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From Francis Darwin   [before 17 July 1878]

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Summary

More sleepers from green-house.

Julius Sachs’s view of climbing plants: he distinguishes between nutation to find a support and growth after support is found.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 17 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 209.1: 155; DAR 274.1: 50, 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11613

Matches: 18 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 17 July 1878] …
  • … DAR 209.1: 155; DAR 274.1: 50, 52 Francis Darwin Würzburg [before 17 …
  • … July 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … of climbing plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Pringsheim, …
  • … and packed by the makers ( letter to Francis Darwin, 14 July [1878] ). Francis wrote the …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] . Francis had recently …
  • … of plants that slept ( letter from Francis Darwin, [12 July 1878] ). Oxalis latifolia ( …
  • … yr work v much— Yr affec son | Francis Darwin Please remember the printing machine— Tho’ I …
  • … in the same way ( letter from Francis Darwin, [12 July 1878] ). In Climbing plants 2d …
  • … p. 225); the version developed by Horace Darwin (Jemmy) is described in detail and with …
  • … several diagrams in F. Darwin 1880, pp. 449–55 (see plate on p. 296). The purpose …
  • … the cell walls ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). Francis had observed that a …
  • … shut leaves (see letter from Francis Darwin, [29 June] 1878 and n. 3). He later noticed …
  • … and light (see letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] and n. 3). CD found the …
  • … stomata of his specimen ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). CD had reported his …
  • … of maize radicals ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] and n. 3). CD had suggested …

To G. H. Darwin   10 [July 1878]

Summary

Asks for sketches of [Thalia] pistil, in which he is much interested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 [July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11597

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 [July 1878] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 69 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [July …
  • … 1878] George Howard Darwin
  • … Bibliography Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] . George often provided …
  • … purely mechanical (see letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). For George’s diagram, …
  • … the enclosure to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 12 July 1878 . CD’s diagram has not been …
  • … is a mere chance; but you will fail without microscope Yours affect ly | C.  Darwin

To Francis Darwin   [22 November 1878]

Summary

Suggests experiment to detect salts deposited on surface of leaves.

Wants FD to have another go at horse-chestnut radicles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [22 Nov 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11755

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [22 November 1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 48 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 4 [ …
  • … 22 Nov 1878] Francis Darwin
  • … 4 and 8). See letter from Francis Darwin, [before 22 November 1878] and n. …
  • … 2. Bernard Darwin. …
  • … the leaf was immersed in water (see letter from Francis Darwin, [4–7 August 1878] and nn. …

To Francis Darwin   2 July [1878]

Summary

Suggests FD call on Carl Semper.

Inquires about Porlieria: Do the leaves shut to check evaporation? Does it appear silver under water?

Explains how he thinks the pulvinus acts; wishes FD would investigate the point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  2 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11586

Matches: 18 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   2 July [1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 32 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 …
  • … July [1878] Francis Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … ser. 1: 294–371. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. OED : The Oxford English …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Francis Darwin, [29 June] 1878 (see n. 5, below). …
  • … the Linnean Society; he sent proofs of Francis Darwin’s revised version of a paper on the …
  • … a meeting of the society in January (F. Darwin 1878a). Murie’s letter has not been found. …
  • … Theophil Ciesielski (see letter to Francis Darwin, [13–26 May 1878] ). The letter in which …
  • … House on 1 July 1878. She and Elizabeth Darwin left Down for London on 2 July; Elizabeth …
  • … to stay with her sister, Henrietta Emma Litchfield. (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242). ) …
  • … Bernard Darwin was 22 months old; he called a vehicle of any sort a ‘ boo boo’ (see letter …
  • … Gottfried Semper (see letter from Francis Darwin, [29 June] 1878 ). Semper had dedicated …
  • … always being asleep ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). Joseph Duval-Jouve had …
  • … mentioned in the letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] . CD described ‘a so-called …

From Francis Darwin   [before 7 July 1878]

Summary

He has been talking to Julius von Sachs about sleeping plants that move with and without growth.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11593F

