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From David Forbes   1 March 1872

Summary

Sends information on composition of chalk at Shoreham and Folkestone.

Author:  David Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 164: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8233

Matches: 1 hit

  • … water   Folkestone Carbonate of lime 94 . 09 — of Magnesium 0 . 31 Insoluble (rock debris) …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as Springfield Daily Republican; Date: 09-19-1896; Page: 4; Location: Springfield, …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Corolla 1.14 Style .95 Stamens .98 Anthers .09 Pollen falling freely. Plant No 4 Flower 7 …
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Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to be admitted as real.’ ( letter to C. J. F. Bunbury, 9 February [1860] ). This helps to explain …
  • … works. Only two days after the second edition was issued, on 9 January 1860, he turned to preparing …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of pollen grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … (1) Caird, James (9) Caldcleugh, Alexander …
  • … (3) Canestrini, Giovanni (9) Canfield, C. A. …
  • … (1) Caton, J. D. (9) Cattell, John …
  • … (6) Claus, C. F. (9) Clendon, George, Jr …
  • … (1) Conway, M. D. (9) Conybeare, J. C. …
  • … (3) Dareste, Camille (9) Darwin family …
  • … (1) Darwin, C. M. C. (9) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … (1) Darwin, Elizabeth (9) Darwin, Emma …
  • … (2) Ernst, Adolf (9) Errera, L. A. …
  • … (1) Galton, E. A. (9) Galton, E. S. …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letters Letter 282 - Darwin to Fox, W. D., [9 - 12 August 1835] Darwin …
  • … facts. Letter 8153 - Darwin to Darwin, W. E., [9 January 1872] Darwin thanks …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Europe; and ‘Arct. Asia’… GRAY:   9   May 22 nd 1855. Harvard University. My …
  • … 8  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 25 APRIL 1855 9  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 22 MAY 1855 …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … going to.? Dr White: Right. 9. Emma Darwin's influence and …

Visiting the Darwins

Summary

'As for Mr Darwin, he is entirely fascinating…'  In October 1868 Jane Gray and her husband spent several days as guests of the Darwins, and Jane wrote a charming account of the visit in a sixteen-page letter to her sister.  She described Charles…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … off pretty regularly.  We assembled to breakfast at 8½ or 9 in the dining-room from thence we went …
  • … Down Sunday morng. we all assembled at breakfast at 9— Each dropping in as Convenient— …
  • … 1st— Sunday morng. we all assembled at breakfast at 9— Each dropping in as Convenient— After …
  • … off pretty regularly.  We assembled to breakfast at 8½ or 9 in the dining-room from thence we went …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bad & have done pretty well’ ( letter to Horace Darwin, 9 January [1874] ). Horace came …
  • … 6 April 1874 , and letter to Anton Dohrn, 16 April and 9 August 1874 ). Darwin also helped …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … gloria mundi, with a vengeance’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 February [1865] ). Continuing …
  • … physiological species arising’ ( Correspondence vol. 9, letter to J. D. Hooker, 28 September …
  • … much enthusiasm as I am capable of after laying in bed till 9 eating heavy breakfasts & looking …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … called it (in his referee’s report to the Society of 9 March 1838), had been developed by Darwin …
  • … Sedgwick, and Buckland (see the reports by Buckland, 9 March 1838 , and Sedgwick, [after 15 May …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of heredity named perigenesis, which he sent to Darwin on 9 May . Haeckel argued that the …
  • … ’, Darwin later told Muller ( letter to Fritz Müller, [9 February 1876] ). Likewise, when Johann …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Covington in New South Wales ( letter to Syms Covington, 9 March 1856 ). Many other topics, …
  • … him to write up his views ( letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] ). Darwin had also …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … the Darwin family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July …
  • … self-consciousness. Transcription: 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th …
  • … vision at this age is exceedingly imperfect.— At his 9 th  day however he appeared to follow a …
  • … with his right hand & drew it into his mouth.— 9  Now exactly 12 weeks & on …
  • … eyes were just suffused with tears & became red. May 9 th .[24] A watch held close to …
  • … days. 7 lb  – 10 4 wks 7 – 9½ Feb. 17 7 …
  • … 6 wks 8 – 4 March 3 9 wks  & 4 days 9 – 7 …
  • … 14 Jan. 19—   July 9 — 17 – 6 19 lb — …
  • …   Mon Oct 23 a month old. 9 lb  11 oz clothes 1 lb  10 …
  • … not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in good …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ‘on the grounds of science’ ( letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ), but Scott declined assistance …
  • … Haeckel’s scientific life, he reported in a letter of 9 [July 1864] , had been transformed by …
  • … transmutation theory (see  Correspondence  vol. 9, Appendix VI). Seven months after happily noting …

Correspondence with women

Summary

We know of letters to or from around 2000 correspondents, about 100 of whom were women. Using the letter summaries available on this website, the letters can be assigned to rough categories.  Included in the count are letters to women in Darwin’s family…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … powers of the two sexes” in Descent of man 2: 326–9 are complex, and further complicated by …
  • … in this case greatly suffer. (Darwin to C. A. Kennard, 9 January 1882 ) Kennard …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … for anything in this world.’ (Darwin to Syms Covington,  9 March 1856 ) In the late nineteenth …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … life, at least within his notebooks. 9. Faith and reason as personal issues …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … first beginnings of the comb (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 9 May [1858] ). He suspected that the …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 2235 —Darwin to Frederick Smith, [before 9 Mar 1858] This letter contains a list of …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … it completely dominates their life. 9. The rise of confrontation in science …
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