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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   18 October 1874

Summary

Thanks for Quarterly Review [Oct 1874, containing G. H. Darwin’s letter and a rejoinder]. Is convinced the author is Mivart. Is therefore not surprised at malice in the article attacking his son [George Darwin] and grossly misrepresenting CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 Oct 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 345–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9685

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 345–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Oct 1874 John Murray …
  • … one, so regardless of truth as is M r . Mivart. My dear Sir | Yours sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • … Review [Oct 1874, containing G. H. Darwin’s letter and a rejoinder]. Is convinced the …
  • … at malice in the article attacking his son [George Darwin] and grossly misrepresenting CD. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … 137: 587–9), in which George Howard Darwin defended himself against misrepresentation of …
  • … expressed in his essay on marriage (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). The misrepresentations were in …
  • … Mivart] 1874 ; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874  and n.  3, and letter from …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 441 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … stand still. — curious! My dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Journal of …
  • … 50 a , Albemarle Street, London. W. November 3 187 4 Darwin Present …
  • … Stock 570 DARWIN’S (C harles ) Journal of Researches into the Natural History of the …
  • … 9 s. 471 —— Fact and Argument for Darwin. By F ritz M uller . With numerous Illustrations …
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …

To James Crichton-Browne   5 January 1874

Summary

Requests help for George Darwin’s investigation of marriages of first cousins. Seeks to determine proportion of first-cousin offspring among the insane, deaf and dumb, blind, etc.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  5 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 347
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9227

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Crichton-Browne, James …
  • … DAR 143: 347 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Jan 1874 James Crichton-Browne …
  • … Requests help for George Darwin’s investigation of marriages of first cousins. Seeks to …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … George Howard Darwin was ‘second wrangler’ at Cambridge in 1868, that is, he was second in …
  • … to liberty of marriage’ (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). He published his later researches in an …
  • … article on cousin marriage in 1875 (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a). CD was in London from 10 to 17  …
  • … 2, 185–6, 311–12, and 352. In G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, p.  165, George credited in particular …
  • … beg your assistance. My son Mr.  George Darwin, who is a good mathematician (having been …
  • … at so great length. Pray believe me my dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | Charles Darwin. …

To Ernst Haeckel   20 September 1874

Summary

Thanks for 5th edition of his book [Natürliche] Schöpfungsgeschichte.

CD continues with his experiments on the digestive power of plants, which is much like that of mammals.

Is also preparing a revised edition of Descent.

Would welcome hearing more of his ideas about Pangenesis.

Postscript about Anthropogenie, which has just arrived. EH’s astonishing productivity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Sept 1874
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9647A

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Haeckel, Ernst …
  • … or developmental history of man; Haeckel 1874a) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/31) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Sept 1874 Ernst Philipp August ( …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1871. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Häckel | Yours very sincerely | Charles Darwin P.S.  Since this note was written & closed, …
  • … of creation; Haeckel 1874b) is in the Darwin Library–Down. Insectivorous plants was …

To J. V. Carus   17 June [1874]

Summary

Asks JVC if he can provide introductions in Leipzig and Dresden for his son George.

Has not yet received any revised sheets of Descent [2d English ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  17 June [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 118–119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9495

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Carus, J. V. …
  • … zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. …
  • … 118–119) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 June [1874] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842. Descent …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … 21 January 1874 (see n.  3, below). George Howard Darwin left for Holland on 18 June and …
  • … returned home on 11 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Carus was preparing a …
  • … 17 th My dear Sir My second son, George Darwin is going partly for health sake to stay …
  • … My dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin P.S.  I have just discovered that I had …

To Asa Gray   25 December 1874

Summary

Read AG’s article [see 9753] on longevity and duration of varieties with great interest.

Death of Mrs Hooker.

Hopes Insectivorous plants will be out in the spring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  25 Dec 1874
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (110)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9779

Matches: 6 hits

  • … much sooner die than suffer such a loss My dear Gray | Yours affectionately | Ch. Darwin
  • Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (110) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Dec 1874 Asa Gray …
  • … Allan 1967 , p.  225). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), J.  D.  Hooker stayed …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Eliza Meteyard   27 June 1874

Summary

Her memorial has passed and her civil list pension has been increased to £100 per annum for life.

Dr Johnson of Shrewsbury has R. W. Darwin letters.

