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From Charles John Andersson   [6 April 1856]

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Summary

European men choose partners for different reasons. Savages select more for bodily attraction than facial beauty.

Author:  Charles John (Carl Johann) Andersson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Apr 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 85: A102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1850

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1850

To Adam Sedgwick   11 October [1850]

Summary

Thanks AS for a copy of his book, Discourse [on the studies of the University, 5th ed.].

Thinking of not sending his eldest son [William] to a classical school.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adam Sedgwick
Date:  11 Oct [1850]
Classmark:  Gerald M. Friedman (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1369F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Adam Sedgwick   11 October [1850] …
  • … M. Friedman (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Oct [1850] Adam Sedgwick …
  • … s Discourse on the studies of the University of Cambridge (Sedgwick 1850; see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Sedgwick 1850. CD’s annotated copy, inscribed ‘From the Author’, is in the …
  • … recorded reading this edition on 12 November 1850 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … Sedgwick 1833. The fifth edition (Sedgwick 1850) was expanded by a preface of 442 pages, …
  • … He visited Malvern again from 11 to 18 June 1850 ( ibid. , Appendix I) and had also been …
  • … cure at home (see ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 June [1850] , and letter to W.   …
  • … D.  Fox, 4 September [1850] and n.  2). See also Browne 1990. …
  • … reaching his 11th birthday on 27 December 1850; he entered Rugby School in 1852. On the …
  • … 4, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 10 October [1850] and n.  2. Sedgwick, in the first edition of …
  • … The preface to the fifth edition (Sedgwick 1850) expands on the same theme, containing a …

To Charles Lyell   [8 June 1850]

Summary

Discusses depths at which ripple-marks appear on sea-floor.

Personal and social comment.

Mentions receiving Agassiz’s Lake Superior [1850].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 June 1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1337

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   [8 June 1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.94) Charles Robert Darwin Down [8 June 1850] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … expecting her first child; Leonard Lyell was born on 21 October 1850. …
  • … sea-floor. Personal and social comment. Mentions receiving Agassiz’s Lake Superior [1850]. …
  • … Gideon Algernon Mantell recorded on 1 June 1850: ‘to the Zoological Gardens in the Regent’ …
  • … 4, Appendix I) a stay at Malvern from 11 to 18 June 1850. Katharine Murray Lyell, who was …
  • … Account Book (Down House MS) entry for 6 June 1850. Anne Elizabeth Darwin, then nine years …
  • … On British fossil Lepadidae’, read 5 June 1850 at the Geological Society, Collected papers …
  • … 1: 251–2. Agassiz 1850. CD’s annotated presentation copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … it in his list of books read on 16 August 1850 (DAR 119; Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix …

Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1850. On the mutual relations of the vital and physical forces. [Read 20 June 1850.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (1850): 727–57.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1850. On the mutual relations of the …
  • … vital and physical forces. [Read 20 June 1850. ] …
  • … Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (1850): 727–57. SC T340.1.b.85.141 11 …

To Richard Owen   10 September [1850]

Summary

About to go to press with "wearyful" Fossil Cirripedia [vol. 1 (1851)];

would like to borrow proof-sheets of Frederick Dixon’s work [The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous formations of Sussex (1850)]. Would also like to borrow a specimen of Balanus glacialis from Royal College of Surgeons. Encloses formal request [see 1356].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  10 Sept [1850]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections Owen correspondence 9/198)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1355

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Richard Owen   10 September [1850] …
  • … Owen correspondence 9/198) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Sept [1850] Richard Owen …
  • … present species. See letter to Richard Owen, 10 September [1850] (calendar number 1356). …
  • … and Cretaceous formations of Sussex (1850)]. Would also like to borrow a specimen of …
  • … F.  Dixon 1850 . Following the death of Frederick Dixon in 1849, Owen undertook to edit …
  • … volume was published the end of December 1850 ( Publishers’ Circular , 1 January 1851). …
  • … Sowerby made the drawings for F.  Dixon 1850 ( Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  38). Listed in …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …

Whitelegge, Thomas (1850–1927)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Thomas Whitelegge 1850–1927 Botanist. …

To Mr Downie?    14 July [1850]