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 7 July 1878] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 57 Francis Darwin [before 7 July  …
  • … 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] . The fourth edition of Julius …
  • … is no longer a copy of this edition in the Darwin Library–CUL. CD also cited the English …
  • … they dried out ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). The Sunday Lecture Society, …
  • … see Barton 2014 , p. 204). Erasmus Alvey Darwin was probably also a supporter, as he had …
  • … 5) Heft 2: 1–30. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Pfeffer, Wilhelm 1877. Osmotische …
  • … side of the organ (see letter to Francis Darwin, 29 [June 1878] ). Francis probably sent a …
  • … annotated copy of Ciesielski 1871 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD wanted to …
  • … and Julius Sachs ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] and n. 4). Francis had …
  • … black bryony). See letter to Francis Darwin, 29 [June 1878] . Convolvulus arvensis is …
  • … oats ( Avena sativa ; see letter to Francis Darwin, 26 June [1878] and n. 3). Francis was …

To Francis Darwin   15 [July 1878]

Summary

A report has arrived for FD which CD will forward.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  15 [July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11511

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   15 [July 1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 24 Charles Robert Darwin unstated 15 [ …
  • … July 1878] Francis Darwin
  • … 15 April 1878. Micheli referred to F. Darwin 1878a and 1877b (see Micheli 1878 , pp. 41–2, …
  • … 44–5). An abstract of a paper by George Howard Darwin (G. …
  • … H. Darwin 1878b) in which George referred to William Thomson’s investigation of the bodily …

To G. H. Darwin   17 [August 1878]

Summary

He and Emma rejoice that GHD’s mathematical troubles are at an end. It is miraculous that he unconsciously followed the right course – like composing a sonata by a fluke.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  17 [Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11663

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   17 [August 1878] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 73 Charles Robert Darwin Barlaston 17 [Aug …
  • … 1878] George Howard Darwin
  • … of Science on 20 August 1878 (G. H. Darwin 1878c). His more detailed paper on the topic …
  • … and was published in full in 1879 (G. H. Darwin 1878d). George evidently sent a postcard …
  • … and year are established by the address. The Darwins visited Barlaston, Staffordshire, …
  • … the home of Emma Darwin’s brother Frank Wedgwood and his family, …
  • … from 15 to 22 August 1878 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD’s note to Mr Paul has not …
  • … is now missing (see letter to Francis Darwin, [17 August 1878] ). George’s mathematical …

To Francis Darwin   [1878?]

Summary

Forwards an unspecified work for FD to read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [1878?]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11302

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [1878? ] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … DAR 211: 21 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [1878? ] …
  • … Francis Darwin

To Sara Darwin   [1 March 1878]

Summary

Hopes to visit [Sara and William] later in the year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin
Date:  [1 Mar 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11392

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Sara Darwin   [1 March 1878] …
  • Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, Sara …
  • … DAR 210.6: 150 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 4 [1 …
  • … Mar 1878] Sara Sedgwick/Sara Darwin
  • … shall have the additional pleasure of seeing you there. Yours affectionately | Ch. Darwin
  • … Friday in this period was 1 March. Sara Darwin ’s letter has not been found. Andrew Clark …
  • … was CD’s physician. Sara and William Erasmus Darwin were married on …
  • … 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

From Francis Darwin   [4–7 August 1878]

Summary

Experiments on effects of removing "bloom" from leaves and fruit.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–7 Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11632

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [4–7 August 1878] …
  • … DAR 162: 57 Francis Darwin Botanisches Institut, Würzburg [4– …
  • … 7 Aug 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … 7. Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Sachs, Julius. …
  • … Sarah Wedgwood, and her family; the Darwins visited there from 7 to 12 August 1878. …
  • … he returned to Down on 12 August (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Edward Frankland often …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 3 August [1878] , and by the reference to …
  • … bearing climbers ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). CD suggested that …
  • … growth or ill health (see letter to Francis Darwin, 3 August [1878] and n. 2). Francis was …
  • … from the petals (see letter from Francis Darwin, [21 July 1878] ). Francis was trying to …
  • … visit him at Down (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 July [1878] ). The letter has not been …

