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State Darwin Museum, Moscow.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, Moscow. …
  • Darwin Museum Moscow …

The Charles Darwin Trust, London, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The Charles Darwin Trust, London, England Quentin Keynes’ bequest …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 27 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 (E.  L.  Darwin 1863). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … the particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ([E.  L. Darwin] 1859, pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ([E.  L.  Darwin] 1859, p.  22). The …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 24 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 26 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864

Summary

Instructions concerning the payment of the principal and interest of the mortgage to Mr Childe.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus Alvey Darwin Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … E. Darwin Thomas Salt Esq re | Belmont | Shrewsbury …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. Salt, Thomas …
  • … From E. A. Darwin, …
  • … Charles Darwin, and W. …
  • … E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864 …
  • … Rachel Salt (private collection) William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1864 Thomas Salt …
  • … from CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin (Shropshire Archives, SA D3651/B/47/1/1/1/1/6). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin’s children had inherited the loans. Charles Langton was married to …
  • … principal to the account of the Re vd Charles Langton at the same Bank. E A Darwin | Ch. …
  • … R. Darwin | W. …

Darwin, Emma (1808–96)

Matches: 20 hits

  • … scientific work - she passed scientific requests from Darwin along to her correspondents. …
  • Darwin saw Emma as an exemplary wife. Relevant Gender Resources: http:// …
  • … scientists-wives Primary Sources: Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-441 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-542 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-761 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-4498f Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-7922 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … Desmond and James Moore and Janet Browne, ‘Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882)’, Oxford …
  • … www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/7176, accessed 20 Feb 2013] Emma Darwin (1904) and (1915). …
  • … WSL,26,27 Wedgwood, Josiah II Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Emma Darwin 1808–96 Youngest daughter of Josiah Wedgwood II. …
  • … in 1839. Further Information: Emma Darwin née Wedgwood (1808-1896) was the youngest …
  • … of Josiah Wedgwood II. In January 1839 she married her first cousin, Charles Darwin. …
  • … She and Darwin had 10 children. Emma was religious: she had been baptised in the …
  • … beliefs. Early in her relationship with Darwin, Emma expressed concern about his religious …
  • … salvation. In spite of her concerns over Darwin’s religious beliefs, Emma remained …
  • … husband’s work throughout his life. Indeed, Darwin entrusted Emma with ensuring that his …
  • … even if he died suddenly. Emma often took over Darwin’s correspondence when he was feeling …
  • … unwell. Darwin recognised the critical role Emma played in helping to manage his …

To W. E. Darwin   26 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for eyeglass.

Reports on health of Horace and family matters.

Has finished Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  26 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3520

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   26 April [1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … when Joseph Dalton Hooker was also visiting Down House (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … DAR 210.6: 96 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [ …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … you saw Hooker work on plant. — Farewell, dear old fellow | Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … proofs of Orchids (see n.  6, below). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that the ‘Boys …
  • … went to school’ on Monday 28 April 1862. George Howard Darwin and …
  • … Francis Darwin both attended Clapham Grammar School in south-west …
  • … London (see DNB s.v. Darwin, G.  H. , …
  • … and F.  Darwin 1920, p.   …
  • … 63). Leonard Darwin had been tutored privately by George Varenne Reed since summer 1859 ( …
  • … Wedgwood. There is an entry in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on 25 April 1862 that …
  • … half-yearly payment to Clapham Grammar School. See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). Leonard was sent home from Clapham with …
  • … see CD’s Classed account book (Down House MS), letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … G.  V.  Reed, 12 January 1863). Emma Darwin wrote in her diary (DAR 242) that she ‘Went to …
  • … was a family nickname for George (see, for example, the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [26 March 1858] (DAR 219.1: 33), which begins ‘My dear Georgy’, but later …
  • … write to & not Gingo’). CD refers to Horace Darwin who had been ill since the beginning of …
  • … the year. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Camilla Ludwig, …
  • … governess at Down House, accompanied Horace Darwin to the home of his aunt Sarah Elizabeth …

From E. A. Darwin   11 October [1866]

Summary

Disposal of Susan’s effects. Legacies to CD’s children. EAD has taken the letters and papers and asked Henry [Parker] to forward the George Richmond pictures of CD and Emma.

Caroline looks "miserably ill".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B48–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5238

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   11 October [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B48–51 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St …
  • … 11 Oct [1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … year is established by the reference to Susan Elizabeth Darwin and her estate (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Susan Darwin had died on 3 October 1866 ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [4 October  …
  • … been sent to CD (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] ). In a codicil to her …
  • … Catherine Langton (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 19 February [1866] and n.  6). The …
  • … George Richmond made portraits of CD in 1839 and 1840, of Emma Darwin in 1840 and 1842, …
  • … and of Erasmus Alvey Darwin in 1850 (Lister 1981, p.  156; see also frontispieces to …
  • … tureen is mentioned in the will (will of Susan Elizabeth Darwin, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, CD’s eldest son, inherited the farm at Claythorpe, Lincolnshire. …
  • … property from her father, Robert Waring Darwin, who had purchased another farm, for CD, at …
  • … of Susan’s estate (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] and n.   5). ‘ …
  • … D r D’ is probably a reference to Erasmus Darwin, but may refer …
  • … to Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were the executors …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin’s will (will …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin, Department of Manuscripts and Records, National Library of Wales, …
  • … Aberystwyth). CD’s son George Howard Darwin was interested in genealogy and collected …
  • … on the family. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, [before 20 February 1866] and n.  2. …
  • … are to Henrietta Emma and Elizabeth Darwin. Erasmus probably meant to write ‘Henry’ …

