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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Ernst Krause to Francis Darwin   26 October 1879

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Summary

Problem with Charles Reinwald could be solved if CD would ask that French edition [of Erasmus Darwin] follow English. EK willing to co-operate with Reinwald.

Author:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1879
Classmark:  DAR 92: B44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12271

Matches: 4 hits

From Francis Darwin to Ernst Krause   [after 10 February 1881]

Summary

CD thanks him for his congratulations and for details of letters, which he will keep with the Butlerian documents.

FD is happy for his lecture to be republished in Kosmos.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  [after 10 Feb 1881]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36219)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13048F

Matches: 6 hits

From Francis Darwin to Ernst Krause   [29 October 1879]

Summary

Encloses a letter from CD to C.-F. Reinwald for EK to read, and if he approves, to send on.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  [29 Oct 1879]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36218)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12275F

Matches: 3 hits

From Francis Darwin to Ernst Krause   23 October 1879

Summary

CD thanks Krause for the errata.

CD is sorry to hear that Krause’s part will not appear in the French edition, and cannot believe that C.-F. Reinwald would be influenced by antagonism to the Germans. Reinwald always gives CD a small percentage on sales, and CD had intended to pass it on to EK.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  23 Oct 1879
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36217)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12268H

Matches: 3 hits

To C.-F. Reinwald   29 October 1879

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Summary

Discusses arrangements for a French translation of Erasmus Darwin (1879).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Date:  29 Oct 1879
Classmark:  DAR 202: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12276

Matches: 1 hit

To J. V. Carus   17 July 1879

Summary

Gives an account of his publication plans for his and Ernst Krause’s Erasmus Darwin.

CD has never even dreamed of publishing his own autobiography.

Is now working, with Francis, on plant movements.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  17 July 1879
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 172–173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12163

Matches: 3 hits

  • Ernst Krause’s Erasmus Darwin . CD has never even dreamed of publishing his own autobiography. Is now working, with Francis, …
  • Krause. Mit seinem Lebens- und Charakterbilde von Charles Darwin. Leipzig: Ernst Günther. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. Edited by Francis
  • Ernst Krause, 19 March 1879 . Krause first mentioned the possibility of a German edition of Erasmus Darwin in his letter of 24 March 1879 . For the German edition, Krause reinstated parts of his text not included in the English edition as well as adding over one hundred pages of notes (see Krause 1880 , pp. 75–124, 180–286). CD did not publish an autobiography in his lifetime but he wrote about his life for his family and an edited version of this was posthumously published by Francis

To Ernst Krause   18 May 1881

Summary

Thanks EK for his article [on CD’s Movement in plants].

Admires EK’s wide interest in science. Would like to send him something to publish in Kosmos.

Fears his new book [Earthworms] will hardly do, but will send sheets when printed so that EK can decide whether any chapter or a part of one will serve. Victor Carus’s consent would be needed for publication in Kosmos, and CD will ask for it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  18 May 1881
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36215)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13163

Matches: 4 hits

  • Darwin 1881a ), was a German translation of a lecture Francis gave in 1880 (see letter from Ernst Krause, …
  • Ernst Krause, 7 February 1881 ). CD and Francis Darwin had recently begun correcting proof-sheets of Earthworms (see letter from Francis
  • Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. Assisted by Francis
  • Ernst Krause, 15 May 1881 ). See letter to J. V. Carus, 18 May 1881 ; Julius Victor Carus was CD’s German translator. The journal Kosmos , which was edited by Krause, had recently been purchased by Koch. Fritz Müller’s article, ‘ Atyoida Potimirim , eine schlammfressende Süsswassergarneele’ ( Atyoida Potimirim , a mud-eating freshwater shrimp; F. Müller 1881a ), was published in Kosmos , May 1881. Atyoida potimirim is a synonym of Potimirim potimirim , the tiny or neon shrimp. See letter to Francis Darwin, …

From Reginald Darwin   12 November 1879

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Summary

Thanks for copy of Erasmus Darwin. The refutation of Miss Seward is admirable and conclusive.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12310

Matches: 1 hit

To Francis Darwin   22–3 May 1881

Summary

Is sending chapter [of Earthworms] for FD to look over.

Comments on FD’s work on movements of mould.

Is glad to hear about Julius von Sachs and the circumnutation theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  22–3 May 1881
Classmark:  DAR 211: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13170

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Sterne, Carus, pseud. (Ernst Krause. ) …
  • Francis, ‘The theory of the growth of cuttings’ ( F. Darwin 1880b ), published in the Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ), April 1881. Ernst Krause ’ …
  • Ernst Krause, 15 May 1881 and n. 4). The paper was a popular German illustrated weekly, not a horticultural journal. (‘Gartenlaube’: bower or gazebo; the title page showed a family group reading at a table under a bower. ) )See letter from Francis Darwin, 19 [May 1881] and nn. 3 and 4. Francis

To Francis Darwin   2 June [1879]

Summary

Thanks for FD’s letter describing microscopic work under experienced supervision.

Is glad to hear of C. E. Stahl’s objection to treating plants as mere machines.

Pleased that J. von Sachs has yielded on growth.

Perhaps Stahl will recognise whether the case of the silver fir is the same as that referred to in the German account [see 12074b].

