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To John Higgins   [16 November 1866]

Summary

[Acknowledges receipt of £252 19s. 2d.]

Thanks JH for his kind invitation to [William Erasmus Darwin, who had inherited the Claythorpe property in Lincolnshire, also managed by JH, from CD’s sister, Susan Elizabeth Darwin?]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  [16 Nov 1866]
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5279F

Matches: 4 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Higgins, John …
  • … dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138) Charles Robert Darwin Down [16 Nov 1866] John Higgins …
  • … his kind invitation to [William Erasmus Darwin, who had inherited the Claythorpe property …
  • … in Lincolnshire, also managed by JH, from CD’s sister, Susan Elizabeth Darwin? ] …

From Robert Caspary   25 February 1866

Summary

Sends papers on graft-hybrids ["Sur les hybrides obtenus par la greffe", Bull. Congr. Int. Bot. & Hortic. Amsterdam (1865): 65–80, and "Über Mischlinge, durch Pfropfen entstanden", Sitzungsber. K. Phys.-oekon. Ges. Königsberg 6 (1865): 11–21].

Author:  Johann Xaver Robert (Robert) Caspary
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5018

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Caspary, Robert Darwin, C. R. …
  • … 161: 118 Johann Xaver Robert (Robert) Caspary Königsberg 25 Feb 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … p.  365. Caspary’s photograph has not been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Dimorphic …
  • … remarkable sexual relations. By Charles Darwin. [Read 21 November 1861. ] Journal of the …
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … species of the genus Linum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 5 February 1863. ] Journal of the …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of Caspary 1865b is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  For CD’s …
  • … s annotated copy of Caspary 1865c is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL, bound with a …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On …
  • … races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Three forms …

To [James Samuelson?]   19 January [1866?]

Summary

CD is happy to sign photograph. He will only require one copy of the journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Samuelson
Date:  19 Jan [1866?]
Classmark:  Dreweatts Bloomsbury Auctions (dealers) (25 September 2014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4977F

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Samuelson, James …
  • … April 1866 . A presentation copy of the article is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … dealers) (25 September 2014) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Jan [1866? ] James Samuelson …
  • … send more as one will be quite sufficient. Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | Ch. Darwin
  • … April 1866, facing an unsigned article, ‘Darwin and his teachings’ (Anon. 1866). CD later …

From Rudolf Suchsland   2 April 1866

Summary

In response to a letter from RS’s father [translation enclosed] Schweizerbart has suggested H. B. Geinitz revise Bronn’s edition of the Origin, but RS doubts he is suitable.

Author:  Georg Rudolf Emil (Rudolf) Suchsland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5045

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Suchsland, Rudolf Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 177: 272 Georg Rudolf Emil (Rudolf) Suchsland Swansea 2 Apr 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … Vue street | Swansea 2 nd April 1866. Ch. Darwin Esq. | Down | Bromley. Sir, I have to-day …
  • … corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Meyer, Jürgen …
  • … good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … of the “Preussische Jahrbücher” about “Darwin’s theory” from Bronn’s translation. He …
  • … asked to publish a new translation of Ch. Darwin’s Origin of Species, the gentlemen, who …
  • … that, considering the importance of Darwin’s theory, a new & thouroughly successful …
  • … found; however, a copy of the review is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Meyer’s …

To Charles Lyell   8[–9] September [1866]

Summary

Disappointed to put off CL’s visit because of illness of CD’s sister [Susan], but hopes to see him in October.

Thanks for lending pamphlet [L. Agassiz, Geology of the Amazons]. Agassiz has written "wild nonsense".

Refers to a translation of Pictet and Humbert’s "capital" paper on fossil fish ["Recent researches on the fossil fishes of Mount Lebanon", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 18 (1866): 237].