From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868]

Summary

Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5799

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868] …
  • … a Clapham in Yorkshire, but Horace and Leonard Darwin were at school in Clapham, London. …
  • … DAR 99: 34–5 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 25 Jan [ …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler. …
  • … us know. With very kind regards, believe me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, …
  • … below). Charlotte had eight children ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was second in the mathematical honours examination at Cambridge; the …
  • … University calendar 1868). Francis Rhodes Darwin. George attended Clapham Grammar School …
  • … Otley. Jan y . 25 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Judging by my own feelings as a Parent, I feel …
  • … s as second Wrangler at Cambridge— M r . Darwin begs to unite with me in Congratulations …
  • … to yourself & M rs . Darwin, and we so much regret, that you did not tell us of your bo

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Emma …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin c .  20–5 September 1877 …

From Emma and Charles Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [20 May 1864]

Summary

CD much obliged for specimen and drawings.

Author:  Emma Darwin Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [20 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3366

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Emma and Charles Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [20 May 1864] …
  • … DAR 97: A7 Emma Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin unstated [20 May …
  • … 1864] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] , and by …
  • … George Howard, Francis, and Leonard Darwin’s arrival at Down on 21 May 1864 (see n.  5, …
  • … lived at Maer until 1847, had recently visited Down (see letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 May 1864] and n.  4). For CD’s speculation on the …
  • … Pulmonaria angustifolia , see letter to W.  E. Darwin, 14 May [1864] and nn.  6 and 7. …
  • … p.  115). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  8. The photographs arrived …
  • … for example, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] ). See letter from H.  E.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [18 May 1864] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  3. CD wrote in Forms of flowers , …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 19 hits

  • … his name? ) get on in health? Read Bates’ Book; you will like it— good night | C.   Darwin
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10 May 1863] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 November 1861] ). Bates 1863. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 111 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [10 …
  • … May 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E. Darwin, 8 May [1863] , and by the address. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place, near Dorking, Surrey, the home of Josiah …
  • … on a Sunday. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] . The plant was subsequently …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 17 [October 1861] , and letter from W.   …
  • … angustifolia (see letter from W.  E. Darwin, 4 May [1863] , n.  1). CD was trying to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 May [1864] . For CD’s conclusions on …
  • … pp.  105– 10. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] and n.  5. As part of his …
  • … plants that were apparently fertile without insect aid. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins returned to Down from Leith Hill Place on Wednesday 13 May 1863. ‘ …
  • … Skimp’ was a family nickname for Horace Darwin (Freeman 1978). Horace had been unwell …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard Darwin. His and CD’s observations of insects …

From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877]

Summary

Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon.

Author:  Sara Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11267F

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877] …
  • … Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon. …
  • … DAR 210.5: 23 Sara Darwin [3 Dec …
  • … 1877] Charles Robert Darwin

