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From Hermann Müller January   [1868]

Summary

Thanks CD for his photograph.

Intends to start experimenting with mosses to determine which differences in structure are effected by altered conditions of life.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 288
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5770

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Müller, Hermann Darwin, C. R. …
  • … 288 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt Jan [1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … His copy of Delpino 1867b is also in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. A three-part …
  • … 1867b). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Müller published a …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Royal Society …
  • … CD’s copy of the paper is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See Correspondence …
  • … 1867a, with three pages of additional notes, is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.   …

From T. H. Farrer   10 September 1868

Summary

Sends a paper he has written [on scarlet runner].

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 164: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6361

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Farrer, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Eashing Park, Godalming 10 Sept 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Very truly yours | T H Farrer Charles Darwin Esq FRS Top of letter : ‘Did you see Hive-bee …
  • … from 17 July until 20 August 1868 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD’s annotation is for …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … remarkable sexual relations. By Charles Darwin. [Read 21 November 1861. ] Journal of the …
  • … Godalming | Surrey. 10 Sept 1868 My dear Mr Darwin I dont know that I have any right to …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … species of the genus Linum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 5 February 1863. ] Journal of the …
  • … in his collection of unbound journals in the Darwin Archive–CUL.  For Farrer’s most recent …

From John Brodie Innes   16 January 1868

Summary

Sends school subscription to CD as treasurer. Hopes Henrietta will assist in teaching there.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 167: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5791

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Innes, J. B. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 167: 14 John Brodie Innes Milton Brodie 16 Jan 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … since M rs . Innes joins me in kindest regards to you and M rs . Darwin and your family …
  • … Believe me Dear Darwin | Yours faithfully | J Brodie Innes. …
  • … Moore 1985 , p.  469). The reference is to Henrietta Emma Darwin. Eliza Mary Brodie Innes. …
  • … Bibliography Moore, James Richard. 1985. Darwin of Down: the evolutionist as squarson- …
  • … Forres | N.B. 16 th . Jan y 1868— Dear Darwin, I left you treasurer of the School, and …
  • … subscription for this year. I hope Miss Darwin has carried out her laudable intention of …

From W. S. Dallas   22 February 1868

Summary

Has sent his translations [of parts of Theodor Piderit, System der Mimik und Physiognomik (1867)].

Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin [1864] would sell if well translated. WSD would be glad to undertake it.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 162: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5917

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Dallas, W. S. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 162: 15 William Sweetland Dallas York 22 Feb 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Physiognomik (1867)]. Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin [1864] would sell if well translated. WSD …
  • … Bibliography Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with …
  • … Translation today   Meanwhile, I am | Your’s very truly | W.  S.  Dallas. C.  Darwin Esq …
  • … 1868 ). CD’s copy of the book is in the Darwin Library–CUL.  It is heavily annotated and …
  • … participle is “ verbissen ”. — Müller’s “Für Darwin” seems a very nice little book,— I had …

From Cuthbert Collingwood   30 March 1868

Summary

Sends CD his book [Naturalist on the China Sea (1868)].

Author:  Cuthbert Collingwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6073

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Collingwood, Cuthbert Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 161: 214 Cuthbert Collingwood Greenwich 30 Mar 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … it— I am dear Sir | very faithfully yours | Cuthbert Collingwood Charles Darwin Esq F.R.S. …
  • … CD’s lightly annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 169). For CD’s …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di …

To Ernst Haeckel   7 November 1868

Summary

Thanks for [Natürliche] Schöpfungsgeschichte [1868]. "What an indomitable worker you are."

Agrees with EH’s Entstehung des Menschengeschlechts [1868].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  7 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6450

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Haeckel, Ernst …
  • … Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Nov 1868 Ernst Philipp August ( …
  • … good wishes, do not work too hard, & believe me | yours most sincerely | Charles Darwin
  • … descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John …
  • … Murray. 1871. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … 1868c). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 358–60). Agnes …
  • … lectures; Haeckel 1868b). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …

To James Croll   19 September 1868

Summary

Discusses papers by JC dealing with erosion. Comments on papers on the subject by J. B. Jukes, A. C. Ramsay, and William Whitaker. Formerly believed in power of the sea. Never fully realised the truth until reading JC’s papers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  19 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 143: 352
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6380

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Croll, James …
  • … DAR 143: 352 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Sept 1868 James Croll …
  • … With sincere respect I remain, | dear Sir, | Yours very faithfully, | Charles Darwin. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Magazine. All three parts are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL and are annotated. In …
  • … Green, & Co. Herbert, Sandra. 2005. Charles Darwin, geologist. Ithaca and London: Cornell …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin 3d ed. : On …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 5th …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. South America : …
  • … the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1846. Whitaker, …

To H. T. Stainton   28 February [1868]

Summary

Asks whether the colouring of particular butterflies has any protective function, to ascertain whether the function is other than sexual.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Tibbats Stainton
Date:  28 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  E.W. Classey Ltd (dealers) (1974)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5949

