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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Francis Darwin to J. H. Gilbert   8 June 1876

Summary

Asks about constituents of burnt soil.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Date:  8 June 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10535F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ·33 ·15 Soda ·26 ·04 Phosphoric acid ·04 ·09 Sulphuric acid traces none 100·13 99·69 If my …
  • … Loss on ignition 4·26 1·20 Silica  77·72 89·09 Oxide of Iron  5· 52 3·88 Alumina  8·79 3· …

From David Forbes   1 March 1872

Summary

Sends information on composition of chalk at Shoreham and Folkestone.

Author:  David Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 164: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8233

Matches: 1 hit

  • … low water Folkestone Carbonate of lime 94·09     —     of Magnesium 0·31 Insoluble (rock …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as Springfield Daily Republican; Date: 09-19-1896; Page: 4; Location: Springfield, …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Corolla 1.14 Style .95 Stamens .98 Anthers .09 Pollen falling freely. Plant No 4 Flower 7 …
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Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 13607 – Darwin to Kennard, C. A., [9 January 1882] Darwin responds to Caroline …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Beagle  voyage (see  Journal of researches , pp. 228–9). After hearing from his former  Beagle …
  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 13, letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 February [1865] and n. 4). Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Agassiz glacier-mad’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 8[–9] September [1866] ). Darwin had first …
  • … ‘an initial state of dimorphism’ (Correspondence vol. 9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ). …
  • … indeed the wife herself’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [9 April 1866] ). It was against this …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 13607 – Darwin to Kennard, C. A., [9 January 1882] Darwin responds to Caroline …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … . Letter 6237 - Bullar, R. to Darwin, [9 June 1868] Rosa Bullar reports a …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to send a copy of the pamphlet (see Correspondence vol. 9, Appendix III). However, Darwin himself …
  • … was published in  Punch , (see Correspondence vol. 9, Appendix VIII).) For his part, …
  • … Rev. John Stevens Henslow  (see Correspondence vol. 9, Appendix X). Hybridisation and …
  • … of Jamieson’s letters to Lyell in Correspondence vol. 9, Appendix IX. Jobs for the boys …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Zoolog.— comply with all above requisites— I could not[9] systematiz zoologically so well.— But …
  • … [8] ‘Cambridge’  before del  ‘¶’. [9] ‘not’  interl . [10] ‘C’  over illeg . …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …  3 Vol. 8Vo Abernethy Hunterian orat & Lect. Pamph. 9  8 Vo. H K Whites Letters …
  • … ; Desmond and Parker 2006). 8 Blair 1790. 9 Abernethy 1819a; CD perhaps refers …
  • … William. 1823.  The elements of experimental chemistry . 9 th  ed. 2 vols. London. Hudson …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … cats and a kitten, as well as four black cats, and all ‘9 ½’ cats could hear the dinner call.  …
  • … Tait’s assertion in the 6 th edition of Origin (p. 9), but a few years later, as he was …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Schools Gallery: Using Darwin’s letters in the classroom

Summary

English| History| Science  English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria High School spent several weeks studying Darwin’s letters, including comparing sections from Darwin’s ‘Voyage of the Beagle’ to letters…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … English Pupils in Cumbria lead the way Year 9 English pupils at Ulverston Victoria …

George Peacock

Summary

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. Thomas Peacock, curate of Denton for 50 years and school master. George was educated at Sedbergh School, Cumbria and Richmond School in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … wool of one sheep good for carpet & another for cloth &c. 9 (2.)   Now suppose …
  • … The phrase is not italicised in the printed version. 9 The printed version reads: ‘good for …
  • … CD and a note added, also in pencil: ‘This was sent about 9 months ago, but I daresay I can get Date …

Mary Treat

Summary

Mary Treat was a naturalist from New Jersey who made significant contributions to the fields of entomolgy and botany. Over the period 1871–1876, she exchanged fifteen letters with Darwin - more than any other woman naturalist.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Mary Treat was a naturalist from New Jersey who made significant contributions to the fields of …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on a retail price of 14 s ., selling to the trade at 9 s .6 d . a copy ( Letter 2513a ). …
  • … made allowance for the immense popularity of its author’ (9 November 1872). Seven thousand copies …

Darwin on childhood

Summary

On his engagement to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, in 1838, Darwin wrote down his recollections of his early childhood.  Life. Written August–– 1838 My earliest recollection, the date of which I can approximately tell, and which must have been before…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … It was soon after I began collecting stones, ie when 9 or 10 I distinctly recollect the desire I had …
  • … I was born a naturalist.–– —— When I was 9 & ½ years old (July 1818) I went with …

Orchids

Summary

Why Orchids? Darwin  wrote in his Autobiography, ‘During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous summer, I was led to attend to the cross-fertilisation of flowers by the aid of insects, from having come to the conclusion in my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘big book’ on species theory. He noted in his journal on 9 January 1860, ‘Began looking over M.S. …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Owen, and Louis Agassiz (see letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May 1856 and 21 May 1856). But he considered …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 2, letter to A. Y. Spearman, 9 October 1843, n. 1). Darwin's …
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