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Eliza Burt Gamble

Summary

Women have interpreted and applied evolutionary theory in arguments about women’s nature for over a century. Eliza Burt Gamble (1841-1920) was a pioneer in this endeavor. Gamble was an advocate of the Woman Movement, a mother, a writer, and a teacher from…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … eminence, in whatever he takes up, than woman can attain.”[4] Gamble, on the other hand, suggested …
  • … [3]  Ibid., 252. [4]  Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man, and Selection …

Biodiversity and its histories

Summary

The Darwin Correspondence Project was co-sponsor of Biodiversity and its Histories, which brought together scholars and researchers in ecology, politics, geography, anthropology, cultural history, and history and philosophy of science, to explore how…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and the value of diversity   Session 4: Biogeography and Evolution   Chair: Jim …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … endure the thought of sitting again, and I have refused 3 or 4 Photographers lately.” …
  • … in  Culture and Organization , 2006, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 341-357. Prodger, Philip.  …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 3, line 9, insert after ‘continued reproduction.’’: 4                    A well-known …
  • … from a single parent-form.    Page xix, par. 4, line 2, insert after ‘1860’: 6     …
  • … of which will be given in a future work.    Page 46, par. 2, lines 22–4, substitute for ‘but …
  • … are still in progress.    Page 80, par. 1, line 4, insert after ‘other cases.’: 13     …
  • …  English    Page 179, par. 1, line 4, insert after ‘barb-pigeon’: 19     …
  • … authority of Joh. Müller    Page 222, par. 1, line 4, insert after ‘organ, the’: 23   …

Insectivorous plants

Summary

Darwin’s work on insectivorous plants began by accident. While on holiday in the summer of 1860, staying with his wife’s relatives in Hartfield, Sussex, he went for long walks on the heathland and became curious about the large number of insects caught by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … given me a panic. I tried milk on 9 leaves thin Gelatine on 4 White of egg on 6 Saliva on 8 Urine on …
  • … borrowing different species of Drosera from Kew . After 4 or 5 weeks hard work, he reported …

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson

Summary

[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … to be very nearly – if not quite – equal to [ f.148v p.4 ] each other in that respect. …
  • … detained us a whole week.” “At daylight on the 4 th January 1832 the Island of Porto Santo …
  • … near to their shores to be of any importance to shipping. *[4] But one might have occupied the …
  • … is a single low Island 5 or 6 miles long [about 2] and 3 or 4 miles broad [about 1 1/2] with …
  • … this and the Southern Islands [The Cocos] is about 3 or 4 [4 or 5] leagues wide. Through it the …
  • … be a circular group of low Islands extending from Lat 12˚ 4' S. to 12˚ 23 [an error of nine …
  • … beach of sand or white coral – a reef projects near a 1/4 of a mile from the N.W. n part of the …
  • … has been called Keeling's Isle by Mr Ross] in Lat 11˚ 49 3/4' S. Lon 97˚ 4' E.” …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … selection , pp. 35--91) 4 26 January 1857 …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7428 - Wedgwood, F. to Darwin, [4 January 1871] Darwin’s brother-in-law, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … development, exhibit arrested or retrograde development, (4) increasing specialisation in …
  • … its beak by retrograde ‘recurrent’ development.^4^ (When we consider that Bird & Mammal have …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 5, letter from J. D. Hooker, [4 November 1853] ), Hooker wrote: ‘The RS. …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3139 — Tegetmeier, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 4 May [1861] Tegetmeier sends some replies …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to J. D. Hooker, 28 March 1849 ( Correspondence vol. 4). Throughout the winter of 1863 and …
  • … and care see, for example, Correspondence vol. 4, letter to Emma Darwin, [27-8 May 1848] . …
  • … the treatment (see, for example, Correspondence vol. 4, letter to W. D. Fox, 24 [March 1849] …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the gendering of intellect in the nineteenth century? 4. What do the images (and the people …
  • … Caricature of Lydia Becker from Comus, No. 4, (October 28th, 1877) …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … physical description of the reindeer in Linneaus 1785–90, 4: 149–50. f5 Nilsson refers to …
  • … physical description of the reindeer in Linneaus 1785–90, 4: 149–50. f5 Nilsson refers to …
  • … Refers him to Linnaeus, Amoenitates academicae , vol. 4. …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … kind of unconscious selection from the most ancient times, 4  namely in the preservation of the …
  • … determine which shall survive & which perish.— (4)   Now take the case of a country …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 1824–25 . London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). Byron, John.  The narrative of …
  • … 20). ‡ Cuvier, Georges.  Le règne animal.  4 vols. Paris, 1817. (DAR 30.1: 29v.). Darwin …
  • … de.  Voyage autour du monde . . . 1817–20.  9 vols., 4 vols. plates, Paris, 1824–44. (DAR 32.1: …
  • … formed . . . 1826–30.  Zoological Journal  5 (1832–4). (Inscribed ‘Charles Darwin Esq from the …
  • … and Spence, William.  An introduction to entomology.  4 vols. London, 1815–26. (DAR 30.2: 119; 30 …
  • … , p. 15e). ‡ Latreille, Pierre André. Vols. 4 and 5,  Crustacés , etc., of Cuvier, Georges, …
  • … historique d’un voyage fait aux Îles Malouines en 1763–4. 2 vols. Paris, 1770. (DAR 32.2: 132v.). …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Depend upon health & vigour & how far I become Zoological[4] If I dont travel.— Work …
  • … [3] ‘Europe, yes’  circled in pencil. [4] ‘If I travel . . . Zoological’  circled in …

Results of the Darwin Online Emotions Experiment

Summary

Thanks to all who took part in our online emotions experiment – over 18,000 of you! The formal stage of the experiment is now over, but it will be staying online as an activity, so if you don’t want to know the results, look away now.  If you’d like to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … over 50% identified photographs 2 (surprise), 3 (terror), 4 (grief and despair) with the correct or …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … about inhaling <Ni>tric Oxide?   (DAR 19: 3–4) Darwin’s student booklist - …
  • … 3  1 Vol. Scoresby account of Polar Regions. 4  2 Vols. 8Vo. Darwins Zoonomia 2 …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … told the botanist William Chester Tait that he had ‘4 houses of different temperatures’ (letter to W …
  • …     Canna Warscewisii— 4 2.6 …
  • … counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. 4.  Canna Warszewiczii. 5.   …
  • …     Myroxylon cleriesii 4   Flacourtaceæ 5 — …
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