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To [John Colby?]   2 March [1877?]

Summary

Does not think the pistil behaved as JC described, except by mere accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Colby
Date:  2 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  Abraham Schwadron Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10873F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Mar [ …

To ?   13 December [1869]

Summary

Has given the right of translation [of Descent] to Julius Victor Carus of Leipzig, so the recipient should inform Alexander Duncker to communicate with JVC.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  13 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  Abraham Schwad Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7028F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Dec [ …

To John Allen   25 May 1847

Summary

Thanks for JS’s note concerning a proposal [concerning some aspect of education of poor children?] which CD has to decline because of his poor health and his work in Natural History.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Allen
Date:  25 May 1847
Classmark:  Abraham Schwad Collection at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1090F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at the National Library of Israel (Schwad 03 04 07) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 May 1847 …

From Joseph Fayrer   30 June 1874

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Summary

Reports on results of experiments on effect of cobra poison on animal cilia and muscle.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 69–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9521

Matches: 1 hit

  • … other with a solution of cobra poison of . 03 gramme Poison to 4 . 6.  cubic centimetres …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … as The New Haven Evening Register; Date: 03-17-1894; Volume: LII; Issue: 65; Page: [1]; …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 January 1875

Summary

Encloses results of experiments on influence of snake poison on ciliary action and vegetable protoplasm.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 71, 73–82, DAR 164: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9806

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1. A standard solution of cobra poison: ·03 gramme to 4·6 cubic centimetres of water was …
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letter (5)
people (1)
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1847 (1)
1869 (1)
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Historical documents in Commentary
17 Items

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on Annals of Nat. Hist. [Jenyns 1838] Prichard; a 3 d . vol [Prichard 1836–47] Lawrence [W. …
  • … ou Traité de Tératologie, par I. Geoffroy-Saint Hilaire, 3 vols. 8vo. et atlas de 20 planches. ibid, …
  • … of Human wishes. 28 Bacon’s Essays [Bacon 1825–36].— Butler. 3. first sermons …
  • … 1826]— (read) Pallas’ Travels [Pallas 1802–3]— Hookker (623 no) read Darby’s Louisiana …
  • … Drinkwater] 1833]— Prof. Smyth. French Revolution 3 vols [Smyth 1840] Baber’s …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … selection , pp. 534--66) 3 16 December 1856 …
  • … 5 3 March 1857 The struggle for existence as bearing on …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … “ 2. —Mode of application for license. “ 3. —Who shall give certificate. “ 4 …
  • … Who shall sign certificate. 3.—The Certificate referred to in the foregoing Section …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … and, in 1867, by preparing a printed questionnaire.[3] He solicited information from those best …
  • … fortnight at sudden sounds. & at Emma’s moving 3 [11]  When one month & one day …
  • … upwards & inwards as in sleep.[14] Six weeks old & 3 days, Emma saw him smile—not …
  • … Annie smiled about the same time  Henrietta smiled at 3 weeks & Mrs Locke says a fortnight[15] …
  • … Anne’s weight Jan 20 the baby 3 weeks & 3 days old. 6 lb  – 13 oz …
  • …   Henrietta 17 days— 7 lb 3.oz[27] weight of clothes 1lb …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (Turner 1980, pp. 17–45, Thomas 1984, pp. 149–50, 300–3, Ritvo 1990, pp. 126–135). As a result of …
  • … what they must feel, as I have had my finger caught.” 3 The smaller animals are often so …
  • … cattle, excluding bulls ( Statutes, public and general , 3 Geo. IV c. 71). On attitudes to cruelty …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … talking about inhaling <Ni>tric Oxide?   (DAR 19: 3–4) Darwin’s student …
  • … 2  2 Vol. 8 Vo Abernethy Physi. Lectures 3  1 Vol. Scoresby account of Polar …
  • … in number Blairs lectures on Belles Lettres. 8  3 Vol. 8Vo Abernethy Hunterian orat …
  • … essays in Rambler 19 Brambletye House 20  3 Vos 12 mo Clarkes travels 21  5 …
  • … 1823. 8 Vo: octavo. 2 Cochrane 1825. 3 Abernethy 1822. There is a lightly …
  • … perhaps refers to Abernethy 1819b and Abernethy 1823 (see n. 3). 10 White 1826. 12 mo: …
  • … Lectures on rhetoric and belles letters . 4th edition. 3 vols. London: A. Strahan and T. Cadell; …
  • … Travels in various countries of Europe, Asia and Africa . 3 pts in 6 vols. London. Cochrane, …

