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Teitelbaum, Michael S. 2006. History of population policies up to 1940. In Demography: analysis and synthesis: a treatise in population, edited by Graziella Caselli et al. Amsterdam: Academic Press.

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  • … books/demography-analysis-and-synthesis-four-volume-set/caselli/978-0-08-045485-6 26 …

Chantre, Ernest (1843–1924)

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  • … Lyon, 1881–1908; in ethnology, 1903–08. Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques; …

From George Edward Frere   8 October 1864

Summary

Responds to the letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle, [before 8 October 1864].

Author:  George Edward Frere
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  08 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 271.6: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4631G

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 271.6: 2 George Edward Frere 08 Oct 1864 Charles Robert Darwin …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   26 June [1873]

Summary

Would welcome JSBS visit to discuss Drosera. Nitrogenous fluids can act as ferments only if they act merely by exciting molecular movement in adjoining molecules.

Glass and cotton excite movement and cause cell contents to change visibly. Huxley coming to see this phenomenon.

Studied effect of poisons 12 or 15 years ago to see whether the action was similar to that on nervous tissue.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  26 June [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-08)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8952

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-08) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 June [1873] …

From Fritz Müller   12 September 1875

Summary

Has read CD’s book on Drosera [Insectivorous plants] and found that it presents new material and is very interesting.

Has discovered that the parasites he thought he had found in Melipona nests are in fact true females. It is remarkable that they differ so greatly from the sterile females and males of their species.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1875
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 318; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (PrP 08-0011)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10155A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2: 318; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (PrP 08-0011) Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …

From David Forbes   1 March 1872

Summary

Sends information on composition of chalk at Shoreham and Folkestone.

Author:  David Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 164: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8233

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Carbonate of Lime – 98 . 40 — of Magnesia 0 . 08 Insoluble (silicious rock debris) 1 . 10 …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Corolla 1.08 Style 1.08 Stamens .93 Anthers .08 Anthers dried up and old. " Flower 4 th . …

From John Traherne Moggridge   6 March [1867]

Summary

Observations on Ophrys plants and Thymus vulgaris. Encloses sketch of different forms of T. vulgaris [see Forms of flowers, p. 302].

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 109: A90–1, DAR 111: B47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5433

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in Forms of flowers , pp.  293–7, 307–08. His notes on the genus are in DAR 109: A41–3, …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of shooting and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences …
  • … one from Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. …
  • … much in Switzerland ( letter from Francis and Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] ). Francis had …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … more grateful I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read …
  • … that I shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: …
  • … as the mind of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also …
  • … he will not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … shall be chiefly new work’ ( letter to Francis Galton, 8 November [1872] ), and the tenor of his …
  • … are accustomed to novels for 1s’, he wrote to Murray on 8 January , but Murray complained that …
  • … felt friendly towards me’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … he remarked to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 September [1856] ). I mean to make my …
  • … my Book as perfect as ever I can.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 8 February [1857] ). Darwin also …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … enemies of Nat. Selection’ ( letter from A. R. Wallace, 8 [April] 1868 ). Researching …
  • … cry (letters to W. E. Darwin, [15 March 1868] and 8 April [1868] ). Such facts proved …
  • … omnipotent and omniscient Creator’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 8 May [1868] ). Others were concerned …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … leaves  produce tendrils’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [8 February 1864] ). Darwin’s excitement …
  • … very careful treatment’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 8 April 1864 ). Nevertheless, Hooker solicited …
  • … latest ‘outburst of bigotry’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 8 November [1864] ). Although …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … deliberating how to end the matter to his satisfaction. On 8 January , he told Hooker: ‘I will …
  • … between Whitney and Max Müller. In Descent 2d ed., pp. 86–8, Darwin had cited Whitney’s …
  • … of having made false statements,’ Darwin replied on 8 April . ‘This is conduct which a man does …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … but without the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend …
  • … most ought to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mentioned in the volume is given in Correspondence vol. 8, Appendix VII.) The …
  • … scientific investigation.—’ ( letter to J. S. Henslow, 8 May [1860] ). Above all else …
  • … the  Athenæum , are given in Correspondence vol. 8 Appendix VI. Wilberforce’s review …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. 377–8) that plant species would migrate …
  • … of the female in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

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  • … made a strange discovery;’ he told Reginald Darwin on 8 April , ‘for an old box from my father …
  • … to curtail the correspondence, Emma Darwin replied on 8 April stating that Darwin was too busy …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thinking Agassiz glacier-mad’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 8[–9] September [1866] ). Darwin …
  • … being more than a subsidiary agent’, Darwin wrote on 8 March [1866] , prefacing his remark with, …
  • … well most days since being in London, like what I was 7 or 8 years ago— one day I paid 3 calls! & …
  • … of  C. scoparius , sent to Darwin with his letter of 8 May [1866] , allowed detailed …
  • … Journal of Science , James Samuelson, in his letter of 8 April 1866 . Wallace argued that the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … what you have seen,’ he told Hooker in his letter of 8 [June 1858] , ‘yet I have been forced to …
  • … hurry in world about my M.S.’ In his letter to Hooker of 8 June [1858], he indicates that this topic …
  • … the story was not deleted (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letters to Asa Gray, 28 January [1860] …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

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  • … about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March , ‘I never look at one without …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was ‘time thrown away’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 8 [September 1847] ). The second …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of almost every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before …
  • … Eastborne in the summer of 1860 (see Correspondence vol. 8), Darwin became ‘wonderfully interested’ …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

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  • … amendments to his results ( letter from Moritz Schiff, 8 May 1876 ). Pangenesis v. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work at Sach’s laboratory in Germany, not returning until 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … which are independent of all times and all circumstances’ (8 April 1871, p. 5). Darwin condemned the …
  • … age of Newton’ ( letter from Napoleon de la Fleurière, 8 April [1871] ); while Huxley looked …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … far more than  Origin had (see  Correspondence  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January …
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