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From E. A. Darwin [17 January 1825]

Summary

Proposes a dry place for the apparatus for their laboratory and draws a plan for CD’s criticism.

Price has found black sediment in his tea, which was attracted to a magnet.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 Jan 1825]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-10

To Charles Edward and Mary Kingford Mudie   10 December [1842–5 or 1855–68]

Summary

Declines invitation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Edward Mudie; Mary Kingsford Mudie
Date:  10 Dec 1842 or 10 Dec 1843 or 10 Dec 1844 or 10 Dec 1845 or 10 Dec 1855 or 10 Dec 1856 or 10 Dec 1857 or 10 Dec 1858 or 10 Dec 1859 or 10 Dec 1860 or 10 Dec 1861 or 10 Dec 1862 or 10 Dec 1863 or 10 Dec 1864 or 10 Dec 1865 or 10 Dec 1866 or 10 Dec 1867 or 10 Dec 1868
Classmark:  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Charles E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence, B29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13828

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To Charles Edward and Mary Kingford Mudie   10 December [1842–5 or 1855–68] …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Dec.  10 th . M r Darwin presents his compliments to M r & M rs . …
  • … E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence, B29) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Dec …
  • … 1842 10 Dec …
  • … 1843 10 Dec …
  • … 1844 10 Dec …
  • … 1845 10 Dec …
  • … 1855 10 Dec …
  • … 1856 10 Dec …
  • … 1857 10 Dec …
  • … 1858 10 Dec …
  • … 1859 10 Dec …
  • … 1860 10 Dec …
  • … 1861 10 Dec …
  • … 1862 10 Dec …
  • … 1863 10 Dec …
  • … 1864 10 Dec …
  • … 1865 10 Dec …
  • … 1866 10 Dec …
  • … 1867 10 Dec 1868 Charles Edward Mudie Mary Kingsford Mudie …

To G. R. Waterhouse   10 [June 1844 – March 1845]

Summary

Invites GRW and his family to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  10 June 1844 or 10 July 1844 or 10 Aug 1844 or 10 Sept 1844 or 10 Oct 1844 or 10 Nov 1844 or 10 Dec 1844 or 10 Jan 1845 or 10 Feb 1845 or 10 Mar 1845
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13852

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To G.  R. Waterhouse 10 [June 1844 – March 1845] …
  • … Cleveland Health Sciences Library Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June …
  • … 1844 10 July …
  • … 1844 10 Aug …
  • … 1844 10 Sept …
  • … 1844 10 Oct …
  • … 1844 10 Nov …
  • … 1844 10 Dec …
  • … 1844 10 Jan …
  • … 1845 10 Feb …
  • … 1845 10 Mar 1845 George Robert Waterhouse …
  • … Down Bromley Kent 10 th My dear Waterhouse We shall be truly glad to see M rs . …

From John Scott   10 June [1864]

Summary

Sends Passiflora paper [see 4485].

Sends seeds of peloric Antirrhinum crossed by normal form and sends results of his experiments [table of crosses].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 51: B22; DAR 177: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4526

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From John Scott   10 June [1864] …
  • … DAR 51: B22; DAR 177: 109 John Scott Denholm 10 June [1864] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 897.  by pollen of Peloric Anthirrhinum (P.  No.  1) 3. Normal Anthirrhinum 10. …
  • 10. 1097. 110. 20. 2194. ” 867.   …
  • … by pollen of Peloric Anthirrhinum (P.  No.  2) 4. Peloric Anthirrhinum 10. …
  • 10. 1334. 133. 20. 2668. ” 1055. ( …
  • … P.  No.  1) by pollen of Normal Anthirrhinum 5. Peloric Anthirrhinum 10. …
  • 10. 1362. 136. 20. 2724. ” 1077. (P.  No.  2) by pollen of Normal Anthirrhinum 6. Peloric …
  • … oxlip (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] ). Scott and CD often considered the …
  • … Denholm June 10 th . Sir. I sent off by yesterday’s mail my papers of experiments on …
  • … of seeds unions unions fertilised produced of seeds capsule 1. Normal Anthirrhinum 10. …
  • 10. 1264. 126. 20. …
  • … 2528. 1000. ” by own pollen 2. Normal Anthirrhinum 10. 8. 908. 113. 20. 2270. ” …
  • … Disemma and Tacsonia (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, [20 November – …

