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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From Francis Trevelyan Buckland   [1865–6]

Summary

Was glad to see CD at museum.

Asks CD to sign and return enclosed item.

CD did not cover oysters in his book; FB can point out curious facts about them.

Author:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1865–6]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 364
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7045

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Buckland, Frank Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 160: 364 Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland unstated [1865–6] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Dear–M r Darwin. I was most pleased that you were good enough to speak to me the other day …

From Richard Spruce   [1865–77]

Summary

Notes on various instances of dimorphism.

Author:  Richard Spruce
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1865–77]
Classmark:  DAR 109: B119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4372

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Spruce, Richard Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 109: B119 Richard Spruce unstated [1865–77] Charles Robert Darwin

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC vol. 162 doc. 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Kew, DC vol. 162 doc. 224 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 1 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … and habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 2 February 1865. ] Journal of the …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 1 February [1864] and nn.  3 and 5; …
  • … species of the genus Linum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 5 February 1863. ] Journal of the …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Kew Jany 1/65 Dear Darwin I have told Mr Stainton that I have referred his letter to me to …
  • … on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Gärtner, Karl …
  • … races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Post Office …
  • … or men—& that so it originated— ask Darwin what he thinks of this view of the matter, when …
  • … annotated copy of Gärtner 1849  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 256–98). …
  • … CD’s copy of Hofmeister 1867  is in the Darwin Library–Down. CD had informed Hooker in his …
  • … s annotated copy of the paper is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  It is discussed …
  • … dimorphic and trimorphic plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 20 February 1868. ] Journal of …
  • … 1869): 393–437. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …

From Henrietta Anne Huxley   1 January 1865

Summary

Has just been shown CD’s remarks on Tennyson. Upbraids CD for "Owen-like quotation" out of context, and getting source wrong. "If ""facts"" in Origin are of this sort I agree with Bishop of Oxford."

Author:  Henrietta Anne Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 284
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4733

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Huxley, H. A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 166: 284 Henrietta Anne Huxley unstated 1 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. [Owen, Richard. ] …
  • … Dear M r . Darwin Hal has just brought me your note containing your slyly disparaging …

From Thomas Henry Huxley   1 January 1865

Summary

Sends photograph.

THH wishes he could write the popular zoology but writing is a boring and slow process when he is not interested, and he is overburdened with lectures.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4732

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 166: 304 Thomas Henry Huxley unstated 1 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … University Press. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … 1864] ). A lightly annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 609). CD …
  • … vol.  12), CD included some remarks by Emma Darwin on Huxley’s recently published Lectures …
  • … Jany 1. 1865 My dear Darwin I cant do better than write my first letter of the year to …
  • … as I could have wished— With best wishes & remembrances to M rs Darwin Ever yours | T H …
  • … Huxley Thanks for ‘für Darwin’— I had it— …
  • … vol.  12). The reference is to Für Darwin (Müller 1864), a developmental history of the …

From Henry Holland   2 January 1865

Summary

Thanks for Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

T. S. Cobbold’s book on the Entozoa [1864].

Remarks on development of the tapeworm.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 245
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4735

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Holland, Henry Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 166: 245 Henry Holland London, Brook St 2 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … papers : The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. 2 vols. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … pedunculated cirripedes. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia ( …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Newman, William A. 1993. Darwin and cirripedology. History of Carcinology. Crustacean …
  • … races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Three forms …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …

From Hugh Falconer to Erasmus Alvey Darwin   3 January 1865

Summary

Encloses letter [missing] which he believes will clear up the part he played in Edward Sabine’s Presidential Address. Does not wish CD to think that he did not support the Origin.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 164: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4737

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Falconer, Hugh Darwin, E. A. …
  • … From Hugh Falconer to Erasmus Alvey Darwin   3 January 1865 …
  • … DAR 164: 23 Hugh Falconer London, Park Crescent, 21 3 Jan 1865 Erasmus Alvey Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … claim —and I should be sorry that Charles Darwin should think otherwise. Ask him to return …
  • … reiterated in his letter to E.  A.  Darwin of 5 January [1865], the enclosed letter was …
  • … Crescent N.W. 3 d . Jan y 1865 My Dear M r . Darwin D r . Sharpey called today and brought …
  • … a strong additional claim on behalf of Mr.  Darwin for the Copley Medal’. In his letter of …

From Ludwig Rütimeyer   3 January 1865

Summary

Regrets he has not yet finished his monograph on Bos. Has examined and discusses the Bos skull from Lord Tankerville.

Would like CD’s opinion on the conclusions in LR’s paper on fossil horses.

Author:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 176: 227
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4736

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Rütimeyer, Ludwig Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 176: 227 Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer Basel 3 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … is scored in CD’ s copy of the paper (Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL). See also CD’s …
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … and 1867b). Copies of these papers are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Rütimeyer …
  • … Italiana. 1960–. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s notebooks, 1836–1844. Geology, …
  • … of Rütimeyer 1865 and 1866 are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  In January 1865, CD …
  • … species. CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 718). The …

To T. H. Huxley   4 January [1865]

Summary

Thanks for photograph, charmed by Mrs Huxley’s letter.

