …
  • … the theory of “natural selection”’[Wallace 1864d]. Darwin already suspected that ‘a sort of sexual …
  • … much perplexed on this head, a Chapt. on Man ’ Darwin first considered including ‘ a …
  • … volume, “ an essay on the origin of mankind ”. Darwin turned to a mass of research notes, …
  • … fowls sent by Bernard Peirce Brent in 1861 , described by Darwin as ‘almost an essay’ and quoted …
  • … Once he had decided on a separate publication, however, Darwin needed far more information and of a …
  • … the volume of his correspondence dramatically increased as Darwin fired off requests for help.  …
  • … ’. Not only did the number of letters increase, but Darwin’s correspondence networks …
  • … travel-writer William Winwood Reade who had first contacted Darwin with an offer of help after …
  • … to ask a man to marry them is quoted in Descent 2: 374. Darwin seized on Reade as a valuable …
  • … In response to a barrage of questions from Darwin , the entomologist Henry Stainton not only …
  • … own correspondents and copied out their responses also . Darwin’s letters to Stainton are typical …
  • … exchanged with Stainton alone.  Fearing exhaustion, Darwin’s family insisted that he take a …
  • … the zoological Gardens ’. One of those breeders whom Darwin drew on extensively was his long …
  • … greyhounds and cattle , and begged information on Darwin’s behalf on the ratios of male and …
  • … and the importance of plumage colour to mating success. Darwin referred in Descent to an …
  • … As time went on and he was no nearer publication, Darwin described the subject of sexual selection …
  • … males & females, cocks & hens ’. As he wrote, Darwin referred specific passages to …
  • … ‘no moths were more finely coloured beneath than above’, Darwin sent the rewritten section on the …
  • … and queries, including a proposed modification of Darwin’s view that female butterflies and moths …
  • … Descent 1: 404–10.) Sadly we cannot know to what extent Darwin may have acted on Bates’ …
  • … arrive as near as I can to the truth. ’ Much of Darwin’s argument about the relative roles …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … Letters | Selected Readings Darwin's first reflections on human progress were …
  • … human progress or cause degeneration. In the "Fuegians", Darwin thought he had witnessed …
  • … several years earlier as part of a missionary enterprise. Darwin was struck by the progress that had …
  • … been returned to their native land. After the voyage, Darwin began to question the …
  • … After the publication of Origin of Species , many of Darwin's supporters continued to …
  • … or extermination of other peoples and cultures. When Darwin wrote about the human races and …
  • … on human and animal behavior accumulated over three decades. Darwin argued forcefully for the unity …
  • … and beyond. Letters Darwin’s first observations of the peoples …
  • … Cambridge, John Stevens Henslow. Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 …
  • … Charles wrote to his sister, Emily Catherine Darwin, about witnessing slavery in the Portuguese …
  • … effect in the following year. Letter 206 : Darwin to Darwin, E. C., 22 May [– 14 July] …
  • … descent. Letter 4933 : Farrar, F. W. to Darwin, 6 November 1865 "so …
  • … this a very strong argument for the Polygenist?" Darwin asked the English settler …
  • … of replies from the South African native, Christian Gaika. Darwin was impressed by Gaika's …
  • … of civilization of the natives. Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August …
  • … civilization" Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] …
  • … Just prior to the publication of Origin of Species , Darwin discussed his views on progress in a …
  • … structure. This remained a point of dispute between many of Darwin’s scientific supporters, …
  • … Alpheus Hyatt. In the last edition of Origin (1872), Darwin tried to clarify his position: " …
  • … ( Origin , 6 th ed, p. 98). Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October …
  • … which I have briefly discussed in the Origin." Darwin discussed the role of …
  • … the philosopher William Graham. Letter 2503 : Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, C., 11 October …
  • … races being exterminated." Letter 3439 : Darwin to Kingsley, Charles, 6 February …
  • … a unit, will have risen in rank." Letter 4510 : Darwin to Wallace, A. R., 28 [May …
  • … & moral qualities. Letter 13230 : Darwin to Graham, William, 3 July 1881 …
  • … Selected Readings Primary Charles Darwin, Notebooks, B 18-29; E 95-7 [ …
  • … Secondary Adrian Desmond and James Moore, Darwin's Sacred Cause . London: Allen …

The Darwin and Human Nature film series

Summary

We chose four films to cover a broad chronology from the early 19th to the early 20th century; and a range of themes, including teaching Darwinism, slavery and race, degeneration in Victorian society, the boundaries between normal and abnormal in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … were films that would make surprising connections to Charles Darwin’s work on human nature, and that …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 29 hits

  • Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the …
  • … and sympathy, comparing the behaviour of humans and animals. Darwin's work on expression was …
  • … in 1872, it had been over thirty years in gestation. Darwin sometimes referred to expression …
  • … more that I shd like to write but I have not strength '. Darwin persevered, however. He …
  • … to two volumes, and then so did Descent . By 1870, Darwin had amassed so much material that it …
  • … to comfort him '. Unlike the many men who contributed to Darwin's research, and whose …
  • … by name. While he was observing his children at home, Darwin was also studying expression in …
  • … out & purr '. Observations extended to caged creatures. Darwin requested his niece Lucy …
  • … make it scream without hurting it much? ' When in London, Darwin sometimes went to the zoo …
  • … of the oddest ever asked '. Another main object of Darwin's investigation was …
  • … and shake their heads horizontally to express dissent? '. Darwin continued to refine his …
  • … were able to distribute additional copies locally, so that Darwin's questionnaire reached …
  • … North and South America, and South Africa. Despite Darwin's precisely worded questions, …
  • … me more as the snarling contentions of cowardly dogs '. Darwin received one response from a …
  • … Gaika's replies, written out in English, so impressed Darwin that he remarked to his colonial …
  • … a truly wonderful fact in the progress of civilization '. Darwin's outlook was …
  • … the worse servant he is. ' Most of the overt racism of Darwin's correspondents was passed …
  • … between peoples were also erased. Such exclusions allowed Darwin to conclude more readily that …
  • … ancestral species. Another class of subjects whom Darwin thought were particularly important …
  • … the well-known alienist Henry Maudsley who forwarded Darwin's queries to his friend, James …
  • … to document and classify his patients, and he sent Darwin a large number of medical portraits, …
  • … to that of some animals when under threat . For Browne, Darwin's letters and the opportunity …
  • … '. On learning of Browne's interest in photography, Darwin lent him another set of …
  • … than the often exaggerated depictions of artists. When Darwin requested permission to use some of …
  • … men of science the question of money cannot exist .'  Darwin was extremely interested in …
  • … states, to explain expression. This was consistent with Darwin's theory that emotional response …
  • … that (had once) prepared a creature to flee or fight. Darwin drew heavily on the experimental …
  • … muscles to communicate higher moral and spiritual feelings. Darwin corresponded with a number of …
  • … specialist Franz Donders performed detailed experiments on Darwin's behalf to determine the …

Hensleigh Wedgwood

Summary

Hensleigh Wedgwood, Emma Darwin’s brother and Charles’s cousin, was a philologist, barrister and original member of the Philological Society, which had been created in 1842. In 1857, while Wedgwood was preparing a dictionary of English etymology, he wrote…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … How can an English bishop and a French évêque help Darwin explain his theories about species and …
  • … Indo-European languages. Hensleigh Wedgwood, Emma Darwin’s brother and Charles’ cousin was a …
  • … preparing a dictionary of English etymology, he wrote to Darwin suggesting that the common …
  • … with the extinct word episcopus. ” Charles Darwin dropped the bishops, but used the …

The origin of language

Summary

Darwin started thinking about the origin of language in the late 1830s. The subject formed part of his wide-ranging speculations about the transmutation of species. In his private notebooks, he reflected on the communicative powers of animals, their…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin started thinking about the origin of language in the late 1830s. The …
  • … communicate to each other” (Barrett ed. 1987, p. 542-3). Darwin observed the similarities between …
  • … Proponents of the natural language theory included Darwin’s cousin, Hensleigh Wedgwood , the …
  • … series of influential lectures delivered several years after Darwin’s Origin of Species , Max …
  • … the cries of beasts” (Müller 1861, 1: 22-3, 354). Darwin eventually published his views on …
  • … the similarities between animal and human communication. Darwin’s arguments were based on his broad …
  • … as well as observations of his own children and pets. Darwin described how language might have …
  • … and snarls, for example), which functioned as warning signs. Darwin addressed the natural theology …
  • … other functions, especially the use of the hands. Finally, Darwin drew an extended analogy between …
  • … and animal psychology, build upon the work of Darwin and his contemporaries, while taking that work …
  • … sources Barrett, Paul. et al. eds. Charles Darwin’s Notebooks, 1836-1841. Cambridge: …
  • … Johns Hopkins University Press. Alter, Steven G. 2008. Darwin and the linguists: the …
  • … Biomedical Sciences , 39: 38-50. Beer, Gillian. 1996. Darwin and the growth of language …
  • … of Chicago Press. Richards, Robert. J. 1987. Darwin and the emergence of evolutionary …