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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 27 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 (E.  L.  Darwin 1863). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … the particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ([E.  L. Darwin] 1859, pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ([E.  L.  Darwin] 1859, p.  22). The …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 24 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 26 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

Darwin, Emma (1808–96)

Matches: 20 hits

  • … scientific work - she passed scientific requests from Darwin along to her correspondents. …
  • Darwin saw Emma as an exemplary wife. Relevant Gender Resources: http:// …
  • … scientists-wives Primary Sources: Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-441 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-542 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-761 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-4498f Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-7922 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … Desmond and James Moore and Janet Browne, ‘Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882)’, Oxford …
  • … www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/7176, accessed 20 Feb 2013] Emma Darwin (1904) and (1915). …
  • … WSL,26,27 Wedgwood, Josiah II Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Emma Darwin 1808–96 Youngest daughter of Josiah Wedgwood II. …
  • … in 1839. Further Information: Emma Darwin née Wedgwood (1808-1896) was the youngest …
  • … of Josiah Wedgwood II. In January 1839 she married her first cousin, Charles Darwin. …
  • … She and Darwin had 10 children. Emma was religious: she had been baptised in the …
  • … beliefs. Early in her relationship with Darwin, Emma expressed concern about his religious …
  • … salvation. In spite of her concerns over Darwin’s religious beliefs, Emma remained …
  • … husband’s work throughout his life. Indeed, Darwin entrusted Emma with ensuring that his …
  • … even if he died suddenly. Emma often took over Darwin’s correspondence when he was feeling …
  • … unwell. Darwin recognised the critical role Emma played in helping to manage his …

To W. E. Darwin   26 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for eyeglass.

Reports on health of Horace and family matters.

Has finished Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  26 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3520

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   26 April [1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … when Joseph Dalton Hooker was also visiting Down House (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … DAR 210.6: 96 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [ …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … you saw Hooker work on plant. — Farewell, dear old fellow | Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … proofs of Orchids (see n.  6, below). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that the ‘Boys …
  • … went to school’ on Monday 28 April 1862. George Howard Darwin and …
  • … Francis Darwin both attended Clapham Grammar School in south-west …
  • … London (see DNB s.v. Darwin, G.  H. , …
  • … and F.  Darwin 1920, p.   …
  • … 63). Leonard Darwin had been tutored privately by George Varenne Reed since summer 1859 ( …
  • … Wedgwood. There is an entry in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on 25 April 1862 that …
  • … half-yearly payment to Clapham Grammar School. See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). Leonard was sent home from Clapham with …
  • … see CD’s Classed account book (Down House MS), letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … G.  V.  Reed, 12 January 1863). Emma Darwin wrote in her diary (DAR 242) that she ‘Went to …
  • … was a family nickname for George (see, for example, the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [26 March 1858] (DAR 219.1: 33), which begins ‘My dear Georgy’, but later …
  • … write to & not Gingo’). CD refers to Horace Darwin who had been ill since the beginning of …
  • … the year. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Camilla Ludwig, …
  • … governess at Down House, accompanied Horace Darwin to the home of his aunt Sarah Elizabeth …

From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864

Summary

Instructions concerning the payment of the principal and interest of the mortgage to Mr Childe.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus Alvey Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection); sold at Spink’s, July 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … E. Darwin Thomas Salt Esq re | Belmont | Shrewsbury …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. Salt, Thomas …
  • … From E. A. Darwin, …
  • … Charles Darwin, and W. …
  • … E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864 …
  • … Salt (private collection); sold at Spink’s, July 2018 William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1864 Thomas Salt …
  • … from CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin (Shropshire Archives, SA D3651/B/47/1/1/1/1/6). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin’s children had inherited the loans. Charles Langton was married to …
  • … principal to the account of the Re vd Charles Langton at the same Bank. E A Darwin | Ch. …
  • … R. Darwin | W. …

From E. A. Darwin   11 October [1866]

Summary

Disposal of Susan’s effects. Legacies to CD’s children. EAD has taken the letters and papers and asked Henry [Parker] to forward the George Richmond pictures of CD and Emma.