To G. H. Darwin   3 February [1878]

Summary

CD at first thought GHD should not answer Haughton [see 10689], but Hooker thinks if no correction is made Haughton’s error will be quoted for 20 years. CD is now inclined to agree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  3 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11345

Matches: 9 hits

  • … looks terribly wan. I have 2 long letters to write, so no more. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   3 February [1878] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 67 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Feb [ …
  • … 1878] George Howard Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G. H. Darwin, 28 January 1878 . See letter from …
  • … G. H. Darwin, 28 January 1878 and n. 2. George had written to CD asking advice on whether …

To Francis Darwin   26 June [1878]

Summary

Asks questions related to movement in plants. The cotyledons of Oxalis offer a promising field for study.

Wonders why Julius von Sachs thinks bloom is a protection against insects.

Encloses notes on the cotyledons of Oxalis species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  26 June [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 29–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11570

Matches: 12 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   26 June [1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 29–30 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 …
  • … June [1878] Francis Darwin
  • … relate to the letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] . Presumably another letter …
  • … now been lost. See letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] and n. 2. In his letter of …
  • … Pfeffer 1875 ). See letter to Francis Darwin, 18 June [1878] and n. 4. For CD’s earlier …
  • … at night. Your affect.  old Father | C.  Darwin June 25 th 1878. The short petioles of the …
  • … about sliced radicles is on p. 33. See also letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] and n. 6. The Outwards book , p. 463 ( …
  • … on 5 July 1878. See letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] and n. 7. CD was probably …

From Francis Darwin   [12 July 1878]

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Summary

Chlorophyll development in oat seedling.

Lists the sleeping plants he has seen.

Julius Sachs thinks Hugo de Vries has not cleared up everything [about climbing plants]. But Sachs has not worked on the mechanical problem.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 209.1: 156–7, DAR 209.14: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11604

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [12 July 1878] …
  • … DAR 209.1: 156–7, DAR 209.14: 88 Francis Darwin Botanisches Institut Würzburg [12 …
  • … July 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … and habits of climbing plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … a real letter tomorrow Yr affc son | F Darwin Please send me the address of the American …
  • … = Acacia’ added pencil 6.1 Besides … F Darwin 8.1] crossed pencil ; ‘9 33 – 12–6 | 51 [‘1’ …
  • … developed. See letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] . By ‘no new principle’ …
  • … and dry wood (see letter from Francis Darwin, [before 7 July 1878] ). CD had acknowledged …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. , pp. 16–17, 170–1, and 204). Neither Elizabeth Darwin’s letter …
  • … to Francis Darwin nor Francis’s letter …
  • … to Elizabeth and Emma Darwin has been found. CD had purchased a typewriter in 1876; …
  • … Correspondence vol. 24, letter from Francis Darwin, [1 May 1876] and n. 4). Carl Gottfried …

From E. A. Darwin   13 December [1878]

Summary

Very glad to hear Anthony Rich is leaving CD money "encouraging science in such a very practical manner".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Dec [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11790

Matches: 7 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   13 December [1878] …
  • … DAR 105: B104 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 13 Dec [ …
  • … 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter to E.  A.  Darwin, 12 December 1878 . See letter to …
  • … E.  A.  Darwin, 12 December 1878 and n. 1. Anthony Rich had bequeathed his property in the …

From Francis Darwin   [21 July 1878]

Summary

Has been investigating nutational movements of climbing plants; comments on the opinions of Julius von Wiesner and Julius Sachs. Remarks on the sleep movements of certain plants and the mechanism of tendril curvature. Is experimenting with Porlieria.

