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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Otto Zacharias   17 April [1878]

Summary

Doesn’t know anything about the insects in question, but has sent the photographs on to an expert in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Otto Zacharias
Date:  17 Apr [1878]
Classmark:  University of Southern California Libraries, Special Collections, Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (Collection no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11478F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Apr [1878] Otto …

To Karl von Scherzer   1 April 1878

Summary

Glad to hear of Ernst Haeckel’s reception in Vienna.

R. Virchow’s address ["Liberty of science", Nature 17 (1877–8): 72–4, 92–4, 111–13] very arrogant.

Sorry to hear of death of Arthur Lane.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  1 Apr 1878
Classmark:  University of Southern California Libraries, Special Collections, Feuchtwanger Memorial Library (Collection no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11460

Matches: 1 hit

  • … no. 0204, Lion Feuchtwanger papers, Box 01) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Apr 1878 Karl von …

From Edward Cresy   10 November 1860

Summary

Explains discrepancies in weights and measures caused by changes since 1836 in apothecaries’ measures.

EC has found that a discrepancy in A. W. von Hofmann’s experiments with iodine solutions resulted from an error in Hofmann’s use of decimals.

Reports S. P. Woodward’s opinion of the Origin: "a very sad book, it unsettles all one’s religious principles and the worst of it is so much of it is true".

Author:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1860
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 7, 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2980

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of iodine in 1 kilogramme of water. i.e. .01 milligramme per gramme. [diag] The original …
  • … of the solution containing therefore .01 milligramme that is 1 100 of a milligramme, & he …
  • … 1000 grammes = 1 kilogramme = 1 litre—gives .01 per gramme and in this the Sec says I am …
  • … to write a milligramme .001 then the D rs .01 becomes .00001 a very clumsy figure to work …

From Leonard Darwin   [after 14 February 1874]

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Summary

Statistics showing rate of decline of population in Sandwich Islands, 1832–72.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 14 Feb 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8709

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The an-decrease percent from 1850 to 1860 is 2 . 01—much more in accordance with the other …
  • … the date right. —4 . 6 1836 —1 . 97 1850 —2 . 01 1860 —2 . 06 1866 —2 . 10 The 4 . 6 seems …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   30 April [1876]

Summary

Suggests JSBS’s new machine for observing arterial action be used to test CD’s hypothesis that blushing is caused by thinking intensely about a part of the body and thus releasing the arteries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  30 Apr [1876]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-01)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10485

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-01) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 06-01-1885; Volume: 145; Issue: 23560; Page: 8; …
  • … published as Boston Daily Journal; Date: 06-01-1891; Volume: LVIII; Issue: 19008; Page: [ …

From J. V. Carus   19 March 1876

Summary

Insectivorous plants is out

and Climbing plants is at the printer’s.

He is now at work on the geological writings.

Thinks all of CD’s papers extremely interesting "for the spirit and the method".

Cites some misprints in Climbing plants.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10419

Matches: 1 hit

  • … P.  58 l.  12 from bottom read 8,1 mg for 8, 01 mg. Do you happen to have a bound copy of …
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Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 0 hits

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wallace to be read at the  Linnean Society of London  on 1 July 1858, and Darwin began reworking …

Black Venus

Summary

Sadiah Qureshi (University of Birmingham) on the film Vénus Noire (Abdellatif Kechiche, 2010) Sara Baartman has long been characterised as ‘Black Venus’, or ‘Vénus Noire’. The epithet encapsulates how her exploitation and objectification whilst alive…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … who ‎could be owned, used and discarded by others’.[1] In many ways this is understandable. By the …
  • … performances, and not her entire life. [1] Obed Zilwa, ‘Sold as a slave, …

Darwin and dogs

Summary

Darwin was almost always in the company of dogs. Nina, Spark, Pincher, and Shiela. Snow, Dash, Bob, and Bran. The beloved terrier Polly (right). They were Darwin's constant companions at home and in the field, on walks and in sport, in his study and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … time by himself, barks or howls dismally." ( Descent 1: 74) Gone for a walk …
  • … felt remorse to the last hour of his life." ( Descent 1: 40) Henrietta and …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his correspondents. First note [after 7 April 1838][1] Work finished [2] …
  • … manuscript is in: Cambridge University Library,  DAR 210.8:1 Second note [July 1838] …
  • … University Library, DAR 210.8:2 Notes [1] The note was written in pencil on the …

Alfred Russel Wallace’s essay on varieties

Summary

The original manuscript about varieties that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of Ternate (Brooks 1984) has not been found. It was sent to Darwin as an enclosure in a letter (itself missing), and was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the original wild stock,  or become altogether extinct . 1 We see, then, that no …
  • … and habits which they exhibit. Ternate, February, 1858. Note 1 In CD’s …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Provenance:  CUL DAR 6: 51 Notes 1 The printed version is headed: “Abstract of a …

The death of Anne Elizabeth Darwin

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin’s eldest daughter, Annie, died at the age of ten in 1851.   Emma was heavily pregnant with their fifth son, Horace, at the time and could not go with Charles when he took Annie to Malvern to consult the hydrotherapist, Dr Gully.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Our poor child, Annie, was born in Gower St on March 2 d . 1841. & expired at Malvern at 1  …
  • … her dear joyous face. Blessings on her.— April 30. 1851. Notes: 1

Florence Caroline Dixie

Summary

On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in the Scottish Borders; “Whilst reading the other day your very interesting account of A Naturalist’s Voyage round the world,” she said, “I came across a passage…of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … some women, she argued, sought a different sort of life.  [1] So, having fulfilled her duty to …
  • … political activist and amateur Naturalist. [1] F. Dixie cited in M. Anderson, Women and …

The origin of language

Summary

Darwin started thinking about the origin of language in the late 1830s. The subject formed part of his wide-ranging speculations about the transmutation of species. In his private notebooks, he reflected on the communicative powers of animals, their…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the notes of birds and the cries of beasts” (Müller 1861, 1: 22-3, 354). Darwin eventually …
  • … struggle for existence is natural selection” ( Descent  1: 61). Debates about the origin of …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 0 hits

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In Descent of man (1: 71 …
  • … this point from his son, William. "Mill says about ^1/3^ way thro' the last chapter …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … described Royer as “almost a man of genius”.  [1] To rewrite and actively politicise …
  • … concluded, “is not made like this.”  [2] [1] See J. Harvey, Almost a Man of Genius: …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 0 hits

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin scholars and medical historians. On 1 October 1846, Darwin, noting in his diary …
  • … subject. The joint paper was read at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. A few weeks later, Darwin …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. How would you characterize Darwin's central question regarding …
  • … in the world: it boasts a collection of approximately 1 million ant specimens, including over 6,000 …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on …

What Darwin Read

Summary

Follow the links to resources about the books and papers, mostly scientific, that Darwin read as student at Edinburgh, during the Beagle voyage, and later in his life. Darwin and his family also read works of fiction by Anthony Trollope, George Eliot,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Follow the links below to resources about the books and papers, mostly scientific, that Darwin …

Species theory made public

Summary

Articles by both Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace describing their independently derived theories of species change, are read at a meeting of the Linnean Society. Darwin was at home with his family following the death of his son, Charles Waring, on 28 June…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Articles by both Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace describing their independently derived theories …

Darwin’s scientific women

Summary

Darwin exchanged letters with women who were botanists, travellers, observers, writers, and naturalists. Find out about their lives and how they contributed to his research.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s letters shed light on the lives of some otherwise little-known women and reveal how much …
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