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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

From C. M. C. Darwin   14 April 1879

Summary

Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn.

Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 138–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11994

Matches: 39 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From C.  M.  C.  Darwin   14 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 138–41 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 14 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn. …
  • … Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2. Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father. …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 8 April 1879, n. …
  • … 8 . William Morgan Darwin had no sons. …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1848) …
  • … was Robert Darwin ’s son …
  • … and Erasmus Darwin ’s eldest brother. ( …
  • Darwin pedigree . ) …
  • … Richardson’s portrait depicted Robert Darwin in his ‘great wig and bands’ and looking, …
  • … Bibliography Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … printed for the author. 1984. ] Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Post Office London …
  • … Otley. April 14 th . 1879 Dear M r . Darwin, , I have to thank you for a long kind letter, …
  • … question about our mutual ancestor, Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn— My Husband and I have …
  • … Balderton, and died 1754— his cousin William Morgan Darwin (who died in 1762. ) being then …
  • … owner of Elston— Rob t . Waring Darwin his son, then got …
  • … me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin 2.2 he ... 1762. ) 2.3] scored blue crayon …
  • … dignified doctor of divinity’ ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 4). Simon Dunning , solicitor, had an …
  • … London directory 1878). George Howard Darwin had made this suggestion (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2). CD had asked whether Leonard Darwin could photograph Elston Hall (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 3). The letter of introduction has not been found. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 4. …
  • … CD had found letters from Erasmus Darwin and a drawing of Elston Hall from around …
  • … 1750 in a box owned by Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) that had been labelled ‘old …
  • … settlements & deeds’ (see letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 ). Paul-Adolphe Rajon …
  • … the Elston Estate— Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn was buried at Elston, and we have a …
  • … of Parliament S t .  has a number of old Darwin deeds & papers, which might throw some …
  • … introduction for your son M r . Leonard Darwin to our Tenant at Elston who I am sure will …

To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879

Summary

Details of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, died.

The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation.

Is tired of writing letters, "half the fools throughout Europe write to ask me the stupidest questions".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 98; Lawrences Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11982

Matches: 47 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879 …
  • … Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, …
  • … died. The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation. Is tired of …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1879. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. …
  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Moilliet, Amelia and …
  • … questions. — Yours cordially obliged | Charles Darwin P.S Very many thanks about the Seal; …
  • … See letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 . The section ‘Since … a copy. ’ was cut out …
  • … CD also mentioned his discovery of letters from Erasmus Darwin and others, and the drawing …
  • … of Elston Hall in Robert Waring Darwin’s deeds box in his letter to C.   …
  • … M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879 . On the engraving by John Allen Wedgwood , …
  • … Keir ( Moilliet and Moilliet 1859 ), mentioned by Reginald Darwin in his letter of 7 April …
  • … 1879 . Reginald Darwin had mentioned that …
  • … he had Erasmus Darwin’s two seals ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 ). …
  • … CD had asked Reginald Darwin whether he would …
  • … mind if Erasmus Darwin’s poem on the folly of …
  • … atheism was published (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … The first four lines appeared in Erasmus Darwin , p. 44. The text from ‘Europe write’ is …
  • … Cotton M.S. ; but George remarks that there is no evidence that this Mr.  Darwin was W.   …
  • Darwin of Cleatham. …
  • … We are much puzzled whether Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn and Father of Dr.  Erasmus was …
  • … at Elston. I have also written to Mrs.  Darwin of Creskeld to ask about this point. By the …
  • … see the letter from V. H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 3. Leonard Darwin of the Royal Engineers was an instructor in chemistry and photography at …
  • … of Military Engineering at Chatham in Kent. Violetta Harriot Darwin had offered to make a …
  • … drawing of Breadsall Priory, Erasmus Darwin’s death place (see letter from V. …
  • … H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin had been in Algiers for several months; he …
  • … was, as CD had anticipated, interested in Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). Robert Bruce Cotton had recorded that a …
  • … in his collection in the British Library had been found by a Mr Darwin (see letter …
  • … to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 9). William Darwin (1681–1760) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s uncle. …
  • … Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father; his …
  • … brother was William Darwin (1681–1760). Their mother, Anne, lived at Elston Hall with her …
  • … Elston. After Anne Lascelle’s death, Robert Darwin bought Elston Hall from the Lascelles ( …
  • … accessed 23 November 2018)). See letter to C.  M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s eldest son, Charles , died in 1778, while a student at Edinburgh …
  • … before Charles died (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). It was Elizabeth …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   16 September 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 183 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   20 December 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879

Summary

Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book].

Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited.

Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11980

Matches: 45 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 210.14: 21 Reginald Darwin Buxton 7 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Keir’s correspondence edited by her grandson James Keir Moilliet . Erasmus Darwin’s father …
  • … was Robert Darwin (1682–1754) . …
  • … red crayon Top of letter : ‘about | Father of Erasmus’ pencil ; ‘R.  Darwin’ red crayon …
  • … Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book]. …
  • … Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited. …
  • … Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby. …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus, ed. 1780. Experiments establishing a criterion between …
  • … Raeburn, R.A. Edinburgh: P. Neill. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … Chicago Press. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … CD had asked to keep Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down …
  • … House MS) until George Howard Darwin returned from Algiers ( …
  • … see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). ‘A new Song …
  • … in praise of two young Hunters’ was written by Erasmus and John Darwin’s older …
  • … brother, Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) . John’s stammer may be indicated in the poem by …
  • … beware) dead’, a hunting cry; King-Hele ed. 2003 , p. 17). Reginald Darwin’s grandmother …
  • … was Elizabeth Darwin , …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s second wife; CD’ …
  • … Portrait Gallery, D34687). Erasmus Darwin’s motto was ‘E conchis omnia’ (everything from …
  • … contained correspondence with Erasmus Darwin, who was a close friend of Keir . The book …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Milo. 1994. Portraits of Dr Erasmus Darwin, F.R.S. , by Joseph Wright, James Rawlinson and …
  • … the Royal Society of London 48: 69–84. King-Hele, Desmond, ed. 2003. Charles Darwin’s ‘The …
  • … Life of Erasmus Darwin’. First unabridged edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … s grandmother was Mary Darwin , Erasmus’s first wife. The …
  • … was probably among the loose letters sent by Reginald Darwin with the Commonplace book ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father …
  • … was Francis Sacheverel Darwin . CD had heard the jockey story from Elizabeth Anne Wheler ( …
  • … 1879 and n. 7). The enclosure in Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s hand has not been found. …
  • … Andrew Duncan was Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles’s Edinburgh professor. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh when he heard …
  • … Charles was dying (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). Duncan evidently …
  • … Duncan 1824 , pp. 11–12). Charles Darwin (1758–87) was buried in the Duncan family vault …
  • … Buccleuch Parish Church), Edinburgh ( E. Darwin ed. 1780 , p. iv and 135). The city was …
  • … 2000 , p. xv). The inscription on the memorial tablet to Charles Darwin was written by …
  • … his father, Erasmus Darwin ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 82). …
  • … For the text on the tablet, see ‘Charles Darwin 1758–78’, http://www.findagrave.com ( …
  • … of Derby painted a portrait of Erasmus Darwin around 1770; Anna Seward described it as a ‘ …
  • … was painted in 1802, shortly before Erasmus Darwin’s death ( M. Keynes 1994 , p. 78). …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 30 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … C. Darwin was commander of HMS Lord Warden from September 1878 until December 1879 ( …
  • … Archives, ADM 196/15/167). Mary Anne Darwin . For the story about the jockey, see letter …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … offer my best regards & those of M rs Darwin & my son (who is home on a few days leave) …
  • … me| always affec tly yours | Reginald Darwin Top of letter : ‘New Market Jockey Story’ …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 ; …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were arranging a translation of Ernst Krause ’ …
  • … s sketch of the life of Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). Matlock and Buxton were spa towns …
  • … of the statements made by Anna Seward in her biography of Erasmus Darwin ( Seward 1804 ). …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House MS) was written between 1776 and 1787; for …
  • … 3. Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles was nineteen when he died. ‘Tardy mails’: slow mail …
  • … letter has not been found. Erasmus Darwin was buried in Breadsall church in Derbyshire ( …
  • … of 1831–6. Reginald’s son, Sacheverel Charles Darwin , was an officer in the Royal Navy. …
  • … Reginald also refers to George Howard Darwin and to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin , who lived in Bassett, Southampton. S. …
  • … and passim . Reginald also refers to Erasmus Darwin’s ‘The folly of atheism’; Emma Sophia …
  • … has not been identified. Reginald’s father was Francis Sacheverel Darwin ; his mother …
  • … was Jane Harriett Darwin . His sisters were Mary Jane Worsley , …
  • … Wilmot , Frances Sarah Huish , Georgiana Elizabeth Swift , Violetta Harriot Darwin , Anne …
  • … Eliza Darwin , and Millicent Susan Oldershaw . …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 and n. …

To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879

Summary

Has been "deeply interested by the great book" [see 11966]. Asks permission to publish extracts.

Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, died? Asks whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11977

Matches: 40 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 153: 97 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … Desmond, ed. 1981. The letters of Erasmus Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … Asks permission to publish extracts. Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, …
  • … whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons. …
  • … King-Hele ed. 2003, p. 7). George Howard Darwin visited the British Museum to transcribe …
  • … Mrs Bort from a lithograph by Miss V.  Darwin; and if I could borrow this lithograph, it …
  • … thanks. | Yours affectionately | Charles Darwin P.S.  What a curious story that is about …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 ). The copyist probably made …
  • … rather than just ‘return’; George Howard Darwin arrived back from Algiers, where he had …
  • … 17 April, when he left Down for Cambridge (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD included …
  • … first version of his sketch of Erasmus Darwin’s life; three copies of these first proofs …
  • … from his medical practice in Lichfield, appeared in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 25–6, 28–9, 43– …
  • … 4, and 121. The story of Erasmus Darwin being woken at night in a Newmarket hotel to be …
  • … kindly by Erasmus was published in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 63–4. Elizabeth Anne Wheler , a …
  • … story in her letter of 25 March 1879 ; Francis Sacheverel Darwin was Reginald’s father. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh and reached …
  • … the city before his eldest son, Charles Darwin , died ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 83; King-Hele ed. 1981 , p. 87). It was probably his second son, …
  • … at the time of his death in 1799, and given to CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin, in April …
  • … 1802 ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 76; King-Hele ed. 1981 , …
  • … p. 89). See letter from Reginald Darwin, 2 April 1879 . …
  • … In the letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 , CD had mentioned that he thought he would …
  • … Priory (the birth and death places of Erasmus Darwin) in his biographical account. …
  • … The lithograph was made by Violetta Harriot Darwin. The copy was made by Ann …
  • … marriage, was a neighbour of Erasmus Darwin in Full Street, Derby. The copyist wrote ‘? …
  • … Bort’. Sydnope Hall near Matlock, Derbyshire, was purchased by Francis Sacheverel Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father, in the 1820s, and sold after his death in 1858 (‘Sydnope Hall’, …
  • … Sydnope with his cousin William Darwin Fox when they were Cambridge undergraduates (see …
  • … of the Commonplace book by Reginald Darwin, there are two taken from the Derby Mercury of …
  • … 8 April 1874, describing Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s life at Sydnope Hall and the hunt he …
  • … organised in 1837 to kill the last wild boar of his herd. Reginald Darwin felt that he …
  • … had ‘desecrated’ Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book by pasting in …
  • … newspaper cuttings (see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). At the beginning of …
  • … of the preliminary notice of Erasmus Darwin, CD mentioned in a footnote that a rare book …
  • … the history of Lichfield, found by a Mr Darwin in the thatch of a house and presented to …

