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To Horace Darwin   1 January 1880

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Summary

Arrangements regarding HD’s allowances.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 185: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12392

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Horace Darwin   1 January 1880
  • … DAR 185: 6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Jan 1880 Horace Darwin …
  • … nice few days we had at Christmas. — Your affectionate Father | C.  Darwin Jan 1. — 1880— …
  • … from W. M. Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). In 1880, he paid Horace £50 on 1 January and 1 …

From C. H. Tindal   1 January 1880

Summary

Encloses extracts from the correspondence of [the Ven. Robert] Clive concerning Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charles Harrison Tindal
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 227.7: 11–13, 16, 18, 25, 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12392F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From C. H. Tindal   1 January 1880
  • … DAR 227.7: 11–13, 16, 18, 25, 128 Charles Harrison Tindal 1 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Manor House | Aylesbury. Jan: 1 st . 1880. Dear Sir— I have been through the whole of …

From Samuel Butler   2 January 1880

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Summary

Asks CD for reference to the edition of Kosmos that contains the original of Ernst Krause’s article on Dr Erasmus Darwin. There are serious differences between the translation by W. S. Dallas and the Feb [1879] article by Krause on which CD, in the preface to Erasmus Darwin, says it was based. SB notes in particular that the concluding sentence of the translation, which is clearly aimed at [SB’s] Evolution, old and new, is not in the original. Since readers will assume the text of Erasmus Darwin was written before his book appeared, SB asks for an explanation.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12393

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Samuel Butler   2 January 1880
  • … DAR 92: B65–6 Samuel Butler London, Clifford’s Inn, 15 2 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Clifford’s Inn | Fleet Street E.C. Jan 2. 1880 Charles Darwin Esq r | F.R.S. &— Dear Sir …
  • … Kosmos 4 (1878–9): 397–424. Krause, Ernst. 1880. Erasmus Darwin und seine Stellung in der …
  • … The additions were reinstated in Krause 1880 . Butler’s Evolution old and new ( Butler …

From Joseph Prestwich   2 January 1880

Summary

Having reviewed the history of the Glen Roy debate ["On the origin of the parallel roads of Lochaber, and their bearing on other phenomena of the glacial period", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 170 (1880): 663–776], JP wishes to know whether it is accurate to say CD has abandoned the marine theory.

Author:  Joseph Prestwich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 174: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12394

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Joseph Prestwich   2 January 1880
  • … DAR 174: 66 Joseph Prestwich London, Park Crescent, 21 2 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … period", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 170 (1880): 663–776], JP wishes to know whether it …
  • … Park Crescent | Portland Place 2 Jan y . 1880 My dear M r . Darwin, May I trouble you with …

From B. J. Sulivan   2 January [1880]

Summary

Repeats extracts of a letter received from Bishop Stirling’s daughter containing anecdotes and observations of the Fuegian natives.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11818

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From B.  J.  Sulivan   2 January [1880] …
  • … DAR 177: 308 Bartholomew James Sulivan Bournemouth 2 Jan [1880] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to B. J. Sulivan, 3 January 1880 . Sulivan wrote ‘79’ in error. Waite Hockin …

To Samuel Butler   3 January 1880

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Summary

Krause altered the MS [of his essay on Erasmus Darwin] considerably before sending it to be translated. This is a common practice, but CD now regrets he did not state in his preface that the article had been modified. The translation had been arranged before SB’s book [Evolution, old and new] was announced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 34486 D ff. 84–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12396

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Samuel Butler   3 January 1880
  • … Library (Add MS 34486 D ff. 84–5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan 1880 Samuel Butler …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 3. 1880 My dear Sir, D r Krause soon after the …
  • … see letter from Samuel Butler, 2 January 1880 and n. 1). CD decided to cut parts of …
  • … lengthy notes to the German edition ( Krause 1880 , pp. 183ff. ). The following note was …
  • … Kosmos 4 (1878–9): 397–424. Krause, Ernst. 1880. Erasmus Darwin und seine Stellung in der …

From J.-H. Fabre   3 January 1880

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Summary

Sends a copy of his Souvenirs entomologiques [1879].