Regrets THH cannot do the popular work on zoology.

Has heard THH wrote leading article in last Reader ["Science and ""church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4738

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to do a little work. — Our kindest remembrances to M rs Huxley | Ever yours | C.  Darwin
  • Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 211) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Jan [1865] Thomas Henry Huxley …

From Hugh Falconer to E. A. Darwin   5 January [1865]

Summary

HF merely wanted to correct a false impression given by a sentence taken out of context.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  5 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4739

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Falconer, Hugh Darwin, E. A. …
  • … From Hugh Falconer to E.  A.  Darwin   5 January [1865] …
  • … DAR 164: 24 Hugh Falconer unstated 5 Jan [1865] Erasmus Alvey Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … 5 Jan y Dear M r . Darwin Your brother has been bored enough about the matter already— It …
  • … and the letter from Hugh Falconer to E.  A.  Darwin, 3 January 1865. See letter from Hugh …
  • … Falconer to E.  A.  Darwin, 3 January 1865 and nn.  1–3. On the back of this letter, …
  • … See letter from Hugh Falconer to E.  A.  Darwin, 3 January 1865 and n.  2. Falconer refers …

To Hugh Falconer   6 January [1865]

Summary

"I return your letter to [William] Sharpey." Grandest eulogium CD has received.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  6 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4740

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Falconer, Hugh …
  • … DAR 144: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Jan [1865] Hugh Falconer …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … letter from Hugh Falconer to E.  A.  Darwin, 5 January [1865] . Letter from Hugh Falconer …
  • … vol.  12). See letter from Hugh Falconer to E.  A. Darwin, 3 January 1865 and nn.  1–3. …
  • … work and justify your good opinion. My dear Falconer | Yours most gratefully | Ch. Darwin

From William Darwin Fox   6 January [1865]

Summary

Thanks CD for his Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Tells of the birth of his 16th child. Has five grandchildren.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4741

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From William Darwin Fox   6 January [1865] …
  • … Fox, W. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 164: 183 William Darwin Fox Delamere 6 …
  • … Jan [1865] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … reading. May every blessing be yours and Mrs Darwins in this new year | I am Your affec e …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 1864, was the twelfth child of William Darwin Fox and his second wife, Ellen Sophia. Fox …
  • … five children, one of whom died in 1853 ( Darwin pedigree ). On learning that Fox and his …
  • … 30 November [1864] ). Samuel William Darwin Fox took his BA at Wadham College, Oxford, in …
  • … Delamere Ry | Northwich Jan y 6 My dear Darwin I must write you a few lines to thank you …
  • … etc. London: John Crockford [and others]. 1858–1900. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …

From Thomas Rivers   6 January [1865]

Summary

Thanks CD for his paper on Lythrum [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Astonished by CD’s powers of observation and perseverance.

His elms raised from three varieties of weeping elms are doing well.

Author:  Thomas Rivers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4381

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Rivers, Thomas Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 176: 163 Thomas Rivers Sawbridgeworth 6 Jan [1865] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Ray Society   [before 7 January 1865]

Summary

Concerning the proposed translation of K. F. von Gärtner’s Bastarderzeugung (1849).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ray Society
Date:  [before 7 Jan 1865]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Library MSS RAY A: vol. 2, p. 106r: Minute 1141, 13th January 1865)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4744F

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Ray Society …
  • … 1141, 13th January 1865) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 7 Jan 1865] Ray Society …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … was then resumed, & a letter from M r Darwin was read stating that the work was in no …
  • … work being strongly recommended both by M r Darwin & D r Hooker | Resolved to accept the …

To J. D. Hooker   7 January [1865]

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Summary

Has finished long paper on "Climbing plants". Prefers sending it to Linnean Society if Bentham does not think it too long.

For New Zealand flora [1864–7] CD suggests JDH count plants with irregular corollas and compare with England.

Does not quite agree about Reader.

Is Tyndall author of piece on spiritualism?

CD’s illness diagnosed as "suppressed gout".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 257a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4742

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … DAR 115: 257a–c Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Jan [1865] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Oppenheim, Janet. 1985. The …
  • … and habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 2 February 1865. ] Journal of the …
  • … To be an invalid: the illness of Charles Darwin. Chicago and London: University of Chicago …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … Co. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. …
  • … my dear old friend | Yours ever | C.  Darwin P.S. Will you be so kind as to read the …
  • … phenomena in his letter to Susan Darwin, [26 April 1838] ( Correspondence vol.  2). The …
  • … Cambridge University ( Alum. Cantab. ). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that Francis …

From J. D. Hooker   [8–18 January 1865]

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Summary

Bentham wants "Climbing plants" for Journal of the Linnean Society, however long [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1865): 1–118]. Publication in Proceedings of the Royal Society restricts correspondence.