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To W.  E. Darwin 10 [December 1856] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec …
  • … 1856] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …
  • … in your examination Your affect. | C.  Darwin What a nice letter that was of Georgys. — …
  • … Dated by the reference to the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. …
  • … Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after …
  • … his school-term ended, George Howard Darwin went directly to the home of Hensleigh and …
  • … and a fellow student of William Erasmus Darwin’s at Rugby. Henry Hemmings, a servant of …
  • … Wedgwood, was probably on his way to Barlaston (see letter to G.  H. Darwin and W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary, the Darwin boys stayed with Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood …
  • … until Saturday, 27 December, which was William Darwin’s birthday. …
  • … Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘came down to breakfast’. CD recorded …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of nectar or position of flowers in the two forms? Good Night— I am tired. — | C.  Darwin
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference …
  • … a postscript, written in pencil, in Emma Darwin’s hand: ‘Enquire a little about quiet sea …
  • … the end of next week’. George Howard Darwin and Francis stayed with William in Southampton …
  • … from 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [ …
  • … 1862] , letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9 July [1862], and [after 14 July 1862], …
  • … Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …
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Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the publication of his …
  • … book out of my head’. But  a large proportion of Darwin’s time for the rest of the year was devoted …
  • … way, and the initial reception of the book in the press. Darwin fielded numerous letters from …
  • … offered sharp criticism or even condemnation. Darwin had expected controversy. ‘I shall be …
  • … a bare-faced manner.”‘ The most lively debate centred on Darwin’s evolutionary account of the …
  • … taste. Correspondence with his readers and critics helped Darwin to clarify, and in some cases …
  • … year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression. Darwin continued to investigate the …
  • … also brought a significant milestone for the family, as Darwin’s eldest daughter Henrietta was …
  • … during several past years, has been a great amusement’. Darwin had been working fairly continuously …
  • … work on species theory in the late 1830s. In recent years, Darwin had collected a wealth of material …
  • … to human evolution was comparatively small, reflecting Darwin’s aim of  showing kinship with animals …
  • … he is “torn to pieces” by people wanting copies’, Darwin wrote to his son Francis on 28 February …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were considerable. After …
  • … man.’ Promoting the book As usual, Darwin did his best to obtain a wide and favourable …
  • … (see Correspondence vol. 19, Appendix IV). Four of Darwin’s five sons received a copy, and his …
  • … received a special acknowledgment in the form of a gift. Darwin credited her for whatever he had …
  • … ‘to keep in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins remarked on Darwin’s books’ reception amongst ‘artisans …
  • … 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that Darwin had been able to link the periodicity …
  • … Variation ,  Descent  inspired many to write to Darwin with small corrections or contributions. …
  • … foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the photographs …
  • … friends A number of correspondents took issue with Darwin’s evolutionary explanation of the …
  • … butterflies and beetles to  Descent , could not extend Darwin’s evolutionary theory beyond man’s …
  • … disagreement regarding human ancestry was expressed by Darwin’s old friend, the former vicar of Down …
  • … the lesson taught by the black ants slaves to the white’. Darwin thanked Innes for his ‘pleasant …
  • … ). On religion and morality Others objected to Darwin’s theory on purely religious …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections …
  • … Compare two letters Darwin writes to two colleagues asking for information. What can we …
  • … the different approach? Letter 1674 - Charles Darwin to Asa Gray, 25 Apr 1855 …
  • …  Objective: " To compare Darwin’s expectation of the voyage to the reality"  The class …
  • … College in Devon quickly had to state a fact about Darwin, before throwing the bomb (a ball of …
  • … revealed levels of understanding of key facts about Darwin and his ideas at the start of class. …
  • … of letters and images, they discussed the reactions of Darwin’s friends, respected colleagues and …
  • … what they knew about Victorian culture, understanding that Darwin’s ideas must have been hard for …
  • … Pupils wrote tweets describing the impact of Darwin’s ideas: ‘OMG! Darwin’s theories shock …
  • … at Hitchin Girls School were disturbed to find out what Darwin fed to insectivorous plants to …
  • … file-teaser"}}]] Who helped Darwin? Through the letters pupils …
  • … and to reproduce. Activities were taken from the  Darwin’s Scientific Women pack. …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …
  • … letters on climbing plants to make another paper. Darwin also submitted a manuscript of his …
  • … protégé, John Scott, who was now working in India. Darwin’s transmutation theory continued to …
  • … Argyll, appeared in the religious weekly,  Good Words . Darwin received news of an exchange of …
  • … Butler, and, according to Butler, the bishop of Wellington. Darwin’s theory was discussed at an …
  • … in the  Gardeners’ Chronicle . At the end of the year, Darwin was elected an honorary member of …
  • … year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend of …
  • … in August. There was also a serious dispute between two of Darwin’s friends, John Lubbock and …
  • … jolly’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). Darwin was ready to submit his paper on …
  • … a sudden illness. Falconer was 56, almost the same age as Darwin himself. Falconer had seconded …
  • … supported his candidacy, and had tried hard to persuade Darwin to accept the award in person (see  …
  • … the award ( see letter from Hugh Falconer to Erasmus Alvey Darwin, 3 January 1865 ). Erasmus …
  • … Sic transit gloria mundi, with a vengeance Darwin’s response to the news of Falconer’s …
  • … at the time recovering from a bout of influenza, wrote to Darwin at some length about Falconer’s …
  • … ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 3 February 1865 ). Darwin, now ‘haunted’ by Hooker’s account of …
  • … 9 February [1865] ). Continuing ill-health Darwin had another cause for gloom: his …
  • … difference in my happiness’. At the end of April, Darwin’s condition worsened to the extent …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific …
  • … Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin
  • … on insufficient grounds. Letter 3934 - Darwin to Scott, J., [21 January 1863] …
  • … material worthy of publication. Letter 4185 - Darwin to Scott, J., [25 & 28 May …
  • … worker you are!”. Letter 7605 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [20 March 1871] …
  • … “lucid vigorous style”. In consultation with Emma, Darwin offers Henrietta “some little memorial” in …
  • … so many observations without aid. Letter 8146 - Darwin to Treat, M., [5 January 1872] …
  • … scientific journal”. Letter 8171 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L., [21 January 1872] …
  • … stooping over holes for hours which “tried my head”. Darwin notes that Lucy is worth her weight in …
  • … he had repeated the experiment. Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August …
  • … be submitted to the publisher. Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874 …
  • … that it ought to be published. Letter 10523 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 June 1876] …
  • … of her “admirable work”. Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …
  • … visual clues and concluding with what is important about Darwin. …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the …
  • … in relation to Sex’. Always precise in his accounting, Darwin reckoned that he had started writing …
  • … gathered on each of these topics was far more extensive than Darwin had anticipated. As a result,  …
  • … and St George Jackson Mivart, and heated debates sparked by Darwin’s proposed election to the French …
  • … Finishing Descent; postponing Expression Darwin began receiving proofs of some of the …
  • … ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on parts of the …
  • … style, the more grateful I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had …
  • … , the latter when she was just eighteen years of age. Darwin clearly expected her to make a …
  • … have thought that I shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta …
  • … so unimportant as the mind of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). …
  • … philanthropist Frances Power Cobbe. At Cobbe’s suggestion, Darwin read some of Immanuel Kant’s  …
  • … ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in his beard with …
  • … as animals: ears Despite Cobbe’s plea, most of Darwin’s scientific attention in 1870 was …
  • … fairy in Shakespeare’s  A midsummer night’s dream.  Darwin obtained a sketch of a human ear from …
  • … of a pointed tip projecting inward from the folded margin. Darwin, who had posed for the sculptor in …
  • … this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s sketch in  …
  • … muscles A more troubling anatomical feature for Darwin was the platysma myoides, a band of …
  • … of fright’, and one of his photographs, later used by Darwin in  Expression , showed a man whose …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same longitudinal …
  • … Researching expression: questions and questionnaires Darwin’s research on emotions continued …
  • … of the source of the Niger river. Reade was sceptical of Darwin’s view that standards of beauty were …
  • … evidence of the continuity of expressions across species, Darwin asked the zoo-keeper at Regent’s …
  • … much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of a London …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life …
  • … chance for what share of happiness this world affords." ( Darwin to H.W. Bates , 26 …
  • … and they partook in his scientific endeavours. One of Darwin's defining characteristics …
  • … through his correspondence. Letters written to and from Darwin, as well as those exchanged between …
  • … provides into the bright and engaging personalities of the Darwin children and of family life in the …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species . 1859. London: John …
  • … Dining at Down House Letter 259 —Charles Darwin to Caroline Darwin, 13 October …
  • … South American cities, cultures, geography, flora and fauna) Darwin complains to his sister Caroline …
  • … while ill. Letter 465 —Emma Wedgwood (Emma Darwin) to Charles Darwin, [30 December 1838] …
  • … agreeable” for her sake. Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] …
  • … behalf to his American publisher, T. G. Appleton. Darwin, who is too ill to write himself, wishes to …
  • … cod liver oil and moderate work, among other things, for Darwin’s complaints. Emma Darwin
  • … suffers a bout of “rocking & giddiness”. Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [5 September …
  • … nineteenth-century luncheon fare. Letter 8296 —Darwin to Francis Galton, 21 April [1872] …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost …
  • … (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwin’s son Francis became increasingly …
  • … career to become his father’s scientific secretary. Darwin had always relied on assistance from …
  • … Francis’s decision. A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response …
  • … the previous year. As was typical, readers wrote to Darwin personally to offer suggestions, …
  • … some of which were incorporated in a later edition. Darwin also contributed to discussions in the …
  • … Francis Galton’s work on inherited talent, which prompted Darwin to reflect on the traits and …
  • … Station at Naples. Plants that eat and feel? Darwin had resumed experiments on the …
  • … 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of Darwin’s study of insectivorous plants, a …
  • … and alkaloids, and even electrical stimulation. On sending Darwin a specimen of the carnivorous  …
  • … ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the glandular hairs on the …
  • … to bend inward, so that the plant closed like a fist. Darwin was fascinated by this transmission of …
  • … plants , p. 63). The plants secreted a viscid fluid, which Darwin suspected attracted insects by …
  • … ., p. 17). Through a series of painstaking experiments, Darwin determined that the secretions …
  • … botanist Mary Treat, who performed experiments suggested by Darwin on the North American species  …
  • … . He began to perform experiments modelled on those of Darwin, feeding the plant egg and raw meat, …
  • … guide to animal experimentation that Klein had co-authored. Darwin contacted two of the  Handbook …
  • … London, and director of the Brown Institution.  Darwin sent an abstract of his preliminary …
  • … muscle and nerve tissue of animals. Burdon Sanderson visited Darwin at Down in July and was drawn …
  • … To test whether the plants had a nerve-like structure, Darwin suggested electrical experiments on  …
  • … coil. He was so impressed by the results that he sent Darwin the news by telegraph in September, and …
  • … the Advancement of Science later that month. Finally, Darwin enlisted the chemist Edward …
  • … enzyme. Cross- and self-fertilisation Darwin’s other main focus of botanical …
  • … work that had been going on for many years. Darwin resumed these studies in February. He received …
  • … ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that his own …
  • … in May to request permission to translate it into German. Darwin was vexed, and begged his publisher …
  • … 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family As Darwin worked exclusively on botany, he …
  • … and take tracings of their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff …
  • … can be found to the right. Containing extracts from Darwin's published works as well as …
  • … to encourage students to explore disparities between Darwin's public ideas and those he …
  • … by the resources include: To what extent were Darwin's ideas about the sexes …
  • … one of the key insights of the DCP’s research into Darwin’s understandings of sex and gender. In his …
  • … between the child and the man” ( Descent 2: 317). Darwin believed, however, that although women …
  • … superior to men. Sarah argues that understanding Darwin’s belief in the higher morality of …
  • … her house. Miranda focuses on the role that Darwin’s domestic life played in his …
  • … rendition of Miranda’s project, you can learn more about Darwin’s reliance and trust in Henrietta’s …
  • … of style, the more grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda …
  • … Amalia also believes that there is room to complicate Darwin’s published views on sex and gender by …
  • … inferiority as immutable.” Amalia delves into Darwin’s exchanges with Kennard; exchanges …
  • … 1882 ) In this personal exchange, she finds evidence that Darwin believed women could improve their …
  • … Vanessa takes a creative approach to the tension between Darwin’s published views and his private …
  • … ability by portraying ‘feminist leanings as ruinous to Darwin’s reputation.” By asking us to …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July …
  • … … of having grown older’. This portrait, the first of Darwin with his now famous beard, had been …
  • … 52 hours without vomiting!! In the same month, Darwin began to consult William Jenner, …
  • … prescribed a variety of antacids and purgatives, and limited Darwin’s fluid intake; this treatment …
  • … the dimorphic aquatic cut-grass  Leersia . In May, Darwin finished his paper on  Lythrum …
  • … he had set aside the previous summer. In October, Darwin let his friends know that on his …
  • … to the surgeon and naturalist Francis Trevelyan Buckland, Darwin described his symptoms in some …
  • … November and December were also marked by the award to Darwin of the Royal Society’s Copley Medal; …
  • … been unsuccessfully nominated the two previous years. As Darwin explained to his cousin William …
  • … it was conferred, brought a dramatic conclusion to the year. Darwin also wrote to Fox that he was …
  • … progress’ in Britain. Challenging convention Darwin’s concern about the acceptance of …
  • …  vol. 11). In a letter of [27 January 1864] , Darwin wrote to Hooker: ‘The only approach to work …
  • …  produce tendrils However, the queries that Darwin, describing himself as ‘a broken-down …
  • … tendrils’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [8 February 1864] ). Darwin’s excitement about his …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 June [1864] ). When Darwin asked Oliver whether the tendrils of …
  • … for his teacherly tone, explaining that he had felt that Darwin had misunderstood some accepted …
  • … ( letter from Daniel Oliver, [17 March 1864] ). Though Darwin replied with his typical humility …
  • … habits of climbing plants’ (‘Climbing plants’), which Darwin submitted to the Linnean Society in …
  • … was often the case, he was interested in transitional forms. Darwin came to think, for example, that …
  • … and tendril-bearers. At the end of his paper, Darwin used species from the genus  Lathyrus …
  • … the tendrils then revert to leaves, as in  L. nissolia . Darwin wrote (‘Climbing plants’, p. 115): …
  • … In addition to his work on climbing plants, Darwin engaged in 1864 in botanical observations and …
  • … between species and varieties, and the nature of hybridity. Darwin noticed that the sterility …
  • … and differentiated over a long period of time. Darwin remarked on the similar role of sexual …
  • … the results (see Correspondence vol. 12, Appendix III). Darwin sought to show that the existence …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 25 hits