Author:  Eliza Meteyard
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9518

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Meteyard, Eliza Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 164 Eliza Meteyard Hampstead 27 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … increased to £100 per annum for life. Dr Johnson of Shrewsbury has R. W. Darwin letters. …
  • … to this note is required, and if when Mrs Darwin sees or writes to M r Hensleigh Wedgwood— …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Daldy. King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: …
  • … Meteyard 1875); no published work on the Darwin family by Meteyard exists and no further …
  • … I have begun my MS book in relation to “the Darwins” & will send it in November with the ‘ …
  • … relative to—as also written by, D r R.  W.  Darwin. Last year D r Johnson offered them to …
  • … this long note. With compliments to Mrs Darwin. I am—with great respect | Yours obliged & …
  • … jasperware, the first of which he sent to Erasmus Darwin in 1789; the two men corresponded …
  • … at length about it and Erasmus Darwin wrote poetry inspired by the vase ( King-Hele 1999 , …
  • … 4, 251, 273). Henry Johnson. Robert Waring Darwin. Thomas Bentley was a partner in Josiah …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   23 June 1874

Summary

Has found Pinguicula excited by bits of leaves; appears to digest leaves and seeds. Plant not only insectivorous but graminivorous. Asks WTT-D to identify seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  23 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 12–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9508

Matches: 7 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … notes are in DAR 59.1: 57 and 60–1. Francis Darwin. For Thiselton-Dyer’s response, see his …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 12– …
  • … 13) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … me for being so very troublesome, & believe me to be Yrs very sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • … on this set of specimens sent by Francis Darwin’s fiancée, Amy Ruck, CD described them as …

From Alfred Newton   13 March 1874

Summary

Wishes CD could publish Origin with footnotes.

Increases in bird populations: starlings are increasing, but AN cannot give reason; mistletoe-thrush increasing but not ousting song-thrush. Doubts trustworthiness of [George?] Edwards, CD’s authority in Origin on this matter [see Origin, 6th ed., p. 59].

AN opposed to bird protection legislation to prohibit egging. Argues egging does not decrease number of birds.

Author:  Alfred Newton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 172: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9358

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Newton, Alfred Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 172: 50 Alfred Newton Magdalene College, Cambridge 13 Mar 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … accompanied with anecdotes. Zoologist 14: 5117–22, 5199–202, 5258–68. Emma Darwin (1904): …
  • … Emma Darwin, wife …
  • … of Charles Darwin. A century of family letters. Edited by Henrietta Litchfield. 2 vols. …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Yarrell, William. …
  • … Magd. Coll. 13 March 1874. My dear M r . Darwin, I indeed thank you for your letter, which …
  • … Press. 1904. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s Natural selection: being the second part …
  • … the most numerous bird in the world. Francis Darwin was to become CD’s secretary; he took …
  • … up the post in summer 1874 (see Emma Darwin (1904) , 2: 269). Origin had been published …

To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875

Summary

Head movements and their expressive significance. [P.S. explains letter was returned to CD because of a mistake in the address.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chauncey Wright
Date:  21 Sept 1874 and 29 Jan 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9650

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Wright, Chauncey …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Sept 1874 29 Jan 1875 Chauncey Wright …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 2d ed. : The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. …
  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1890. …
  • … of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … edition of Expression was edited by Francis Darwin based on CD’s corrections and published …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … Shoe String Press. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … me | yours very sincerely— | Charles Darwin I have been half killing myself of late with …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   20 January 1874

Summary

Russian Expression has sold nearly 2000 copies.

Plans to come to England to study collections of vertebrate fossils from the Chalk. This will complement his work in the south of France.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 169: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9251

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Kovalevsky, V. O. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 20 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … The essay was published by Macmillan and Co. , not John Murray. Emma and Elizabeth Darwin. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Davitashvili, Leo …
  • … 1873–4 ). The dedication reads ‘Herrn Charles Darwin in tiefster Verehrung gewidmet’ ( …
  • … Dedicated to Mr Charles Darwin in deepest respect). …
  • … CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL.  The final part appeared in …
  • … but no copy of it has been found in the Darwin Library–CUL. Greensand and Gault are strata …
  • … of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Kovalevskaya, Sofia …
  • … You to present our compliments to M rs and Miss Darwin Your very truly | W.  Kowalevsky …
  • … Gaisinovich ed.  1988, pp.  180, 210; Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). According to his …

To G. E. Shuttleworth   17 February [1874]

Summary

At the suggestion of Crichton-Browne CD writes on behalf of his son George, who is making a study of marriages between first cousins and of their offspring to determine the proportion of the latter who may be among the insane, deaf and dumb, idiotic, blind etc. Is GES willing to ask his patients [at the Royal Albert Asylum] for the information relevant to this study?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Edward Shuttleworth
Date:  17 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS. 5134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9299A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … intrusion on you, | Believe me | Dear Sir | Yours faithfully, | Ch. Darwin Feb.  17 th . …
  • Darwin, C. R. Shuttleworth, G. E. …
  • … Library (MS. 5134) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Feb [1874] George Edward Shuttleworth …
  • … reply has not been found, but George Howard Darwin cited him for the information that five …
  • … per cent of his patients were the offspring of cousin marriages in G.  H.  Darwin 1875a. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1874 . See letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1874 . This is one of the letters George wrote for CD to send …
  • … Beckenham | Kent. Dear Sir My son George Darwin (who is a good mathematician, having been …

To J. V. Carus   30 October 1874

Summary

Will soon send remaining sheets [of Descent, 2d English ed.]. Fears JVC’s errata have come too late for printing.