Caroline looks "miserably ill".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B48–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5238

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   11 October [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B48–51 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St …
  • … 11 Oct [1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … year is established by the reference to Susan Elizabeth Darwin and her estate (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Susan Darwin had died on 3 October 1866 ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [4 October  …
  • … been sent to CD (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] ). In a codicil to her …
  • … Catherine Langton (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 19 February [1866] and n.  6). The …
  • … George Richmond made portraits of CD in 1839 and 1840, of Emma Darwin in 1840 and 1842, …
  • … and of Erasmus Alvey Darwin in 1850 (Lister 1981, p.  156; see also frontispieces to …
  • … tureen is mentioned in the will (will of Susan Elizabeth Darwin, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, CD’s eldest son, inherited the farm at Claythorpe, Lincolnshire. …
  • … property from her father, Robert Waring Darwin, who had purchased another farm, for CD, at …
  • … of Susan’s estate (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] and n.   5). ‘ …
  • … D r D’ is probably a reference to Erasmus Darwin, but may refer …
  • … to Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were the executors …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin’s will (will …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin, Department of Manuscripts and Records, National Library of Wales, …
  • … Aberystwyth). CD’s son George Howard Darwin was interested in genealogy and collected …
  • … on the family. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, [before 20 February 1866] and n.  2. …
  • … are to Henrietta Emma and Elizabeth Darwin. Erasmus probably meant to write ‘Henry’ …

From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868]

Summary

Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5799

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868] …
  • … a Clapham in Yorkshire, but Horace and Leonard Darwin were at school in Clapham, London. …
  • … DAR 99: 34–5 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 25 Jan [ …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler. …
  • … us know. With very kind regards, believe me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, …
  • … below). Charlotte had eight children ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was second in the mathematical honours examination at Cambridge; the …
  • … University calendar 1868). Francis Rhodes Darwin. George attended Clapham Grammar School …
  • … Otley. Jan y . 25 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Judging by my own feelings as a Parent, I feel …
  • … s as second Wrangler at Cambridge— M r . Darwin begs to unite with me in Congratulations …
  • … to yourself & M rs . Darwin, and we so much regret, that you did not tell us of your bo

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Emma …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin c .  20–5 September 1877 …

From Emma and Charles Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [20 May 1864]

Summary

CD much obliged for specimen and drawings.

Author:  Emma Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [20 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3366

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Emma and Charles Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [20 May 1864] …
  • … DAR 97: A7 Emma Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin unstated [20 May …
  • … 1864] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] , and by …
  • … George Howard, Francis, and Leonard Darwin’s arrival at Down on 21 May 1864 (see n.  5, …
  • … lived at Maer until 1847, had recently visited Down (see letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 May 1864] and n.  4). For CD’s speculation on the …
  • … Pulmonaria angustifolia , see letter to W.  E. Darwin, 14 May [1864] and nn.  6 and 7. …
  • … p.  115). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  8. The photographs arrived …
  • … for example, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] ). See letter from H.  E.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [18 May 1864] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  3. CD wrote in Forms of flowers , …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 19 hits

  • … his name? ) get on in health? Read Bates’ Book; you will like it— good night | C.   Darwin
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10 May 1863] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 November 1861] ). Bates 1863. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 111 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [10 …
  • … May 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E. Darwin, 8 May [1863] , and by the address. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place, near Dorking, Surrey, the home of Josiah …
  • … on a Sunday. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] . The plant was subsequently …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 17 [October 1861] , and letter from W.   …
  • … angustifolia (see letter from W.  E. Darwin, 4 May [1863] , n.  1). CD was trying to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 May [1864] . For CD’s conclusions on …
  • … pp.  105– 10. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] and n.  5. As part of his …
  • … plants that were apparently fertile without insect aid. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins returned to Down from Leith Hill Place on Wednesday 13 May 1863. ‘ …
  • … Skimp’ was a family nickname for Horace Darwin (Freeman 1978). Horace had been unwell …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard Darwin. His and CD’s observations of insects …

From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877]

Summary

Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon.