CD has finished the first draft of his essay on Erasmus Darwin’s life and is "heartily sick of the job".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  2 June [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12078A

Matches: 2 hits

  • Francis Darwin, 29 May 1879 ). CD had spent several weeks working on a biographical sketch to introduce an English translation of Ernst Krause ’ …
  • Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos 4 (1878–9): 397–424. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. Assisted by Francis

From W. S. Dallas   5 February 1880

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Summary

Since CD has decided not to answer S. Butler’s charge, WSD will not reply either.

Will look over Francis Darwin’s lecture ["Climbing plants"] with a view to publishing it in Popular Science Review [19 (1880): 213–29].

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 133–134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12462

Matches: 2 hits

  • Krause’s revised essay for Erasmus Darwin was deleted because it covered subjects already discussed by CD in his preliminary notice (see Correspondence vol 27, letter to Ernst Krause, 13 August 1879 ). Dallas published Francis Darwin ’ …
  • Francis. 1880d. Climbing plants. Popular Science Review 19: 213–29. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. …

To Francis Galton   15 [June 1879]

Summary

CD’s little biography [Erasmus Darwin] has turned out very dull.

May FG’s tour turn out pleasant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  15 [June 1879]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/3/3/4/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12109

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin (1747–1832) (see letter from Francis Galton, 7 June 1879 and n. 7). CD had written a biographical sketch for the English translation of Ernst Krause ’ …

To J. V. Carus   29 June 1881

Summary

CD will soon finish corrections [of Earthworms] for printer, and then clean sheets will be sent to JVC for translation of the book and to Ernst Krause. The subject has been a "hobby-horse" with CD, and he has perhaps treated it in foolish detail. Has told Krause he does not think any part of the MS suitable for Kosmos, but Krause must decide.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  29 June 1881
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 189–190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13227

Matches: 1 hit

  • Francis Darwin, 14 May 1881 ). William Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray (1808–92), CD’s publisher. Ernst Krause

From Francis Darwin   [after 2 June 1879]

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Summary

Geotropism.

Experimenting on Porlieria in damp and dry earth.

Hermann Müller has been ridiculed for teaching children "in the beginning was Carbon".

Will ask about Ernst Krause.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 2 June 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 209.5: 230–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12075

Matches: 2 hits

  • Francis Darwin, 2 June [1879] . CD had spent several weeks working on a biographical sketch to introduce an English translation of Ernst Krause’ …
  • Ernst Krause was the editor of the journal Kosmos , which promoted an evolutionary perspective in natural science. Kohlenstoff : carbon (German). Hermann Müller was a senior teacher of natural sciences at the Realschule in Lippstadt. Müller had briefly explained the case in a letter to CD and sent two articles written by Krause in his own and Müller’s defence (see letter from Hermann Müller, 14 February 1879 and n. 3). On the identification of plants as Porliera hygrometrica , see letter from Francis Darwin, …

To Francis Darwin   [2 June 1879 or earlier]

Summary

Wants FD to find out what sort of man Ernst Krause is.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [2 June 1879 or earlier]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12076

Matches: 1 hit

  • Francis Darwin, [after 2 June 1879]. CD was working on a biographical sketch to introduce an English translation of Ernst Krause ’ …

To Ernst Krause   7 July 1879

Summary

Sends proofs of his preface [to EK’s Erasmus Darwin], with which he is disappointed. Suggests additions and improvements he would like to make.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  7 July 1879
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12136

Matches: 1 hit

  • Ernst Krause, 13 June 1879 ). Erasmus Darwin was published by John Murray (1808–92) in November; it contained a portrait of Erasmus Darwin as the frontispiece and two woodcuts ( ibid. , pp. 3, 125). The relations have not been identified, but CD’s wife, Emma Darwin , and sons George and Francis

To Ernst Krause   30 July 1881

Summary

Publication of Earthworms delayed, but will send sheets to EK when he receives them [so that he can decide about publishing extracts in Kosmos].

Thanks for "Die Gegenwart".

"’Instinct’ of plants" is a most puzzling problem.

Does not see how mind can be defined "if we subtract consciousness".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  30 July 1881
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36216)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13260

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Sterne, Carus, pseud. (Ernst Krause. ) …
  • Krause wanted to publish a chapter of Earthworms , translated into German, in his journal, Kosmos (see letter from Ernst Krause, 15 May 1881 ). Under the pseudonym Carus Sterne, Krause had published an article about CD’s Movement in plants , titled ‘Sind die Pflanzen beseelt? ’ (Do plants have souls? ), in the German weekly Die Gegenwart ( Sterne 1881b ). Francis Darwin ’ …

From Francis Galton   5 July 1880

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Summary

Thanks for mentioning CarlVogt, to whom he will write.

Comments on Dr Erasmus Darwin’s interest in mental imagery.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1880
Classmark:  DAR 105: A104–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12647

Matches: 1 hit

  • Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Galton, Francis. …

From Francis Darwin   [before 31 July 1879]

Summary

Discusses Müller-Thurgau’s work on heliotropism. Will start on Thursday for Heidelberg and Strassburg.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 31 July 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12177F

Matches: 1 hit

  • Francis. 1880b. Über das Wachsthum negativ heliotropischer Wurzeln im Licht und im Finstern. Arbeiten des botanischen Instituts in Würzburg 2 (1878–82): 521–8. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. …

To Francis Darwin   16 and 17 May 1881

Summary

Some papers have arrived for FD.

Comments on the work of Phillipe van Tieghem who evidently knows nothing of insectivorous plants.

Leslie Stephen’s visit to Down went off well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  16 and 17 May 1881
Classmark:  DAR 211: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13159

Matches: 1 hit

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