His new work [Insectivorous plants] will make a rather big book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  30 Oct 1874
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 112–113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9702

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Carus, J. V. …
  • … zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. …
  • … 112–113) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Oct 1874 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … hope your health is fairly good. My dear Sir, in Haste | yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … Press. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Journal of …
  • … of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From W. D. Fox   8 May [1874]

Summary

Has left Delamere and settled on the Isle of Wight.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9446

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Fox, W. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 164: 197 William Darwin Fox Sandown 8 …
  • … May [1874] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Broadlands | Sandown | I.  Wight May 8 My dear Darwin You will be surprised by the package …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … of my mind and character. By Charles Darwin. In Evolutionary writings , edited by James A. …
  • … I sh d much like a few lines from M rs Darwin or yourself, telling me (as I hope) that …
  • … you are in better health, and that M rs Darwin & your family are well. Tell me also how …
  • … W.  D.  Fox | Kindest regards to M rs Darwin from my Wife & self. PS. | Do you remember …
  • … letter from W.  D.  Fox, 15 February [1870]). Fox refers to Robert Waring Darwin, Susan …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, and …
  • … Emily Catherine Darwin. John Lubbock’s Monograph of the Collembola and Thysanura was …
  • … to the genus Lepisma in the order Thysanura. William Erasmus Darwin was a partner in …
  • … the Maddison, Atherley, Hankinson and Darwin bank in Southampton ( Banking almanac 1874). …

To G. J. Romanes   16 July 1874

Summary

Thanks GJR for his letter, regrets pressure of other work prevents his giving GJR’s remarks the attention they deserve. GJR makes clearer how an organ that has started to decrease will go on decreasing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.444)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9549

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the labour. With my best thanks | I remain, dear Sir, | yours faithfully | Ch. Darwin
  • Darwin, C. R. Romanes, G. J. …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.444) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 July 1874 George John Romanes …

From Martin Ziegler   21 November 1874

Summary

On Drosera, with which MZ has worked for four years.

Author:  Martin Ziegler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 184: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9727

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Ziegler, Martin Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 184: 9 Martin Ziegler Wesserling 21 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … d’un mot de réponse. M Z le 21 Novembre 1874. Wesserling. Alsace à Monsieur Charles Darwin
  • … me with a word in reply. MZ 21 November 1874. Wesserling. Alsace. to Mr Charles Darwin
  • … papers ). There are no articles by Ziegler in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … Press. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Royal Society …
  • … et zoïcité (Ziegler 1874a) that is in the Darwin Library–Down. CD had already read one of …

From W. de W. Abney to Leonard Darwin   [before 27 June 1874]

Summary

Answers questions about chemistry (see 9202).

Author:  William de Wiveleslie Abney
Addressee:  Leonard Darwin
Date:  [before 27 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9196F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Abney, W. de W. Darwin, Leonard …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … From W.  de W.  Abney to Leonard Darwin   [before 27 June 1874] …
  • … DAR 58.1: 148 William de Wiveleslie Abney [before 27 June 1874] Leonard Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter from Leonard Darwin to W.  de W.  Abney, [before 27 June 1874] …
  • … Insectivorous plants (see letter from Leonard Darwin to W.  de W.  Abney, [before 27 June  …

To Edward Nicholson   26 August [1874]

Summary

Thanks EN for his book [Indian snakes, 2d ed. (1874)]. CD is pleased that it calls attention to gradation in the character of snake poison.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Nicholson
Date:  26 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9607

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Nicholson, Edward …
  • … Robert M. Stecher collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Aug [1874] Edward Nicholson …
  • … in many ways, & with my renewed thanks remain Dear Sir | Yours faithfully | Ch. Darwin
  • … Bibliography Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with …
  • … Publishing. 1990. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s Natural selection: being the second …
  • … 1874, and with his son William Erasmus Darwin in Southampton from 30 July to 24 August  …
  • … of ophiology ( Nicholson 1874 ) in the Darwin Library–Down ( Marginalia 1: 641–2). In …
  • … on points to which ‘the hypothesis of Darwin’ gave special importance. The account may …

From D. A. Spalding   21 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s son’s observations

and for allowing DAS to visit Down.