Hooker’s lecture at BAAS Nottingham meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8[–9] Sept [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.319)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5208

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Lyell, Charles …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.319) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8[–9] Sept [1866] Charles Lyell, 1st …
  • … Autobiography : The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809–1882. With original omissions …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … the severity of his sister’s illness (see n.  3, below). Susan Elizabeth Darwin died on 3  …
  • … October 1866 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell eventually visited the Darwins from 16 to …
  • … 19 November 1866 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to an article by Louis Agassiz …
  • … copy is among his unbound journals in the Darwin Library–CUL. CD refers to Joseph Dalton …
  • … additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. South America : …
  • … RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1846. …
  • … the autumn yours affectionately | Charles Darwin Sunday Morning P.S.  I have just received …
  • … the remark, “So here is the end of the Darwin Theory”. How do you like that? I said last …

From J. E. Gray   9 April 1866

Summary

Invites CD to dine and meet Alphonse de Candolle.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr 1866
Classmark:  DAR 165: 210
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5052

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Gray, J. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 165: 210 John Edward Gray British Museum 9 Apr 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Hooker, 16 May [1866] , and letter from Alphonse de Candolle, 3 June 1866 . Emma Darwin. …
  • … British Museum 9 April 1866 My Dear Darwin I fear it is only as Compliment but I should be …
  • … me on that day With kindest Regard to M rs Darwin & yourself Ever Yours Sincerely | J.   …
  • … E Gray Charles Darwin Esq | &c &c …

From William Reeves   10 April 1866

Summary

CD elected honorary member of the Royal Irish Academy.

Author:  William Reeves
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1866
Classmark:  DAR 230: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5053A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Reeves, William Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 230: 16 William Reeves Dublin 10 Apr 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … The diploma has not been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL.  For a list of CD’s honorary …
  • … your obedient humble Servant | William Reeves, D.  D. | Secretary Charles Darwin Esq re . …

To Linnean Society   7 December [1866]

Summary

Asks to have author’s spare copies of F. Müller’s article on climbing plants [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344] sent to him for forwarding to FM.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  7 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London, Misc. loose letters, case 1: C. Darwin (5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5297

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Linnean Society …
  • … Linnean Society of London, Misc. loose letters, case 1: C. Darwin (5) …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Dec [1866] Linnean Society …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Plants sent here to me that I may forward them to him Yours very faithfully | Ch. Darwin

From J. T. Moggridge   5 and 6 July [1866]

Summary

Sends onion and mint seeds.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 and 6 July 1866
Classmark:  DAR 171: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5147

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Moggridge, J. T. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Moggridge London, Marlborough Villas, 3 5 July 1866 6 July 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 3 Marlborough Villas July 5. Dear M r . Darwin Yesterday I obtained from M r . J.  G.   …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.  E. Darwin, [5 May 1863] . CD’s letter has not been …
  • … Moggridge, 3 August [1866] . Moggridge had met Henrietta Emma Darwin during her trip to …
  • … France, and had visited the Darwin family in Down from 23 to 25 June 1866 (see letters …
  • … plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin 5th ed. : …
  • … 5th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. …
  • … specimens received from William Erasmus Darwin and dated 28 August 1862, are in DAR 109: …

To J. D. Hooker   [16 April 1866]

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Summary

Asks how many plants are proper to New Zealand for new edition [4th] of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [16 Apr 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 283
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5073

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … DAR 115: 283 Charles Robert Darwin Down [16 Apr 1866] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … honour) & getting an 80£ Scholarship, for next five years. — Yours affect— | C.  Darwin
  • … Origin 4th ed. , p.  463). George Howard Darwin achieved first class in the examination …
  • … p.  397). In a letter to Henrietta Emma Darwin, [30 March 1866] (DAR 251: 2239), George …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, below), and …

From Mary Lubbock to H. E. Darwin   [8 May 1866 – 31 August 1871]

Summary

Age at which babies first shed tears.

