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To F. T. Buckland   2 October 1866

Summary

Declines contributing to Land and Water. Asks if F. T. Buckland can insert a question about the feet of otter hounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Buckland, F. T.
Date:  02 Oct 1866
Classmark:  Rendells
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5227F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Rendells Charles Robert Darwin 02 Oct 1866 Buckland, F. T. …

From Francis Darwin to Thomas Edison   [20–9 December 1877]

Summary

His father asks him to thank TAE for sending the curious case of the insects [see 11271].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Alva Edison
Date:  [20–9 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  Thomas Edison National Park (Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11312A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General) Francis Darwin Down [ …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 05-02-1888; Volume: 151; Issue: 24471; Page: 8; …
  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 06-02-1895; Volume: 165; Issue: 132; Page: 4; …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pollen .020.  x .017 Short-styled " .036 x .02 : in the fresh plants, but dry. Distended …

From T. L. Brunton   28 February 1874

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Summary

Reports negative results of his experiments on digestion of chlorophyll by Drosera and by animals. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 126.]

Sends references for chondrin.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 47–8, DAR 160: 340
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9322

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and water 2 ........... dogs stomach with dilute HCl .02% 3 ........... glycerine & water …
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people (1)
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1862 (1)
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The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … no other place, could have been given to it’ (Kirby 1852, 2: 246). Darwin’s copy of Brougham …
  • … Bees can make apparently true cylinders & spheres. (2) They never begin one cell at time always …
  • … by the work of François Huber. In his copy of Huber 1814, 2: 143, he scribbled a note: ‘If the sides …
  • … the latest controversies in his letter to Darwin of 2 August 1858 . The notion that the theory of …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5140 — Wallace, A. R. to Darwin, C. R., 2 July 1866 Wallace writes a lengthy analysis …
  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … Letter 6223 — Horsman, S. J. H. to Darwin, C. R., 2 June [1868] Horsman attempts to convince …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sketch of an infant’, published in  Mind  in 1877.[2]  The full text of the notebook is available …
  • … instinctive movement which causes hiccough.— 2  At his 8 th  day he frowned much. & …
  • … his hand, when  4v . he wanted to suck. Annie at 2 months & four days had a very broad …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 0 hits

Biodiversity and its histories

Summary

The Darwin Correspondence Project was co-sponsor of Biodiversity and its Histories, which brought together scholars and researchers in ecology, politics, geography, anthropology, cultural history, and history and philosophy of science, to explore how…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Ray’s Wisdom of God and John Allen’s Biosphere 2   Georg Toepfer  …

New material added to the American edition of Origin

Summary

A ‘revised and augmented’ American edition of Origin came on the market in July 1860, and was the only authorised edition available in the US until 1873. It incorporated many of the changes Darwin made to the second English edition, but still contained…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the process of stereotyping (see letter from Asa Gray, 23 January [1860] and n. 2). The firm agreed, …
  • … than I am inclined to believe they are. Page 79, 2 six lines from bottom, after word ‘ …
  • … See the first edition of Origin , p. 44. 2 Origin , p. 83. 3 Origin , …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] Darwin questions Mrs. …

Darwin and slavery

Summary

Darwin was horrified by his encounters with slavery whilst on the Beagle voyage. Learn about the transatlantic slave trade through the context of his experiences.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin believed that the enslavement of people was barbaric and, like the rest of his family, …

Volume 26 (1878) available now

Summary

Investigating the movements and 'sleep' of plants, finally elected a corresponding member of the French Académie des sciences, trying to secure a government grant to support an Irish correspondent's attempts to breed a blight-resistant…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey . …

Darwin and Religion

Summary

When Darwin published On the Origin of Species, was there a clear cut division between those who supported science and those who supported God? Find out how Darwin’s letters reveal a complex reaction from all sides and a desire from Darwin to keep his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils explore the reaction to Darwin’s findings as evidenced through his letters. Activities …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … condition in  Primula ’, p. 92 ( Collected papers  2: 59)). Darwin later recalled: ‘no little …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other species proved more …
  • … opposition to the  Origin  ’ ( letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Henry Walter Bates …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Pangenesis  (Charles Darwin, Variation , vol. 2, p. 357). It was crucial to …
  • … domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole subject …
  • … from generation to generation’ ( Variation , vol. 2, p. 2). He postulated that heredity occurred …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and was not, appropriate for i) men and ii) women? 2. What sorts of characteristics and …
  • … Letter 4377 - Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, [2 January 1864] Haeckel sends Darwin some …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … diminished even further when he and his family departed on 2 September for more than a month at a …
  • … that ‘there are almost certainly several cases of 2 or 3 or more species blended together & now …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to every one else I suspect’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 2 August 1870 ). Darwin had visits …
  • … had thrown him (letter from G. H. Darwin to H. E. Darwin, [21 – 2 February 1870] (DAR 251: 2243)). …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … not the direct result of natural selection ( Variation  2: 185–9). Wallace seized upon this point …
  • … Friedrich Hildebrand sent his praise for  Variation  on 2 January , and reported on experiments …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on my notes, collating & comparing them, in order in some 2 or 3 years to write a book with all …
  • … called his ‘weed garden’—a cleared plot of land 3 x 2 feet on which he let seedlings spring up . …

Darwin on childhood

Summary

On his engagement to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, in 1838, Darwin wrote down his recollections of his early childhood.  Life. Written August–– 1838 My earliest recollection, the date of which I can approximately tell, and which must have been before…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to receive her–– & so with very many other cases  [2] Susan like me, only remember …
  • … Sarah Elizabeth (Sarah) Wedgwood, CD’s aunts. [2]  The intended position of the passages …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 11586 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 2 July 1878 Darwin writes to Francis to …
  • … the progress of Darwin's theory of natural selection? 2. How do you think the …
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