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From Charles John Andersson   [6 April 1856]

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Summary

European men choose partners for different reasons. Savages select more for bodily attraction than facial beauty.

Author:  Charles John (Carl Johann) Andersson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Apr 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 85: A102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1850

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1850

To Adam Sedgwick   11 October [1850]

Summary

Thanks AS for a copy of his book, Discourse [on the studies of the University, 5th ed.].

Thinking of not sending his eldest son [William] to a classical school.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adam Sedgwick
Date:  11 Oct [1850]
Classmark:  Gerald M. Friedman (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1369F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Adam Sedgwick   11 October [1850] …
  • … M. Friedman (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Oct [1850] Adam Sedgwick …
  • … s Discourse on the studies of the University of Cambridge (Sedgwick 1850; see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Sedgwick 1850. CD’s annotated copy, inscribed ‘From the Author’, is in the …
  • … recorded reading this edition on 12 November 1850 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … Sedgwick 1833. The fifth edition (Sedgwick 1850) was expanded by a preface of 442 pages, …
  • … He visited Malvern again from 11 to 18 June 1850 ( ibid. , Appendix I) and had also been …
  • … cure at home (see ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 June [1850] , and letter to W.   …
  • … D.  Fox, 4 September [1850] and n.  2). See also Browne 1990. …
  • … reaching his 11th birthday on 27 December 1850; he entered Rugby School in 1852. On the …
  • … 4, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 10 October [1850] and n.  2. Sedgwick, in the first edition of …
  • … The preface to the fifth edition (Sedgwick 1850) expands on the same theme, containing a …

To Charles Lyell   [8 June 1850]

Summary

Discusses depths at which ripple-marks appear on sea-floor.

Personal and social comment.

Mentions receiving Agassiz’s Lake Superior [1850].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 June 1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1337

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [8 June 1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.94) Charles Robert Darwin Down [8 June 1850] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … expecting her first child; Leonard Lyell was born on 21 October 1850. …
  • … sea-floor. Personal and social comment. Mentions receiving Agassiz’s Lake Superior [1850]. …
  • … Gideon Algernon Mantell recorded on 1 June 1850: ‘to the Zoological Gardens in the Regent’ …
  • … 4, Appendix I) a stay at Malvern from 11 to 18 June 1850. Katharine Murray Lyell, who was …
  • … Account Book (Down House MS) entry for 6 June 1850. Anne Elizabeth Darwin, then nine years …
  • … On British fossil Lepadidae’, read 5 June 1850 at the Geological Society, Collected papers …
  • … 1: 251–2. Agassiz 1850. CD’s annotated presentation copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … it in his list of books read on 16 August 1850 (DAR 119; Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix …

Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1850. On the mutual relations of the vital and physical forces. [Read 20 June 1850.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (1850): 727–57.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1850. On the mutual relations of the …
  • … vital and physical forces. [Read 20 June 1850. ] …
  • … Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (1850): 727–57. SC T340.1.b.85.141 11 …

To Richard Owen   10 September [1850]

Summary

About to go to press with "wearyful" Fossil Cirripedia [vol. 1 (1851)];

would like to borrow proof-sheets of Frederick Dixon’s work [The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous formations of Sussex (1850)]. Would also like to borrow a specimen of Balanus glacialis from Royal College of Surgeons. Encloses formal request [see 1356].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  10 Sept [1850]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections Owen correspondence 9/198)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1355

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Richard Owen   10 September [1850] …
  • … Owen correspondence 9/198) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Sept [1850] Richard Owen …
  • … present species. See letter to Richard Owen, 10 September [1850] (calendar number 1356). …
  • … and Cretaceous formations of Sussex (1850)]. Would also like to borrow a specimen of …
  • … F.  Dixon 1850 . Following the death of Frederick Dixon in 1849, Owen undertook to edit …
  • … volume was published the end of December 1850 ( Publishers’ Circular , 1 January 1851). …
  • … Sowerby made the drawings for F.  Dixon 1850 ( Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  38). Listed in …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …

Whitelegge, Thomas (1850–1927)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Thomas Whitelegge 1850–1927 Botanist. …

To Mr Downie?    14 July [1850]

Summary

An enquiry about the availability, size, and cost of cork-lined boxes for entomological collections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mr Downie
Date:  14 July [1850]
Classmark:  Autos & Autos (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1343A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to W.  D.  Fox, 4 September [1850] . …
  • … To Mr Downie?    14 July [1850] …
  • … Autos & Autos (dealers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 July [1850] Mr Downie …
  • … book (Down House MS), dated 20 August 1850, that reads: ‘Entomological Box for Willy. …
  • … a ‘passion for collecting Lepidoptera’ in 1850. See Correspondence vol.  4, letter …

To Robert Fitch   [13? April 1850]

Summary

Illustration of RF’s fossil cirripede specimens by J. de C. Sowerby.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Fitch
Date:  [13? Apr 1850]
Classmark:  Norwich Castle
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1315

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Robert Fitch   [13? April 1850] …
  • … Norwich Castle Charles Robert Darwin Down [13? Apr 1850] Robert Fitch …
  • … given to James de Carle Sowerby (see letter to J.  de C.  Sowerby, 4 May [ 1850] ). CD ‘ …
  • … systematic Sessilia’ on 28 April 1850, as recorded in his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … James de Carle Sowerby (see letter to J.  de C.  Sowerby, [13 April 1850] ). See letter …
  • … to James de Carle Sowerby, [13 April 1850]. CD experienced protracted delays with the …

To J. J. S. Steenstrup   1 September [1850]

Summary

Fossil cirripede specimens have arrived.

Describes progress on his monograph [Fossil Cirripedia].

Would be grateful for the paper on Lithotrya. Asks for information.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  1 Sept [1850]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 3460 4to)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1351

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  J. S. Steenstrup   1 September [1850] …
  • … greatest use to me in illustrating the British species. ’ (pp. v–vi). Reinhardt 1850 . See …
  • … letter to Albany Hancock, 25 December [1850] . See Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  25 n. …
  • … 4to) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1850] Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup …
  • … Society. 1854. Reinhardt, Johannes Theodor. 1850. Om slægten Lithotryas Evne til at bore …
  • … letter to J.  J. S. Steenstrup, 15 June [1850] . CD had apparently misread Steenstrup’s …

To James de Carle Sowerby   12 February [1850]

Summary

Because of health, CD will postpone coming to London until all drawings are finished.

Asks JdeCS, if he is able "with any honesty", to "purloin" for him a proof-sheet of Frederick Dixon’s plate with cirripedes [in Geology and fossils … of Sussex (1850)].

Requests statement of total owed to JdeCS as a guide to the future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James de Carle Sowerby
Date:  12 Feb [1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1303

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To James de Carle Sowerby   12 February [1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Feb [1850] James de Carle Sowerby …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …
  • … in Geology and fossils … of Sussex (1850)]. Requests statement of total owed to JdeCS as a …
  • … The anniversary meeting of the Geological Society was on Friday, 15 February 1850. F.   …
  • … Dixon 1850 , Tab. xxviii. …
  • … See letter to Richard Owen, 10 September [1850] . Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  Tab. I (fig. …

From the Ray Society   [4–6 November 1850]

Summary

In response to CD’s letter [see 1364] the Secretary is instructed to request that he send a specimen plate to James de Carle Sowerby for estimate of cost.