Author:  Jean-Henri Casimir (Jean-Henri) Fabre
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 164: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12398

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J. -H.  Fabre    3 January 1880
  • … les plus respectueux | J.  H.  Fabre Sérignan (par Orange) Vaucluse 3 Janvier 1880
  • … regard and greatest respect | J.  H.  Fabre Sérignan (by Orange) Vaucluse 3 January, 1880
  • … Jean-Henri Casimir (Jean-Henri) Fabre Sérignan, Vaucluse 3 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Joseph Prestwich   3 January 1880

Summary

JP is right; CD gave up [Glen Roy theory] when he read T. F. Jamieson ["On the parallel roads of Glen Roy", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 19 (1863): 235–58].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Prestwich
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12397

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Joseph Prestwich   3 January 1880
  • … DAR 147: 253 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan 1880 Joseph Prestwich …
  • … Down Jan 3. 1880 My dear Dear Prof Prestwich You are perfectly right. As soon as I read M …
  • … letter from Joseph Prestwich, 2 January 1880 and n. 1. Thomas Francis Jamieson proposed …

To B. J. Sulivan   3 January 1880

Summary

Returns BJS’s Christmas good wishes.

The progress of Tierra del Fuego is almost as wonderful as that of Japan.

Is sorry to hear about Mellersh.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 515
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12399

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To B. J. Sulivan   3 January 1880
  • … DAR 147: 515 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan 1880 Bartholomew James Sulivan …
  • … See letter from B. J. Sulivan, 2 January [1880] . CD had remarked on the progress of Japan …
  • … Down | Beckenham. Kent. Jan.  3. 1880. My dear Sulivan. I return you your Xmas good wishes …

From Wallis Nash   4 January 1880

Summary

Reports on the comfortable life of an immigrant in Oregon.

Author:  Wallis Nash
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 172: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12400

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Wallis Nash   4 January 1880
  • … DAR 172: 4 Wallis Nash Corvallis, Ore. 4 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Corvallis. Oregon 4 th . Jany 1880. Charles Darwin Esq re My dear Sir I have been for a …

To Ercole Ricotti   4 January 1880

Summary

Thanks for awarding him the Bressa prize. Has sent an order to receive the 12,000 lira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ercole Ricotti
Date:  4 Jan 1880
Classmark:  www.ornithomedia.com/magazine/art_mag441_alberto_masi.pdf (accessed 1 December 2011)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12399F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Ercole Ricotti   4 January 1880
  • … masi.pdf (accessed 1 December 2011) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan 1880 Ercole Ricotti …
  • … the heading ‘Bressa prize’ on 17 January 1880 (CD’s Account books–banking account (Down …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 4. 1880 Sir, I beg leave to acknowledge the receipt of your …

To Adolf Ernst   5 January 1880

Summary

Has read AE’s paper in Nature [21 (1880): 217] on Melochia, a new family of heterostyled plants, and suggests some crosses to be carried out to determine the fertility of illegitimate seedlings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Ernst
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  State Darwin Museum, Moscow (GDM KP OF 8972)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12402

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Adolf Ernst   5 January 1880
  • … Darwin Museum, Moscow (GDM KP OF 8972) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1880 Adolf Ernst …
  • … Has read AE’s paper in Nature [21 (1880): 217] on Melochia , a new family of heterostyled …
  • … was published in Nature , 1 January 1880, p. 217. Melochia parvifolia is a species in the …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Jan 5. 1880 Dear Sir, I have read your paper in ‘Nature’ with …

To Ernst Krause   5 January 1880

Summary

The reviews of Erasmus Darwin are mainly favourable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36198)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12403

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Ernst Krause   5 January 1880
  • … Library (HM 36198) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1880 Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause …
  • … V. Erasmus Darwin 2d ed. was published in 1887. The German edition was Krause 1880 . …
  • … London: John Murray. 1879. Krause, Ernst. 1880. Erasmus Darwin und seine Stellung in der …
  • … a review of Erasmus Darwin from Popular Science Review n.s. 4 (1880): 69–71 (see letter …
  • … from Ernst Krause, 16 January 1880 ). Reviews of Erasmus Darwin were published in the Pall …
  • … of evolutionism’, was published in the January 1880 issue of Journal of Science , pp. 1–8. …

