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To S. P. Woodward   9 [July 1860]

Summary

Regrets he cannot answer SPW’s questions.

Discusses antiquity of subaerial volcanoes.

Disagrees "entirely & absolutely" with L. von Buch’s "elevation-crater-theory".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  9 [July 1860]
Classmark:  The Natural History Museum (Gen. lib. MSS/ DAR: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2630

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • Woodward 1860 , p.  605). …
  • Woodward 1860 , p.  606. …
  • … To S.  P.  Woodward   9 [July 1860] …
  • Woodward 1860 , p.  603. He also cited CD’s map of active volcanic vents published in …
  • Woodward 1860 , p.  606. CD had expressed his disbelief in Buch’s theory as early as 1844, …
  • … Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward, S.  P.   …
  • … edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( S.  P.  Woodward 1860 ). In the article, he cited …
  • … unidentified hand that reads: ‘To S.  P.  Woodward | 1860 | British Museum’. Woodward was …
  • … of segments of the earth’s crust ( S.  P.  Woodward 1860 , pp.  606–7). The reference is …
  • … a double-page plate of volcanoes. Woodward referred to both these works in S.  P.   …
  • … in the Darwin Library–CUL. Woodward discussed the antiquity of volcanic vents in S.  P.   …
  • Woodwards older brother, was appointed librarian in ordinary to Queen Victoria at a ceremony at Windsor Castle on 2 July 1860 ( DNB ). CD’s point was discussed in S.  P.   …
  • Woodward stated that Buch’s theory had ‘lost its popularity’ owing to Lyell’s and CD’s criticism, but he found it difficult to believe that huge craters could have formed the base of volcanic cones, as Lyell’s theory required ( S.  P.   …

From S. P. Woodward   [15 July 1856]

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Summary

Lists Lusitanian shells with wide ranges beyond that geographical province.

Antiquity and elevation of land mass is more important than latitude for the distribution of shells.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 July 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1928

Matches: 7 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From S.  P. Woodward   [15 July 1856] …
  • … The list expands on the information given in Woodward 1856b, p.  186. …
  • … The same information is given in Woodward 1856b, p.  187. …
  • … According to the letter from S.  P. Woodward, 15 July 1856 , Woodward intended to compile …
  • … the letter were received by CD by 18 July (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 18 July 1856 ). …
  • … CD cited Woodward to this effect in Natural selection , p.  539. The number of CD’s …

To S. P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856]

Summary

Queries from CD on the distribution of molluscan genera referring to SPW’s Manual of the Mollusca [pt 3 (1856)], with SPW’s answers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  [after 4 June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 72: 59–61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1890

Matches: 21 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856] …
  • … wrote: ‘ Cephalopoda —marking organic eras’. Woodward answered: ‘Black Sea p.  365. …
  • … list of questions referred to in the letters to S.  P. Woodward, 3 June [1856], and from …
  • … S.  P. Woodward, 4 June 1856. It seems probable that CD posted the questions to Woodward, …
  • … was first suggested in the letter to S.  P. Woodward, 3 June [1856] . Woodward wrote his …
  • … Sandy Cape. ’ Woodward underlined CD’s ‘page wrong’ and added: ‘p.  144 is right . ’ …
  • … Britain p.  357..’ Woodward added: ‘W.  Indies p.  379. …
  • … 270. ’ Woodward answered: ‘The Brazilian sp. p.  379, (L.  cultrata, Cumana & L.   …
  • … to this genus: ‘ No ’. Woodward wrote: ‘certainly wrong. see p.  130. ’ Woodward 1851–6 , …
  • … keyed to this passage, Woodward wrote: Fusus Fontainei D’Orb. p.  377– — Zealandica Q & G. …
  • … 380) is called Trophon at p.  359. ’ Woodward added ‘a New Zealand shell in the Brit. Mus. …
  • Woodward wrote ‘typ. ’ after ‘Crenella’ and then added ‘A minute sp. in Cuba (p.  473) …
  • Woodward crossed out ‘(no S.  Habitat given)’ and wrote: ‘A.  longirostris, D’Orb p.  378. …
  • Woodward underlined CD’s ‘aberrant’ and added ‘aberrant’ after ‘New Zealand. ’ and ‘aberrant U.S. Fusus cinereus (p.   …
  • … in pencil. Woodward wrote: British freshwater shells in N.  India. in U.S.  6 sp. p.   …
  • … sand’. After this, Woodward wrote: ‘Y.  Eightrii (Gould) Sandwich I. ?? ??Y.  sp. p.   …
  • … S.  Carolina p.  380. ’ and ‘F.  perversus B.  of Campeachy. ’ Woodward responded: ‘The 2 …
  • p.  380. ’ He also underlined ‘ Canaries ’ and added ‘A.  fusca also Medit. ’ CD refers to E.  Forbes 1856 . Woodward
  • Woodward added ‘= Buccinum — antarcticum’; under ‘antarcticum’ he subsequently wrote ‘[=Pisania]’. He also wrote ‘Buc. Donovani’ in pencil, then crossed this out in ink. CD drew a line through ‘Chrysodomus (p
  • p 384, 18 British freshwater shells range to Siberia (Limnæidæ in N.  America. ) Brit. F.  W. shells in Tibet— Limnæa stagnalis, peregra, auricularis truncatula? Valvator piscinalis — Corbicula consobrina — Cyclas rhomboidea, Say = Paddington Canal! —— partrenseia Say. Ohio = Cornea? After ‘Cornea’, CD wrote ‘British’ in pencil. Woodward

To S. P. Woodward   27 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for answer to query. "I see … that there is no hope of comparing the same genus at two different periods, and seeing whether the tendency to vary is greater at one period in such genus than at another period."

