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To Laurence Edmondston   3 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for reply to queries.

Requests that a wild rock-pigeon be sent. Have they been domesticated as William Macgillivray says [History of British birds (1837) 1: 275–84; see also Variation 1: 185n.]?

Is rabbit wild in Shetlands?

LE’s information on drifted trees adds an archipelago to his list.

Requests information on variation in domesticated Shetland animals;

bones of large quadrupeds in peat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Laurence Edmondston
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  L. D. Edmondston (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1867

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1867

To Charles Henry Middleton   20 [1867?]

Summary

Sorry he cannot remember where S. Filippe [San Felipe?] is.

Doubts that bones of ox, sheep, and horse could have been deposited in guano [on coast of Chile], but they would be worth examination.

[Tipped in copy of Origin (1866) with CHM’s bookplate.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Henry Middleton
Date:  20 [Jan-Dec] 1867
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (in Middleton’s copy of Origin 4th ed., BB.5.6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5341

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Charles Henry Middleton   20 [1867? ] …
  • … in Middleton’s copy of Origin 4th ed. , BB.5.6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Jan [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Feb [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Mar [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Apr [1867? ] …
  • … 20 May [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Jun [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Jul [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Aug [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Sep [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Oct [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Nov [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Dec [1867? ] Charles Henry Middleton …
  • … which was published in November 1866; the year 1867 is on Middleton’s book plate, which is …

To Fritz Müller   2 November 1867

Summary

Variation to be published at end of month.

Dimorphism and self-sterility.

Seed dissemination in Adenanthera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  2 Nov 1867
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5666

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   2 November 1867
  • … MS 10 no 19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Nov 1867 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … s Genera plantarum , published on 12 October 1867 (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83; see also …
  • … vol.  14, letter to Fritz Müller, [late December 1866 and ] 1 January 1867 and n.  13, …
  • … and this volume, letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 ). …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Nov 2. 1867 My dear Sir I rec d y r letter of July 17 two …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  5). The information on Müller’s …
  • … in the missing section of the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867 . Variation. …
  • … as forthcoming in the Athenaeum , 19 October 1867, p.  487. It was published in January  …
  • … On Müller’s address, see the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  5. Müller had …
  • … as dimorphic (see letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  3). The reference is to …
  • … unnamed species of Epidendrum. See letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  19. On …
  • … Brachyscelus diversicolor , see the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  16. …
  • … See also letter from Fritz Müller, 1 April  1867 . …
  • … In his letter of 2 June 1867 , Müller noted that the rubiaceous plant that he had sent to …
  • … related dimorphic genus Borreria. See also letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . In …
  • … his letter to Müller of 15 August [1867], CD reported that his Borreria seeds had …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 2 June 1867 ). Müller had informed CD of dimorphism in …
  • … and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [March 1867] ). CD later reported that he …
  • … plants ( letter to Fritz Müller, 26 May [1867] ). CD reported the germination of hundreds …
  • … Müller, in his letter to Müller of 26 May [1867]. On CD’s earlier doubt about dimorphism …
  • … Müller, [late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867  and n.  8. Müller had found Eschscholzia …
  • … Brazilian orchids to be self-sterile (see letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and …
  • … 2  June 1867 ). CD had written to John Scott in India, enquiring …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 24 September 1867 ). On CD’s receipt of seed from Müller, and …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 24 September 1867 . CD refers to the third part of the first …

Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the Amazon. The river, its basin and tributories. The ancient glaciers in the tropics. The aquatic animals of the Amazon. The land animals of South America. The monkeys and native inhabitants. [Six lectures read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867.] New York Herald Tribune, 6 February 1867, p. 8, 12 February 1867, p. 5, 13 February 1867, p. 5, 19 February 1867, p. 8, 21 February 1867, p. 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8.