To C. M. C. Darwin   24 March 1879

Summary

Can CMCD provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1879
Classmark:  The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11950F

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Francis Rhodes Darwin . …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, C. M. C. …
  • … To C.  M.  C.  Darwin   24 March 1879 …
  • … The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin 24 Mar 1879 …
  • … Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
  • … provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have …
  • … it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … so that I am not hopeful on this head. I beg leave to remain | Dear M rs . Darwin | Yours …
  • … sincerely | Charles Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … Krause had published a biography of CD’s grandfather Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). …
  • … CD’s brother was Erasmus Alvey Darwin . See letters from E. …
  • … A. Darwin, 8 March [1879] and 11 March [1879] . CD …
  • … planned to use a photograph of a portrait by Joseph Wright of Erasmus Darwin as the …
  • … frontispiece to Erasmus Darwin (see letter to Ernst Krause, 19 March 1879 and n. 8). …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire, was the seat of the senior branch of the Darwin family and the …
  • … birthplace of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Orpington. S.E.R. Mar 24/1879 Dear M rs Darwin, I am going to beg a little favour of you. …
  • … published a short life of D r Erasmus Darwin, chiefly in relation to his scientific work. …
  • … be greatly obliged. I fear that is not probable that M r Darwin or yourself possess any …
  • … documents about D r Darwin or letters from him; for if you have any & would not object to …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … advisers. Here ends my sermon— Charles Darwin To William Please forward this soon to G. & …
  • … F. “G.  H.  Darwin Esq Villa Beau Séjour Colonne Voirol Algiers. ” …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … Frederick Ransome, 7 February 1866 ). George Howard and Francis Darwin were in Algiers; …
  • … see letter from Francis Darwin, [ c. 25 February 1879]. …
  • … Charles Langton , and CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin . The trust paid out twice yearly on 30 …
  • … probably managed by CD’s son William Erasmus Darwin . The last payment to CD, for £352 10 …
  • … is dated 30 June 1876 and marked ‘W. E. Darwin in Trust money’ (CD’s Account books–banking …
  • … were Henrietta Emma Litchfield and Elizabeth Darwin ; his sons were William Erasmus , …
  • … Howard , Francis , Leonard , and Horace Darwin . CD had purchased shares in the Patent …

From Francis Galton   9 June 1879

Summary

Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 June 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12097F

Matches: 50 hits

  • … Galton, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests. …
  • … DAR 210.14: 30 Francis Galton 9 June 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … aside from a similar sum given him by his uncle, John Darwin (1730–1805) , it was the sole …
  • … pecuniary aid that Robert ever received ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … Mem: about D r . Erasmus Darwin’s bequests When D r . …
  • … Eras: Darwin died, he appears to have left no money …
  • … to D r . Robert Darwin who was the sole surviving issue of his first marriage with Miss …
  • … M r . Darwin’s) youngest Brother D r . …
  • … Eras. Darwin— Did Issue mean, D r . …
  • … Eras Darwin’s children—or children & …
  • … grandchildren— This much excited Emma Darwin—as D r . Rob et . had 6. children—& Violetta …
  • … decided against the grandchildren M rs . Darwin had only 2 children living at her death …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) was the …
  • … sole surviving child of Erasmus Darwin and his first wife, Mary Howard . …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin ’s first husband was Edward Sacheverel …
  • … Pole ; her six children by Erasmus Darwin, still living at the time of his death, were …
  • … the illegitimate daughters. Robert Waring Darwin married Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817) in …
  • … CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin , had five other children: Marianne …
  • … Parker , Caroline Sarah Wedgwood , Susan Elizabeth Darwin , Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin , and Catherine Langton . Violetta Galton ’s eight children …
  • … Adele Bunbury , Agnes Jane Galton , Darwin Galton , Erasmus Galton , Violetta Galton , and …
  • … his grandfather, CD did not discuss Erasmus Darwin’s legacies to any of his children; CD …
  • … that Erasmus had given his son Robert Waring Darwin £20 when he first set up his medical …
  • … £ 30.000. On the other hand, D r . Erasmus Darwin left comparatively very little money & a …
  • … a time, and it is supposed that D r . E.  Darwin was enabled to save what he did by living …
  • … Galton June 9/79. 1st ly . M rs . Eras: Darwin (neé Collier) had a jointure f m . Col l . …
  • … the Rev d John Gisborne— 2nd ly D r . E Darwin lived at Radbourne after his marriage to M …
  • … till M r . Pole was of age— M rs . Erasmus Darwin having £800-a year, besides the rent of …
  • … the Radbourne Let 3 rdly . D r . Eras: Darwin has to educate & place out at Ashbourne, M …
  • … Mother, M rs . Day— 4 thly . — D r . E Darwin lent several thousands, or I think there was …
  • … was left in his will to M rs . Era s . Darwin, (his 2 nd . Wife) & her Children—& it was …
  • … M rs . Archdall’s death. 5 th . When D r . E Darwin died—he left by his second marriage 6. …
  • … If the Archdall money was ever p d . M rs . Darwin was to have it, & the second family …
  • … at M rs . Darwin’s death—& so they did receive f r . 5 to £6,000—each f m .   …
  • … first to last— Had M rs . Eras s . Darwin died soon after her Husband—the Pole Jointure …
  • … money cd.  be paid which was very uncertain— Old M r . Darwin of Elston—left his Property— …
  • … some to his Heir William Darwin—& some to the issue of his ( …
  • … According to CD’s introductory sketch, Robert Waring Darwin received £20 from Erasmus when …
  • … he set up practice in Shrewsbury ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). The Poles had four children: …
  • … of the Pole family, a few miles west of Derby, was rented out by the Darwins for most of …
  • … the time until Elizabeth Darwin’s son Sacheverell Pole reached his majority at 21 ( King- …
  • … been employed by Erasmus as a nursemaid for Robert Waring Darwin (see King-Hele 1999, pp. …
  • … 106–7). Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) , who died unmarried, was …
  • … the elder brother of William Brown Darwin , who then inherited Elston …
  • … Hall, and of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Emma Georgiana Elizabeth Darwin never married. …

