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To G. H. Darwin   [29 May 1874]

Summary

CD has forwarded proofs of Descent [2d edition]. Urges GHD not to work on them if his poor health makes them too tiring.

Thanks GHD about Spalding [i.e., for responding to Spalding’s request, see 9472].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9474

Matches: 11 hits

  • … I do hope we may have better account of you before long Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [29 May 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 22 Charles Robert Darwin Down [29 May …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … between this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] , and the letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 . CD was preparing the second edition of Descent . The letter …
  • … CD at Down (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and n.  2). William Clowes & Sons …

To Leonard Darwin   25 November 1874

Summary

LD’s letter recalled old scenes on board the Beagle.

CD’s "bothering correspondents" seem to increase in number and in folly; has just answered "two precious fools".

Has been working very hard on Droseraceae and can "now see daylight".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 153: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9733

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Leonard …
  • … To Leonard Darwin   25 November 1874 …
  • … DAR 153: 91 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 …
  • … Nov 1874 Leonard Darwin
  • … that you were once a pouter with long curly hair Your affectionat Father | (sd) Ch Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … 1874 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Francis Darwin’s essay was published in 1876 under the …
  • … vascular dilation in acute inflammation’ (F.  Darwin 1876). There are dotted lines before …
  • … Shoe String Press. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Leonard Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] , describing the events of his voyage to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  1, letter to R.  W.  Darwin, 8 February – 1 March 1832). Leonard was …
  • … trade winds had driven the ship very near to the coast (see letter from Leonard Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] . CD had begun writing up his research on …

To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876]

Summary

Has had a nice stay with William, who is charming but rather languid and cannot read to himself.

Love to Amy [Darwin] and Mrs Ruck.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [July 1874–Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9523A

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876] …
  • … DAR 271.4: 1 Charles Robert Darwin [July 1874– …
  • … Sept 1876] Francis Darwin
  • … charming but rather languid and cannot read to himself. Love to Amy [Darwin] and Mrs Ruck. …

To G. H. Darwin   [8 August 1874]

Summary

Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which removes all CD’s objections. Will make his own letter to Murray less imperious. "It will be a dreadful evil to me, if … we come to a quarrel."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [8 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9596

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [8 August 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 31 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [8 Aug …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … come to a quarrel. — Yours affect | C.  Darwin Write to Clowes for Proof to be sent here …
  • … to the proof-sheets of Descent (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). CD and …
  • … his wife, Emma, were staying with their son William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . In 1874, the Saturday …
  • … was 8 August. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . George had enclosed a …
  • … 587–9). CD probably refers to a letter sent to him via Emma Darwin; see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . George had suggested that CD avoid risking a break …
  • … over his dispute; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . For CD’s original …
  • … the enclosure to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ; for the letter as sent, …

From G. H. Darwin   18 April 1874

Summary

Sends queries [on proofs of Descent, 2d ed.]. Will be finished, except for the index, in two days.

Is now less satisfied than formerly with his statistics on cousin marriage.

[Enclosure is a copy by GHD of J. S. Mill’s statement about Origin (Logic 2: 18 n.).]

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9417

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   18 April 1874 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … of the passage, see Correspondence vol.  11, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 9 November 1863. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 34 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 18 …
  • … Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … to Cambridge on 15 April 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). William Aldis Wright was …
  • … been identified. The name ‘Waring’ in the Darwin family originated from Robert Waring, CD’ …
  • … It is unreasonable to accuse M r . Darwin (as has been done) of violating the rules of …
  • … concerned with the conditions of Proof. M r Darwin has never pretended that his doctrine …
  • … of Worcester College for the Blind (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, pp.  169–170). The quotation is …
  • … have don the book except index in 3 days!! Yours affly | George Darwin Mill’s Logic vol II …
  • … p 18 footnote “M r Darwin’s remarkable speculation on the Origin of Species is another …
  • … by Oxford University Press. Francis Darwin was engaged to Amy Ruck. The other members of …
  • … Ithel Ruck (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). For George’s findings on …
  • … marriage, see the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1874 . George probably refers to …

To Francis Darwin   [after 23 July 1874]

Summary

Asks for a specimen of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [after 23 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13796