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the Amazon. The river, its …
  • … read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867. ] …
  • … New York Herald Tribune , 6 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 12 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 13 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 19 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 21 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8. SD 15 …

To B. D. Walsh   23 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for Agassiz’s Lectures. Lyell does not believe a word about glacial action of any kind in lowlands of Brazil. Agassiz’s view of glacial movement has been given up by physicists.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  23 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5455

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To B.  D.  Walsh   23 March [1867] …
  • … History, Chicago (Walsh 9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Mar [1867] Benjamin Dann Walsh …
  • … causes of glacier movement, see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 369–74. For CD’s earlier discussion …
  • … See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867] and n.  2. Variation was published in …
  • … Bibliography Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the Amazon. …
  • … read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867. ] …
  • … New York Herald Tribune , 6 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 12 February 1867, p. …
  • … Books, Shoe String Press. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … nn.  2 and 8, below). See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867]. CD had received …
  • … first proof-sheets of Variation on 1 March 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867]). CD refers to Louis Agassiz and the lecture …
  • … on glaciers in J.  L.  R.   Agassiz 1867 . See letter from B.   …
  • … D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867] and n.  4. Agassiz advanced the hypothesis that the Amazon …
  • … 5, 13 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 19 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 21 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8. Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited …

To William Erasmus Darwin   27 [March 1867]

Summary

Thanks WED for a present.

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s Reign of law [1867].

Is busy revising proofs [of Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  27 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5466

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To William Erasmus Darwin   27 [March 1867] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 121 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1867] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … the Duke of Argyll’s Reign of law [1867]. Is busy revising proofs [of Variation ]. …
  • … suffering periodic convulsions (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [and 27] March 1867 ). …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … letter from F.  H.  Hooker, [6 April 1867]). CD had received other queries and comments …
  • … of law , by George Douglas Campbell, duke of Argyll ( Campbell 1867 ; see letter from T.   …
  • … are, yet how submissive! How they reign, yet how they serve! CD read Campbell 1867  in …
  • … June 1867 (see letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 1 June [1867] and letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). CD began correcting the …
  • … proof-sheets of Variation at the beginning of March 1867 and finished …
  • … 15 November 1867 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, Appendix II)). According …
  • … returned to Down from school on 16 March 1867 with a fever, and began taking quinine on 1  …
  • … H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867], letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 , and letter from W.  H.   …
  • … K.  Gibbons, 7 February 1867). No letter from William on the subject has been found. …
  • … He wrote, for example ( Campbell 1867 , pp.  126–7): It is, indeed, the completeness of …

From Fritz Müller   2 June 1867

Summary

Discusses dimorphism in plants, especially the Rubiaceae.

Gives observations on orchids; notes varying degrees of self-sterility and a varying success at crossing distinct species.

Mentions local ferns he is collecting

and considers the phenomenon of apparently mimetic plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1867
Classmark:  DAR 110: B113–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5559

Matches: 31 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   2 June 1867
  • … Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Desterro, Brazil 2 June 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to his brother, Hermann, of 30 May 1867, Müller mentioned that a year earlier he …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, June 2 d | 1867. My dear Sir Your two kind letters of March 25 th and …
  • … See letters to Fritz Müller, 25 March [1867] and …
  • … 22 April [1867] . …
  • … In his letter of 1 April 1867 , Müller thanked CD for the copies of F.  Müller 1865 that …
  • … enclosed with Müller’s letter of 4 March 1867 . Borreria is now subsumed within the genus …
  • … extant letter from Müller was that of 1 April 1867; there is no mention in it of a curious …
  • … letter to his brother Hermann, of 30 May 1867, he mentioned that the plant belonged to the …
  • … of pollen becoming dark brown, see the letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and …
  • … 1 April 1867 . Gomeza crispa is a synonym of Gomesa crispa. Burlingtonia decora (named by …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 1 April 1867 ). CD added Müller’s observations on the …
  • … zebra , see the letter from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and n.  4. For Müller’ …
  • … on self-fertility in Epidendrum species, see also his letters of 4 March 1867 and …
  • … 1 April 1867. Xylobium , then a subgenus of Maxillaria ( Endlicher 1836–42 , p.  197), is …
  • … 134. For more on these experiments, see the letters from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867  and …
  • … 1  April 1867 . Epidendrum fragrans is now Prosthechea fragrans ( Higgins 1997 ). Attached …
  • … Oncidium flexuosum , fertilised (Jan.  17. 1867) with pollen of Cyrtopodium. | April 11. …
  • … function of hygroscopic hairs, see the letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867 and n.   …
  • … 19, and 2 February 1867 . CD had first informed Müller of his interest in comparing the …
  • … of these experiments, see the letter to Müller of 22 April [1867]; see also letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] . ‘Frondes’: fronds (i.e.  the leaves of ferns). The fern …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 1 April 1867 . Oncidium unicorne is a synonym for O.   …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 25 March [1867] . Müller’s original statement about …
  • … contained in his letter of 2 February 1867 , of which only an incomplete draft is extant. …
  • … to his brother, Hermann, of 11 February 1867, he wrote that an Echites in his garden had …
  • … see letter to Fritz Müller, 7 February [1867] ), but CD had expressed doubts about whether …
  • … see letter to Fritz Müller, 25 March [1867] ). Müller refers to Dasyprocta aguti (the …
  • … the tapir) and to Variation (see letter to Fritz Müller, 25 March [1867] ). See …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 22 April [1867] . In a …