Author:  Sara Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11267F

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877] …
  • … Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon. …
  • … DAR 210.5: 23 Sara Darwin [3 Dec …
  • … 1877] Charles Robert Darwin

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To W.  E. Darwin 10 [December 1856] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec …
  • … 1856] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …
  • … in your examination Your affect. | C.  Darwin What a nice letter that was of Georgys. — …
  • … Dated by the reference to the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. …
  • … Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after …
  • … his school-term ended, George Howard Darwin went directly to the home of Hensleigh and …
  • … and a fellow student of William Erasmus Darwin’s at Rugby. Henry Hemmings, a servant of …
  • … Wedgwood, was probably on his way to Barlaston (see letter to G.  H. Darwin and W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary, the Darwin boys stayed with Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood …
  • … until Saturday, 27 December, which was William Darwin’s birthday. …
  • … Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘came down to breakfast’. CD recorded …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of nectar or position of flowers in the two forms? Good Night— I am tired. — | C.  Darwin
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference …
  • … a postscript, written in pencil, in Emma Darwin’s hand: ‘Enquire a little about quiet sea …
  • … the end of next week’. George Howard Darwin and Francis stayed with William in Southampton …
  • … from 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [ …
  • … 1862] , letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9 July [1862], and [after 14 July 1862], …
  • … Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …
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darwin in keywords
Descent in Commentary
5 Items