Matches: 4 hits

  • … they might be mistaken by birds, & thus escape danger. — Yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • Darwin, C. R. Stainton, H. T. …
  • … Ltd (dealers) (1974) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Feb [1868] Henry Tibbats Stainton …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …

To Alfred Wrigley   11 March [1868]

Summary

Regrets and apologises for a misunderstanding regarding Horace’s leaving Clapham School. Is sure he wrote an earlier letter which AW evidently did not receive.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Wrigley
Date:  11 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 42–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6004

Matches: 7 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Wrigley, Alfred …
  • … DAR 96: 42–3 Charles Robert Darwin London, Chester Place, 4 11 Mar [1868] Alfred Wrigley …
  • … Bibliography Moore, James Richard. 1977. On the education of Darwin’s sons: the …
  • … correspondence between Charles Darwin and the Reverend G. V. Reed, 1857–1864. Notes and …
  • … 1868 . See letter from Alfred Wrigley, 9 March 1868  and n.  1. George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, and …
  • … Leonard Darwin had all been pupils at Clapham Grammar School. For more on the education of …

From W. S. Dallas   24 February 1868

Summary

Has difficulty translating Piderit’s use of verbissen.

Will hold F. Müller’s book until CD decides about translating it.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 162: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5925

Matches: 5 hits

  • … notes could be added &c. — Believe me | Your’s very truly | W.  S.  Dallas. C.  Darwin Esq …
  • … Dallas, W. S. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 162: 16 William Sweetland Dallas York 24 Feb 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … and nn.  2 and 3. Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin (F.  Müller 1864) was translated by Dallas …
  • … with the author’s emendations as Facts and arguments for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869). …

From John Lubbock   12 February [1868]

Summary

Discusses [Fritz?] Müller’s confusion about ova and pseudova; JL’s Daphnia paper [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 79–100; see 1979] first demonstrated their structural identity.

Points out a misleading statement in Variation.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5868

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Lubbock, John Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury High Elms 12 Feb [1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di …
  • … plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … heavily annotated copy of the book is in the Darwin Library–CUL, and includes annotations …
  • … Farnborough, | Kent. 12 Feb. My dear M r . Darwin Many thanks for Muller, which I return. …
  • … come again soon. Believe me, dear M r Darwin, | Yours most sincerely | John Lubbock End of …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   22 December 1868

Summary

The first half of vol. 2 of Variation is printed.

News of his marriage.

Sends portraits of Russian scientists.

Hopes CD will write his book on man and asks permission to translate it.

Moving to Germany for two or three years.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1868
Classmark:  DAR 169: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6510

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Kovalevsky, V. O. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) St Petersburg 22 Dec 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Kovalevsky refers to Emma, Henrietta Emma, and Elizabeth Darwin. Kovalevsky’s next visit …
  • … from 30 September to 1 October 1869 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR242)). Zwischensemester : ‘ …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … of Kovalevsky trans.  1868–9 is in the Darwin Library–Down. CD’s last extant letter to …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … russian translation of it. — I hope Mrs.  Darwin and your daughters are all well, and if …
  • … Kovalevsky sent have not been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL. Karl Ernst von Baer left St …

To Moritz Wagner   [April–June 1868]

Summary

Thanks MW for his essay [Die Darwin’sche Theorie und das Migrationsgesetz der Organismen (1868)]. Is highly gratified that MW agrees with him to a considerable extent.

Almost wishes that he could believe in the importance of isolation to the same extent as MW.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moritz Friedrich (Moritz) Wagner
Date:  [Apr–June 1868]
Classmark:  LL 3: 157; DAR 148: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5760

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Wagner, Moritz …
  • … LL 3: 157; DAR 148: 198 Charles Robert Darwin Down [Apr–June 1868] Moritz Friedrich ( …
  • … Thanks MW for his essay [ Die Darwin’sche Theorie und das Migrationsgesetz der …
  • … value. With sincere thanks & respect | I remain dear Sir Charles Darwin Down Bromley Kent …
  • … 5th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. …
  • … s annotated copy of Wagner 1868b is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. In Origin 5th …
  • … below). CD refers to Wagner’s paper ‘Die Darwin’sche Theorie und das Migrationsgesetz der …
  • … March 1868. CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. In the expanded …

To Frederick Behrens   6 December 1868

Summary

Sends his autograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Behrens
Date:  6 Dec 1868
Classmark:  Josh B. Rosenblum (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6492F

Matches: 4 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Behrens, Frederick …
  • … B. Rosenblum (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Dec 1868 Frederick Behrens …
  • … Down, Bromley Kent Dec 6. 1868. — M r . Darwin has much pleasure in sending the subjoined …
  • … signature. | Charles Darwin

To Friedrich Rolle   31 May 1868

Summary

Thanks for references.

CD in error about Torfschwein.

Comments on German publications.