Has visited K. G. Semper’s laboratory.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 59, DAR 209.8: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11623

Matches: 19 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [21 July 1878] …
  • … DAR 162: 59, DAR 209.8: 151 Francis Darwin Botanisches Institut, Würzburg [21 …
  • … July 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … and habits of climbing plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … in ‘July 21— 1878’ (see CD annotations). See letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] . …
  • … Pouter was Leonard Darwin’s nickname. Cobaea is a subtropical genus of the family …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Vries, Hugo …
  • … glad to get back Your affec son | Frank Darwin. Sachs has just shown me the fruit of …
  • … explain his meaning (see letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] and n. 5). Hugo de Vries …
  • … with Sachs (see letter to Francis Darwin, 14 July [1878] ). Francis had initially thought …
  • … this would be valuable if true (see letter from Francis Darwin, [12 July 1878] , …
  • … and letter to Francis Darwin, 14 July [1878] ). Francis had …
  • … large leaflets ( letter from Francis Darwin, [12 July 1878] ) and had referred to Albizia …
  • … as Albizia Zulu brizzia ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ). Pterolobium …
  • … or siris tree. See letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] and n. 4. In the Würzburg …
  • … leaves open (see letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] and n. 3). Carl Gottfried …

To Francis Darwin   6 [July 1878]

Summary

Has a magnificent bush of Porlieria. There is no vestige of bloom; CD will test for sleep movements. Reports successful experiments on temperature-induced sensitivity of radicles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  6 [July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11593

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   6 [July 1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 [ …
  • … July 1878] Francis Darwin
  • … Bibliography Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … I shall not do many more, as we have a Dicot. & Monocot. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … hygrometrica , see the letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] and n. 6. John Ferguson …

To Francis Darwin   29 [June 1878]

Summary

Will dispatch the best twisted stems he can find.

Considers the role of the pulvinus in leaf movement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  29 [June 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11577

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   29 [June 1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 31 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [ …
  • … June 1878] Francis Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . 23 June 1878] . CD had offered to send …
  • … June 1878] . See enclosure to letter to Francis Darwin, 26 June [1878] . The text from ‘ …
  • … is on the reverse of the letter in Emma Darwin’s hand. Black bryony is Tamus communis ; ‘ …

From Leonard Darwin   25 April 1878

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Summary

Encloses two photos [missing].

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1878
Classmark:  DAR 186: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11484

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Leonard Darwin   25 April 1878 …
  • … DAR 186: 34 Leonard Darwin Brompton Barracks, Chatham 25 …
  • … Apr 1878 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … is no trouble to me. Your affec son | Leonard Darwin Top of letter : ‘Radicles of Bean. —’ …

From G. H. Darwin   [before 11 July 1878]

Summary

Refers to Charles Lagrange, who is working on the same subject as GHD, but in a fundamentally different way.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 11 July 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11600

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [before 11 July 1878] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 68 George Howard Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [ …
  • … before 11 July 1878] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … 54. George was staying with Erasmus Alvey Darwin at 6 Queen Anne Street, Cavendish Square, …
  • … to eating green peas ( letter from G. H. Darwin, [30 June 1878] ). Frances Emma Elizabeth …
  • … I’m delighted at this. Yrs affec | G H Darwin Uncle Ras brisk Good acc t .  of A t . Fanny …
  • … this letter and the letter to G. H. Darwin, 11 [July 1878] . George had been alarmed to …
  • … work to his (see letter from G. H. Darwin, [30 June 1878] and n. 2). Reports on Lagrange’s …

From G. H. Darwin   28 January 1878

Summary

Has been reading Samuel Haughton on geological time ["Notes on physical geology, no. III", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 26 (1877): 534–46]. It is utter rubbish. Asks whether CD thinks GHD should write a critical note on the subject [see Nature 17 (1878): 509–10].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1878
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11336

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   28 January 1878 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 65 George Howard Darwin El Biar | Algiers 28 …
  • … Jan 1878 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … of seeing my objections— I write my diary letter on another sheet Yours affec | G H Darwin
  • … Royal Society on 14 March 1878 (G. H. Darwin 1878a). He evidently did write to Haughton: …
  • … George left England for Algiers on 11 January 1878 (letter from Emma Darwin to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [14 January 1878], DAR 219.1: 103). El Biar is a suburb of Algiers, in the …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …
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