Summary

An enquiry about the availability, size, and cost of cork-lined boxes for entomological collections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mr Downie
Date:  14 July [1850]
Classmark:  Autos & Autos (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1343A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to W.  D.  Fox, 4 September [1850] . …
  • … To Mr Downie?    14 July [1850] …
  • … Autos & Autos (dealers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 July [1850] Mr Downie …
  • … book (Down House MS), dated 20 August 1850, that reads: ‘Entomological Box for Willy. …
  • … a ‘passion for collecting Lepidoptera’ in 1850. See Correspondence vol.  4, letter …

To Robert Fitch   [13? April 1850]

Summary

Illustration of RF’s fossil cirripede specimens by J. de C. Sowerby.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Fitch
Date:  [13? Apr 1850]
Classmark:  Norwich Castle
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1315

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Robert Fitch   [13? April 1850] …
  • … Norwich Castle Charles Robert Darwin Down [13? Apr 1850] Robert Fitch …
  • … given to James de Carle Sowerby (see letter to J.  de C.  Sowerby, 4 May [ 1850] ). CD ‘ …
  • … systematic Sessilia’ on 28 April 1850, as recorded in his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … James de Carle Sowerby (see letter to J.  de C.  Sowerby, [13 April 1850] ). See letter …
  • … to James de Carle Sowerby, [13 April 1850]. CD experienced protracted delays with the …

To J. J. S. Steenstrup   1 September [1850]

Summary

Fossil cirripede specimens have arrived.

Describes progress on his monograph [Fossil Cirripedia].

Would be grateful for the paper on Lithotrya. Asks for information.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  1 Sept [1850]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 3460 4to)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1351

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  J. S. Steenstrup   1 September [1850] …
  • … greatest use to me in illustrating the British species. ’ (pp. v–vi). Reinhardt 1850 . See …
  • … letter to Albany Hancock, 25 December [1850] . See Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  25 n. …
  • … 4to) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Sept [1850] Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup …
  • … Society. 1854. Reinhardt, Johannes Theodor. 1850. Om slægten Lithotryas Evne til at bore …
  • … letter to J.  J. S. Steenstrup, 15 June [1850] . CD had apparently misread Steenstrup’s …

To James de Carle Sowerby   12 February [1850]

Summary

Because of health, CD will postpone coming to London until all drawings are finished.

Asks JdeCS, if he is able "with any honesty", to "purloin" for him a proof-sheet of Frederick Dixon’s plate with cirripedes [in Geology and fossils … of Sussex (1850)].

Requests statement of total owed to JdeCS as a guide to the future.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James de Carle Sowerby
Date:  12 Feb [1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1303

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To James de Carle Sowerby   12 February [1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Feb [1850] James de Carle Sowerby …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …
  • … in Geology and fossils … of Sussex (1850)]. Requests statement of total owed to JdeCS as a …
  • … The anniversary meeting of the Geological Society was on Friday, 15 February 1850. F.   …
  • … Dixon 1850 , Tab. xxviii. …
  • … See letter to Richard Owen, 10 September [1850] . Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  Tab. I (fig. …

From the Ray Society   [4–6 November 1850]

Summary

In response to CD’s letter [see 1364] the Secretary is instructed to request that he send a specimen plate to James de Carle Sowerby for estimate of cost.

Author:  Ray Society
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–6 Nov 1850]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Library MSS RAY)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1366A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From the Ray Society   [4–6 November 1850] …
  • … History Museum (General Library MSS RAY) Ray Society [4–6 Nov 1850] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Dated on the basis of the council meeting of 4 November 1850 and on CD’s reply …
  • … to Edwin Lankester, 7 November [1850]. See …
  • … letter to Edwin Lankester, 27 October [1850]. The letter has not been found. …

To Richard Owen   [before 28 April 1850]

Summary

Asks to borrow a cirripede specimen from collection of Frederick Dixon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [before 28 Apr 1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1357

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Richard Owen   [before 28 April 1850] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.89) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 28 Apr 1850] Richard Owen …
  • … the relationship to the letter to Richard Owen, 28 April [1850] (see n.  2, below). Tab. …
  • … XXVIII, fig. 9, refers to F.  Dixon 1850 . The plate is reproduced in Fossil Cirripedia ( …
  • … CD (see letter to Richard Owen, 28 April [1850] ). Tab. XIV, figs. 3 and 4, are in Sowerby …
  • … Bibliography Dixon, Frederick. 1850. The geology and fossils of the Tertiary and …