Asks about breed of fowl in which females have spurs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Rolle
Date:  31 May 1868
Classmark:  Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt (SNG-Archiv: Malakol.: Nachlass Rolle)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6217

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Rolle, Friedrich …
  • … Archiv: Malakol. : Nachlass Rolle) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 May 1868 Friedrich Rolle …
  • … descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John …
  • … Murray. 1871. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … for your kindness & with much respect I remain dear Sir | yours faithfully | Ch. Darwin
  • … there is a lightly annotated copy in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 446). See …

To J. B. Innes   16 December 1868

Summary

Has received JBI’s two letters; agrees with him, but does not know what to do about [the alleged misconduct of] John Robinson. Reports in a long postscript on vain efforts to confirm rumours. Suggests JBI come to Down to see how affairs stand.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  16 Dec 1868
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6505

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Innes, J. B. …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Dec 1868 John Brodie Innes …
  • … Bibliography Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978 ). There had been …
  • … Believe me yours very sincerely | Charles Darwin P.S I am just returned from Mr Allen’s to …

To Hermann Müller   23 February [1868]

Summary

Offers to undertake publication of English translation of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin. W. S. Dallas will translate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  23 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 430
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5919

Matches: 7 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Müller, Hermann …
  • … DAR 146: 430 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Feb [1868] Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) …
  • … of English translation of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin . W. S. Dallas will translate it. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 1867. Thatsachen der Laubmooskunde für Darwin. Botanische Zeitung , 25: 374–6, 380–1. …
  • … dear Sir When your brother’s work “Für Darwin” appeared, I was anxious that it should be …
  • … Müller 1866; CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL). An abstract of …

From W. D. Fox   29 October [1868]

Summary

Thanks CD for a recent letter.

Reports on his health, which has been bad for 12 months.

Sends extracts of works on domestication.

Discusses the pairing of various birds; comments on the pugnacity of partridges, pheasants, male guinea-fowl, and peacocks.

Gives proportions of sexes in pheasants.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Oct [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 189; DAR 193: 112; DAR 83: 187, DAR 84.1: 128–30, DAR 86: A87–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6436

Matches: 21 hits

  • … Fox, W. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 193: 112; DAR 83: 187, DAR 84.1: 128–30, DAR 86: A87–9 William Darwin Fox Delamere 29 …
  • … Oct [1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … blue crayon 61.1 Did you see … M rs Darwin 63.1] crossed blue crayon Top of letter : ‘Dom. …
  • … found in October 1868 issues of the Field. On the recent successes of Leonard Darwin and …
  • … George Howard Darwin, see the letter to W.  D.  Fox, 21 October [1868] and n.  7. …
  • … yews. ” 32 years since W D Fox brought berries from D r Darwin’s hedge; of Hollies of …
  • … yellow berried kinds (& which D r Darwin told W D Fox he had himself sown with yellow …
  • … by the reference to the success of Leonard Darwin (see n.  29, below). The quotation, with …
  • … the trees raised by his father, Robert Waring Darwin, from a wild yellow-berried holly; CD …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. EB : …
  • … plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Whately, …
  • … Delamere Ry | Northwich Oct 29 My dear Darwin The above extracts I copied thinking they …
  • … variety. M rs Fox says that it illustrates Darwin—& finding that Ducks w d not do any good …
  • … find no disparity of sexes. Well, my dear Darwin, I will dismiss you. I wonder whether you …
  • … your Cambridge Son. Kindest regards to M rs Darwin | Ever yours | W D F 3.1 I have sown … …
  • … Fox had sixteen surviving children ( Darwin pedigree ). See letter to W.  D.  Fox, 14  …

From George Henslow   13 April 1868

Summary

Thanks for Casimir de Candolle’s paper ["Théorie de l’angle unique en phyllotaxie", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. 23 (1865): 199–212].

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1868
Classmark:  DAR 166: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6115

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Henslow, George Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 166: 166 George Henslow St John’s Wood 13 Apr 1868 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … certain parts. Please to thank M rs (? ) Darwin for kindly writing about the lectures in …
  • … the ‘unique angle’ theory. No letter from Emma Darwin mentioning lectures has been found. …
  • … Parsonage | S t Johns Wood 13/4/68 Dear M r Darwin, I have delayed writing, in order to …
  • … of an offprint of the article is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  For CD’s own work …
  • … 6–32; there are also notes by George Howard Darwin in DAR 192: 1–7. Henslow refers to Karl …

To Osbert Salvin   23 June [1868]

Summary

CD thanks OS for answering his questions and especially for giving the case of the sandpiper; "such little facts are my delight". [See 6253.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Osbert Salvin
Date:  23 June [1868]
Classmark:  Sybil Rampen (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6258A

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Salvin, Osbert …
  • … feet. — With cordial thanks, pray believe me | Yours sincerely & obliged | Charles Darwin
  • … Sybil Rampen (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June [1868] Osbert Salvin …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …
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