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To W. D. Fox   4 November 1868


Much interested in WDF’s letter on inheritance and courtship of birds. CD "in a great muddle" on many points.

Asks for further information on proportion of sexes in sheep.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  4 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 150)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6447

To Ernst Haeckel   7 November 1868


Thanks for [Natürliche] Schöpfungsgeschichte [1868]. "What an indomitable worker you are."

Agrees with EH’s Entstehung des Menschengeschlechts [1868].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  7 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6450

To W. S. Dallas   11 November [1868]



A letter strongly recommending him for the post of Assistant Secretary of the Geological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sweetland Dallas
Date:  11 Nov [1868]
Classmark:  Geological Society (LDGSL 286/8); DAR 96: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6457

To G. H. Lewes   [13 November 1868]



Arranges to call on GHL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Lewes
Date:  [13 Nov 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6459

To Friedrich Hildebrand   14 November [1868]


Suggests FH’s graft-hybrid potatoes should remain with FH.

Sends addresses of Alfred Russel Wallace and Alexander Wallace for August Weismann.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  14 Nov [1868]
Classmark:  Eilo Hildebrand (collection of facsimiles). (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6459F

To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 November 1868


Thanks for Botanische Zeitung notice of CD’s paper ["On the character and hybrid-like nature of the offspring from the illegitimate unions of dimorphic and trimorphic plants", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 393–437]. FH writes clearest style of all German authors.

Asks that August Weismann be told about papers by Wallace and Bates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  16 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Eilo Hildebrand (collection of facsimiles) (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6461

To John Higgins   16 November 1868


Acknowledges receipt of £259 11s. 10d.

Obliged for JH’s good account of Francis Hardy’s management of Beesby Farm.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  16 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6461F

To Albert Gaudry   17 November 1868


Thanks AG for Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique [1862–7]. Refers to Lyell’s quotation from AG as "one of the most striking I have ever read on the affiliation of Species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Date:  17 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan (Library: Fondo Gaudry b. 7, fasc. 28, doc. 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6464

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   17 November 1868


Is interested to know whether there are differences in the period of development of horns in sheep in those breeds in which horns are common to both sexes, and in those in which horns are confined to males.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  17 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Hudson Rogue Co (Catalogue 9); Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 21 November 1868, p. 1218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6464A

To G. H. Lewes   18 November 1868



Will propose GHL for the Linnean Society.

Writes of his objections to GHL’s views.

Considers Weismann’s remarks on the importance of the nature of the organism as well as conditions of life in determining variability have much truth.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Lewes
Date:  18 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 185: 44, 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6465

To Ernst Haeckel   19 November 1868


Congratulates EH on birth of child.

Mentions projected translation of Generelle Morphologie.

Comments on EH’s last book [Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte]. Criticises EH’s statements on palaeontology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  19 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6466

To Friedrich Rolle   24 November 1868


Thanks for information on fowls.

Glad to see extracts from Blumenbach about sexual differences in fowls.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Rolle
Date:  24 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt (SNG-Archiv: Malakol.: Nachlass Rolle)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6472

To James Croll   24 November 1868


Comments on glaciers in North America.

Asks if glacial periods have occurred alternately in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Relevant to his glacial discoveries in South America: "it would have been an immense relief to my mind if I could have assumed … this". CD wishes to discuss subject in new edition of Origin [5th].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  24 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 143: 353
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6473

To J. D. Hooker   26 November [1868]


CD thought Watson’s article beastly in its criticisms of JDH. Watson’s criticism of CD was not new or important, but fair, so CD could honestly thank him, adding his regret at what was said about JDH.

Is sitting for Woolner bust.

Has read James Croll on alternation of glacial and warmer periods in north and south, which would remove JDH’s objections to cool period extending to equator.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Nov [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 98–101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6476

To John Price   26 November 1868


Thanks JP for congratulations on success of George Darwin at Cambridge.

Does not have time to investigate propagation of Cardamine.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  26 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 147: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6479

To Fritz Müller   28 November 1868


Delay in translating Für Darwin.

Comments on plan to repeat CD’s experiments on illegitimate offspring.

FM’s observations on stridulation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  28 Nov 1868
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 26)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6483

To Director, Natura Artis Magistra   28 November 1868


Asks whether the spurs in the young of Pavo muticus are developed earlier or later in life than in the young males of Pavo cristatus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Natura Artis Magistra (Artis).
Date:  28 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Stadsarchief Amsterdam (395: 614)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6484F

To T. H. Farrer   26 November 1868


Advises THF that best plan is to investigate the part certain structures play with all plants or orders, instead of describing means of fertilisation in particular plants. Naturalists value observations far more than reasoning.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st baronet and 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  26 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6475
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