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [after 23 July 1874] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 211: 9 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [after 23 …
  • … July 1874] Francis Darwin
  • … Insectivorous plants , pp.  375–6). Francis Darwin found specimens of Pinguicula while on …
  • … July 1874 (letter from H.  E.  Litchfield to Leonard Darwin, 24 July 1874 (DAR 251: 1604); …
  • … see also letter from Francis and Amy Darwin, 8 August [1874] ). …
  • … butterwort), and by the date of Francis Darwin’s visit to Switzerland (see n.  2, below). …

To G. H. Darwin   10 June 1874

Summary

Comments on GHD’s paper ["Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 18 (1875): 22–41]. Hopes it will be published and read at the Statistical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9487

Matches: 12 hits

  • … on direction to Spalding. — I return old Proofs & your Paper. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 June 1874 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 23 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June …
  • … 1874 George Howard Darwin
  • … have not been found (see letters to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and [29 May 1874]). …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … to the Statistical Society of London on 16 March 1875 (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a; see also G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin 1875b, and letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874  and n.  2). The draft seen by CD has not been found. The letter …
  • … in two parts (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874  and n.  1). Douglas Alexander …

From Leonard Darwin   [before 27 June 1874]

thumbnail

Summary

LD has misplaced some figures on which he was to work.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 27 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 186: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9196

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Leonard Darwin   [before 27 June 1874] …
  • … DAR 186: 31 Leonard Darwin R. Naval …
  • … College, Greenwich [before 27 June 1874] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … have written to Abney. Your affec son | Leonard Darwin If not very expensive shall I get a …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Leonard Darwin to W.  de W.   …
  • … before 27 June 1874] . See letter from Leonard Darwin to W.  de W.  Abney, [before 27 June …
  • … Correspondence vol.  21, letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [before 3  October 1873] ). …

To Francis Darwin   [17 September 1874]

Summary

Asks FD to come early to write from dictation.

Thanks Amy for her drawing of Utricularia montana.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [17 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9218

Matches: 9 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [17 September 1874] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 271.3: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down [17 …
  • … Sept 1874] Francis Darwin
  • … 129–30, 135–6. Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.  alpina. William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … microscope work. — Yours affect | C.  Darwin I hope that you thanked Amy for her capital …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 18 September [1874] . Amy Darwin’s drawing has not been found. There are …

To W. E. Darwin   24 [July 1874]

Summary

Arrangements for the visit to Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  24 [July 1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   24 [July 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006) Charles Robert Darwin 24 [July …
  • … 1874] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … 1874. Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records the wedding, and her headache on 24 July 1874. …
  • … before we arrive, Yours affect | C.  Darwin Poor mamma has had bad head all day from the …
  • … The month and year are established by the reference to Francis Darwin’s marriage …
  • … and Emma Darwin’s subsequent headache (see n.   …
  • … 4, below). The Darwins visited Thomas Henry and Katherine Euphemia Farrer at Abinger, …
  • … certain which of them was employed in 1874. Francis Darwin married Amy Ruck on 23 July  …

To G. H. Darwin   [6 December 1874]

Summary

Returns historical sketch [of GHD’s "cousin paper"?] with comments. "For Heavens sake put a sentence in some conspicuous place that your results seem to indicate that consanguineous marriage, as far as insanity is concerned, cannot be injurious in any very high degree."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9746

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [6 December 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 42 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [ …
  • … 6 Dec 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … am in great force. Yours affec | C.  Darwin P.S.  I have had the satisfaction of telling …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . In 1874, the Sunday …
  • … was 6 December. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . CD had presumably read …
  • … s paper on cousin marriage (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a), headed ‘Literature on the subject’ in …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Thomas Henry Huxley; see also letter to H.  A.   …
  • … restrictions to liberty of marriage’; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a) in an anonymous essay review …
  • … insanity acquired late in life’ in G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, pp.  173, 175. CD’s daughter …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  19, letter to H.  E.  Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). At the end of the …
  • … of his paper, George wrote (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, p.  172): Taking into account the …
  • … the subjects George was working on, see the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . …

From G. H. Darwin   29 July 1874

Summary

After taking advice he has decided to write an explicit denial and short account of his essay and send it to the Quarterly Review.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9575

