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To [John Colby?]   2 March [1877?]

Summary

Does not think the pistil behaved as JC described, except by mere accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Colby
Date:  2 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  Abraham Schwadron Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10873F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Mar [1877] John …

To ?   13 December [1869]

Summary

Has given the right of translation [of Descent] to Julius Victor Carus of Leipzig, so the recipient should inform Alexander Duncker to communicate with JVC.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  13 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  Abraham Schwad Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7028F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Dec [1869] …

To John Allen   25 May 1847

Summary

Thanks for JS’s note concerning a proposal [concerning some aspect of education of poor children?] which CD has to decline because of his poor health and his work in Natural History.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Allen
Date:  25 May 1847
Classmark:  Abraham Schwad Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1090F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May 1847 John …

To J. P. Cooke   20 February 1874

Summary

Thanks for his election as Foreign Honorary Member.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Parsons Cooke
Date:  20 Feb 1874
Classmark:  American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Letterbook 07-36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9305

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Academy of Arts and Sciences (Letterbook 07-36) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Feb 1874 …

Linden, J. J. (1817–98)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … his orchid cultivation and illustrations. Biographie coloniale Belge 1: 603–07 24 Botanist …

From W. E. Darwin   [29 February 1872]

Summary

Amount of clay present in certain chalk samples.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Feb 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7469

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pencil ; ‘Worms’ red crayon End of letter : ‘ .07 per cent of Alumina & iron | [‘ .36 ’ …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1877

Summary

Asked C. E. Bessey whether Lithospermum longiflorum was dimorphic like its relatives. Encloses CEB’s reply.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: B53–7, DAR 165: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 34 Corolla— 1.15 Style .51 Stamens .97 Anthers .07 This flower had 6 perfect sepals, 6  …
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letter (6)
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Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the shape of an arch ( Movement in plants , pp. 96–7). As usual, staff at the Royal Botanical …
  • … my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later he wrote: …
  • … Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats have only just …
  • … the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s confidence was …
  • … are here & all adoring Bernard’, he wrote to Francis on 7 July . ‘Bernard is very sweet & …
  • … to refuse,’ he wrote to William Spottiswoode on 7 July . Pinker later made a statue of Darwin for …
  • … generations’ ( enclosure to letter to T. H. Farrer, 7 March 1878 ). In the end, the attempt to …
  • … from a person unknown to him. The benefactor wrote on 7 December : ‘I consider that you, more …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … they make the house jolly’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). Darwin was ready to …
  • … folly & nonsense to try anyone’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). He particularly …
  • … to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 chapters ready for press & all others …
  • … bear the expense of the woodcuts ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). After sending the …
  • … and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott’s …
  • … of real improvement in health’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). All the children …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, & if he …
  • … can make several parts clearer,’ Darwin reiterated on 7 November , ‘I believe (though I hope I am …
  • … ancestry. ‘You know better than anybody’, he wrote on 7 January , ‘how infinitely great is the …
  • … the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max Müller and …
  • … Down with Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the public in this way ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [7 May 1863] , and Appendix VII). He also …
  • … [1863] , and letter from Julius von Haast, 21 July [–7? August] 1863 ). Darwin was subsequently …
  • … paper with satisfaction ( see letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] ). Scott had referred …
  • … he could send him to the war ( see letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 ). Darwin shared this letter …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … ‘almost indispensable’ ( letter from Ernst Krause, 7 June 1879 ). Darwin welcomed Krause’s …
  • … meet the local celebrity, John Ruskin. Marshall wrote on 7 September that Ruskin, the day after …
  • … dogma’, Mary Jung, a young Austrian woman, wrote on 7 January . ‘When my reason agrees with your …
  • … be an atheist, Darwin told the clergyman John Fordyce on 7 May , ‘It seems to me absurd to doubt …
  • … work in such an outstanding way’, Würtenberger wrote on 7 February , after receiving £100 from …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin was clearly impressed by Lewes’s reviews. On 7 August 1868 , he wrote him a lengthy letter …
  • … undergoing vaccination ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 April 1868] ). Francis was also drafted into …
  • … desire to penetrate Truth’ ( letter from Ernest Faivre, 7 April 1868 ). Armand de Quatrefages, who …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … privilege to offer” ( letter from E. F. Lubbock, [before 7 April 1873] ). Hooker added: “I have …
  • … but he is a deal too sharp” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [7 April 1873] ). A group of Huxley …
  • … than species are permanent” ( letter from John Farr, 7 July 1873 ). Further thoughts on the …
  • … past memories” ( letter to A. A. L. P. Cochrane, [after 7 June 1873] ). Darwin did accept …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … so well most days since being in London, like what I was 7 or 8 years ago— one day I paid 3 calls! …
  • … ordinaryly diœcious’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 May – 11 June 1866] ). On examining more …
  • … a different light from you’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 7 August 1866 ). The two exchanged letters …
  • … letter from E. C. Langton to Emma and Charles Darwin, [6 and 7? January 1866] ), and Darwin later …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … & it had been refused’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] ). When the letter was …
  • … from the moment of being hatched ( letter to  Nature , 7 and 11 May [1874] ; Spalding 1872a). …
  • … from his sons George and Francis ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 7 March 1874 ). Dohrn replied …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … frustrated, telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that …
  • … the distant events to life ( see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). When Darwin …
  • … than almost anywhere else’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). he is so …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … allotted space each morning ( letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 ; letter from B. J. …
  • … similar query with the artist Thomas Woolner, inquiring on 7 April whether ‘young and …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … countered Nägeli’s thesis ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 151–7). Fleeming Jenkin and problems of …
  • … in Patagonia and Wales ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 7 May 1869 , letter from W. B. Dawkins, 17 …
  • … oil over the bumptious man’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker,  7 September 1869 ). Huxley playfully …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for less favoured males (see  Origin , pp. 156–7). In  Variation , Darwin had discussed changes …
  • … three botanists put together’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, 7 February [1867] ). Müller had written …
  • … down on both of us’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] ). In February, Hooker …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and despite Darwin’s best efforts, set the final price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke …
  • … 4 November 1872 , and letter to J. S. Craig, 7 November 1872 ). But recognition was far from …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … a discussion of this research in  Origin , pp. 163–7, as examples of the occurrence of reversion …
  • … Wallace’s essay, are provided in Correspondence vol. 7, Appendixes III and IV.) You …
  • … baby written by Darwin is given in Correspondence vol. 7, Appendix V.) Upon the advice of Fox, …
  • … J. D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] , 11 March [1859] , and 7 April [1859] ). What is clear is that …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and intellectual stimulation of …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the more shocking because associated with a happy event. On 7 September, Charles and Emma became …
  • … harmony with yours’ ( letter from George Henslow, [ c. 7 December 1876] ). A more typical …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin had consulted in 1863. In a letter of 26[–7] March [1864] , Darwin exclaimed to his close …
  • … eastern and mid-western states. In his letter to Darwin of 7 November 1864, Walsh denounced Agassiz …
  • … of Herbert Spencer’s  Principles of biology  (1864–7). Also unsure about Spencer’s work, Hooker …
  • … particularly when Hugh Falconer suggested in his letter of 7 November [1864] that half the …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s  …
  • … on the progress and results of his study, he wrote on 7 May [1860]: 'I have this morning been …
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