To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879]

Summary

Notes observations on sensitivity and movement of radicles.

Has finished chapter [of Movement in plants] on sleeping plants and is now looking over heliotropism notes.

Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus [A. Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  12 July [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12152

Matches: 31 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879] …
  • … DAR 211: 62 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 …
  • … July [1879] Francis Darwin
  • … and is now looking over heliotropism notes. Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin ; Erasmus [A. …
  • Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long. …
  • … to Lakes & finish it there. I am tired— Ever yours | C.  Darwin (What are your plans, if …
  • … you have any, you degenerate Darwin. ) Abbadabba flourishing & Dumming …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … from 2 to 27 August 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … CD jokingly alludes to some of the more illustrious Darwin ancestors discovered …
  • … by George Howard Darwin while …
  • … researching Darwin family history (see letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 24 June 1879 ). Abbadabba …
  • … was a pet name for Francis’s son, Bernard Darwin . ‘Dumming’: Bernard’ …
  • … s mispronunciation of ‘drumming’ (see letter to Francis Darwin, 4 July [1879] ). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 1. Francis had not mentioned …
  • … Virginia spiderwort; see letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 2). CD described …
  • … mustard; see letter from Francis Darwin, [after 16 June 1879] ). In his investigations …
  • … the roots with gold-beater’s skin (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 5). …
  • … curvature’, see the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 June [1879] , n. 8. The long chapter for …
  • … away from the sun (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 6). Various members …
  • … proof-sheets of CD’s biographical sketch for Erasmus Darwin ; among them were Henrietta …
  • … Emma Litchfield , Erasmus Alvey Darwin , and …
  • … Emma Darwin . …
  • … The Darwins stayed at Coniston in the Lake District …
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the publication of his …
  • … book out of my head’. But  a large proportion of Darwin’s time for the rest of the year was devoted …
  • … way, and the initial reception of the book in the press. Darwin fielded numerous letters from …
  • … offered sharp criticism or even condemnation. Darwin had expected controversy. ‘I shall be …
  • … a bare-faced manner.”‘ The most lively debate centred on Darwin’s evolutionary account of the …
  • … taste. Correspondence with his readers and critics helped Darwin to clarify, and in some cases …
  • … year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression. Darwin continued to investigate the …
  • … also brought a significant milestone for the family, as Darwin’s eldest daughter Henrietta was …
  • … during several past years, has been a great amusement’. Darwin had been working fairly continuously …
  • … work on species theory in the late 1830s. In recent years, Darwin had collected a wealth of material …
  • … to human evolution was comparatively small, reflecting Darwin’s aim of  showing kinship with animals …
  • … he is “torn to pieces” by people wanting copies’, Darwin wrote to his son Francis on 28 February …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were considerable. After …
  • … man.’ Promoting the book As usual, Darwin did his best to obtain a wide and favourable …
  • … (see Correspondence vol. 19, Appendix IV). Four of Darwin’s five sons received a copy, and his …
  • … received a special acknowledgment in the form of a gift. Darwin credited her for whatever he had …
  • … ‘to keep in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins remarked on Darwin’s books’ reception amongst ‘artisans …
  • … 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that Darwin had been able to link the periodicity …
  • … Variation ,  Descent  inspired many to write to Darwin with small corrections or contributions. …
  • … foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the photographs …
  • … friends A number of correspondents took issue with Darwin’s evolutionary explanation of the …
  • … butterflies and beetles to  Descent , could not extend Darwin’s evolutionary theory beyond man’s …
  • … disagreement regarding human ancestry was expressed by Darwin’s old friend, the former vicar of Down …
  • … the lesson taught by the black ants slaves to the white’. Darwin thanked Innes for his ‘pleasant …
  • … ). On religion and morality Others objected to Darwin’s theory on purely religious …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …
  • … fed a steady diet of meat. His findings answered a number of Darwin’s critics who had questioned …
  • … work on teasel was sent to the Royal Society of London by Darwin, who confessed to Hooker on 25 …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …
  • … letters on climbing plants to make another paper. Darwin also submitted a manuscript of his …
  • … protégé, John Scott, who was now working in India. Darwin’s transmutation theory continued to …
  • … Argyll, appeared in the religious weekly,  Good Words . Darwin received news of an exchange of …
  • … Butler, and, according to Butler, the bishop of Wellington. Darwin’s theory was discussed at an …
  • … in the  Gardeners’ Chronicle . At the end of the year, Darwin was elected an honorary member of …
  • … year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend of …