Author:  Frances Mary (Mary) Lubbock
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  [8 May 1866 – 31 Aug 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5332

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Lubbock, Mary Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … From Mary Lubbock to H.  E.  Darwin   [8 May 1866 – 31 August 1871] …
  • … Kent [8 May 1866 – 31 Aug 1871] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … coo! With kind regards to M r & M rs Darwin I am yours very sincerely | Mary Lubbock. …
  • … s peerage ), and the date of Henrietta Emma Darwin’s marriage (Thursday 31 August 1871: …
  • … to J. B. Innes, 18 October 1869 ). Elizabeth Darwin. Mary probably refers to Ellen Frances …
  • … Goringes, | Farnborough, | Kent. Dear Miss Darwin We hope to have a few friends here to …
  • … of the conversation we had with M r . Darwin the day I was at y r . house—I have heard …

To Jeffries Wyman   2 February 1866

Summary

Obliged for JW’s information on variability of size of bees’ cells. Hexagonal cells not always work of several insects. W. H. Miller found great variability in thickness of cell walls.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jeffries Wyman
Date:  2 Feb 1866
Classmark:  Jeffries Wyman Jr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4994

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Wyman, Jeffries …
  • … Wyman Jr (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Feb 1866 Jeffries Wyman …
  • … thanks for your kindness in writing I remain dear Sir yours very faithfully | Ch. Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … from between 1858 and 1860, are in the Darwin Archive–CUL (DAR 48: B1–78). See letter from …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Prete, Frederick …
  • … one impediment to the publication of Darwin’s theory. Journal of the History of Biology …
  • … is an annotated, inscribed, copy in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See letter from …
  • … 1866). There is an annotated copy in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. CD wrote of the …
  • … about wasps’ nests from Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Frederick Smith, and George Robert …

From B. D. Walsh   17 July 1866

Summary

On H. A. Dubois’ attack on "Darwin, Huxley and Lyell"

and H. J. Clark’s Mind in nature [1865].

BDW’s work [on Cynipidae].

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 July 1866
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5159

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Walsh, B. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … History, Chicago Benjamin Dann Walsh Rock Island, Ill. 17 July 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … On H. A. Dubois’ attack on "Darwin, Huxley and Lyell" and H. J. Clark’s Mind in nature [ …
  • … plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Winsor, …
  • … Island, Ill. U.S. July 17, 1866 Chas. Darwin Esq. My dear Sir, I sent you by mail last …
  • … There is a heavily annotated copy in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Walsh had sent CD …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 1865. The orgin and antiquity of man: Darwin, Huxley and Lyell. American Quarterly Church …
  • … 337–66, 505–34. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On …
  • … races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Post Office …
  • … sent me the other day of an “Analysis of Darwin Huxley & Lyell, by Henry A.  Dubois of New …
  • … of “the atheistical views embraced in Darwin’s hypothesis”; so that you must be Deist & …
  • … to ‘The origin and antiquity of man: Darwin, Huxley and Lyell’ by Henry Augustus Dubois. …
  • … disseminate the atheistical views embraced in Darwin’s hypothesis’ ( [Dubois] 1865 , p.   …
  • … p.  314). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–Down (see Marginalia 1: 166–7). He …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of Walsh’s paper is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Walsh had …

To J. D. Hooker   [22 April 1866]

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Summary

Thanks for facts about New Zealand flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Apr 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5064

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … DAR 115: 285 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [22 Apr 1866] Joseph Dalton …
  • … 1866] and n.  2. Hooker’s reply has not been found. The Darwins were in London from 21  …
  • … April to 1 May 1866 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); 6 Queen Anne Street …
  • … the residence of CD’s brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Frances Harriet Hooker. …
  • … course we sh d .  only be too glad to see M rs . Hooker or both— Ever yours | C.  Darwin

To J. D. Hooker   5 August [1866]

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Summary

CD defends his view of land birds on St Helena.

Explains why he would not expect American plants on the Azores.

It makes him miserable that he and JDH look at everything so differently.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Aug [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 296
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5181

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … DAR 115: 296 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Aug [1866] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … were over   yours affectionately | Ch. Darwin Whilst trying to find whether I had not a …
  • … 393–4). Neither note has been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL.  Early in the nineteenth …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 4th …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. …
  • … 1839. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with the …
  • … there is a lightly annotated copy in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL). Heligoland (now …

From Alfred Newton   27 November 1866

Summary

Thanks for new edition of Origin [4th ed.].