  • …   On 6 March 1868, Darwin wrote to the entomologist and accountant John Jenner Weir, ‘If any …
  • … he ought to do what I am doing pester them with letters.’ Darwin was certainly true to his word. The …
  • … and sexual selection. In  Origin , pp. 87–90, Darwin had briefly introduced the concept of …
  • … process. In a letter to Alfred Russel Wallace in 1864, Darwin claimed that sexual selection was ‘the …
  • … 12, letter to A. R. Wallace, 28 [May 1864] ). Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as …
  • … to the stridulation of crickets. At the same time, Darwin continued to collect material on …
  • … his immediate circle of friends and relations. In July 1868 Darwin was still anticipating that his …
  • … which was devoted to sexual selection in the animal kingdom. Darwin described his thirst for …
  • … in January 1868. A final delay caused by the indexing gave Darwin much vexation. ‘My book is …
  • … 1867 and had expected to complete it in a fortnight. But at Darwin’s request, he modified his …
  • … the text. This increased the amount of work substantially. Darwin asked Murray to intervene, …
  • … … though it would be a great loss to the Book’. But Darwin’s angry letter to Murray crossed one from …
  • … blank’ ( letter from W. S. Dallas, 8 January 1868 ). Darwin sympathised, replying on 14 January …
  • … as stone, if it were not quite mollified by your note’. Darwin enclosed a cheque to Dallas for £55  …
  • … and descent in the  Fortnightly Review , and asked Darwin for comments. Darwin was clearly …
  • … ‘fast passing away’ that sparked the most discussion. Darwin wrote to Hooker on 23 February , …
  • … authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but Darwin corrected him: ‘D r  Gray would …
  • … of Science, Robertson published a rejoinder, arousing Darwin’s ire still further: ‘he is a scamp …
  • … all sorts of subjects In writing  Variation , Darwin had been careful to acknowledge …
  • … great influx of unsolicited letters from persons unknown to Darwin, offering additional facts that …
  • … 1868 . The letter was addressed to ‘the Rev d  C. Darwin M.d’; Binstead evidently assumed Darwin
  • … in the world’ (from ?, 6 April 1868). On 21 May , Darwin complained to Hooker, ‘I am bothered …
  • … an outpouring of details and untoward examples even from Darwin’s inner circle of expert naturalists …
  • … by flexing. On 5 April , Edward Blyth, who had supplied Darwin with a wealth of information on …
  • … the opportunities provided by  Variation  for expanding Darwin’s network of informers proved very …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 18 hits

  • … Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth …
  • … University Library - in the Keynes Room! - visiting the Darwin Correspondence Project. Randal is a …
  • … Your book seems to counter prevailing popular portraits of Darwin as the solitary genius, and of …
  • … any historian of science, that the great achievements, like Darwin's, and many others, are not …
  • … [of] all the scientist's colleagues. 6. Darwin's poetic sensibility …
  • … Yes. 7. How, and what, do we know of Darwin's opinions about religion? …
  • … to conclude with any certainty. You, and Jim Moore [another Darwin biographer] as well, talk about …
  • … ?the tatters of belief in a moral, just universe?, and that Darwin now took his stand as an …
  • … that he read, which are very important - and in general, Darwin's reading is a fascinating …
  • … important, fundamental act. That was important for her. Darwin just didn't have that in him, …
  • … ? and look there for the explanation of the difficulties Darwin and Emma had with each other's …
  • … I'm struck by, also, this moral dimension to Christianity. Darwin, several times, comes back to …
  • … of liberal theologians and unitarians that were part of Darwin's circle would not necessarily …
  • … Dr White: Right. 9. Emma Darwin's influence and struggle with faith …
  • … White: Right. 10. Parallels between Darwin's occupation and Emma's …
  • … for that was a struggle - and I'm thinking also about Darwin's humility as a man of …
  • … and? I'm seeing a parallel between her religious journey and Darwin's scientific vocation, …
  • … what actually drew them together. 11. Darwin's support for the church as a …

