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From J. D. Hooker   6 and 7 April 1850

Summary

Spoke too harshly about CD’s involvement in nomenclatural reform.

JDH used to think CD "too prone to theoretical considerations about species", hence was pleased CD took up a difficult group like barnacles. CD’s theories have progressed but JDH not converted. Sikkim has not cleared up his doubts about CD’s doctrines.

Argument with Falconer.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 and 7 Apr 1850
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (India Letters 1847–51: 274–6 JDH/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1319

Matches: 4 hits

  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 12 October 1849 . In his notes on variation in nature, DAR …
  • letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 . Jang Bahadur, prime minister of Nepal, had assisted Hooker in gaining permission and protection for his first expedition to Nepal in 1848 ( J.  D. …
  • … of peaks in Tibet (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 June 1849 ). A.  von Humboldt 1843 . …
  • … to be made (see second letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 , n.  12). Presumably an …

To W. J. Hooker   [c. February 1849]

Summary

Thanks WJH for information on J. D. Hooker’s progress.

J. D. Hooker promised a copy of his Galapagos paper. Can WJH forward one to the Athenaeum?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  [c. Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence English letters A–J 1849, 27: 155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1218

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Archipelago’ ( J. D. Hooker 1846b ). See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 March 1849 . …
  • letter had been sent from India in October 1848 (see second letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 ). …

To J. S. Henslow   [7 October 1849]

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Summary

Thanks JSH for information and suggestions on benefit clubs,

and for a shipment of fossil cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [7 Oct 1849]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A89–A90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1283

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Gazette , no. 42, 20 October 1849, pp.  662–3. Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 June 1849 . …
  • … from the reference to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 June 1849 , which CD received on …

To J. D. Hooker   13 June [1850]

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Summary

On Himalayan stratigraphy. Believes JDH’s observations of glacial action are the first ever done east of Urals.

Barnacles and the species theory; impressed with variation.

Effect of CD’s species sketch on JDH’s view of willow systematics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 June [1850]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1339

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   9 April 1849

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Summary

Does not recommend that JDH publish extracts of his letters from India in the Athenæum.

CD criticises JDH’s observations on glacial deposits in Himalayas as insufficiently clear and detailed.

CD will live to finish barnacles and make a fool of himself over species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Apr 1849
Classmark:  DAR 114: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1239

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Actually 28 March, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 March 1849 . See the second letter from …
  • 1849) contained more positive reviews of his letters to William Jackson Hooker . There is no evidence indicating that Hooker’s letters were divided and ‘spitted’, although not all the surviving letters are complete. See letters to H.  E. Strickland, [4 February 1849] and 10 February [1849] . J.  D. …

From J. D. Hooker   24 June 1849

Summary

Pleasure at receiving CD’s scientific letters to JDH and Hodgson.

The H. Wedgwoods’ pecuniary loss.

Condolences at CD’s father’s death.

Rajah harasses JDH’s work. Lack of supplies, rain, malarial valleys, and landslips make going difficult. Cannot get into Tibet.

"Twenty species [of plants] here [Camp Sikkim] to one there [Tierra del Fuego?] always are asking me the vexed question, ""where do we come from?""."

From observation of terraces descending to steppes and plains of India, he thinks that the Himalayas were once a grand fiord coast.

Has information CD requested on Yangsma valley. JDH’s detailed hypothesis of origin of dam there. Does not agree with CD’s interpretation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June 1849
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (India letters 1847–51: 187–8 JDH/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1247

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Yangma terraces in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 April 1849 . For his comments on …
  • … valley formation, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 12 October 1849 . ‘A mountain stream which …

To J. S. Henslow   [before 12 October 1849]

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Summary

J. B. Innes is greatly obliged for JSH’s letter. JSH’s observation of chalk flints strikes CD as "very curious".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [before 12 Oct 1849]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1284

Matches: 1 hit

To Maria Hooker   31 August [1850]

Summary

Expresses sympathy to MSH on W. J. Hooker’s illness.

Will send his comments on Hodgson’s physico-geographical memoir ["On the physical geography of the Himalayas", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 18 (1849): 761–88] directly to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maria Sarah (Maria) Turner; Maria Sarah (Maria) Hooker
Date:  31 Aug [1850]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1349

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1967 , p.  188). Hodgson 1849 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 6 and 7 April 1850 . Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1848]

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Summary

CD makes progress with barnacles. Describes "supplemental" males in detail. In working out metamorphosis, their crustacean homologies followed automatically.

CD opposes appending first describer’s name to specific name.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1848]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 112a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1202

Matches: 1 hit

  • … account (see second letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 ). CD had informed Hooker …

To W. J. Hooker   22 May [1850]

Summary

Encloses a letter from J. D. Hooker [see 1257], thinking that WJH would like to see it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  22 May [1850]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence English letters A–H 1850, 29: 200)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1331

Matches: 1 hit

  • Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 30 September 1849 . A reference to the verse at the head of …

To J. D. Hooker   12 October 1849

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Summary

CD thinks great dam across Yangma valley is a lateral glacial moraine.