To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

thumbnail

Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 23 hits

  • … See also ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker and Bentham …
  • … had been suffering from depression and ill-health (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and letter from J.  D. …
  • … 1761–6). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and Correspondence vol.   …
  • 10, Appendix VI. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  29–52. CD refers particularly to pages 39–41, …
  • … and 18 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  153–6. While …
  • … 1862a and 1862b. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Alphonse de Candolle, 18  …
  • … letter and n.  7. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [ …
  • … 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a ‘memorandum of enquiry’ for …
  • … of 3 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a list of the seeds he wanted …
  • … I see I can buy Pitcher plants for only 10 s . 6! But the job is whether we shall be able …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 January 1863] , and letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  4. …
  • … Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In Asa Gray’s letter, CD marked some of …
  • … in the bud (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). In …
  • … adding differences’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November  …
  • … a homogeneous form. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [ …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; Gray’s statement concerning …
  • … 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; the portion containing Gray’s …
  • … trans.  1862). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December  …
  • … February 1849 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] , …
  • … and Mimosa in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). CD was keen to obtain fresh flowers of …
  • … this orchid genus, see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, …
  • … in medallions. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28  …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 23 hits

  • … 1862 and 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD reported feeling unwell in …
  • … late December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … him very uncomf—’. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  …
  • … steamer Africa (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and …
  • … of 15 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD’s experimental notes on M.  repens , made …
  • … the previous year (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). …
  • … pp.  274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November 1862 , letter …
  • … December 1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His …
  • … of the Rubiaceae (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 June [ …
  • … Dana, 4 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In 1859, James Dwight Dana had suffered …
  • … stamps for Leonard’s collection (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). …
  • … of 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10) had been sent using a ‘peculiar stamp … for …
  • … in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), he had twice asked Gray about …
  • … been cultivated (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and …
  • … of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), which CD received later in January. CD …
  • … 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and the annotated articles on strawberries …
  • … December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), soliciting examples from several …
  • … Falconer (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). Joseph Dalton Hooker had been working on …
  • … 1861] and n.  4, and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August  …
  • … D.  Hooker 1863a). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December …
  • … Francis Boott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). …
  • … at Down House (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 25 hits

  • … of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott promised to send CD specimens of …
  • … 9, letter to Daniel Oliver, 11 September [1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ). …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Primula scotica …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote that despite his hard work at …
  • … of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott informed CD of his own experiments …
  • … me not a little’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ). …
  • … on Acropera (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ). …
  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , letter from …
  • … stigmatic chamber (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). …
  • … stigmatic cavity (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, …
  • … of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott described his success in pollinating …
  • … 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested placing a pollen mass directly …
  • … incidental on other acquired differences’. See also Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI. …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19  December [1862] , for CD’s interest …
  • … for comparison (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD had suggested that Scott might undertake …
  • … 107). See letter from John Scott, 21 May [1863] and nn.  10–11. With encouragement from …
  • … CD (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ), Scott later …
  • … 19 December [1862] (see Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … and 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … Scott 1863b). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . In …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December  …
  • … of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that his Begonia plant was …
  • … of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD offered ‘pecuniary assistance’ with …

To T. H. Farrer   10 April 1874

Summary

Delighted to hear about Coronilla. Urges publication ["Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9400

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 April 1874 …
  • … Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla ", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70]. …
  • … LS Ms 299/22) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr 1874 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  10 1874 My dear Farrer I am delighted to hear about …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] and n.  2. Farrer published a short …
  • … CD refers to Francis Darwin. See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] . …

Kleine, Georg (1806–94)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Georg Kleine 1806–94 Beekeeper in Lüethorst, Hannover. (Gilbert 1977. ) [Vol. 10] Gilbert, …
  • … Pamela 1977 10 Lüethorst Hannover Beekeeper …

Solier, A. J. J. (1792–1851)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Jean Solier 1792–1851 French entomologist. (Gilbert 1977, NUC. ) [Vol. 10] Gilbert, Pamela …
  • … 1977 NUC 10 French entomologist …

From George Bentham   10 May 1869

Summary

Will have Fritz Müller’s letter ["On the modification of the stamens in a species of Begonia", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 11 (1871): 472–4] read at next Linnean Society meeting [read 3 June 1869].