Author:  Ray Society
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–6 Nov 1850]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Library MSS RAY)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1366A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From the Ray Society   [4–6 November 1850] …
  • … History Museum (General Library MSS RAY) Ray Society [4–6 Nov 1850] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Dated on the basis of the council meeting of 4 November 1850 and on CD’s reply …
  • … to Edwin Lankester, 7 November [1850]. See …
  • … letter to Edwin Lankester, 27 October [1850]. The letter has not been found. …

To Richard Owen   [before 28 April 1850]

Summary

Asks to borrow a cirripede specimen from collection of Frederick Dixon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [before 28 Apr 1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1357

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Richard Owen   [before 28 April 1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.89) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 28 Apr 1850] Richard Owen …
  • … the relationship to the letter to Richard Owen, 28 April [1850] (see n.  2, below). Tab. …
  • … XXVIII, fig. 9, refers to F.  Dixon 1850 . The plate is reproduced in Fossil Cirripedia ( …
  • … CD (see letter to Richard Owen, 28 April [1850] ). Tab. XIV, figs. 3 and 4, are in Sowerby …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …

Roux, Wilhelm (1850–1924)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wilhelm Roux 1850–1924 German experimental embryologist. …

McLaren, C. B. B. (1850–1934)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Benjamin Bright McLaren 1850–1934 Politician. …

Cunningham, D. J. (1850–1909)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Daniel John Cunningham 1850–1909 Scottish anatomist. …

To John Higgins   9 May [1850]

Summary

Agrees to reduce rent on farm because of bad times.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  9 May [1850]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1326

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Higgins   9 May [1850] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/32) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1850] John Higgins …
  • … income from the farm remained at the reduced rate during 1850, 1851, and 1852 (see letter …
  • … to John Higgins, 13 December [1850] , and Correspondence vol.  5, letters to John Higgins, …
  • … in Parliament and at public meetings during the first few months of 1850 ( Annual …
  • … Register 1850, History, p.  2). Some wished a return to protectionism, others a remission …

To J. S. Bowerbank   17 March [1850]

Summary

Thanks JSB for information regarding Sylvanus Hanley’s residence.

Sends stamps for specimen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Scott Bowerbank
Date:  17 Mar [1850]
Classmark:  University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1312

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S. Bowerbank   17 March [1850] …
  • … Bentley Historical Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1850] James Scott Bowerbank …
  • … in which the copyist recorded a postmark: ‘March 18 th . , 1850 . ’ See letter to J.   …
  • … S. Bowerbank, [8 March 1850] . …

To W. D. Fox   10 October [1850]

Summary

Is concerned about the education of his boys and is undecided between Rugby and Bruce Castle schools; is inclined toward the latter, but afraid to experiment on so important a subject.

Reports on his pear-trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  10 Oct [1850]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1362

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  D. Fox   10 October [1850] …
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 78) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Oct [1850] William Darwin Fox …
  • … s diary records that ‘Willy went to school’ on 28 January 1850. Probably A.  Hill 1833 . …
  • … See letter to W.  D. Fox, 4 September [1850] . The final decision was to send William to …
  • … old stereotyped stupid classical education’. See letter to W.  D. Fox, [May 1850] . See …
  • … letter to Syms Covington, 23 November 1850 , n.  4. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 6 February [ …
  • … Down House MS) has an entry for 19 August 1850: ‘Whartton Rev d . — Willy School 74 3 6. ’ …

To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 December [1850]

Summary

Discusses share dealings and investment matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  1 Dec [1850]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1373

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 December [1850] …
  • … See letter to Salt & Son, 26 November [1850] . …
  • … DAR 210.10: 15 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1850] Josiah Wedgwood, III …

From J. D. Hooker   6 and 7 April 1850

Summary

Spoke too harshly about CD’s involvement in nomenclatural reform.

JDH used to think CD "too prone to theoretical considerations about species", hence was pleased CD took up a difficult group like barnacles. CD’s theories have progressed but JDH not converted. Sikkim has not cleared up his doubts about CD’s doctrines.