To J. D. Hooker   8 February [1867]

Summary

On the Duke of Argyll and a review of his Reign of law.

Asa Gray’s theological view of variation. God’s role in formation of organisms; JDH’s view of Providence.

Insular and continental genera.

Owen on continuity and ideal types

and on bones of Mauritius deer.

On man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 10–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5395

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 February [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 10–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Feb [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  4. George Douglas Campbell, the …
  • … occupied him from 1 March to 15 November 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … about Hensleigh Wedgwood’s health in his letter of 4 February 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  17. According to …
  • … Darwins were in London from 13 to 21 February 1867. Six Queen Anne Street was the home of …
  • … 1865 ) that he later used in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 (see Correspondence vols.  13 and 14). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  3). CD refers to William Buckland …
  • … been identified. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  12. Richard Owen told Hooker of deer bones …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  10). Owen and CD were not on good …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  11. Owen expressed his opposition …
  • … 32, 269–74. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … whether CD had read Campbell’s Reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). CD refers to Campbell’s review of Orchids in the Edinburgh …
  • … The anonymous review of G.  D.  Campbell 1867  appeared in the Spectator. A …
  • … literature, theology, and art , 5 January 1867, pp.  17–19. CD himself viewed rudimentary …
  • … on this topic, see the letter from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and nn.  15 and …
  • … 16, and the letters to William Turner, 15 January [1867] and …
  • … 1 February [1867] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February  1867  and n.  2. The last paragraph in Variation (2: 432) ended …
  • … and Alexander F.  Boardman (letter from A.  F.  Boardman, 26 January 1867 and enclosure). …
  • … In his letter of 4 February 1867 , Hooker discussed a statement he made in his lecture on …
  • … see A.  Desmond 1994–7 . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  8. …
  • … See letters to John Murray, 3 January [1867] , and …
  • … 8 January [1867] . The return of the manuscript to CD so that he could mark up sections to …
  • … letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). CD had sent the manuscript to the printers …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 6 February [1867] and n.  2). For CD’s collection of material …
  • … and letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] , n.  11. CD eventually used the material …

From Daniel MacKintosh   8 December [1867]

Summary

Thanks CD for information on inclined terraces in S. America, which DM thinks applies to the chalk downs of S. England. CD’s definition that the sea widens and fresh water deepens is key to the subject.

Author:  Daniel Mackintosh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5711

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From Daniel MacKintosh   8 December [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 6 Daniel Mackintosh Winchester 8 Dec [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pp.  102–3. The references are to E.  Hull 1867 , …
  • … Kinahan 1867 , and MacKintosh 1867c, which appeared …
  • … in the Geological Magazine for December 1867, prompted by an article …
  • … by William Whitaker ( Whitaker 1867 ). …
  • … the letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867 . The letter has not been found in the …
  • … letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867  and n.  8). CD’s first published comment …
  • … of Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire (Wood 1867). According to Wood, a chalk scarp near …
  • … the Gault’ rather than from weathering (Wood 1867, pp.  401–2). See also MacKintosh 1869, …
  • … London: Longmans, Green, & Co. Hull, Edward. 1867. Mr Whitaker on ‘subaerial denudation’. …
  • … Magazine 4: 567–9. Kinahan, George Henry. 1867. On cliffs and escarpments. Geological …
  • … Smith, Elder & Co. 1846. Whitaker, William. 1867. On subaërial denudation, and on cliffs …
  • … chalk and lower Tertiary beds. [Read 8 May 1867. ] Geological Magazine 4: 447–54, 483–93. …
  • … papers 1: 43). See also letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867  and n.  8. …
  • … letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867  and n.  9. Mackintosh’s belief in the sea …
  • … letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867  and n.  3. In his book Rain and rivers , …
  • … letter from Daniel MacKintosh, 1 December 1867 , n.  6. In earlier letters to CD, Joseph …