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   29 July 1874 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 37 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 29 …
  • … July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … publisher. No letter from George dated 28 July 1874 has been found. Reginald Darwin’s son, …
  • … Sacheverel Charles Darwin, was a lieutenant in the Royal Navy. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … I had a very civil letter from Reginald Darwin (who is with the channel fleet & his son I …
  • … supp) sending kind messages to you Your affec son | George Darwin
  • … restrictions to liberty of marriage’ (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a) were described as approving …
  • … p.  70). See also letter to G.  H.  Darwin, [27 July 1874] . Henry Jackson. A letter sent …
  • … see L.  Huxley ed.  1900, 1: 435). The Darwins were at Abinger, Surrey, from 25 to 30  …
  • … to Southampton to visit their son William Erasmus Darwin (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … CD had been ill on 13 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George refers to proof- …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … 1874 issue of Quarterly Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874b). The editor of the Quarterly Review …
  • … disguise them by studious reticence—as Mr.  Darwin disguised at first his views as to the …
  • … make prehistoric science tell against Mr.  Darwin’ and that the conclusions drawn by the …

To G. H. Darwin   5 November [1874]

Summary

Mainly family news.

Eager to read GHD’s political economy MS "though Heaven knows whether I shall understand it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9712

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 November [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … shall understand it. Yours affect ly | C.  Darwin We were much interested by your account …
  • … is established by the references to Emma Darwin’s illness and the visit from the Josiah …
  • … one of his manuscripts (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] and n.  2). CD …
  • … refers to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] ; the card from George has not …
  • … They left on Wednesday 11 November (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George was writing on …
  • … of Great Britain ( letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 19 October [1874] ). After discussion with …
  • … CD, George decided to decline the invitation (see letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] and 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24 and 25)). The …
  • … been found. George’s health had been improving for four months (letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). Emma recorded in her diary that …
  • … 7 November 1874, and in a letter to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24), …

From Leonard Darwin   1 March 1874

Summary

Notes on movements of Mimosa pudica.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 209.2: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9328

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Leonard Darwin   1 March 1874 …
  • … DAR 209.2: 158 Leonard Darwin unstated 1 Mar …
  • … 1874 Charles Robert Darwin

From Leonard Darwin   3 May 1874

Summary

Experiments on sensitive plants.

Author:  Leonard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9438

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Leonard Darwin   3 May 1874 …
  • … DAR 161: 77 Leonard Darwin unstated 3 May …
  • … 1874 Charles Robert Darwin

To G. H. Darwin   19 October [1874]

Summary

Advice to GHD on whether to accept invitation to lecture at the Royal Institution.

Murray has sent the Quarterly Review issue. CD has told Murray that he is convinced Mivart is the author and what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9687

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 October [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … telling me about Balfour Yours affect | C.  Darwin On account of any proofs of Index let …
  • … to Abinger Hall (see letter from G.  H.   Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  14). Francis …
  • … Maitland Balfour; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  17. George was …
  • … sheets of Descent 2d ed. ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 18 April 1874 ). It was published in …
  • … man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1874. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . Letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874. George had been invited by William Spottiswoode to give a …
  • … development in dress (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and nn.  1, 2, and …
  • … Institution lecture (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ). CD refers to the …
  • … Jackson Mivart following George Howard Darwin’s letter defending himself against the …
  • … criticism; and, without implying that Mr.  Darwin has in “thought” or “word” approved …

To G. H. Darwin   19 April [1874]

Summary

Is sorry to hear the news about the cousin question – a real misfortune.

Congratulates GHD on being nearly finished with work on Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9419

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 April [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 19 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Apr [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … Appendix II)). See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  4. William Clowes …
  • … with the Descent. — Your affect. | C.  Darwin We go to London on Tuesday morning— How …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874 . George was correcting the …
  • … for Descent 2d ed. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  7. George was …

From G. H. Darwin   20 April 1874

Summary

Sends Descent material. Is staggered by CD’s power of marshalling facts and his conciseness and clearness of thought. The only fault he finds is some slight want of conciseness of diction.