The death of Anne Elizabeth Darwin

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin’s eldest daughter, Annie, died at the age of ten in 1851.   Emma was heavily pregnant with their fifth son, Horace, at the time and could not go with Charles when he took Annie to Malvern to consult the hydrotherapist, Dr Gully.…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … lost the joy of the Household Charles and Emma Darwin’s eldest daughter, Annie, died at …
  • … to Malvern to consult the hydrotherapist, Dr Gully. Darwin wrote a memorial of his daughter …
  • … her own reactions in a poignant set of notes, which Emma Darwin kept. Links to a longer …
  • … and illness follow the transcriptions. Charles Darwin’s memorial of Anne Elizabeth …
  • …  ‘y. 4 An interlineation in pencil in Emma Darwin’s hand reads: ‘Mamma: what shall we do …
  • … To W. D. Fox, [ 27 March 1851 ] To Emma Darwin,  [17 April 1851] First letter to …
  • … From S. E. Wedgwood, [ 24 April 1851 ] From E. C. Darwin, [ 25? April 1851 ] To E. …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …
  • … markedly, reflecting a decline in his already weak health. Darwin then began punctuating letters …
  • … am languid & bedeviled … & hate everybody’. Although Darwin did continue his botanical …
  • … letter-writing dwindled considerably. The correspondence and Darwin’s scientific work diminished …
  • … of the water-cure. The treatment was not effective and Darwin remained ill for the rest of the year. …
  • … the correspondence from the year. These letters illustrate Darwin’s preoccupation with the …
  • … to man’s place in nature  both had a direct bearing on Darwin’s species theory and on the problem …
  • … detailed anatomical similarities between humans and apes, Darwin was full of praise. He especially …
  • … in expressing any judgment on Species or origin of man’. Darwin’s concern about the popular …
  • … Lyell’s and Huxley’s books. Three years earlier Darwin had predicted that Lyell’s forthcoming …
  • … first half of 1863 focused attention even more closely on Darwin’s arguments for species change. …
  • … ‘groan’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Darwin reiterated in a later letter that it …
  • … of creation, and the origin of species particularly, worried Darwin; he told Hooker that he had once …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin did not relish telling Lyell of his …
  • … ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Nevertheless, Darwin’s regret was profound that the …
  • … the ‘brutes’, but added that he would bring many towards Darwin who would have rebelled against …
  • … from Charles Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). The botanist Asa Gray, Darwin’s friend in the United States, …
  • … off ( see letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863 ). In May, Darwin responded to Gray that Lyell’s and …
  • … or   Modification, ’. Faction fighting Darwin was not alone in feeling disaffected …
  • … in the subject. ‘The worst of it is’, Hooker wrote to Darwin, ‘I suppose it is virtually Huxley’s …
  • … that he had contributed to the proofs of human antiquity. Darwin and Hooker repeatedly exchanged …
  • … appeared in the  Natural History Review  in January, Darwin, who was already ill-disposed towards …
  • … January [1863] ). Archaeopteryx Falconer, Darwin, and others found an additional …
  • … of Owen’s ‘slip-shod and hasty account’ of the find, Darwin asked, ‘Has God demented Owen, as a …
  • … observed that the fossil was ‘a strange being à la Darwin’, a transitional form between reptiles and …