From J. D. Hooker   20 March 1867

thumbnail

Summary

Sends Naudin’s letter.

Pangenesis.

Benjamin Clarke is mad.

Interested in CD’s Ipomoea experiment.

Scott’s experiments are all in CD’s favour.

Clarifies a sentence in "Insular floras".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 147–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5449

Matches: 25 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 147–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not the author of the article ‘Popularizing science’ (Anon.  1867; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  1). …
  • … In his letter of 17 March [1867] , CD commented that both he and his daughter Henrietta …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  10. CD had asked Hooker to obtain …
  • … plants. 2d edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Murray, Andrew. 1867. Dr. …
  • … insular floras. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1867): 152, 181–2. Williamson, M. 1984. Sir Joseph …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  4). For a review of the literature on …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  7. Hooker refers to Benjamin Clarke ( …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  18). Clarke, who had written a …
  • … zoological taxonomy (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  18). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and nn.  7 and 9. Hooker refers to John Scott. …
  • … experiments, see the letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867  and n.  4. See letter …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and nn.  2 and 4). Hooker sent Naudin’s …
  • … letter later (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 March 1867  and enclosure). …
  • … In his letter of 17 March [1867] , CD had asked Hooker for the correct terminology to …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  10. Hooker refers to Clethra ; C.  arborea is …
  • … in his letter to Hooker of 17 March [1867]. The note has not been found. Henry Barkly …
  • … Hooker’s letter to him, dated 18 February 1867, is in the Hooker deposit–CUL (Ms Add 9537; …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  10, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] , CD discussed Murray’s review in Gardeners’ Chronicle of J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker 1866a ( Murray 1867 ), and criticised Murray’s treatment of Charles Lyell. …
  • … and Hooker 1862–83); this part appeared in 1867. In Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, 1: 951, …

To A. R. Wallace   12 and 13 October [1867]

Summary

Response to ARW’s "Creation by law", especially the Angraecum sesquipedale and the predicted Madagascar moth.

ARW’s argument on beauty strikes CD as good.

Wishes ARW had made more clear the assumption of the reviewer [in North Br. Rev.] that each variation is a strongly marked one.

The Duke of Argyll’s argument on beauty is not candid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  12 and 13 Oct 1867
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434 f. 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5648

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   12 and 13 October [1867] …
  • … The British Library (Add 46434 f. 96) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1867] 13 …
  • … Oct [1867] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … 1867c; see also letter to James Samuelson, 12 October [1867] , and letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  4). In The …
  • … and Natural History 1 (1868–9): 73–89. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … of the paper appeared in the 12 October 1867 issue of Gardeners’ Chronicle (A.  R.   …
  • … to the letter from Wallace of 26 April [1867]. Frederick F.  Geach had sent answers to CD’ …
  • … see letter from F.  F.  Geach, June 1867). Wallace had provided CD with Geach’s address ( …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 2 March [1867] ). CD refers to Herbert Spencer Wallace ( …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  7). CD had commented on Herbert …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [ 1867] ). The last extant letter from Wallace …
  • … refers to George Warington, the Victoria Institute, and Warington 1867 (see also letter to …
  • … George Warington, 7 October [1867] and n.  2). The Victoria Institute was founded in 1865; …
  • … Press. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ), pp.  45–6, George Douglas Campbell, the duke of …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  5). See A.  R.  Wallace 1867c, p.   …
  • … see, for example, G.  D.   Campbell 1867 , pp.  242–8, and A.  R.  Wallace 1867c, pp.   …
  • … Charles Fleeming Jenkin. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  293–4, and Wallace 1867c, pp.  485–6. CD …
  • … 2: 416). CD refers to G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  128–80. Campbell had argued that a bird …
  • … could fly backwards ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  145–6). CD refers to ‘The disguises of …
  • … birds’ nests and their plumage’ on 9 September 1867 at the British Association meeting at …

From A. R. Wallace   22 October [1867]

Summary

Response to CD’s comments on "Creation by law" [see 5637].