Author:  Douglas Alexander Spalding
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9557

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Spalding, D. A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 177: 221 Douglas Alexander Spalding Chepstow 21 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … to enjoy. With kind regards to Mrs Darwin & many thanks to your son I am yours sincerely | …
  • … 1873]). Spalding visited CD on 27 May 1874 (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] ). …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … Ravenscroft | Chepstow July 21/74 My dear Mr Darwin I have only too good an excuse to …
  • … CD’s letter has not been found, but see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] . …
  • … George Howard Darwin evidently sent some of his notes to Spalding, but they have not been …

To St. G. J. Mivart   14 December 1874

Summary

Asks StGJM to confirm that he is the author of the article on Tylor and Lubbock ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77] in which an attack was made on George Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  14 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9759

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. Mivart, S. G. J. …
  • … DAR 97: C71 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Dec 1874 St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … M r Murray about above Dear Sir | Yours faithfully | Ch. Darwin To | St G.  Mivart E sq …
  • … Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77] in which an attack was made on George Darwin. …
  • … which includes an attack on my son M r G.  Darwin. As I desire to know on what terms we …
Document type
letter (649)
Author
Abbot, F. E. (1)
Abney, W. de W. (1)
Airy, Hubert (2)
Aitken, Thomas (1)
Alglave, Émile (1)
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1)
Anderson, G. S. (1)
Appleton, T. G. (1)
Ball, John (1)
Bancroft, H. H. (1)
Bates, H. W. (2)
Baxter, E. B. (1)
Beal, W. J. (1)
Belt, Thomas (1)
Bennett, A. W. (1)
Benson, Berry (1)
Bikkers, A. V. W. (1)
Brunton, T. L. (7)
Burdon Sanderson, J. S. (11)
Canning, A. S. G. (4)
Carus, J. V. (7)
Cecil, Henry (2)
Christie, W. H. M. (1)
Coan, T. M. (2)
Cohn, F. J. (1)
Cooke, R. F. (4)
Copland, T. C. (1)
Courtenay, E. M. (1)
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1876 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 24 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from 1875 on this website.  The full texts of the …
  • … 23 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 25 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker …
  • … Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to …
  • … See the letter At various periods in his life Darwin suffered from gastrointestinal …
  • … fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwin’s symptoms became so severe that he …
  • … for three months while he took Dr Gully’s water cure. In Darwin’s letter to Hooker, he described Dr …
  • … See the letter After returning from Malvern, Darwin continued his hydropathic …
  • … 1863. In a letter to Hooker in April of 1861, for example, Darwin used his delicate physiology to …
  • … Edward Wickstead Lane, and at Ilkley with Dr Edmund Smith, Darwin sought advice from his consulting …
  • … of a fashionable spinal ice treatment. In April 1864, Darwin attributed his improved health to Dr …
  • … to J. D. Hooker, 13 April [1864] ) Why was Darwin’s so ill? Historians and others have …
  • … that there were psychological or psychosomatic dimensions to Darwin’s most severe periods of crisis. …
  • … letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 December [1864] ). On Darwin’s early stomach troubles, see …
  • … , and letter to Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . Darwin’s health diary (Down House MS), which …
  • … occurrences of flatulence (see Colp 1977, pp. 46-7). Darwin first mentioned attacks of …
  • … daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6 May 1864] ). …
  • … up food.  In his letter to Chapman of 16 May [1865] , Darwin stated that his sickness was ‘always …
  • … 64). Fainting and ‘rocking’ had been recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on several occasions …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, …
  • … set of selected letters is followed by letters relating to Darwin's 1881 publication …
  • … throughout Variation . Letter 2395 - Darwin to Holland, Miss, [April 1860] …
  • … anonymised and masculinised. Letter 3316 - Darwin to Nevill, D. F., [12 November …
  • … Nevill is referenced by name for her “kindness” in Darwin’s Fertilisation of Orchids . …
  • … critic. Letter 4370 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [April - May 1865] Darwin
  • … as “friends in Surrey”. Letter 4794 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [25 March 1865] …
  • … B”. Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s …
  • … in the final publication. Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - …
  • … in Expression . Letter 5817 - Darwin to Huxley, T. H., [30 January 1868 …
  • … baby in Mary Barton. Letter 8321 - Darwin to Litchfield, H. E., [13 May …
  • … at him. Letter 7345 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [15 June 1872] Darwin’s …
  • … I can implicitly rely”. Letter 8427 - Darwin to Litchfield H. E., [25 July 1872] …
  • … contribution to the same work was carefully referenced , Darwin made no mention of Henrietta’s …
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