Reports on Birmingham BAAS meeting.

Details of water-cure.

Barnacles becoming tedious; careful description shows slight differences constitute varieties, not species.

Lamination of gneiss.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Oct 1849
Classmark:  DAR 114: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1260

Matches: 3 hits

  • Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 June 1849 , at that time in John Stevens Henslow’s …
  • … Yangma River valley. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 24 June 1849 . South America , pp.   …
  • … was Hooker, see the second letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 . Elizabeth Juliana …

From J. D. Hooker   3 February 1849

Summary

Physical description of Sikkim mountains.

Travelling through Kinchin snows.

Transported boulders.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (India letters 1847–51: 131–5 JDH/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1219

Matches: 2 hits

  • letter from J.  D. Hooker, 13 October 1848 ) he had completed an expedition through the Sikkim Himalaya and Tibet, returning to Darjeeling on 19 January 1849. Hooker’s published account of this journey makes up most of the first volume of J.  D. …
  • J.  D. Hooker 1854 , 1: 115). See Campbell 1849 , p.  525, for Archibald Campbell ’s account of the meeting with the Sikkim Rajah. C.  J. Muller (see letter

From J. D. Hooker   [28 September 1861]

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Summary

List of Australian plants that have become naturalised in the Nilgiris [India] and are turning out the native trees.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Sept 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 205.4: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3269

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 ). The annotation …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Dawson’s letter. Doubts his evidence that climate of land was not glacial when upheaved after submergence.

Encloses memorandum of questions for C. V. Naudin.

Expression of the emotions.

Is building a hothouse for plant experimenting.

JDH’s ideas on America are more atrocious than his. What a new idea that struggle for existence is necessary to try to purge a government! Probably true. Slavery draws him one way one day, another the next. Yankees are "detestable toward us". Tocqueville.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3875

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . CD read Tocqueville 1836  in February 1849 (see Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 119: 22b). William Henslow Hooker . See letter from J.  D.   …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1862]

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Summary

Yellow anthers of Heterocentron produce on the same plant thrice as many seeds as the crimson anthers. Crimson anther seeds produce dwarf plants, others rise high up. Monochaetum ensiferum facts are still more strange. Wants to investigate the case, and asks for a plant of the Melastomataceae just before flowering.

Has JDH a Rhododendron boothii from Bhutan with pistil bent the wrong way?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3548

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker 1849 ) had widened the interest of horticulturalists in using rhododendrons as garden plants. For Hooker’s reply to CD’s request, see the letter

To J. D. Hooker   23 September [1864]

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Summary

Pleased with news of BAAS meeting

and Scott’s possible position as Thomas Anderson’s curator.

Suggests Wallace is due for a Royal Medal.

Agrees with JDH’s criticism of Lyell’s address [see 4614].

Bentham’s Linnean Society address treats continuity of life in a vague non-natural sense.

Rereading his old MS [Natural selection] CD is impressed with work he had already done.

Writing Variation much harder than Climbing plants.

Encloses request to JDH to propose, or suggest on his behalf, that the Ray Society publish a translation of C. F. von Gärtner’s Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (1849).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 14; DAR 115: 250a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4621

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Gärtner 1849  for CD’s work on hybridisation, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13  …
  • letter to Ray Society, [before 4 November 1964] . CD refers to Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (Experiments and observations on the production of hybrids in the plant kingdom: Gärtner 1849 ). CD had expressed a wish to see this work translated and Hooker had offered to raise the matter with the Ray Society , with the suggestion that CD put his request in writing (see letter to J.  D.   …

To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

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Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1849 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 119: 22b). Hooker had been commissioned to write a flora of New Zealand ( J.  D.   …

To J. D. Hooker   8 April [1857]

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Summary

Independence of variation from climate shown by several plant genera; CD asks for confirmation.

Progressing with book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2073

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter to J.  D. Hooker, [21 March 1857] . Polygala vulgaris is common milkwort. Harvey 1849 , …

To J. D. Hooker   28 September [1861]

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Summary

Bates agrees with CD on neuter ants.

Orchids.

Repeating experiment of C. F. v. Gärtner to study Huxley’s idea of physiological species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3268

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 3 February 1849 ). See letters from …

From Margaretta Hare Morris to Richard Chandler Alexander   17 June 1855

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Summary

On the transport of fish eggs by the water-beetle Dytiscus marginalis.

Author:  Margaretta Hare Morris
Addressee:  Richard Chandler Alexander; Richard Chandler Prior
Date:  17 June 1855
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 247
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1701

Matches: 1 hit

  • letters to J.  D. Hooker, 7 April [1855] and 13 April [1855] , and letter from Asa Gray, 30 June 1855 . Richard Chandler Alexander had travelled and botanised in North America in 1849. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, …
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