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the publication of his …
  • … book out of my head’. But  a large proportion of Darwin’s time for the rest of the year was devoted …
  • … way, and the initial reception of the book in the press. Darwin fielded numerous letters from …
  • … offered sharp criticism or even condemnation. Darwin had expected controversy. ‘I shall be …
  • … a bare-faced manner.”‘ The most lively debate centred on Darwin’s evolutionary account of the …
  • … taste. Correspondence with his readers and critics helped Darwin to clarify, and in some cases …
  • … year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression. Darwin continued to investigate the …
  • … also brought a significant milestone for the family, as Darwin’s eldest daughter Henrietta was …
  • … during several past years, has been a great amusement’. Darwin had been working fairly continuously …
  • … work on species theory in the late 1830s. In recent years, Darwin had collected a wealth of material …
  • … to human evolution was comparatively small, reflecting Darwin’s aim of  showing kinship with animals …
  • … he is “torn to pieces” by people wanting copies’, Darwin wrote to his son Francis on 28 February …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were considerable. After …
  • … man.’ Promoting the book As usual, Darwin did his best to obtain a wide and favourable …
  • … (see Correspondence vol. 19, Appendix IV). Four of Darwin’s five sons received a copy, and his …
  • … received a special acknowledgment in the form of a gift. Darwin credited her for whatever he had …
  • … ‘to keep in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins remarked on Darwin’s books’ reception amongst ‘artisans …
  • … 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that Darwin had been able to link the periodicity …
  • … Variation ,  Descent  inspired many to write to Darwin with small corrections or contributions. …
  • … foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the photographs …
  • … friends A number of correspondents took issue with Darwin’s evolutionary explanation of the …
  • … butterflies and beetles to  Descent , could not extend Darwin’s evolutionary theory beyond man’s …
  • … disagreement regarding human ancestry was expressed by Darwin’s old friend, the former vicar of Down …
  • … the lesson taught by the black ants slaves to the white’. Darwin thanked Innes for his ‘pleasant …
  • … ). On religion and morality Others objected to Darwin’s theory on purely religious …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the …
  • … in relation to Sex’. Always precise in his accounting, Darwin reckoned that he had started writing …
  • … gathered on each of these topics was far more extensive than Darwin had anticipated. As a result,  …
  • … and St George Jackson Mivart, and heated debates sparked by Darwin’s proposed election to the French …
  • … Finishing Descent; postponing Expression Darwin began receiving proofs of some of the …
  • … ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on parts of the …
  • … style, the more grateful I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had …
  • … , the latter when she was just eighteen years of age. Darwin clearly expected her to make a …
  • … have thought that I shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta …
  • … so unimportant as the mind of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). …
  • … philanthropist Frances Power Cobbe. At Cobbe’s suggestion, Darwin read some of Immanuel Kant’s  …
  • … ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in his beard with …
  • … as animals: ears Despite Cobbe’s plea, most of Darwin’s scientific attention in 1870 was …
  • … fairy in Shakespeare’s  A midsummer night’s dream.  Darwin obtained a sketch of a human ear from …
  • … of a pointed tip projecting inward from the folded margin. Darwin, who had posed for the sculptor in …
  • … this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s sketch in  …
  • … muscles A more troubling anatomical feature for Darwin was the platysma myoides, a band of …
  • … of fright’, and one of his photographs, later used by Darwin in  Expression , showed a man whose …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same longitudinal …
  • … Researching expression: questions and questionnaires Darwin’s research on emotions continued …
  • … of the source of the Niger river. Reade was sceptical of Darwin’s view that standards of beauty were …
  • … evidence of the continuity of expressions across species, Darwin asked the zoo-keeper at Regent’s …
  • … much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of a London …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost …
  • … (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwin’s son Francis became increasingly …
  • … career to become his father’s scientific secretary. Darwin had always relied on assistance from …
  • … Francis’s decision. A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response …
  • … the previous year. As was typical, readers wrote to Darwin personally to offer suggestions, …
  • … some of which were incorporated in a later edition. Darwin also contributed to discussions in the …
  • … Francis Galton’s work on inherited talent, which prompted Darwin to reflect on the traits and …
  • … Station at Naples. Plants that eat and feel? Darwin had resumed experiments on the …
  • … 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of Darwin’s study of insectivorous plants, a …
  • … and alkaloids, and even electrical stimulation. On sending Darwin a specimen of the carnivorous  …
  • … ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the glandular hairs on the …
  • … to bend inward, so that the plant closed like a fist. Darwin was fascinated by this transmission of …
  • … plants , p. 63). The plants secreted a viscid fluid, which Darwin suspected attracted insects by …
  • … ., p. 17). Through a series of painstaking experiments, Darwin determined that the secretions …