To C. H. Tindal   5 January 1880

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Summary

Thanks for the information about Dr Erasmus Darwin and his parents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Harrison Tindal
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 185: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12405F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Tindal   5 January 1880
  • … DAR 185: 118 Charles Robert Darwin 5 Jan 1880 Down Charles Harrison Tindal …
  • … been found. In his letter of 1 January 1880 , Tindal mentioned a picture cut out in black …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 5. 1880 Dear Sir, Your kindness has been extreme …
  • … see letter from C. H. Tindal, 1 January 1880). Robert Waring Darwin . Styche Hall in …
  • … See letter from C. H. Tindal, 1 January 1880, enclosures 2 and 3 (about the dissection of …

To Vincent, Teja & Co   5 January 1880

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Summary

Requests that they receive, on his behalf, an award of 12000 lira [lire!?] from the Royal Academy of Sciences of Turin, and transmit it to the Union Bank, London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vincent, Teja & Co.
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 202: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12405

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Vincent, Teja & Co   5 January 1880
  • … DAR 202: 68 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1880 Vincent, Teja & Co. …
  • … of Sciences of Turin (see letter to Ercole Ricotti, 4 January 1880 ). £418 18 s . 10 …
  • … into CD’s banking account on 17 January 1880 (CD’s Account books–banking account (Down …
  • … your obed & obliged servt | Charles Darwin To M ssrs . —— | Turin, | Jan.  5. 1880

To A. R. Wallace   5 January 1880

Summary

Admiration of ARW’s ["The origin of species and genera", Nineteenth Century (Jan 1880)]. Good use of Allen’s "admirable researches".

Disappointment about the Epping Forest appointment.

Farrer’s article in Fortnightly Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434 ff. 286–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12401

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 January 1880
  • … Add MS 46434 ff. 286–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1880 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … in his article ‘Freedom of land’, which appeared in Fortnightly Review , 1 January 1880 ( …
  • … Farrer 1880 ). …
  • … and genera", Nineteenth Century (Jan 1880)]. Good use of Allen’s "admirable researches". …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 5. 1880 My dear Wallace, As this note requires no …
  • … 2 (1870–1): 161–450. Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1880. Freedom of land. Fortnightly Review 33: …
  • … and genera’, was published in the January 1880 issue of Nineteenth Century ( Wallace …

From A. S. Wilson   5 January 1880

Summary

Results of his second year of experiments with Russian wheat varieties will be published in Gardeners’ Chronicle [n.s. 13 (1880): 108, 172–3].

Observations on germination of wheat.

Author:  Alexander Stephen Wilson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 181: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12404

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From A.  S.  Wilson   5 January 1880
  • … 181: 115 Alexander Stephen Wilson Summerhill, Aberdeen 5 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in Gardeners’ Chronicle [n.s. 13 (1880): 108, 172–3]. Observations on germination of …
  • … Summerhill, | by Aberdeen. 5 Jany.  1880. Charles Darwin, Esq. F.R.S. Down | Beckenham | …
  • … soil; his report was published in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 24 January and 7 February 1880 ( …
  • … Agricultural University Wilson, Alexander Stephen. 1880. Kubanka and Saxonka wheat. …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 24 January 1880, p. …
  • … 108; 7 February 1880, pp. 172–3. …
  • … Wilson 1880 ). Georg Michael Asher had written to CD, initially through John Murray (1808– …

To William Cole   6 January 1880

Summary

Regrets he is unwilling to join [Epping Forest Field Club], but encloses a guinea to aid with their preliminary expenses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cole
Date:  6 Jan 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Medicine and Technology Archives (Essex Naturalists Field Club MLDA/9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12407