Argument with Falconer.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 and 7 Apr 1850
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (India Letters 1847–51: 274–6 JDH/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1319

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   6 and 7 April 1850
  • … Kew (India Letters 1847–51: 274–6 JDH/1/10) Joseph Dalton Hooker Calcutta 6 Apr 1850 7 …
  • … Apr 1850 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … set out on this expedition on 1 May 1850. Lack of time prevented the exploration of the …
  • … note: Hooker in Letter. Ap. 6 th . — 1850. — Says in Sikkim the floras of tropical, …
  • … to Nepal in 1848 (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 178). He visited England in 1850–1. Hooker …
  • … Govt. House Calcutta April 6. 1850 My dear Darwin Here at last I take up my pen to write …
  • … I forget HC. Bot Gardens. April 7 th . 1850 Dear Darwin Here I am staying with Falconer! …
  • … joined Hooker in Darjeeling in February 1850, prior to their expedition to the Khasia …
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1850 in keywords
Historical documents in Commentary
3 Items

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … Memoirs of Plumer Ward by Hon Phipps [E. Phipps 1850] L d . Harveys Memoirs [Hervey 1848] …
  • … & will lend me— Pickering Races of Man [Pickering 1850]. (has a good chapter). …
  • … Collins R.A. [Collins 1848] Phases of Faith [Newman 1850] Burnetts Hist. of own time …
  • … Miss. Fennimore Cooper. Rural Scenes in N.A [Cooper 1850] G. Cummings South African Huntsmans …
  • … Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. D. Dana 1849] 1850 March Forbes Cystideæ & …
  • … [Harvey 1849] —— Agassiz Lake Superior [Agassiz 1850] Nov. Memoirs of Pal. Soc [ …
  • … 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of Univers [Sedgwick 1850] 28 Steenstrup on …
  • … Feb. 3 d . Hutchinson on Dog-breaking [Hutchinson 1850] 27. Chambers. Sanatory Reform [Anon …
  • … 5. Collin’s Autobiography [?Collins 1848]. good 1850 . Jan 15 th  Lives of …
  • … March 16 th . Newman Phases of Faith [Newman 1850] excellent —— Lord Cloncurry Memoirs …
  • … 1846] May 20 G. Cumming S. African Hunter [Cumming 1850] goodish July 1 st . …
  • … Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. 1850] very good Oct 3 Martineau …
  • … Podrome de Paleantologie stratigraphique [Orbigny 1850–2] 24 fr: 3. vols. The Vegetation of …
  • … Danicorum Mammalium Domesticorum by Prof. Benddz [Bendz 1850]— Plates very expensive Coll. of …
  • … Anat. der Wirbellosen Thiere. 1848 [K. T. E. von Siebold 1850].— [DAR *128: 180] …
  • … Botany, Horticulture, Floriculture and Natural Science ] (1850? 1851?) must positively  be read …
  • … to aid me on skeletons Knox Races of Mankind [R. Knox 1850] a curious Book. (Blyth). in …
  • …   of the Horticultural Society of London ]. Vol I. to V. (1850) VI & VII May 27 th . …
  • … [Agassiz 1835] —— 30 Bairds Entomostraca [Baird 1850] May 22 d . Madras Journal of …
  • … 1853. Jan. 27 th  Life of D r . Coombe [Combe 1850]. good Feb. 6. Letters of Ray …
  • … Histoire du Pommier, Poirier, Pêcher [Duval 1852, 1849, 1850] —— 27 th . Hist. Nat. Gen. de …
  • … Sept. 4. Nunn’s Shipwreck in the Favorite [Nunn 1850] —— 16 Pepys Diary. Vol 1. 2. 3 d …
  • … Facultes Interieurs des animaux invertebres [Macquart 1850]. —— 8 th  Gosse Naturalist …
  • … 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. Johnston 1850]. March 28 th  Sebastian …
  • … [DAR 128: 13] Aug. 20 Weber der Taubenfreund 1850 [Weber 1850] Sept. 1 st . Puvis …
  • … [Veith 1856].— 3 d  Knox Races of Man.— 1850 [R. Knox 1850] 7. Willughby by Ray …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1847; Francis, born 16 August 1848; Leonard, born 15 January 1850; and Horace, born 18 May 1851. It …
  • … memoirs and reminiscences. [61] Leonard Darwin, born 1850. [62] Francis Darwin, born …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle

Summary

'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … frigate before resigning abruptly from active service in 1850. The third major phase of FitzRoy’s …