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To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

From J. D. Hooker   [24 March 1863]



Has been looking at separation of sexes in poplars.

Interested in reversion.

Does not understand all CD said on inheritance.

JDH now remembers that Origin was "published" some time before it was "distributed" and therefore appeared prior to his own essay [see also 2478].

Impossible to say whether some Dipterocarpaceae survived a cold period or have developed since.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 154, DAR 101: 123–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2027

From Daniel Oliver   [26 March 1863]


Discusses the female parts of the Primula flower; the true character of the free placenta is not completely understood.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3894

From J. D. Hooker   [1 March 1863]



John Lubbock’s lecture on man a success [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 4 (1863): 29–40].

JDH on the effect of the Civil War on Asa Gray.

JDH’s opinion of Lyell on glaciers is improving.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 111–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4019

From Smith, Elder and Company   3 March 1863


Sum due to CD is £11 13s 1d. Offer £5 for remaining stock of South America and Volcanic islands.

Author:  Smith, Elder & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1863
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.23181:1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4020

From John Scott   3 March 1863



JS criticises natural selection as based on an innate "continuously watchful selective principle".

Seeks seed of wild Rocky Mountain maize.

What is CD’s view on origin of maize?

Seeks information on self-sterility of Passiflora and Lobelia.

Weeping habit of trees.

Intended to say bisexual plants presented more established varieties than unisexual, not that they are more variable.

Explains his opinion that homomorphically fertilised Primula will produce only their own form. Is trying homomorphic crosses with different coloured Primula varieties.

Asks to read Asa Gray’s 2d review of Orchids.

Has finally successfully fertilised Gongora, but it was done by unnatural means.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 108: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4021

To H. W. Bates   4 March [1863]


CD relates Asa Gray’s pleasure over HWB’s paper and Gray’s plans to write abstract [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 285–90].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  4 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4022

To Thomas Rivers   5 March [1863]


Thanks for information on weeping trees; asks for a few weeping elm seeds.

The double peach is in flower; the almond has not flowered; will beg a specimen of fruit later.

Has been unwell.

Tells of Hooker’s admiration for TR’s articles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (23–4 July 1987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4023

To J. D. Hooker   5 March [1863]



Ill health.

At work on Variation.

Reading JDH on Welwitschia.

Letter from Lyell defends his position on species.

Anger at Owen.

John Lubbock’s lectures.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4024

To Smith, Elder and Company   5 March [1863]


Accepts offer of £5 [for remaining stock of Geology of "Beagle"].

Orders postage stamps for son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.23181, ff.6-10 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.6-7, letter ff.8-9, address envelope f.10))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4025

From Julius von Haast   5 March 1863


Sends copy of his December letter [see 3851], which he fears is lost.

Has been in the Southern Alps and has discovered a wonderful pass.

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4026

From H. B. Dobell   5 March 1863


At CD’s request HBD has traced the quotation; it is on regeneration from Charles White in W. B. Carpenter’s Comparative physiology (1854), p. 480.

Is gratified that CD thinks some of the arguments in his book [Lectures on the germs of disease (1861)] are satisfactory.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 162: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4027

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]


Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

From John Lubbock   6 March 1863


Thanks CD for his review [of H. W. Bates’s paper on mimetic butterflies, Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Is glad Hooker approved of his [JL’s] lecture.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 170: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4029

To H. B. Dobell   6 March [1863]


Thanks for information [on regeneration quotation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 389
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4030

To John Scott   6 March 1863



Answers JS’s criticism of natural selection, which he doubts JS understands. CD does not believe in an "innate selective principle".

To understand "utility" JS should read CD on correlation.

Origin of maize: no longer thinks husked form was wild because of Asa Gray’s evidence on its variability.

Has information from Thomas Rivers on weeping habit in trees.

JS’s experiments on coloured primroses.

Encloses bibliographical note on Passiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B66–8, B71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4031

From Smith, Elder and Company   9 March 1863


Cheque for books, stamps for CD’s son.

Author:  Smith, Elder & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar 1863
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.23181:6v)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4032

To W. D. Fox   9 March [1863]


Has quoted WDF on crossing white and slate muscovy ducks [Variation 2: 40]. When not crossed, do these breed true?

Will also quote him on Mr Woodd’s white ewes that produced black lambs by a ram with only black spots [Variation 2: 30].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  9 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4033

To Smith, Elder and Company   10 March [1863]


Receipt for cheque enclosed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.23181, ff.11-15 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.11-12, letter ff.13-14, address envelope f.15))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4034

From Charles Lyell   11 March 1863


Defends position he takes on species [in Antiquity of man]. CD overestimates CL’s capacity to influence public. Will not dogmatise on descent of man; prepared to accept it, but it "takes away much of the charm from my speculations on the past". Cannot go to Huxley’s length with regard to natural selection. Responds to CD’s comments on Antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1863
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 362–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4035
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