  • … in August. There was also a serious dispute between two of Darwin’s friends, John Lubbock and …
  • … jolly’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). Darwin was ready to submit his paper on …
  • … a sudden illness. Falconer was 56, almost the same age as Darwin himself. Falconer had seconded …
  • … supported his candidacy, and had tried hard to persuade Darwin to accept the award in person (see  …
  • … the award ( see letter from Hugh Falconer to Erasmus Alvey Darwin, 3 January 1865 ). Erasmus …
  • … Sic transit gloria mundi, with a vengeance Darwin’s response to the news of Falconer’s …
  • … at the time recovering from a bout of influenza, wrote to Darwin at some length about Falconer’s …
  • … ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 3 February 1865 ). Darwin, now ‘haunted’ by Hooker’s account of …
  • … 9 February [1865] ). Continuing ill-health Darwin had another cause for gloom: his …
  • … difference in my happiness’. At the end of April, Darwin’s condition worsened to the extent …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the …
  • … in relation to Sex’. Always precise in his accounting, Darwin reckoned that he had started writing …
  • … gathered on each of these topics was far more extensive than Darwin had anticipated. As a result,  …
  • … and St George Jackson Mivart, and heated debates sparked by Darwin’s proposed election to the French …
  • … Finishing Descent; postponing Expression Darwin began receiving proofs of some of the …
  • … ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on parts of the …
  • … style, the more grateful I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had …
  • … , the latter when she was just eighteen years of age. Darwin clearly expected her to make a …
  • … have thought that I shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta …
  • … so unimportant as the mind of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). …
  • … philanthropist Frances Power Cobbe. At Cobbe’s suggestion, Darwin read some of Immanuel Kant’s  …
  • … ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in his beard with …
  • … as animals: ears Despite Cobbe’s plea, most of Darwin’s scientific attention in 1870 was …
  • … fairy in Shakespeare’s  A midsummer night’s dream.  Darwin obtained a sketch of a human ear from …
  • … of a pointed tip projecting inward from the folded margin. Darwin, who had posed for the sculptor in …
  • … this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s sketch in  …
  • … muscles A more troubling anatomical feature for Darwin was the platysma myoides, a band of …
  • … of fright’, and one of his photographs, later used by Darwin in  Expression , showed a man whose …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same longitudinal …
  • … Researching expression: questions and questionnaires Darwin’s research on emotions continued …
  • … of the source of the Niger river. Reade was sceptical of Darwin’s view that standards of beauty were …
  • … evidence of the continuity of expressions across species, Darwin asked the zoo-keeper at Regent’s …
  • … much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of a London …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July …
  • … … of having grown older’. This portrait, the first of Darwin with his now famous beard, had been …
  • … 52 hours without vomiting!! In the same month, Darwin began to consult William Jenner, …
  • … prescribed a variety of antacids and purgatives, and limited Darwin’s fluid intake; this treatment …
  • … the dimorphic aquatic cut-grass  Leersia . In May, Darwin finished his paper on  Lythrum …
  • … he had set aside the previous summer. In October, Darwin let his friends know that on his …
  • … to the surgeon and naturalist Francis Trevelyan Buckland, Darwin described his symptoms in some …
  • … November and December were also marked by the award to Darwin of the Royal Society’s Copley Medal; …
  • … been unsuccessfully nominated the two previous years. As Darwin explained to his cousin William …
  • … it was conferred, brought a dramatic conclusion to the year. Darwin also wrote to Fox that he was …
  • … progress’ in Britain. Challenging convention Darwin’s concern about the acceptance of …
  • …  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] , Darwin wrote to Hooker: ‘The only approach to work …
  • …  produce tendrils However, the queries that Darwin, describing himself as ‘a broken-down …
  • … tendrils’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [8 February 1864] ). Darwin’s excitement about his …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 June [1864] ). When Darwin asked Oliver whether the tendrils of …
  • … for his teacherly tone, explaining that he had felt that Darwin had misunderstood some accepted …
  • … ( letter from Daniel Oliver, [17 March 1864] ). Though Darwin replied with his typical humility …
  • … habits of climbing plants’ (‘Climbing plants’), which Darwin submitted to the Linnean Society in …
  • … was often the case, he was interested in transitional forms. Darwin came to think, for example, that …
  • … and tendril-bearers. At the end of his paper, Darwin used species from the genus  Lathyrus …
  • … the tendrils then revert to leaves, as in  L. nissolia . Darwin wrote (‘Climbing plants’, p. 115): …
  • … In addition to his work on climbing plants, Darwin engaged in 1864 in botanical observations and …
  • … between species and varieties, and the nature of hybridity. Darwin noticed that the sterility …
  • … and differentiated over a long period of time. Darwin remarked on the similar role of sexual …
  • … the results (see Correspondence vol. 12, Appendix III). Darwin sought to show that the existence …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 25 hits