Inclined to dispute SPW’s doctrine that islands are generally ancient. Doubts that they are remnants of continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  27 May [1856]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum, General Special Collections (DC AL 1/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1879

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward   27 May [1856] …
  • … is a response to the letter from S.  P. Woodward, 2 May 1856, even though CD had written …
  • … an additional letter in the interim (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 15 May [1856] ). …
  • … See letter to S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] . Woodward expressed his belief that …
  • … of continents in the letter from S.  P. Woodward, 2 May 1856. He gave a fuller discussion …

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   10 July 1848

Summary

Is pleased to support SPW’s application for a position in the fossil department at the British Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  10 July 1848
Classmark:  British Museum (Central Archive Staff Applications and Testimonials: S. P. Woodward CE33/710/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1189A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … Staff Applications and Testimonials: S. P. Woodward CE33/710/45) Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Correspondence vol.  4, letters to S.  P. Woodward, 21 March [1850] and [April 1850 – …
  • … I beg to remain | Dear Sir | Yours faithfully | C.  Darwin S.  P.  Woodward Esq re …
  • … Correspondence vol.  2, letters to S.  P.  Woodward, [12 November 1842] and 29 [September  …

To S. P. Woodward   [April 1850 – January 1851]

Summary

Thanks JWF and G. R. Waterhouse for cirripede specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  [Apr 1850 – Jan 1851]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13807

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward    [April 1850 – January 1851] …
  • … of this letter. See letter to S.  P. Woodward, 21 March [1850], and Fossil Cirripedia ( …
  • … specimens from Woodward (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 21 March [1850]) and the date of …
  • … 1851 ) in January 1851. See letter to S.  P. Woodward, 21 March [1850]. The specimens are …

DCP-LETT-2348

Summary

Reports mangrove seedlings drifting at sea in letter of 26 October 1858.

Author:  James S Wilson
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2348

Matches: 1 hit

To S. P. Woodward   18 July 1856

Summary

Thanks for information about variability in shells.

Comments on Harvey’s Seaside book [1849].

"I am growing as bad as the worst about species and hardly have a vestige of belief in the permanence of species left in me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  18 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 148: 378
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1931

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward   18 July 1856 …
  • … was occasionally used. Letters from S.  P. Woodward, 15 July 1856 and [15 July 1856]. …
  • … See letter from S.  P. Woodward, [15 July 1856] . In the copy of this letter, Francis …

To S. P. Woodward   3 June [1856]

Summary

Comments on SPW’s book [Manual of Mollusca (1851–6)].

Mentions questions he has for SPW [see 1890].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1886

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward   3 June [1856] …
  • … vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: 18). See letter to S.  P. Woodward, 15 May [1856] . …
  • … Probably letter to S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] . Emma Darwin’s diary indicates …

From S. P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856]

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Summary

Note on cases of representative shells that are not clearly either varieties or species.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 4 June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 403
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1807

Matches: 6 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From S.  P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856] …
  • … relationship to the letter to S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] . This note supplements …
  • … manuscript of the letter to S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] (see CD’s annotations). …
  • … general argument in Woodward 1851–6 , 3: 398–9, also alluded to on p.  358, was that the …
  • Woodward proposed that these species ‘strengthen the evidence … of a land-way across the north Atlantic having remained till after the epoch of the existing animals and plants. ’ (p.   …

From S. P. Woodward   4 June 1856

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Summary

SPW and Waterhouse agree on island faunas; gives Australia and Tasmania as examples. The "stream of migration" from Asia to Tasmania.

Looks forward eagerly to the publication of CD’s "specific" researches.

Invites CD to send his memoranda [on Manual of Mollusca].