Has given the seeds to Daniel Oliver.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6744

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From George Bentham   10 May 1869 …
  • … DAR 160: 163 George Bentham London, Wilton Place, 25 10 May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  6. Bentham refers to …
  • … Palmae Amazonicae ’ (Spruce 1869). See letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  7. …
  • … 25. Wilton Place. | S.W. May 10 /69 My dear M r Darwin Many thanks for Fritz Muller’s …

From Asa Gray   10 October 1866

Summary

Does not think he can persuade American publishers to reprint [4th English ed. of] Origin in U. S. Suggests Murray supply copies of it and the new book [Variation] to the American market.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1866
Classmark:  DAR 165: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5237

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 October 1866 …
  • … DAR 165: 155 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 10 Oct 1866 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge Mass. Oct.  10. 66 My Dear Darwin Thanks …
  • … for very interesting letter of Sept.  10— I am much pressed now, or would write a long …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] . CD had asked his publisher, John Murray, to …
  • … copy by Murray (see letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] and n.  6). CD’s American …
  • … fertilised plants (see letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] and nn.  13 and 14). In a …
  • … and additional material (see letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] and n.  7). Gray had …
  • … from a nursery (see letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] and n.  9). CD had asked Gray …
  • … European examples (see letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1866] and n.  11). Acorus calamus …

From G. H. Darwin   [c. 16 October 1873?]

Summary

Sends table showing relative force of impact of weight dropped on a plane inclined at different angles.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 16 Oct 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9078

Matches: 12 hits

  • … give it for the other inclinations Inclination of plane to horizon Impact 0 o . 1 . 10 o . …
  • … 9848 = 9 10 or 98 100 20 o . …
  • … 9397 = 9 10 or 94 100 30 o . …
  • … 8660 = 9 10 or 87 100 40 o . …
  • … 7660 = 8 10 or 76 100 or 3 4 45 o . …
  • … 7071 = 7 10 or 71 100 50 o . …
  • … 6428 = 6 10 or 64 100 or 2 3 60 o . …
  • … 5000 = 5 10 or 50 100 or 1 2 70 o . …
  • … 3420 = 3 10 or 34 100 or 1 3 80 o . …
  • … 1736 = 2 10 or 17 100 or 1 6 90 o   0 This may …
  • … be epitomised thus, less to 40 o the impact is about 9 10 at 40 o it is 3 …
  • … 4 , 45 o it is 7 10 , at 50 o = 2 3 , at 60 o = 1 2 , at 70 o = 1 3 at 80 o = 1 6 & at 90 …

To W. W. Baxter?   10 November [1872–4]

Summary

Would greatly prefer an enema with a shorter nozzle but with a somewhat larger diameter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  10 November 1872 or 10 November 1873 or 10 November 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Getz 13774)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13774

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  W.  Baxter?    10 November [1872–4] …
  • … American Philosophical Society (Getz 13774) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 November …
  • … 1872 10 November …
  • … 1873 10 November 1874 William Walmisley Baxter …
  • … Down. Nov 10 th Dear Sir I am sorry to cause you trouble, but I sh d .  greatly prefer an …

To Fritz Müller   9 December [1865]

Summary

Has forwarded FM’s MS to Max Schultze, but did not read it.

Movement of stem apex in Linum.

Haeckel’s paper on reproduction in certain Medusae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  9 Dec [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4949

Matches: 12 hits

  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1865] Johann Friedrich …
  • … received your interesting letter of Oct.  10 th .  with its new facts on branch-tendrils. …
  • … to Rosa Müller. See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.  12. Haeckel 1865b …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865 . …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.   …
  • 10. CD added the information …
  • … tendrils contained in Müller’s letter of 10 October 1865 to the paper he sent to the …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.  1. Müller had sent CD …
  • … Müller 1866). See letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and nn.  6 and 7. CD’s letter …
  • … to send a copy directly to CD (see letter from Fritz Müller, 10 October 1865  and n.  8). …
  • … In his letter to CD of 10 October 1865, Müller had discussed the problem of explaining, …
  • … no mineral component. In his letter of 10 October 1865, Müller had requested the original …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863]

Summary

CD overwhelmed by THH’s praise.

Agrees with his reservations about species theory but not wholly about sterility and gives his reasons for differing.

On Natural History Review, Hugh Falconer, and R. Owen.