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To William Cole   6 January 1880
  • … Essex Naturalists Field Club MLDA/9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1880 William Cole …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 6. 1880 Dear Sir, I belong to so many Societies …
  • … Naturalists’ Field Club, which was founded in 1880; the president was Raphael Meldola ( …
  • … County of Essex Naturalists’ Field Club 1 (1880): 1). A payment to Cole of £1 1 s . was …
  • … and County of Essex Naturalists’ Field Club ( Journal of Proceedings ) 1 (1880): lxxi. …

From W. E. Darwin   6 January [1880]

Summary

Delighted by honour CD has received from Turin. Agrees with Horace that the money ought to be given to the Zoological Station at Naples.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1880]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12404F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   6 January [1880] …
  • … DAR 275: 79) William Erasmus Darwin Basset, Southampton 6 Jan [1880] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … found. Josiah Wedgwood III died on 11 March 1880 ( Emma Darwin’s diary ( DAR 242)). Sara …
  • … and the letter to Ercole Ricotti, 4 January 1880 (see n. 2, below). CD had been awarded …
  • … see letter to Ercole Ricotti, 4 January 1880 ). Horace Darwin evidently suggested that CD …

To J.-H. Fabre   6 January 1880

Summary

Thanks JHF for copy of his Souvenirs entomologiques [1879].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean-Henri Casimir (Jean-Henri) Fabre
Date:  6 Jan 1880
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque centrale, Paris (Ms FAB 32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12406

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J. -H.  Fabre   6 January 1880
  • … Ms FAB 32) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan 1880 Jean-Henri Casimir (Jean-Henri) Fabre …
  • … letter from J. -H.  Fabre, 3 January 1880 . CD described Fabre as an ‘inimitable observer’ …
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Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

‘My heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on 14 November 1880. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on  14 November 1880 . Darwin became fully devoted to …
  • … of much value to me’ ( letter to C. H. Tindal, 5 January 1880 ). Darwin had employed a genealogist …
  • … & even the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and …
  • … of [William Alvey Darwin],’ George wrote on 28 May 1880 , ‘I … said you were anxious not to …
  • … letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July 1880 ).                 Sales …
  • … new was published). Butler wrote to Darwin on 2 January 1880 for an explanation: ‘Among the …
  • … I did not do so’ ( letter to Samuel Butler, 3 January 1880 ). At the top of Butler’s letter, Emma …
  • … an article upon’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [28 January 1880] ).                 Butler …
  • … the public’ ( letter from Samuel Butler, 21 January 1880 ). He stated his case in the Athen …
  • … Henrietta ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 1 February [1880] ). ‘The world will only know … that you …
  • … she warned ( letter from H. E. Litchfield, [1 February 1880] ). ‘He is a virulent Salamander of a …
  • … husband Richard ( letter from R. B. Litchfield, 1 February 1880 ). Even the great controversialist …
  • … a horrid disease’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 February 1880 ).                 All went …
  • … to an elephant’ ( letter from Ernst Krause, 9 December 1880 ). Again, Darwin felt compelled to …
  • … behave so differently.’ ( Letter to Asa Gray, 17 February 1880 .) But Gray had based his …
  • … agreed with Darwin’s ( letter from Asa Gray, 4 April 1880 ).                 Having …
  • … or publisher?’ ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 20 July 1880 ). ‘I must take the risk & loss on my …
  • … lose some for science’ ( letter to R. F. Cooke, 21 July 1880 ). The worries were ill founded, …
  • … scale’, Darwin wrote to Alphonse de Candolle on 28 May 1880 . Readers trained in zoology realised …
  • … ( letter from F. M. Balfour, [22 November 1880] ). George Romanes, who had worked on the nerves of …
  • … would have been amply gratified”‘ ( 21 November [1880] ). ‘I had quite forgotten my old ambition …
  • … to see anybody’ ( letter to S. H. Haliburton, 13 December 1880 ). Instinct and worms …
  • … has amused me’ ( letter to W. C. McIntosh, 18 June 1880 ). Members of the family were enlisted to …
  • … ( letter from Horace Darwin to Emma Darwin, [18 September 1880] ). Darwin’s Wedgwood nieces, Sophy …
  • … frightens them’ ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 8 October [1880] ).                 The role of …
  • … its return’ ( letter from J.-H. Fabre, 18 February 1880 ). Darwin shared the letter with Romanes, …
  • … than the baby!’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, 17 December 1880 , and letter to G. J. Romanes, 20 …
  • … greatly obliged’ ( letter from W. Z. Seddon, 2 February 1880) . Darwin sympathised with the pupil; …
  • … has accepted’ ( letter to W. Z. Seddon, 4 February 1880 ). On 16 February , ‘an ardent student’ …
  • … to public-school pupils ( letter to Francis Galton, 7 April 1880 , and letter from Francis …