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1889

Matches: 7 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From S.  P. Woodward   4 June 1856 …
  • … Letter to S.  P. Woodward, 27 May 1856. William Whewell was the master of Trinity College, …
  • … researches! Yours sincerely | S.  P. Woodward Cha s . Darwin Esq r . crossed pencil double …
  • … see Woodward 1851–6 , 3: 389). See letter to S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] . …
  • … of continents (see letter from S.  P. Woodward, 2 May 1856). CD had been ‘inclined very …
  • … to dispute’ this doctrine (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 27 May 1856 ). Woodward had used …

To S. P. Woodward   15 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for Supplement to SPW’s Manual of the Mollusca [1851–6]. Praises SPW’s work. "What an amount of labour is condensed in your little volume! … I fully believe & hope that you will reap the only reward worth having, the consciousness that you have done good service to the cause of Science."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  15 May [1856]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (21 March 1966)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1875

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward   15 May [1856] …
  • Woodwards Manual of the Mollusca ( Woodward 1851–6 ), entitled ‘Supplement to the rudimentary treatise on recent fossil shells’, was published in May 1856 ( Publishers’ Circular , 2 June 1856, p.   …

To S. P. Woodward   6 May 1854

Summary

CD expresses his inability to accept the view that the Hippuritidae are in any way a connecting link between the oysters and the barnacles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  6 May 1854
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (1909: 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1570

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … To S.  P. Woodward    6 May 1854 …
  • … A letter from Darwin to S.  P. Woodward, of the British Museum, best known as the author …
  • … British Museum (Natural History) 1910 , p.  10. Woodward 1851–6 . An annotated copy of the …

From S. P. Woodward   15 July 1856

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Summary

Has reduced 20 Cyrena species to geographical varieties of one species, Cyrena fluminalis. Hooker is reducing Indian flora at the rate of 19 to 1.

Recommends W. H. Harvey’s Seaside book [1849] and Charles Pickering’s Races of man [1850].

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1927

Matches: 7 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From S.  P. Woodward   15 July 1856 …
  • … corresponds to information given in Woodward 1856b, p.  186 n. The shells described by …
  • … transmutationists Yours sincerely | S.  P. Woodward Chas Darwin Esq. crossed pencil double …
  • … found in Europe. See letter from S.  P. Woodward, [15 July 1856] . Gérard Paul Deshayes. …
  • … selection , p.  539, but the information in this letter was not cited. Woodward 1856b was …
  • Woodward 1856b. The notice referred to was a letter from Benson on the ‘Occurrence of Clausilia Mortilleti , Dumont, in Kent’ printed in Annals and Magazine of Natural History 2d ser.  18 (1856): 74–5. Harvey 1854 , published by John Van Voorst, in which William Henry Harvey attempted to demonstrate the majesty of God’s design in nature. In the conclusion, he stated ( Harvey 1854 , p.   …

From S. P. Woodward   5 June 1863

Summary

Has been writing a notice of H. W. Bates’s "capital book" [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

P. M. Duncan’s coral paper [J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 29 (1863): 406–58] strengthens SPW’s belief in the general diffusion of marine forms westward in the course of time.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 181: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4204

Matches: 7 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From S.  P.  Woodward   5 June 1863 …
  • … Field Club in Cirencester ( Woodward 1881 , p.  288); Baker was one of the few early …
  • … Woodward, Horace B. 1881. A memoir of Dr S. P. Woodward ALS, FGS, &c. , with a list of his …
  • … Alas! for the best intentions— Yours sincerely | S.  P.  Woodward Cha s . Darwin Esq re . …
  • … papers ). See also letter from S.  P. Woodward, 14 February 1863 and n.  10. Woodward …
  • Woodward 1864). On 6 May 1863, Peter Martin Duncan read the first part of his paper, ‘On the fossil corals of the West Indian Islands’ ( P.   …

From Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther to S. P. Woodward   14 June 1861

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Summary

Discusses transport of fish to Lake Constance by flooding.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  14 June 1861
Classmark:  DAR 205.2 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3605

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Günther, Albert Woodward, S. P. …
  • … From Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther to S.  P.  Woodward   14 June 1861 …
  • … at CD’s request. See letter to S.  P.  Woodward, 5 June [1861]. The two naturalists worked …

To S. P. Woodward   29 [September 1843]

Summary

Says he will call tomorrow to examine indicated specimens and books at Geological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  29 [Sept 1843]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 42579: 228–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-697

Matches: 2 hits

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   3 March [1851]

Summary

Cirripede fossil specimens returned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 Mar [1851]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1392

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Woodward, S. P. …
  • … Correspondence vol.  4, letter to S.  P. Woodward, 21 March [1850]. For CD’s discussion of …

To S. P. Woodward   9 June [1851]

Summary

Asks for reference to article by Kölliker, ["Some observations on the structure of two new species of Hectocotyle", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1851): 9–22]. Asks for information.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  9 June [1851]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1435

Matches: 2 hits

From Samuel Pickworth Woodward   2 May 1856

Summary

Proportion of molluscan species to genera in various periods. The difficulty of determining species increases with the number of species per genus. Identifying species within a genus is most difficult in that period in which the genus shows its greatest development.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 181: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1864

Matches: 5 hits

  • Woodward, S. P. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … CD’s reply ( letter to S.  P. Woodward, 27 May 1856 ) makes it clear that CD had asked …
  • … CD before 15 May (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 15 May [1856] ). CD also recorded having …
  • … ought to re-consider! Yrs sincerely | S.  P. Woodward crossed pencil scored pencil crossed …
  • … was published in May (see letter to S.  P. Woodward, 15 May [1856] ). Deshayes 1824–37 . …
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