Has written a review [Collected papers 2: 87–92] of H. W. Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 183)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3852

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 183) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Jan 1863] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10; see nn.  3 and 7, below). …
  • … CD wrote ‘Dec. ’ in error. Between 10 November and 15 December 1862, Huxley delivered six …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Dec.  10 th My dear Huxley You will be weary of notes from me about the …
  • … for April 1863. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Lubbock, 15 December 1862 , …
  • … to CD of 2 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10); for CD’s comments, see Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862], 18 December [1862], and 28  …
  • … Marginalia 1: 425). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [ …
  • … Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50, and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI). Letter to T.  H.   …
  • … Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD and Huxley had been debating the …
  • … since January 1860 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI). See also n.  6, above. …
  • … 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote: ‘To get the degree of sterility …
  • … January 1860 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10, Appendix II). The domestic breeds that CD …

To Daniel Oliver   [c. 10 June 1864]

Summary

Asks DO to draw diagram of Lythrum on board at Linnean Society for reference during the reading of CD’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [c. 10 June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 61 (EH 88206044)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4532

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   [ c. 10 June 1864] …
  • … DAR 261.10: 61 (EH 88206044) Charles Robert Darwin Down [c. 10 June 1864] Daniel Oliver …
  • … 2–3 August 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). The sketch is in DAR 185: 70. CD enclosed …
  • … sketch in his letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … good hand at Diagrams; & I believe in 5 or 10 minutes you could copy a diagram in chalk on …
  • … enclosed with the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] . CD’s paper ‘Three forms of …

From John Wright to George Cupples   18 February 1874

Author:  unknown
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  
Classmark:  DAR 90: 107–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9301

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 90: 107–10

From Fritz Müller   10 October 1865

Summary

Thanks CD for his photograph.

Sends a paper ["Über das Holz einiger um Desterro wachsender Kletterpflanzen", Botanische Zeitung 24 (1866): 57–60, 65–9].

Believes species of sponge with different mineral spiculae are descended from a form with organic spiculae.

Reports observations on motions of Linum stalks following the sun.

Regards Anelasma as a connecting form between cirripedes and Rhizocephala.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 74–6.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4912A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller    10 October 1865 …
  • … Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Desterro, Brazil 10 Oct 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and is a hyperparasite (parasite upon a parasite) of some Rhizocephala. See n.  10, above. …
  • … its published source, see pp. 266–7. See letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] . Müller …
  • … Müller 1864 (see letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] , n.  2). CD had probably sent …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 10. October 1865. Verehrter …
  • … empfing ich Ihren freundlichen Brief vom 10. August und fühle mich sehr geschmeichelt …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 10 October 1865 My dear Sir, Yesterday …
  • … I received your kind letter of 10 August and I feel very complimented by the interest …
  • … Müller, 20 September [1865] and nn.  9 and 10. The Swedish naturalist Wilhelm Lilljeborg …
  • … trans.  1862) in his letter to Müller of 10 August [1865]. In his letter of 20 September [ …
  • … from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; see also letter from Fritz …

To Fritz Müller   10 September 1881

Summary

Has sent FM’s account of Pandanus and Oxalis to Nature ["Leaves injured at night by free radiation", Nature 24 (1881): 459].

Is crossing heterostyled plants.

Hopes to get his notes on bloom together.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  10 Sept 1881
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no : 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13326

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   10 September 1881 …
  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no : 54) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 10 Sept 1881 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … given it up by early July ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865] ). In July, he …
  • … finished hearing it read aloud ( letter to Fritz Müller, 10 August [1865] ). Over the next few …
  • … ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since it is impossible …
  • … similarly coloured varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November …
  • … ‘industry & ability’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [10 March 1865] ). Scott took these …
  • … of transmutation to humans (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 11, letter from J. D. Hooker, 10 June 1863 ). However, probably …
  • … Cresy, 7 September [1865] , and letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ). Francis and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1174 - Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 10 May 1848 …
  • … ideas Using a ‘pass the bomb’ technique, Year 10 History pupils at Bideford College in …
  • … Science Roast beef and urine Year 10 pupils at Hitchin Girls School were …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to me.— Charles Darwin to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1866] .  The ‘hard …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no naturalist …
  • … eaten have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter …
  • … had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). He sent a copy to Asa Gray to review in …
  • … of species, when crossed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863] ). He reminded Huxley again …
  • … Verbascum  and  Zea  (see  Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). However, when  Evidence as …
  • … other acquired differences’ (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, Appendix VI). In addition to crossing …
  • … orchid genus  Acropera  (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). Their 1863 letters reveal Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 and 10 July 1874 ). ‘I am astounded & …
  • … the process of writing and revising at all satisfying. On 10 February he complained to Hooker : …
  • … objectless & all being vanity of vanities,’ he wrote on 10 February . ‘But this will wear …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 12 hits

