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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Otto Zacharias   17 April [1878]

Summary

Doesn’t know anything about the insects in question, but has sent the photographs on to an expert in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Otto Zacharias
Date:  17 Apr [1878]
Classmark:  University of Southern California Libraries, Special Collections, Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (Collection no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11478F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Apr [1878] Otto …

To Karl von Scherzer   1 April 1878

Summary

Glad to hear of Ernst Haeckel’s reception in Vienna.

R. Virchow’s address ["Liberty of science", Nature 17 (1877–8): 72–4, 92–4, 111–13] very arrogant.

Sorry to hear of death of Arthur Lane.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  1 Apr 1878
Classmark:  University of Southern California Libraries, Special Collections, Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (Collection no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11460

Matches: 1 hit

  • … no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Apr 1878 Karl von …

From Edward Cresy   10 November 1860

Summary

Explains discrepancies in weights and measures caused by changes since 1836 in apothecaries’ measures.

EC has found that a discrepancy in A. W. von Hofmann’s experiments with iodine solutions resulted from an error in Hofmann’s use of decimals.

Reports S. P. Woodward’s opinion of the Origin: "a very sad book, it unsettles all one’s religious principles and the worst of it is so much of it is true".

Author:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1860
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 7, 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2980

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of iodine in 1 kilogramme of water. i.e. .01 milligramme per gramme. [diag] The original …
  • … of the solution containing therefore .01 milligramme that is 1 100 of a milligramme, & he …
  • … 1000 grammes = 1 kilogramme = 1 litre—gives .01 per gramme and in this the Sec says I am …
  • … to write a milligramme .001 then the D rs .01 becomes .00001 a very clumsy figure to work …

From Leonard Darwin   [after 14 February 1874]

thumbnail

Summary

Statistics showing rate of decline of population in Sandwich Islands, 1832–72.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 14 Feb 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8709

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The an-decrease percent from 1850 to 1860 is 2 . 01—much more in accordance with the other …
  • … the date right. —4 . 6 1836 —1 . 97 1850 —2 . 01 1860 —2 . 06 1866 —2 . 10 The 4 . 6 seems …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   30 April [1876]

Summary

Suggests JSBS’s new machine for observing arterial action be used to test CD’s hypothesis that blushing is caused by thinking intensely about a part of the body and thus releasing the arteries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  30 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10485

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-01) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 06-01-1885; Volume: 145; Issue: 23560; Page: 8; …
  • … published as Boston Daily Journal; Date: 06-01-1891; Volume: LVIII; Issue: 19008; Page: [ …

From J. V. Carus   19 March 1876

Summary

Insectivorous plants is out

and Climbing plants is at the printer’s.

He is now at work on the geological writings.

Thinks all of CD’s papers extremely interesting "for the spirit and the method".

Cites some misprints in Climbing plants.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10419

Matches: 1 hit

  • … P.  58 l.  12 from bottom read 8,1 mg for 8, 01 mg. Do you happen to have a bound copy of …
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Evolution in Commentary
7 Items

Alfred Russel Wallace’s essay on varieties

Summary

The original manuscript about varieties that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of Ternate (Brooks 1984) has not been found. It was sent to Darwin as an enclosure in a letter (itself missing), and was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the original wild stock,  or become altogether extinct . 1 We see, then, that no …
  • … and habits which they exhibit. Ternate, February, 1858. Note 1 In CD’s …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Provenance:  CUL DAR 6: 51 Notes 1 The printed version is headed: “Abstract of a …

Natural selection

Summary

How do new species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Darwin realised a crucial (and cruel) fact: far more individuals of each species were born than…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … How do new species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after …

Survival of the fittest: the trouble with terminology Part II

Summary

The most forceful and persistent critic of the term ‘natural selection’ was the co-discoverer of the process itself, Alfred Russel Wallace.  Wallace seized on Herbert Spencer’s term ‘survival of the fittest’, explicitly introduced as an alternative way of…

Matches: 0 hits

Natural Selection: the trouble with terminology Part I

Summary

Darwin encountered problems with the term ‘natural selection’ even before Origin appeared.  Everyone from the Harvard botanist Asa Gray to his own publisher came up with objections. Broadly these divided into concerns either that its meaning simply wasn’t…

Matches: 0 hits

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 0 hits

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … during a long succession of generations. ( Descent 1: 244–5 n. 48)     …