  • …   On 6 March 1868, Darwin wrote to the entomologist and accountant John Jenner Weir, ‘If any …
  • … he ought to do what I am doing pester them with letters.’ Darwin was certainly true to his word. The …
  • … and sexual selection. In  Origin , pp. 87–90, Darwin had briefly introduced the concept of …
  • … process. In a letter to Alfred Russel Wallace in 1864, Darwin claimed that sexual selection was ‘the …
  • … 12, letter to A. R. Wallace, 28 [May 1864] ). Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as …
  • … to the stridulation of crickets. At the same time, Darwin continued to collect material on …
  • … his immediate circle of friends and relations. In July 1868 Darwin was still anticipating that his …
  • … which was devoted to sexual selection in the animal kingdom. Darwin described his thirst for …
  • … in January 1868. A final delay caused by the indexing gave Darwin much vexation. ‘My book is …
  • … 1867 and had expected to complete it in a fortnight. But at Darwin’s request, he modified his …
  • … the text. This increased the amount of work substantially. Darwin asked Murray to intervene, …
  • … … though it would be a great loss to the Book’. But Darwin’s angry letter to Murray crossed one from …
  • … blank’ ( letter from W. S. Dallas, 8 January 1868 ). Darwin sympathised, replying on 14 January …
  • … as stone, if it were not quite mollified by your note’. Darwin enclosed a cheque to Dallas for £55  …
  • … and descent in the  Fortnightly Review , and asked Darwin for comments. Darwin was clearly …
  • … ‘fast passing away’ that sparked the most discussion. Darwin wrote to Hooker on 23 February , …
  • … authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but Darwin corrected him: ‘D r  Gray would …
  • … of Science, Robertson published a rejoinder, arousing Darwin’s ire still further: ‘he is a scamp …
  • … all sorts of subjects In writing  Variation , Darwin had been careful to acknowledge …
  • … great influx of unsolicited letters from persons unknown to Darwin, offering additional facts that …
  • … 1868 . The letter was addressed to ‘the Rev d  C. Darwin M.d’; Binstead evidently assumed Darwin
  • … in the world’ (from ?, 6 April 1868). On 21 May , Darwin complained to Hooker, ‘I am bothered …
  • … an outpouring of details and untoward examples even from Darwin’s inner circle of expert naturalists …
  • … by flexing. On 5 April , Edward Blyth, who had supplied Darwin with a wealth of information on …
  • … the opportunities provided by  Variation  for expanding Darwin’s network of informers proved very …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …
  • … markedly, reflecting a decline in his already weak health. Darwin then began punctuating letters …
  • … am languid & bedeviled … & hate everybody’. Although Darwin did continue his botanical …
  • … letter-writing dwindled considerably. The correspondence and Darwin’s scientific work diminished …
  • … of the water-cure. The treatment was not effective and Darwin remained ill for the rest of the year. …
  • … the correspondence from the year. These letters illustrate Darwin’s preoccupation with the …
  • … to man’s place in nature  both had a direct bearing on Darwin’s species theory and on the problem …
  • … detailed anatomical similarities between humans and apes, Darwin was full of praise. He especially …
  • … in expressing any judgment on Species or origin of man’. Darwin’s concern about the popular …
  • … Lyell’s and Huxley’s books. Three years earlier Darwin had predicted that Lyell’s forthcoming …
  • … first half of 1863 focused attention even more closely on Darwin’s arguments for species change. …
  • … ‘groan’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Darwin reiterated in a later letter that it …
  • … of creation, and the origin of species particularly, worried Darwin; he told Hooker that he had once …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin did not relish telling Lyell of his …
  • … ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Nevertheless, Darwin’s regret was profound that the …
  • … the ‘brutes’, but added that he would bring many towards Darwin who would have rebelled against …
  • … from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, Darwin’s friend in the United States, …
  • … off ( see letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863 ). In May, Darwin responded to Gray that Lyell’s and …
  • … or   Modification, ’. Faction fighting Darwin was not alone in feeling disaffected …
  • … in the subject. ‘The worst of it is’, Hooker wrote to Darwin, ‘I suppose it is virtually Huxley’s …
  • … that he had contributed to the proofs of human antiquity. Darwin and Hooker repeatedly exchanged …
  • … appeared in the  Natural History Review  in January, Darwin, who was already ill-disposed towards …
  • … January [1863] ). Archaeopteryx Falconer, Darwin, and others found an additional …
  • … of Owen’s ‘slip-shod and hasty account’ of the find, Darwin asked, ‘Has God demented Owen, as a …
  • … observed that the fossil was ‘a strange being à la Darwin’, a transitional form between reptiles and …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost …
  • … (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwin’s son Francis became increasingly …
  • … career to become his father’s scientific secretary. Darwin had always relied on assistance from …
  • … Francis’s decision. A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response …
  • … the previous year. As was typical, readers wrote to Darwin personally to offer suggestions, …
  • … some of which were incorporated in a later edition. Darwin also contributed to discussions in the …
  • … Francis Galton’s work on inherited talent, which prompted Darwin to reflect on the traits and …
  • … Station at Naples. Plants that eat and feel? Darwin had resumed experiments on the …
  • … 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of Darwin’s study of insectivorous plants, a …
  • … and alkaloids, and even electrical stimulation. On sending Darwin a specimen of the carnivorous  …
  • … ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the glandular hairs on the …
  • … to bend inward, so that the plant closed like a fist. Darwin was fascinated by this transmission of …
  • … plants , p. 63). The plants secreted a viscid fluid, which Darwin suspected attracted insects by …
  • … ., p. 17). Through a series of painstaking experiments, Darwin determined that the secretions …
  • … botanist Mary Treat, who performed experiments suggested by Darwin on the North American species  …
  • … . He began to perform experiments modelled on those of Darwin, feeding the plant egg and raw meat, …
  • … guide to animal experimentation that Klein had co-authored. Darwin contacted two of the  Handbook …
  • … London, and director of the Brown Institution.  Darwin sent an abstract of his preliminary …
  • … muscle and nerve tissue of animals. Burdon Sanderson visited Darwin at Down in July and was drawn …
  • … To test whether the plants had a nerve-like structure, Darwin suggested electrical experiments on  …
  • … coil. He was so impressed by the results that he sent Darwin the news by telegraph in September, and …
  • … the Advancement of Science later that month. Finally, Darwin enlisted the chemist Edward …