  • … you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know …
  • … Hooker is younger than Darwin and Gray by about 10 years. Like Gray, he is a professional botanist …
  • … right when he said the whole subject would be forgotten in 10 years. But now that I hear you will …
  • … a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this present, …
  • … HOOKER:   208   We had a horrid scare 10 days ago, in the form of a Telegram from ‘Nature’ to …
  • … XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …
  • … 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 10  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 24 AUGUST 1855 …
  • … JOURNAL OF SCIENCE 72  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 JANUARY 1860 73  C DARWIN TO …
  • … A GRAY, 21 JULY 1861 120 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C …
  • … 18 FEBRUARY 1862 129  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 10 MARCH 1862 130  C DARWIN …
  • … 23 NOVEMBER 1862 136  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 10–20 JUNE 1862 137  A GRAY TO …
  • … AND 26 JANUARY 1862 142  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 10 NOVEMBER 1862 143  A …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … form’, namely those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he …
  • … with other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware …
  • … views.—’ ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most …
  • … serve a purpose in Britain. He immediately wrote to Gray on 10 September after studying the first …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • … on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie …
  • … Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . …
  • … Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • … G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 1837–8] …
  • … Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • … 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology …
  • … 1839–40]. references at end.— Maer  (June 10 to Nov. 14. 1840) Smellies Buffon 3 d …
  • … Hilaire: [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1841] d[itt]o: 10 th  Journal de Phys. [ Observations …
  • … [Lyman 1781] [DAR 119: 10b] Dec. 10 th  The Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. …
  • … Dog [C. H. Smith 1839–40] 2 d . vol. d[itt]o Nov. 10 th  Sprengel. Endeckte Geheimniss. …
  • … Nat. Lib. vol 14 [Waterhouse 1841] Marked—— 10 th  Veterinary [ Veterinarian ] 1828 Vol 1 …
  • … & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs  Hamilton Grays Etruria [E …
  • … Royle Prod. Resources of India [Royle 1840] abst June 10 th  Miller’s old Red Sandstone [H. …
  • … Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons History [Hyde …
  • … 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. [ Transactions of …
  • … 3. vols. [Bradley 1724] (nothing) scarcely —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson …
  • … or Geograph. Distrib:” [Gérard 1844–5] Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845 …
  • … French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … St. Lecons de Morph. Bot. [Saint-Hilaire 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] …
  • … of Ægyptians [J. G. Wilkinson 1837–41].— April 10 3 d  vol of d[itt]o W. Scotts Life …
  • … May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family [Savage] 1845] 27 …
  • … Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s Cromwell [Carlyle 1845]. …
  • … Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846]. —— 10 th  D r . Joseph Adams. Philosoph. Treatise on …
  • … Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. Hist. of …
  • … et d'Histoire   Naturelle de Genève ]. Tom I to 10. —— Annales du Museum [ Annales …
  • … W. Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] …
  • … Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] …
  • … Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. Expedition [J. …
  • … to 1837. & thence I have read in Journals June 10 th  Goulds Birds of Australia [Gould …
  • … . Feb. 1. Emigrants Manual [Burton 1851] March 10 th  Hind’s Solar System [Hind 1852 …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … her power of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … a letter from Edward Cresy (letter from Edward Cresy, 10 September 1865 ), in which Cresy sent as …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had tried, indirectly, to influence him. He told Hooker: 10 Do see Falconer & …
  • … , and letter to Charles Lyell, 18 April [1863 ]. 10. Correspondence vol. 11, …
  • … 19. See letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and n. 10. 20. See the second enclosure …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for penalties of Cruelty to Animals Act. “ 10. —Penalty on licensed persons …
  • … otherwise than according to this Act. 10.—Any person holding a licence under this Act …
  • … and restrictions contained in sections numbered 8, 9, 10, 11, of the said act. (Signed) …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his eldest son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of observations on their behaviour: one ' about the age of 10 months when put upon a soft …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have …
  • … doubted he would ever use it ( letter to C. L. Dodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). Darwin’s condition …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 [November 1863] ( Correspondence …
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