Has met CD’s son [George] at Trinity College.

Author:  Alfred Newton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Nov 1866
Classmark:  DAR 172: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5285

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Sir, With very great respect, | Y rs .  most truly | Alfred Newton C.  Darwin, Esq re . …
  • … Newton, Alfred Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 172: 46 Alfred Newton Magdalene College, Cambridge 27 Nov 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … at Cambridge ( DNB ). George Howard Darwin was an undergraduate at Trinity College, …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Fritz Müller   11 January 1866

Summary

Has read FM’s paper on sponges ["Über Darwinella aurea", Arch. Miskrosk. Anat. 1 (1865): 344–53] with interest.

Has also read FM’s work on the metamorphoses of Peneus [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 14 (1864): 104–15], an interesting and important embryological discovery.

CD regards Louis Agassiz’s opinions as valueless.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4972

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Müller, Fritz …
  • … British Library (Loan MS 10 no 5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Jan 1866 Johann Friedrich …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … me my dear Sir | yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin P.S.  I did not at all know that your …
  • … FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lurie, …
  • … of Chicago Press. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 4th …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. South America : …
  • … RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1846. …
  • … plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. West, …
  • … the photograph has not been found in the Darwin Archive, it was probably a copy of the …
  • … CD’ s hand on the front cover, is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. In the summer of …
  • … F.  Müller 1864a, plate IV and p.  115); in Für Darwin , he interpreted it as the earliest …
  • … there is a lightly annotated copy in the Darwin Library–Down (see Marginalia 1: 13)). For …

From John Gould   10 May 1866

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Summary

Gives CD genus and species names of the singular humming-bird; distressed by specific name made necessary by revised laws of nomenclature.

Author:  John Gould
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1866
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5086

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Gould, John Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 84.1: 20–1 John Gould London, Charlotte St, 26 10 May 1866 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … work there are some about the female Believe me | My dear Darwin | Yours Very Sincerely | …
  • … John Gould Chas Darwin Esq— Top of letter : ‘Case like Pigeon   quote—tail feather’ pencil …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Bedford Square, W.C. 10 th . May 66 My Dear Darwin The singular Humming bird with the four …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John …
  • … Murray. 1871. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio …
  • … presentation copy of J.  Gould 1861a is in the Darwin Library–CUL; Gould’s description and …

To Charles Lyell   [3 March 1866]

Summary

Has returned memorial to Chancellor of Exchequer; thanks CL for his note.

Lengthy remarks on cool period. Did not know of CL’s interest. New facts in new German and English [4th] editions of Origin will be too late for CL’s use. CD’s ten-year-old MS on cool period is available.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [3 Mar 1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.315)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5025

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Lyell, Charles …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.315) Charles Robert Darwin Down [3 Mar 1866] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … Petrels of N. & S.  oceans. — Very many thanks for your note. — Ever yours | C.  Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … presentation copy of Hutton 1865  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Letter from …
  • … John Murray. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s Natural selection: being the second part …
  • … with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … 1856. The manuscript CD refers to is in the Darwin Archive–CUL, DAR 14: D1–47 (see Natural …

To Asa Gray   4 August [1866]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s trouble about new edition of Origin.

Will be printing his new book [Variation] at the end of the year.

[Forwarded by AG, with covering note, to Mr Fields of Ticknor & Fields.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Aug [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5177

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (85) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1866] Asa Gray …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … With cordial thanks | believe me my dear Gray | Yours most sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … draft me a line, which I can forward to Mr Darwin, to encourage him in his disposition to …
Document type
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Date
1866
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02 (43)
03 (26)
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05 (36)
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07 (31)
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? To celebrate Darwin’s 211th birthday we are launching For the Curious, a series of simple interactives that explore different areas of Darwin’s life, work and legacy through his letters. We start with ‘Darwin working…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 25 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …
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