  • … enzyme. Cross- and self-fertilisation Darwin’s other main focus of botanical …
  • … work that had been going on for many years. Darwin resumed these studies in February. He received …
  • … ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that his own …
  • … in May to request permission to translate it into German. Darwin was vexed, and begged his publisher …
  • … 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family As Darwin worked exclusively on botany, he …
  • … and take tracings of their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 25 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  …
  • … couple of months were needed to index the work, a task that Darwin handed over to someone else for …
  • … and animals  ( Expression ), published in 1872. Although Darwin had been collecting material and …
  • … A global reputation The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly …
  • … who might best answer the questions, with the result that Darwin began to receive replies from …
  • … Variation  would be based on proof-sheets received as Darwin corrected them. Closer to home, two …
  • … Charles Fleeming Jenkin, challenged different aspects of Darwin’s theory of transmutation as …
  • … orchids are fertilised by insects  ( Orchids ). While Darwin privately gave detailed opinions of …
  • … capable hands of Alfred Russel Wallace. At the same time, Darwin was persuaded by some German …
  • … were becoming counterproductive. Throughout the year, Darwin continued to discuss now …
  • … in Germany, and Federico Delpino in Italy, who provided Darwin with the collegial support and …
  • … tedious dull work’ Thomas Henry Huxley sent Darwin the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be …
  • … number of copies to be printed, and by the end of the month Darwin promised to send the revised …
  • … to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had sent the manuscript to the …
  • … Descent  and  Expression . In the same letter, Darwin revealed the conclusion to his newly …
  • … As the year progressed, the book continued to consume Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived …
  • … Russian, German, and French translations had been arranged. Darwin had now found sympathetic …
  • … was made by a young naturalist equally devoted to Darwin’s work, Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky. …
  • … brother’s embryological papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he …
  • … concerned with finding a good translator for his book, Darwin was always on the lookout for evidence …
  • … link between invertebrates and vertebrates. Finally, Darwin had made sure that Julius Victor …
  • … he was certain that Carus would undertake the translation. Darwin had received other offers, notably …
  • … already agreed in principle to translate the work but told Darwin, ‘I am so very much occupied just …
  • … V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused Darwin to respond to Vogt somewhat …
  • … task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried. Carus soon …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  …
  • … appeared at the end of 1866 and had told his cousin William Darwin Fox, ‘My work will have to stop a …
  • … material on emotional expression. Yet the scope of Darwin’s interests remained extremely broad, and …
  • … plants, and earthworms, subjects that had exercised Darwin for decades, and that would continue to …
  • … Carl von  Nägeli and perfectibility Darwin’s most substantial addition to  Origin  was a …
  • … a Swiss botanist and professor at Munich (Nägeli 1865). Darwin had considered Nägeli’s paper …
  • … principal engine of change in the development of species. Darwin correctly assessed Nägeli’s theory …
  • … in most morphological features (Nägeli 1865, p. 29). Darwin sent a manuscript of his response (now …
  • … are & must be morphological’. The comment highlights Darwin’s apparent confusion about Nägeli’s …
  • … ‘purely morphological’. The modern reader may well share Darwin’s uncertainty, but Nägeli evidently …
  • … pp. 28–9). In further letters, Hooker tried to provide Darwin with botanical examples he could use …
  • … problems of heredity Another important criticism that Darwin sought to address in the fifth …
  • … prevailing theory of blending inheritance that Jenkin and Darwin both shared, would tend to be lost …
  • … ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 103–4). The terminology that Darwin and others employed in these matters ( …
  • … ‘I must have expressed myself atrociously’, Darwin wrote to Alfred Russel Wallace on 2 February , …
  • … of  Origin  was the result of correspondence between Darwin and the geologist James Croll. In the …
  • … but it was his theory of alternate ice ages that piqued Darwin’s interest the most. He wrote, ‘this …
  • … ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. 377–8) that plant …
  • … would always exist. In  Origin  5th ed., pp. 450–61, Darwin accounted for the survival of tropical …
  • … James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an estimate of the age of the …
  • … ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly challenge Thomson’s …
  • … 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent Once Darwin had completed revisions of the …
  • … and overseas. The dog-breeder George Cupples worked hard on Darwin’s behalf, sending a steady stream …
  • … sexes in sheep, cattle, horses, and dogs, and circulating Darwin’s queries to various contacts. As …
  • … causing difficulties. The entomologist Frederick Smith, whom Darwin had asked to study the musical …
  • … butterflies, supplementing that received the previous year. Darwin also continued to receive …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little …
  • … of   On the origin of   species , intended to be Darwin’s last, and of  Expression of the …
  • … books brought a strong if deceptive sense of a job now done: Darwin intended, he declared to Alfred …
  • …  27 July [1872] ). By the end of the year Darwin was immersed in two of the studies that …
  • … of books and papers, and the latter formed the subject of Darwin’s last book,  The formation of   …
  • … worms , published in the year before his death.  Despite Darwin’s declared intention to take up new …
  • … begun many years before. In his private life also, Darwin was in a nostalgic frame of mind, …
  • … The last word on Origin The year opened with Darwin, helped by his eldest son William, …
  • … on 30 January , shortly after correcting the proofs, and Darwin’s concern for the consolidation of …
  • … and sixth editions were costly to incorporate, and despite Darwin’s best efforts, set the final …
  • … closely involved in every stage of publication of his books, Darwin was keen to ensure that this …
  • … to bring out the new edition in the United States, Darwin arranged with Murray to have it …
  • … had to be reset.  The investment in stereotype reinforced Darwin’s intention to make no further …
  • … A worsening breach The criticisms against which Darwin had taken the greatest trouble to …
  • … objections to the theory of natural selection’, Darwin refuted point by point assertions published …
