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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Francis Darwin to J. H. Gilbert   8 June 1876

Summary

Asks about constituents of burnt soil.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Date:  8 June 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10535F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ·33 ·15 Soda ·26 ·04 Phosphoric acid ·04 ·09 Sulphuric acid traces none 100·13 99·69 If my …
  • … Loss on ignition 4·26 1·20 Silica  77·72 89·09 Oxide of Iron  5· 52 3·88 Alumina  8·79 3· …

From David Forbes   1 March 1872

Summary

Sends information on composition of chalk at Shoreham and Folkestone.

Author:  David Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 164: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8233

Matches: 1 hit

  • … water   Folkestone Carbonate of lime 94 . 09 — of Magnesium 0 . 31 Insoluble (rock debris) …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as Springfield Daily Republican; Date: 09-19-1896; Page: 4; Location: Springfield, …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Corolla 1.14 Style .95 Stamens .98 Anthers .09 Pollen falling freely. Plant No 4 Flower 7 …
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The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … first beginnings of the comb (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 9 May [1858] ). He suspected that the …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 2235 —Darwin to Frederick Smith, [before 9 Mar 1858] This letter contains a list of …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … it completely dominates their life. 9. The rise of confrontation in science …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the evolution of species’, Haeckel wrote to Darwin on 9 July 1864 . ‘In your book I found all …
  • … family Sphingidae.  Novitates Zoologicae   9  (Suppl.): 1–972.  Sachs, Julius von. 1887. …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 0 hits

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as that to Bates, Brooks suggests that a letter aboard the 9 March steamer could have arrived at the …
  • … 8, letters to Asa Gray, 28 January [1860] and [8 or 9 February 1860] ). A further …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … some members of a hive a duty (Cobbe 1871, pp. 174, 188–9). Darwin was particularly interested in an …
  • … of its master. ( Letter from Hensleigh Wedgwood, [3–9 March 1871] .) Some of Darwin’s …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Orchids , p. 158 n., and  Correspondence  vols. 9 and 10). However, he found it increasingly …
  • … £22 5s. for Horwood, who superintended the operation, and £9 15s. 10d. for fittings purchased in …
  • …     ——  Russelianum 9 do.   …
  • … J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] and n. 19. 9.  Catasetum Russellianum. 10.  ‘—— …
  • … Lopezia axilare 8   Onagreæ 9       …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … only from fatigue and ill health ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 April 1849 ). Health and …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … size. Haeckel sent a personal letter of congratulation on 9 February , expressing some …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of the Geological Society of London  2 (1838): 446-9.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  32-5.  F1645 …
  • …  2 (1838): 552-4.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  37-9.  F1647.] —On the formation of mould. …
  • … Society of London  2nd ser., pt. 3, 5 (1840): 505-9.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  48-50.  F1648 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …
  • … and Agricultural Gazette , 14 September 1844, pp. 628-9.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  176.  …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … as that to Bates, Brooks suggests that a letter aboard the 9 March steamer could have arrived at the …
  • … 8, letters to Asa Gray, 28 January [1860] and [8 or 9 February 1860] ). A further …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the years 1794–5’.    Page xviii, par. 3, line 9, insert after ‘continued reproduction.’’: …
  • … Page 19, par. 1, line 8, insert after ‘parent.’: 9                  This conclusion, as …
  • … England under a hen.    Page 264, par. 1, lines 8–9, substitute for ‘and not’: 27   …
  • … Japanese P. versicolor    Page 275, par. 2, line 9, insert after ‘England.’: 34   …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 November 1872 ).  Demand seemed likely to …

Results of the Darwin Online Emotions Experiment

Summary

Thanks to all who took part in our online emotions experiment – over 18,000 of you! The formal stage of the experiment is now over, but it will be staying online as an activity, so if you don’t want to know the results, look away now.  If you’d like to…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … with photographs 6 (crying from grief), 8 (suffering), 9 (deep grief) and 11 (hardness) where the …
  • … decision.  They also looked at photograph 11 (hardness) for 9 seconds, possibly because this would …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6453 - Langton, E. to Wedgwood, S. E., [9 November 1868] Darwin’s nephew, Edmund, …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 13607 – Darwin to Kennard, C. A., [9 January 1882] Darwin responds to Caroline …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Beagle  voyage (see  Journal of researches , pp. 228–9). After hearing from his former  Beagle …
  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 13, letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 February [1865] and n. 4). Darwin’s …
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