Volume 28 (1880) now published

Summary

1880 opened and closed with an irksome controversy with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of Movement in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • 1880 opened and closed with an irksome controversy with Samuel Butler, prompted …
  • … available. Read more about Darwin's life in 1880 in our Life in letters …
  • … Scientific Society after meeting Darwin at Down in July 1880. Forty-three members of the society …
  • … of his most prized curiosities. They, and others, recognised 1880 as an important year, the year …
  • … & nothing else in this world In the autumn of 1880, after finishing work on the …

Movement in Plants

Summary

The power of movement in plants, published on 7 November 1880, was the final large botanical work that Darwin wrote. It was the only work in which the assistance of one of his children, Francis Darwin, is mentioned on the title page. The research for this…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … The power of movement in plants , published on 7 November 1880, was the final large botanical work …
  • … and illustrated Horace’s machine in a paper (F. Darwin 1880, pp. 449–55). Diagram …
  • … suggested by Darwin’s son William in February 1880, probably to replace Frank’s ‘Transversal …
  • … to translate the paper into German, and it appeared in 1880 (F. Darwin 1880b). In the same letter, …
  • … ’. Luckily, De Vries published two papers in 1879 and 1880 that Darwin was later able to refer to in …
  • … weight of the seed ( letter from Asa Gray, 3 February 1880 ). The matter was finally settled by an …
  • … would be killed by frost ( letter from Asa Gray, 4 April 1880 ). Darwin agreed, ‘ It seems almost …
  • … of Plants’ ( letter to R. F. Cooke, 23 April [1880] ). Cooke replied, ‘ We are as much puzzled as …
  • … ’. The manuscript was sent off towards the end of May 1880 and Darwin then spent a fortnight at his …
  • … Alphonse de Candolle’s  Phytographie  (A. de Candolle 1880). In his letter of thanks for the book, …
  • … all plants from their earliest youth ’.  By July 1880, Darwin was correcting the first sets …
  • … copies they should print ( letter to John Murray, 10 July 1880 ). Moreover, since he worried about …
  • … on the usual terms ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 15 July 1880 ). This was also preferable to Darwin, …
  • … or raising the price ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 20 July 1880 ). Darwin demurred, however, stating, …
  • … page numbers ( letter to Francis Darwin, 5 August [1880] ). Darwin was also very taken by Balfour …
  • … genesis of the nervous system ’. By mid-September 1880, Darwin was actively engaged with the …
  • … to publish it ( letter from J. V. Carus, 18 September 1880 ). The American publisher, D. Appleton …
  • … Murray ( letter from D. Appleton & Co., 17 September 1880 ). Darwin was fortunate in having as …
  • … and stamens ( letter from Édouard Heckel, 23 September 1880 ).  Darwin wanted electrotypes …
  • … the cost of these ( letter to R. F. Cooke, 16 October 1880 ). Cooke replied that although the …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1866] ; 8 June [1867-72?] ) and Sophy ( 8 October [1880] ). The …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 12742 - Darwin, H. to Darwin, [7 October 1880] Horace writes to his father …
  • … Letter 12745 - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S., [8 October 1880] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … 12760 - Wedgwood, K. E. S. to Darwin, [15 October 1880] Darwin’s niece, Sophy, …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … His interest in earthworms never waned, but it was not until 1880 that he began to draw together the …
  • … present!’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton Dyer, 23 November [1880] (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew)). In …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 12389 - Johnson, M. to Darwin, [January 1880] Mary Johnson tells Darwin about her …
  • … 12745 - Darwin to Wedg wood, K. E. S., [8 October 1880] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … 12760 - Wedgw ood, K. E. S. to Darwin, [15 October 1880] Darwin’s niece, Katherine …
  • … publication of  The Movement  of Plants   in 1880 and his “assistance” is proudly …
  • … publication of  The Movement  of Plants   in 1880 and his “assistance” is proudly …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 14 October [1862] To Joseph Prestwich, 3 January 1880