  • … Although Mivart was among those who wrote in January to wish Darwin a happy new year, before the …
  • … critical and anonymously published review of  Descent . Darwin’s supporters had rallied to his …
  • … The republication of Wright’s paper had been arranged by Darwin himself (see  Correspondence  vol. …
  • … so bigotted a person as I am made to appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 …
  • … that he would willingly acknowledge himself at fault if only Darwin would renounce `fundamental …
  • … letter to St G. J. Mivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite Darwin’s request that he drop the …
  • … ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have the last word in …
  • … 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate controversy,’ Darwin wrote later in the year, possibly with this …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 3 August [1872] ).  Darwin's theories under siege …
  • … sexual selection in human evolution, continued to trouble Darwin.  ‘At present natural selection is …
  • … about the level of support for his theories abroad and Darwin, directing operations from the safe …
  • … 13 December 1872 ).  'Here is a bee' Darwin discussed the reception of his …
  • … selection to bees (H. Müller 1872), and with his reply Darwin enclosed an account of research he had …
  • … By the time  Origin  was published in February, Darwin was in London, making the first of several …
  • … he found a mixed blessing: ‘I hope my Brain likes it,’ Darwin wrote about one of these holidays; ‘as …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle  voyage was one …
  • … a family Busy as he was with scientific activities, Darwin found time to re-establish family …
  • … close contact. In November 1838, two years after his return, Darwin became engaged to his cousin, …
  • … daughter, Anne Elizabeth, moved to Down House in Kent, where Darwin was to spend the rest of his …
  • … his greatest theoretical achievement, the most important of Darwin’s activities during the years …
  • … identifications of his bird and fossil mammal specimens, Darwin arrived at the daring and momentous …
  • … in species. With this new theoretical point of departure Darwin continued to make notes and explore …
  • … present in the version of 1859. Young author Darwin’s investigation of the species …
  • … the  Beagle  had returned to England, news of some of Darwin’s findings had been spread by the …
  • … great excitement. The fuller account of the voyage and Darwin’s discoveries was therefore eagerly …
  • … suitable categories for individual experts to work upon, Darwin applied himself to the revision of …
  • … of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle. Darwin’s volume bore the title  Journal …
  • … visited by H.M.S. Beagle .  Also in November 1837, Darwin read the fourth of a series of papers to …
  • … to the Society of 9 March 1838), had been developed by Darwin from a suggestion made by his uncle, …
  • … Sedgwick, [after 15 May 1838] ). The new research Darwin undertook after 1837 was an …
  • … time, the parallel terraces, or ‘roads’, of Glen Roy. Darwin had seen similar formations on the …
  • … roads of Glen Roy’,  Collected papers  1: 88–137). Darwin later abandoned this view, calling it a …
  • … contemporaneous unstratified deposits of South America”, Darwin continued to defend his and Lyell’s …
  • … 1842, having heard of evidence of glaciation in North Wales, Darwin made a tour there in order to …
  • … more satisfactorily than any alternative explanation. Darwin eventually relinquished this theory and …
  • … the Beagle voyage In addition to his work on geology Darwin undertook to provide a …
  • … The correspondence provides a nearly complete record of Darwin’s arrangements with the Treasury, his …
  • … , by Thomas Bell—a total of nineteen quarto issues. Darwin contributed a substantial portion of the …
  • … and habitats of the species. Mr Arthrobalanus Darwin had originally planned to include …
  • … Archipelago off the coast of Chile. These unexpectedly led Darwin to devote eight years (1846–54) …
  • … As the correspondence from these years shows, that work put Darwin in communication with most of the …
  • … and corals by William Lonsdale ( Collected papers , 2). Darwin’s crustacean specimens, originally …
  • … Only the plants were neglected. During the voyage Darwin had expected that J. S. Henslow would …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his …
  • … promotion of his theory of natural selection also continued: Darwin’s own works expanded on it, …
  • … a keen interest in the progress of his views through Europe, Darwin negotiated, in addition to a …
  • … the family over the summer. But towards the end of the year, Darwin was able once more to turn his …
  • … of the Scottish press hissed). Huxley, while advocating Darwin’s theory, had again espoused the view …
  • … experimental production of new ‘physiological’ species. Darwin attempted to dissuade him from this …
  • … delivered a series of lectures to working men that reviewed Darwin’s theory, and sent copies to …
  • … about the vars. of Tobacco.' At the end of the year, Darwin seemed resigned to their …
  • … common man This correspondence with Huxley made Darwin keener than ever to repeat the …
  • … began writing long, intelligent, and informative letters, Darwin, impressed, gave him the commission …
  • … ). Two sexual forms: Primula and Linum Darwin’s views on the phenomenon of …
  • … when crossed with another plant of the reciprocal form. Darwin concluded that the two forms existed …
  • … in  Primula ’, p. 92 ( Collected papers  2: 59)). Darwin later recalled: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … , p. 134). On completion of his  Primula  paper, Darwin repeated his crosses through a …
  • … George Bentham at Kew were also tapped for their knowledge. Darwin, initially hopeful, became …
  • … one by one 6700 seeds of Monochætum!!’ By October, Darwin was flagging and declared to Gray: ‘I am …
  • … is something very curious to be made out about them.’ Darwin persisted with his experiments through …
  • … proved more profitable subjects for investigation, and Darwin was soon filling portfolios with notes …
  • … to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin amassed on heterostyly in this year …
  • … experiments led directly to publication. Many years earlier, Darwin had observed dimorphism in  …
  • … One of the multi-volume treatises through which Darwin groaningly trawled seeking cases of …
  • … Lythrum , the purple loosestrife. By the summer, Darwin was experimenting. ‘To day I have been …
  • … forms produced fertile seed. The case clearly excited Darwin, who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa …
  • … evidence with which to sway Huxley. By October, Darwin had decided that the case warranted a …
  • … own specimens of the orchid  Catasetum tridentatum ,that Darwin described before the ‘placid …
  • … that were believed to constitute three distinct genera. Darwin explained that the three flowers …
  • … since the previous summer. Orchids Darwin had enjoyed observing the orchids: he …
  • … son, William, his language was more blunt ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862] ): ‘whether …
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