The limits of variation discussed.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B46–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5656

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   22 October [1867] …
  • … DAR 106: B46–7 Alfred Russel Wallace Hurstpierpoint 22 Oct [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: …
  • … Strahan. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … between this letter and the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] . In …
  • … his letter of 12 and 13 October [1867] , CD had praised Wallace’s article in the Quarterly …
  • … 1867c) defending CD’s theory against criticisms made in G.  D.  Campbell 1867  and [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 . In his anonymous article in the North British Review , Henry Charles …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). The reference is to Descent. Earlier, CD …
  • … agent in forming the human races (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 26 February [1867] ). …
  • … for patenting machines (see [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  310–12, and A.  R.  Wallace 1867c, p.   …
  • … over long periods of time ( [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  285–6). Wallace countered that the …
  • … 486–7). See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  12. See letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  13. The ‘new Natural …
  • … Natural History (see letter from Andrew Murray, 12 August 1867  and n.  1). See letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  16. Wallace refers to the Journal of the …
  • … at 12 St James’s Square ( Post Office London directory 1867; see letter to A.  R.   …
  • … Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  20). Wallace refers to Charles Lyell, Thomas …

To Carl Vogt   7 August [1867]

Summary

Thanks for CV’s Mémoire sur les microcéphales [1867]. Curious how CD and CV have come to similar conclusions about atavism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Vogt
Date:  7 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (Ms fr. 2188, ff. 302–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5600

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Carl Vogt   7 August [1867] …
  • … de Genève (Ms fr. 2188, ff. 302–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Aug [1867] Carl Vogt …
  • … for CV’s Mémoire sur les microcéphales [1867]. Curious how CD and CV have come to similar …
  • … Quatrefages de Bréau, Jean Louis Armand de. 1867. [Review of Mémoire sur les microcéphales …
  • … London: John Murray. 1868. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …
  • … to the laws of heredity ( C.  Vogt 1867 , pp.  187–200). …
  • … CD cited C.  Vogt 1867  in Descent 1: 57, 121. Vogt cited aphids because they seemed to …
  • … the causes were as yet not understood ( Vogt 1867 , pp.  191–3). In Variation 2: 47–61, CD …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Carl Vogt, 17 April 1867 . The references are …
  • … to C.  Vogt 1867 , Armand de Quatrefages, …
  • … and Quatrefages de Bréau 1867 , a review of Vogt’s work. CD’s annotated copies, bound …
  • … to send a copy of his work (see letter from Carl Vogt, 17 April 1867 ). CD refers to the …
  • … final chapter of C.  Vogt 1867 , on the origin or causes of microcephaly as these relate …

To Fritz Müller   25 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for facts on orchids.

Friedrich Hildebrand’s new book on fertilisation of plants [Die Geschlechten-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)].

CD correcting proofs of Variation.

FM likes Ernst Haeckel’s book [Generelle Morphologie (1866)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5458

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   25 March [1867] …
  • … 10 no 14) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar [1867] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Geschlechten-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)]. CD correcting proofs of Variation . FM …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867 . Müller had described the movement of the …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867  and n.  11). Friedrich Hildebrand had sent …
  • … see letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 20 March [1867] and nn.  2 and 4). Müller had given …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867  and nn.  2 and 4). Since Müller mentioned …
  • … and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] ). In a letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker of 24 [March 1867] , CD reported that Müller had sent seeds of a climbing …
  • … 1866 and seeds of Cordia in early February 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to …
  • … volume, letter to Fritz Müller, 7 February [1867] and n.  4). Many species of Cordia , a …
  • … the paper in his letter of 2 February 1867 , of which only an incomplete copy is extant. …
  • … his brother, Hermann Müller, of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that CD would send Hermann …
  • … see the letter from Hermann Müller, 23 March 1867 , n.  1. CD had begun correcting proof- …
  • … see letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 5 March [1867] and n.  2). Müller’s comments on Ernst …
  • … 1866 ) were evidently in a now missing part of his letter of 2 February 1867 . In his …
  • … letter to Hermann Müller of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that he thought Haeckel’s book …
  • … on Echites were evidently in a now missing part of his letter of 2 February 1867 . In his …
  • … letter to Hermann Müller of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that the flower of an Echites …

To T. H. Huxley   7 January [1867]

Summary

Gives up plan to have Haeckel’s Generelle morphologie translated.