Darwin on childhood

Summary

On his engagement to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, in 1838, Darwin wrote down his recollections of his early childhood.  Life. Written August–– 1838 My earliest recollection, the date of which I can approximately tell, and which must have been before…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … thought is repeated, a vivid impression forgotten.––  [3] I recollect my mother’s gown …
  • … other cases’ actually follows ‘yet she . . . day,’ (3.3––4) in the manuscript, but the passage has …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology)  3 (1859): 45–62, it has been transcribed here. …
  • … & even in some degree methodically been followed 3  in the most ancient times. There must have …
  • … this period, millions on millions of generations. (3)   I think it can be shown that there is …
  • … if cropped with several species of grasses than with 2 or 3 species. 34  Now every single 35 …
  • … ‘astounded’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 3 The printed version reads: ‘was occasionally, …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … [2] If  not  marry | Travel. Europe, yes?[3] | America???? If I travel it must be …
  • … he followed either of the two options here set out. [3] ‘Europe, yes’  circled in pencil. …

The death of Anne Elizabeth Darwin

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin’s eldest daughter, Annie, died at the age of ten in 1851.   Emma was heavily pregnant with their fifth son, Horace, at the time and could not go with Charles when he took Annie to Malvern to consult the hydrotherapist, Dr Gully.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … disposition which at once rises before me is her buoyant 3  joyousness tempered by two other …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … recollections’ of the tropics ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845 …
  • …   § Asclepias currasavica 3 1.6     …
  • … § Gloxinia droopy & upright 1.6—to 3.6.     …
  • …   Poinsettia pulcherrima 3.6       …
  • …   §Allamanda  & Dipladenia 2.6 or 3.6.   …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. 4. …
  • … Rivinia humuli 2   Phytolacceæ 3       …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Charles Darwin’s daughter Henrietta wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound notebook now in the Darwin Archive of Cambridge University Library (DAR 247). They are published in volume 19 of The…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … that it is had to order— Two Mission priests Mr. Maclagan^3^ & Mr. Wilkinson^4^ had the bulk of …
  • … before them of a higher life— The plan of the Mission is 3 or 4 services every day in the church …
  • … was nicknamed Langton. ^2^Alice Massingberd. ^3^William Dalrymple Maclagan; Maclagan …

British Association meeting 1860

Summary

Several letters refer to events at the British Association for the Advancement of Science held in Oxford, 26 June – 3 July 1860. Darwin had planned to attend the meeting but in the end was unable to. The most famous incident of the meeting was the verbal…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … for the Advancement of Science held in Oxford, 26 June – 3 July 1860. Darwin had planned to attend …

Alfred Russel Wallace’s essay on varieties

Summary

The original manuscript about varieties that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of Ternate (Brooks 1984) has not been found. It was sent to Darwin as an enclosure in a letter (itself missing), and was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology)  3 (1859): 45–62, and this text is reprinted …

Essay: Natural selection & natural theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray NATURAL SELECTION NOT INCONSISTENT WITH NATURAL THEOLOGY. Atlantic Monthly for July, August, and October, 1860, reprinted in 1861. I Novelties are enticing to most people; to us they are simply annoying. We cling to a long-accepted…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Anyhow, it was a supposition sure to be made. 3. The actual geographical distribution of …
  • … last; 2. One in theChristian Examiner, Boston, for May; 3. M. Pictet’s article in the Bibliotheque …
  • … then, the Deity puts his hand directly to the work. 3. The theory of the immediate, orderly, …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … creation calling new forms into existence at certain epochs; 3. Not to the constant and everywhere …

Review: The Origin of Species

Summary

- by Asa Gray THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION (American Journal of Science and Arts, March, 1860) This book is already exciting much attention. Two American editions are announced, through which it will become familiar to many…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … slight variations, and varieties of the highest grade; 3. The fact that naturalists do not …