Roux, Wilhelm (1850–1924)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wilhelm Roux 1850–1924 German experimental embryologist. …

McLaren, C. B. B. (1850–1934)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Benjamin Bright McLaren 1850–1934 Politician. …

Cunningham, D. J. (1850–1909)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Daniel John Cunningham 1850–1909 Scottish anatomist. …

To John Higgins   9 May [1850]

Summary

Agrees to reduce rent on farm because of bad times.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  9 May [1850]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1326

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Higgins   9 May [1850] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/32) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1850] John Higgins …
  • … income from the farm remained at the reduced rate during 1850, 1851, and 1852 (see letter …
  • … to John Higgins, 13 December [1850] , and Correspondence vol.  5, letters to John Higgins, …
  • … in Parliament and at public meetings during the first few months of 1850 ( Annual …
  • … Register 1850, History, p.  2). Some wished a return to protectionism, others a remission …

To J. S. Bowerbank   17 March [1850]

Summary

Thanks JSB for information regarding Sylvanus Hanley’s residence.

Sends stamps for specimen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Scott Bowerbank
Date:  17 Mar [1850]
Classmark:  University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1312

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  S. Bowerbank   17 March [1850] …
  • … Bentley Historical Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1850] James Scott Bowerbank …
  • … in which the copyist recorded a postmark: ‘March 18 th . , 1850 . ’ See letter to J.   …
  • … S. Bowerbank, [8 March 1850] . …

To W. D. Fox   10 October [1850]

Summary

Is concerned about the education of his boys and is undecided between Rugby and Bruce Castle schools; is inclined toward the latter, but afraid to experiment on so important a subject.

Reports on his pear-trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  10 Oct [1850]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1362

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To W.  D. Fox   10 October [1850] …
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 78) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Oct [1850] William Darwin Fox …
  • … s diary records that ‘Willy went to school’ on 28 January 1850. Probably A.  Hill 1833 . …
  • … See letter to W.  D. Fox, 4 September [1850] . The final decision was to send William to …
  • … old stereotyped stupid classical education’. See letter to W.  D. Fox, [May 1850] . See …
  • … letter to Syms Covington, 23 November 1850 , n.  4. See letter to W.  D. Fox, 6 February [ …
  • … Down House MS) has an entry for 19 August 1850: ‘Whartton Rev d . — Willy School 74 3 6. ’ …

To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 December [1850]

Summary

Discusses share dealings and investment matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  1 Dec [1850]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1373

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 December [1850] …
  • … See letter to Salt & Son, 26 November [1850] . …
  • … DAR 210.10: 15 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Dec [1850] Josiah Wedgwood, III …

From J. D. Hooker   6 and 7 April 1850

Summary

Spoke too harshly about CD’s involvement in nomenclatural reform.

JDH used to think CD "too prone to theoretical considerations about species", hence was pleased CD took up a difficult group like barnacles. CD’s theories have progressed but JDH not converted. Sikkim has not cleared up his doubts about CD’s doctrines.

Argument with Falconer.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 and 7 Apr 1850
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (India Letters 1847–51: 274–6 JDH/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1319

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   6 and 7 April 1850
  • … Kew (India Letters 1847–51: 274–6 JDH/1/10) Joseph Dalton Hooker Calcutta 6 Apr 1850 7 …
  • … Apr 1850 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … set out on this expedition on 1 May 1850. Lack of time prevented the exploration of the …
  • … note: Hooker in Letter. Ap. 6 th . — 1850. — Says in Sikkim the floras of tropical, …
  • … to Nepal in 1848 (J.  D. Hooker 1854, 1: 178). He visited England in 1850–1. Hooker …
  • … Govt. House Calcutta April 6. 1850 My dear Darwin Here at last I take up my pen to write …
  • … I forget HC. Bot Gardens. April 7 th . 1850 Dear Darwin Here I am staying with Falconer! …
  • … joined Hooker in Darjeeling in February 1850, prior to their expedition to the Khasia …
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Darwin's scientific network in Commentary
1 Items

Leonard Jenyns

Summary

When Darwin returned from the Beagle voyage there was no-one available to describe the fish that he had collected. At Darwin’s request Jenyns, a friend from Cambridge days, took on the challenge. It was not an easy one: at that time Jenyns had only worked…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Jenyns still survive in Bath, where Jenyns moved in 1850. …