His big book [Variation] has gone to printer. Thinks of adding a chapter on man.

Will order Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)].

"Nature never made species mutually sterile [by selection]; nor will man.–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  7 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5348

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   7 January [1867] …
  • … natural selection (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] and n.  15). …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 233) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Jan [1867] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … order Duke of Argyll’s book [ Reign of law (1867)]. "Nature never made species mutually …
  • … 28 December): 1198–9. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867]. In his letter to Huxley of 22 December [ …
  • … For Huxley’s reply, see his letter of [before 7 January 1867] . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] and nn.  3 and 4. Ernst Haeckel told CD he would be …
  • … Campbell, the duke of Argyll’s Reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ) in his letter …
  • … of [before 7 January 1867] ). CD also refers to Mudie’s …
  • … library (see letter to Athenæum , 1 January 1867 and n.  2). CD is responding to Huxley’s …
  • … also letter from Ernst Haeckel, 12 May 1867 . Krohn Brothers & Co. , wine merchants, was …
  • … publication date, see also the letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867] and n.  3. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5. For recent discussions of human …

To J. P. M. Weale   9 December [1867]

Summary

Has had no less than seven grasses germinate from locust dung sent by JPMW.

JPMW’s paper on Bonatea is being printed by Linnean Society. [See J. P. M. Weale, "Structure and fertilisation of the genus Bonatea", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 470–6.]

Refers to Lyell’s new edition of Principles [10th ed., 2 vols. (1867–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5714

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  P.  M.  Weale   9 December [1867] …
  • … Collections (3314 1: 81) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1867] James Philip Mansel Weale …
  • … 1869): 470–6. ] Refers to Lyell’s new edition of Principles [10th ed. , 2 vols. (1867–8)]. …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 , and by the reference to C.   …
  • … Lyell 1867–8 (see n.  4 below). A small packet of locust dung was enclosed with …
  • … the letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 . See …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1867] . This information was included in Origin 5th …
  • … Bibliography Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the …
  • … Collection–CUL. See letter to J.  P.  M.  Weale, 27 August [1867] . Weale communicated …
  • … the corrections in his letter of 7 July 1867 . …
  • … experiment in his letter to Charles Lyell, 31 October [1867] ; they were reported in C.   …
  • … Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 420–1. See letter from J.   …
  • … P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 . See …
  • … letter to the Linnean Society, 9 December [1867] and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … letter to the Linnean Society, 9 December [ 1867] . Weale had remarked on similarities in …
  • … see letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867  and n.  14). In his book on the separation …

To Charles Kingsley   10 June [1867]

Summary

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)].

Cites his own views on diversity of structure and beauty.

Encloses letter from Wallace. Sexual selection: evidence advanced by Wallace.

Discusses correlation of growth.

Comments on article in the North British Review [by Fleeming Jenkin].

Discusses the evidence from physics on the age of the earth.

[Four pages of the final letter are missing, but the draft is complete.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  10 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.330) & DAR 96: 28–9, 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5567