Darwin and women: a selection of letters

Summary

A shorter version of this film is available on the Cambridge University Press video stream.   Darwin and Women focusses on Darwin's correspondence with women and on the lives of the women he knew and wrote to. It includes a large number of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … University Press video stream .   Darwin and Women focusses on Darwin's …
  • … number of hitherto unpublished letters between members of Darwin's family and their friends …
  • … and their relationships, social and professional, with Darwin. The letters included are by turns …
  • … servants, that set them in an accessible narrative context. Darwin's famous remarks on women& …
  • … the book's editor, Samantha Evans, in her blogs on ' Emma Darwin and women's higher …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 25 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  …
  • … couple of months were needed to index the work, a task that Darwin handed over to someone else for …
  • … and animals  ( Expression ), published in 1872. Although Darwin had been collecting material and …
  • … A global reputation The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly …
  • … who might best answer the questions, with the result that Darwin began to receive replies from …
  • … Variation  would be based on proof-sheets received as Darwin corrected them. Closer to home, two …
  • … Charles Fleeming Jenkin, challenged different aspects of Darwin’s theory of transmutation as …
  • … orchids are fertilised by insects  ( Orchids ). While Darwin privately gave detailed opinions of …
  • … capable hands of Alfred Russel Wallace. At the same time, Darwin was persuaded by some German …
  • … were becoming counterproductive. Throughout the year, Darwin continued to discuss now …
  • … in Germany, and Federico Delpino in Italy, who provided Darwin with the collegial support and …
  • … tedious dull work’ Thomas Henry Huxley sent Darwin the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be …
  • … number of copies to be printed, and by the end of the month Darwin promised to send the revised …
  • … to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had sent the manuscript to the …
  • … Descent  and  Expression . In the same letter, Darwin revealed the conclusion to his newly …
  • … As the year progressed, the book continued to consume Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived …
  • … Russian, German, and French translations had been arranged. Darwin had now found sympathetic …
  • … was made by a young naturalist equally devoted to Darwin’s work, Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky. …
  • … brother’s embryological papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he …
  • … concerned with finding a good translator for his book, Darwin was always on the lookout for evidence …
  • … link between invertebrates and vertebrates. Finally, Darwin had made sure that Julius Victor …
  • … he was certain that Carus would undertake the translation. Darwin had received other offers, notably …
  • … already agreed in principle to translate the work but told Darwin, ‘I am so very much occupied just …
  • … V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused Darwin to respond to Vogt somewhat …
  • … task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried. Carus soon …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 24 hits

  • … The case is a sore puzzle to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] . …
  • … One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the …
  • … work in ecology. Despite the difference in language between Darwin’s letter and the modern …
  • … in seeds that have no nutritive value. Other subjects that Darwin worked on at Down also have …
  • … the mix of species in a plot of grass; pollination. Was Darwin, then, an early ecologist? The …
  • … was becoming well enough established in universities that Darwin’s ‘held together with a piece of …
  • … laboratory institute in Würzburg, criticised Darwin’s experiments on movement in root radicles as …
  • … As a gentleman amateur, observing his surroundings, Darwin seems to fit easily into an earlier …
  • … between organisms over time – were highly innovative. Darwin’s own experiments challenged the old, …
  • … clearly did not mark an epoch in the history of science; Darwin and some of his correspondents …
  • … ‘The number of new words … is something dreadful’, Darwin wrote to T. H. Huxley on 22 December …
  • … world only from the late nineteenth century onwards. Darwin himself never used the word, either in …
  • … the study of all those complex interrelations referred to by Darwin as the conditions of the …
  • … in Stauffer 1957, p. 141). How important is it that Darwin did not use the word ecology, and …
  • … So, we should be careful not to make the same mistake with Darwin. When we try to understand the …
  • … there’s also a horizontal dimension, the question of what Darwin himself thought he was doing. …
  • … realising it, and what areas are still contested? Darwin’s intellectual context Darwin
  • … be involved in chemical or meteorological investigations. By Darwin’s time the term was associated …
  • … of natural objects: indeed, this is pretty much what Darwin did on the  Beagle  voyage. An …
  • … natural history, and an early influence on Darwin, was Gilbert White’s Natural history of Selborne. …
  • … natural theology had been intimately linked. In some ways Darwin’s work fitted neatly into the …
  • … of White, and other naturalists, upon him. However, Darwin’s theory challenged some of the …
  • … it could be argued that such change was guided by God. But Darwin’s theory, while not commenting on …
  • … that there was no pressure for change. According to Darwin’s theory, the natural world showed …