Reader much improved.

Tyndall did write piece on spiritualism ["Science and the spirits", Reader 4 (1864): 725–6].

"Suppressed gout" annoys him as a term cloaking ignorance.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8–18 Jan 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4743

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 102: 4–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [8–18 Jan 1865] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … and habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 2 February 1865. ] Journal of the …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew Dear Darwin Bentham craves your paper however long—for the Linnean, & so …
  • … Proceedings and Transactions are in the Darwin Library–CUL. Hooker refers to John Tyndall …

To Thomas Campbell Eyton   9 January [1865?]

Summary

Thanks TCE for information about breeding

and for his promise to measure feet of otter-hounds [see Variation 1: 39–40].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  9 Jan [1865?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.285)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4744

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Eyton, T. C. …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.285) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Jan [1865? ] Thomas Campbell Eyton …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … no opportunity of seeing Dogs. With hearty thanks | Ever yours sincerely | Charles Darwin

To Ray Society   [14–18 January 1865]

Summary

"Read a letter from Mr Darwin expressing his regret that the state of his health would not permit of his writing an Introductory Chapter to the Translation of Gaertner’s work [Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (1849)]."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ray Society
Date:  [14–18 Jan 1865]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Library MSS RAY A: vol. 2, p. 107r: Minute 1146, 3d February 1865)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4764

Matches: 4 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Ray Society …
  • … Minute 1146, 3d February 1865) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [14–18 Jan 1865] Ray Society …
  • … Read a letter from Mr Darwin expressing his regret that the state of his health would not …
  • … 1146. Read a letter from M r Darwin expressing his regret that the state of his health …

From T. H. Huxley   15 January 1865

Summary

Thanks for [E. Eudes?] Deslongchamps’ paper.

Henry Huxley born.

Leader in Reader [4 (1864): 821] is by THH. It has got him into trouble with some of his friends.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4745

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 166: 305 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Abbey Place, 26 15 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Huxley, 4 January [1865] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 January [1865] . Emma Darwin. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of your health— With kind remembrances to M rs Darwin & the rest of your circle Ever Yours …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … 26 Abbey Place Jany 15. 1865 My dear Darwin Many thanks for Deslongchamps paper which I do …

From Charles Lyell   16 January 1865

Summary

His view of Origin.

Belief of Duke of Argyll that substituting "variation" and "selection" for creation deifies them.

Thinks Argyll would accept evolution except for man.

A’s view of humming-birds.

Describes discussion with [Victoria,] Princess Royal of Prussia, about evolution.

New edition of Elements consistent with Origin.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1865
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 384–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4746

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Lyell, Charles Darwin, C. R. …
  • … ed. 1881, 2: 384–6 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet Magdeburg 16 Jan 1865 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … 6. The award of the Copley Medal to Charles Darwin. Notes and Records of the Royal Society …
  • … 1865, p.  60). An annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–Down (see Marginalia 1: 524–5). …
  • … Magdeburg: January 16, 1865. My dear Darwin,— I was so busy with the last chapters of my …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Pakula, Hannah. …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12), Erasmus Alvey Darwin had informed CD that Lyell was to attend …
  • … altho’ I am not yet gone quite so far as Mr Darwin and some of his followers. CD had been …
  • … Lyell remarked, ‘Your objection that Darwin has in some parts of his book made natural …
  • … selection, was felt strongly by me.... Darwin is inclined to believe that he has made a …
  • … 1881, 2: 390). An annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 543–4). …
  • … natural selection with the remark: ‘Mr.  Darwin, without absolutely proving this, has made …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1876 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 24 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 25 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker …
  • … Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to …
  • … See the letter At various periods in his life Darwin suffered from gastrointestinal …
  • … fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwin’s symptoms became so severe that he …
  • … for three months while he took Dr Gully’s water cure. In Darwin’s letter to Hooker, he described Dr …
  • … See the letter After returning from Malvern, Darwin continued his hydropathic …
  • … 1863. In a letter to Hooker in April of 1861, for example, Darwin used his delicate physiology to …
  • … Edward Wickstead Lane, and at Ilkley with Dr Edmund Smith, Darwin sought advice from his consulting …
  • … of a fashionable spinal ice treatment. In April 1864, Darwin attributed his improved health to Dr …
  • … to J. D. Hooker, 13 April [1864] ) Why was Darwin’s so ill? Historians and others have …
  • … that there were psychological or psychosomatic dimensions to Darwin’s most severe periods of crisis. …
  • … letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 December [1864] ). On Darwin’s early stomach troubles, see …
  • … , and letter to Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . Darwin’s health diary (Down House MS), which …
  • … occurrences of flatulence (see Colp 1977, pp. 46-7). Darwin first mentioned attacks of …
  • … daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6 May 1864] ). …
  • … up food.  In his letter to Chapman of 16 May [1865] , Darwin stated that his sickness was ‘always …
  • … 64). Fainting and ‘rocking’ had been recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on several occasions …
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