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To Charles Kingsley   10 June [1867] …
  • … DAR 96: 28–9, 32 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June [1867] Charles Kingsley …
  • … of Chicago Press. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander …
  • … the Duke of Argyll’s book [ Reign of law (1867)]. Cites his own views on diversity of …
  • … the letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 . CD refers to Frederick Wollaston Hutton …
  • … and to Hutton 1861 ; see letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867  and n.  1. CD …
  • … refers to G.  D.  Campbell 1867  and [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 ; see letter from …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 . The letter is in Emma Darwin’s hand, except for the last …
  • … about human action in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  314–16. Campbell discussed rudimentary …
  • … homology of structure in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  204–16. He argued that rudimentary …
  • … discussed humming-birds in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  233–52, and CD’s work on orchids …
  • … 2). Origin 4th ed. CD probably sent the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 26 April [1867] . See …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 6  June 1867  and n.  5. For more on correlated variation, …
  • … are discussed in ibid. , pp.  294–5. See letters from A.  R.  Wallace, 26 April [1867] and …
  • … 1 May 1867 . For CD’s ongoing work on …
  • … see, for example, the letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] , and the letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] . On the wing-bars of pigeons and ocellated spots on …
  • … 8. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British Review …
  • … theory of correlation of growth in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  256–62. He suggested that …
  • … with a view to Purpose’ ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , p.  260). CD refers to Robert Bakewell, …
  • … see Trow-Smith 1959 ). See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.   280–6. Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin had …
  • … Lyell’s letter has not been found. See [Jenkin] 1867 , p.  294, and Origin 4th ed. , …
  • … pp.  359–60. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  305–13, where Jenkin argued that the difficulty in …
  • … System’ of classification. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  288–92. In Origin 4th ed. , p.  47, CD …

To Fritz Müller   22 April [1867]

Summary

Self-sterility in orchids.

Growth differences in plants raised from self- and cross-fertilised seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  22 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5509

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   22 April [1867] …
  • … 10 no 15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Apr [1867] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … in Williamson 1984 . Müller thanked CD for the paper in his letter of 17 July 1867 . …
  • … and the letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . CD told Müller in his letter of [before …
  • … Müller mentioned that the copies had not arrived in his letter of 4 March 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . Müller had written that Oncidium flexuosum was …
  • … regarding Brazilian plants ( letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 ). Hooker had planned …
  • … to visit CD from 20 to 22 April 1867 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 ). CD refers to a privately printed version of Hooker’s article …
  • … late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867 ). CD reported Müller’s findings in Variation …
  • … 2: 134. In his letter of 4 March 1867 , Müller listed some orchids whose pollen and stigma …
  • … Müller, 1 December 1866 , and this volume, letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and …
  • … 2 February 1867 . …
  • … In his letter of 4 March 1867 , Müller recorded the production of seeds in Epidendrum …
  • … results in Variation 2: 134. See letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] and n.  8. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [March 1867] , CD mentioned that Müller had sent him seeds of a dimorphic …
  • … for them in his letter of 25 March [1867] . Bates 1863 . Müller had expressed surprise …

To Charles Kingsley   6 November [1867]

Summary

He had no idea that the double function of an excretory passage had played a part in the history of religion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  6 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5670F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Charles Kingsley   6 November [1867] …
  • … of London (Quentin Keynes collection) Charles Robert Darwin 6 Nov [1867] Charles Kingsley …
  • … Descent 1: 207–11). See also letter from W.  D.  Fox, 1 February [1867], n.  11. The Reign …
  • … of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ) was critical of CD’s theory; see …
  • … the letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 , and the letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] . No review of G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell 1867  by Kingsley has been found. …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 . In the …
  • … enclosure to the letter of 1 November 1867 , Kingsley claimed that sex had long been held …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867  and n.  3. Kingsley regarded the genito- …
  • … from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 ). CD had long speculated on the hermaphroditic …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1867]

thumbnail

Summary

Responds to CD’s criticisms. JDH is sometimes confused as to what he has borrowed from CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 131–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5358

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 January 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 131–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Jan 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  12. …
  • … CD’s annotations are notes for his letter to Hooker of 15 January [1867]. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and …
  • … 15 January [1867]. …
  • … In 1867, the Saturday following 9 January was 12 January. Hooker refers to CD’s criticisms …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1866a; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]). See letter to J.   …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  8. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and nn.  9 and 10. Richard Owen and Samuel …
  • … to Variation (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  11). See letter …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9  January [1867] and n.  3. Hooker refers to Webb and Berthelot 1836–50; the …
  • … 1866 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  4. J.  D.  Hooker 1866a was …
  • … R.  Desmond 1999 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  7. See letter …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  5. Hooker is recalling his observations …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Jenkin. Darwin had been very impressed by Jenkin’s 1867 review, which argued that any variation in …
  • … on the previous German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1867), as well as on the German translation …