Darwin's life in letters

Summary

For all his working life, Darwin used letters as a way both of discussing ideas and gathering the ‘great quantities of facts’ that he used in developing and supporting his theories. They form a fascinating collection from many hundreds of correspondents,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … do what I am doing pester them with letters. ( Darwin to John Jenner Weir, [6 March 1868 …
  • … and even specimens. So many letters flowed in that Darwin had a habit of burning batches of old …
  • … 8000 still survive in the main repository of his papers, the Darwin Archive at Cambridge University …
  • … these also to his archive. The researchers of the Darwin Correspondence Project based in …
  • … complete texts of more than 15,000 known surviving Darwin letters, wherever in the world they are …
  • … to the volumes of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin , the narrative of his life as …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  …
  • … appeared at the end of 1866 and had told his cousin William Darwin Fox, ‘My work will have to stop a …
  • … material on emotional expression. Yet the scope of Darwin’s interests remained extremely broad, and …
  • … plants, and earthworms, subjects that had exercised Darwin for decades, and that would continue to …
  • … Carl von  Nägeli and perfectibility Darwin’s most substantial addition to  Origin  was a …
  • … a Swiss botanist and professor at Munich (Nägeli 1865). Darwin had considered Nägeli’s paper …
  • … principal engine of change in the development of species. Darwin correctly assessed Nägeli’s theory …
  • … in most morphological features (Nägeli 1865, p. 29). Darwin sent a manuscript of his response (now …
  • … are & must be morphological’. The comment highlights Darwin’s apparent confusion about Nägeli’s …
  • … ‘purely morphological’. The modern reader may well share Darwin’s uncertainty, but Nägeli evidently …
  • … pp. 28–9). In further letters, Hooker tried to provide Darwin with botanical examples he could use …
  • … problems of heredity Another important criticism that Darwin sought to address in the fifth …
  • … prevailing theory of blending inheritance that Jenkin and Darwin both shared, would tend to be lost …
  • … ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 103–4). The terminology that Darwin and others employed in these matters ( …
  • … ‘I must have expressed myself atrociously’, Darwin wrote to Alfred Russel Wallace on 2 February , …
  • … of  Origin  was the result of correspondence between Darwin and the geologist James Croll. In the …
  • … but it was his theory of alternate ice ages that piqued Darwin’s interest the most. He wrote, ‘this …
  • … ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. 377–8) that plant …
  • … would always exist. In  Origin  5th ed., pp. 450–61, Darwin accounted for the survival of tropical …
  • … James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an estimate of the age of the …
  • … ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly challenge Thomson’s …
  • … 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent Once Darwin had completed revisions of the …
  • … and overseas. The dog-breeder George Cupples worked hard on Darwin’s behalf, sending a steady stream …
  • … sexes in sheep, cattle, horses, and dogs, and circulating Darwin’s queries to various contacts. As …
  • … causing difficulties. The entomologist Frederick Smith, whom Darwin had asked to study the musical …
  • … butterflies, supplementing that received the previous year. Darwin also continued to receive …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little …
  • … of   On the origin of   species , intended to be Darwin’s last, and of  Expression of the …
  • … books brought a strong if deceptive sense of a job now done: Darwin intended, he declared to Alfred …
  • …  27 July [1872] ). By the end of the year Darwin was immersed in two of the studies that …
  • … of books and papers, and the latter formed the subject of Darwin’s last book,  The formation of   …
  • … worms , published in the year before his death.  Despite Darwin’s declared intention to take up new …
  • … begun many years before. In his private life also, Darwin was in a nostalgic frame of mind, …
  • … The last word on Origin The year opened with Darwin, helped by his eldest son William, …
  • … on 30 January , shortly after correcting the proofs, and Darwin’s concern for the consolidation of …
  • … and sixth editions were costly to incorporate, and despite Darwin’s best efforts, set the final …
  • … closely involved in every stage of publication of his books, Darwin was keen to ensure that this …
  • … to bring out the new edition in the United States, Darwin arranged with Murray to have it …
  • … had to be reset.  The investment in stereotype reinforced Darwin’s intention to make no further …
  • … A worsening breach The criticisms against which Darwin had taken the greatest trouble to …
  • … objections to the theory of natural selection’, Darwin refuted point by point assertions published …
  • … Although Mivart was among those who wrote in January to wish Darwin a happy new year, before the …
  • … critical and anonymously published review of  Descent . Darwin’s supporters had rallied to his …
  • … The republication of Wright’s paper had been arranged by Darwin himself (see  Correspondence  vol. …
  • … so bigotted a person as I am made to appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 …
  • … that he would willingly acknowledge himself at fault if only Darwin would renounce `fundamental …
  • … letter to St G. J. Mivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite Darwin’s request that he drop the …
  • … ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have the last word in …
  • … 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate controversy,’ Darwin wrote later in the year, possibly with this …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 3 August [1872] ).  Darwin's theories under siege …
  • … sexual selection in human evolution, continued to trouble Darwin.  ‘At present natural selection is …
  • … about the level of support for his theories abroad and Darwin, directing operations from the safe …
  • … 13 December 1872 ).  'Here is a bee' Darwin discussed the reception of his …
  • … selection to bees (H. Müller 1872), and with his reply Darwin enclosed an account of research he had …
  • … By the time  Origin  was published in February, Darwin was in London, making the first of several …
  • … he found a mixed blessing: ‘I hope my Brain likes it,’ Darwin wrote about one of these holidays; ‘as …
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