  • … botanist Mary Treat, who performed experiments suggested by Darwin on the North American species  …
  • … . He began to perform experiments modelled on those of Darwin, feeding the plant egg and raw meat, …
  • … guide to animal experimentation that Klein had co-authored. Darwin contacted two of the  Handbook …
  • … London, and director of the Brown Institution.  Darwin sent an abstract of his preliminary …
  • … muscle and nerve tissue of animals. Burdon Sanderson visited Darwin at Down in July and was drawn …
  • … To test whether the plants had a nerve-like structure, Darwin suggested electrical experiments on  …
  • … coil. He was so impressed by the results that he sent Darwin the news by telegraph in September, and …
  • … the Advancement of Science later that month. Finally, Darwin enlisted the chemist Edward …
  • … enzyme. Cross- and self-fertilisation Darwin’s other main focus of botanical …
  • … work that had been going on for many years. Darwin resumed these studies in February. He received …
  • … ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that his own …
  • … in May to request permission to translate it into German. Darwin was vexed, and begged his publisher …
  • … 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family As Darwin worked exclusively on botany, he …
  • … and take tracings of their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  …
  • … appeared at the end of 1866 and had told his cousin William Darwin Fox, ‘My work will have to stop a …
  • … material on emotional expression. Yet the scope of Darwin’s interests remained extremely broad, and …
  • … plants, and earthworms, subjects that had exercised Darwin for decades, and that would continue to …
  • … Carl von  Nägeli and perfectibility Darwin’s most substantial addition to  Origin  was a …
  • … a Swiss botanist and professor at Munich (Nägeli 1865). Darwin had considered Nägeli’s paper …
  • … principal engine of change in the development of species. Darwin correctly assessed Nägeli’s theory …
  • … in most morphological features (Nägeli 1865, p. 29). Darwin sent a manuscript of his response (now …
  • … are & must be morphological’. The comment highlights Darwin’s apparent confusion about Nägeli’s …
  • … ‘purely morphological’. The modern reader may well share Darwin’s uncertainty, but Nägeli evidently …
  • … pp. 28–9). In further letters, Hooker tried to provide Darwin with botanical examples he could use …
  • … problems of heredity Another important criticism that Darwin sought to address in the fifth …
  • … prevailing theory of blending inheritance that Jenkin and Darwin both shared, would tend to be lost …
  • … ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 103–4). The terminology that Darwin and others employed in these matters ( …
  • … ‘I must have expressed myself atrociously’, Darwin wrote to Alfred Russel Wallace on 2 February , …
  • … of  Origin  was the result of correspondence between Darwin and the geologist James Croll. In the …
  • … but it was his theory of alternate ice ages that piqued Darwin’s interest the most. He wrote, ‘this …
  • … ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. 377–8) that plant …
  • … would always exist. In  Origin  5th ed., pp. 450–61, Darwin accounted for the survival of tropical …
  • … James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an estimate of the age of the …
  • … ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly challenge Thomson’s …
  • … 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent Once Darwin had completed revisions of the …
  • … and overseas. The dog-breeder George Cupples worked hard on Darwin’s behalf, sending a steady stream …
  • … sexes in sheep, cattle, horses, and dogs, and circulating Darwin’s queries to various contacts. As …
  • … causing difficulties. The entomologist Frederick Smith, whom Darwin had asked to study the musical …
  • … butterflies, supplementing that received the previous year. Darwin also continued to receive …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … could explain the differences  between  species, Darwin realised that (other than in the …
  • … and drab plumage of so many male and female birds? Darwin proposed that these characteristics …
  • … role in selecting males. There is very little in Darwin's correspondence that …
  • … to breed and pass it on.  And success in finding mates, Darwin argued, might depend more on using & …
  • … than helped in a fight? In addition to natural weapons, Darwin identified another vital factor in …
  • … of bird-fanciers. And there, for the moment, Darwin left it, publicly at least, pleading that …
  • … Disagreement with Wallace Behind the scenes, Darwin debated the evidence for the operation of …
  • … agreed, but reached a certain degree of compromise. Darwin conceded that Wallace had made a …
  • … inspired by reading  Origin , began to send Darwin observations of characteristics in a whole …
  • … opposite sex.    The response was so good that Darwin’s portfolio of material grew too …
  • … Brent, a writer and bird-fancier, who had been providing Darwin with information and bird specimens …
  • … particularly detailed account of courtship in fowls which Darwin worked over, marking significant …
  • … was bound up with questions of beauty in nature, used by Darwin’s opponents, such as George Douglas …
  • … or might not respond depending on their fertility cycle, and Darwin went on to argue that such …
  • … and human races 'A girl sees a handsome man,’ Darwin  wrote to Wallace in March 1868 , …
  • … a more gorgeous appearance.’ As early as 1864 Darwin was fully convinced not only that sexual …
  • … . Despite his comment on young women and whiskers, Darwin believed that female mate choice …
  • … seemed at odds with improvement of the upper ranks, but, Darwin suggested, the ' ablest men are …
  • … D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin encouraged John Beddoe 's …
  • … number of dark-haired women attracting husbands. Darwin remained interested in the operation …