Earthworms

Summary

As with many of Darwin’s research topics, his interest in worms spanned nearly his entire working life. Some of his earliest correspondence about earthworms was written and received in the 1830s, shortly after his return from his Beagle voyage, and his…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … alone. Similarly, The Power of Movements in Plants (1880) was a study of incredible empirical …
  • … Letter 12745 - Darwin to Sophy Wedgwood, 8 October 1880 Darwin writes to his niece …
  • … weeds, in a gravel path.” [ Letter 12760 , 15 October 1880] Letter 13406 - Mary …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on experiments for The Power of Movement in Plants (1880). The correspondence between Darwin …
  • … to his theory of evolution by natural selection. This 1880 book sought to illustrate that evolution …
  • … Darwin, C.R. The power of movement in plants. 1880. London: John Murray. Chapter nine: …
  • … publication of  The Power of Movement in Plants in 1880. After reading Chapter Nine of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 12610 : Preston, S. T. to Darwin, 20 May 1880 In correspondence with the engineer …
  • … Letter 12615 : Darwin, C. R. to Preston, S. T., 22 May 1880 "My conviction as yet …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

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  • … Letter 12757 — Darwin, C. R. to Aveling, E. B., 13 Oct 1880 In this letter marked “private”, …
  • … Letter 12879 — Darwin, C. R. to Fegan, J. W. C., [Dec 1880 – Feb 1881] Darwin writes to J. W. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … supported Fegan’s work in the village, writing in 1880 or 1881: ‘your services have done more for …
  • … in the village’ (letter to J. W. C. Fegan, [December 1880 – February 1881] ). Indeed, the Darwin …

Florence Caroline Dixie

Summary

On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in the Scottish Borders; “Whilst reading the other day your very interesting account of A Naturalist’s Voyage round the world,” she said, “I came across a passage…of…

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  • … On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in …
  • … species, as detailed in her book Across Patagonia (1880). Perhaps most famously, Dixie …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

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  • … Letter 12389 - Johnson, M. to Darwin, [January 1880] Mary Johnson tells Darwin about a …

Darwn's letters from 1878 online

Summary

Investigating the movements and 'sleep' of plants, being entertained by the mental faculties of his young grandson Bernard, finally elected a corresponding member of the French Académie des sciences, trying to secure a government grant to support…

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  • … and specimens. His work on plant movement was published in 1880; Francis published some of their …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

For the 213th anniversary of Darwin's birth, we've added a new page to our Works in letters section on Movement in Plants. These complement our existing pages on the 'big book' before Origin, Origin itself, the subsequent editions…

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  • … of Erasmus Darwin (1879) Movement in Plants (1880)   …

Hunt for new letters: last chance!

Summary

Think you know of a letter to or from Darwin that we haven’t found? Let us know! Although we already know of more than 15,000 letters that Darwin exchanged with nearly 2000 correspondents around the world, letters continue to come to light in both…

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  • … editors established that the letter was written by Darwin in 1880 to a pharmacist in Chicago, Herod …

George Robert Waterhouse

Summary

George Waterhouse was born on 6 March 1810 in Somers Town, North London. His father was a solicitor’s clerk and an amateur lepidopterist. George was educated from 1821-24 at Koekelberg near Brussels. On his return he worked for a time as an apprentice to…

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  • … He remained at the British Museum until his retirement in 1880, but his early skills in architecture …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Gymnasium  in Graz (1851) and Olomouc (1856). From 1858 to 1880, he taught natural history in the  …
  • … 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical College in Vienna, …
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