He feels CD’s power more now "that I quail before the thought of arranging the few paltry facts I’ve got about those d––d cousins".

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9421

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   20 April 1874 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 35 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 20 …
  • … Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … works on mental pathology (see Correspondence vol.  17). The Darwins were in London from …
  • … 21 to 29 April (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … for 2 or 3 days I hope London will be successful— I come on Friday Y rs affly | G H Darwin
  • … cousin marriage (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  7). George refers …
  • … Mary Anne Ruck. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  6. The ‘Backs’ are …

To G. H. Darwin   [24 October 1874]

Summary

Writes about instructions to compositor and return of proofs [of Descent]. Requests return of 2d volume of Descent, to which he may want to refer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [24 Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9696

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [24 October 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 35 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 Oct …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … of Descent ; see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  2. In November  …
  • … language’ in the Contemporary Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874c). In his review, he defended CD …
  • … see Radick 2008 , p.  47). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  3. …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … between this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] , and the letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . In 1874, 24 October was a Saturday. Apus appears in …

To G. H. Darwin   [20? August 1874]

Summary

Likes GHD’s article ["Professor Whitney on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [20? Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9711

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [20? August 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20? …
  • … Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … was published in the November issue; the Darwins must have seen the manuscript or proof- …
  • … under discussion, see Radick 2008 , pp.  19–49. This sentence was added by Emma Darwin. …
  • … conjectured from the relationship between this letter and the letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 23 August [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.21). In this letter, Emma wrote that …
  • … she had read the manuscript of G.  H.  Darwin 1874c (see n.  2, below). In 1874 the …
  • … for the Contemporary Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874c), in which he had discussed William …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1876 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 24 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from 1875 on this website.  The full texts of the …
  • … 23 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 25 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker …
  • … Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to …
  • … See the letter At various periods in his life Darwin suffered from gastrointestinal …
  • … fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwin’s symptoms became so severe that he …
  • … for three months while he took Dr Gully’s water cure. In Darwin’s letter to Hooker, he described Dr …
  • … See the letter After returning from Malvern, Darwin continued his hydropathic …
  • … 1863. In a letter to Hooker in April of 1861, for example, Darwin used his delicate physiology to …
  • … Edward Wickstead Lane, and at Ilkley with Dr Edmund Smith, Darwin sought advice from his consulting …
  • … of a fashionable spinal ice treatment. In April 1864, Darwin attributed his improved health to Dr …
  • … to J. D. Hooker, 13 April [1864] ) Why was Darwin’s so ill? Historians and others have …
  • … that there were psychological or psychosomatic dimensions to Darwin’s most severe periods of crisis. …
  • … letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 December [1864] ). On Darwin’s early stomach troubles, see …
  • … , and letter to Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . Darwin’s health diary (Down House MS), which …
  • … occurrences of flatulence (see Colp 1977, pp. 46-7). Darwin first mentioned attacks of …
  • … daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6 May 1864] ). …
  • … up food.  In his letter to Chapman of 16 May [1865] , Darwin stated that his sickness was ‘always …
  • … 64). Fainting and ‘rocking’ had been recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on several occasions …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, …
  • … set of selected letters is followed by letters relating to Darwin's 1881 publication …
  • … throughout Variation . Letter 2395 - Darwin to Holland, Miss, [April 1860] …
  • … anonymised and masculinised. Letter 3316 - Darwin to Nevill, D. F., [12 November …
  • … Nevill is referenced by name for her “kindness” in Darwin’s Fertilisation of Orchids . …
  • … critic. Letter 4370 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [April - May 1865] Darwin
  • … as “friends in Surrey”. Letter 4794 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [25 March 1865] …
  • … B”. Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s …
  • … in the final publication. Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - …
  • … in Expression . Letter 5817 - Darwin to Huxley, T. H., [30 January 1868 …
  • … baby in Mary Barton. Letter 8321 - Darwin to Litchfield, H. E., [13 May …
  • … at him. Letter 7345 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [15 June 1872] Darwin’s …
  • … I can implicitly rely”. Letter 8427 - Darwin to Litchfield H. E., [25 July 1872] …
  • … contribution to the same work was carefully referenced , Darwin made no mention of Henrietta’s …
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