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From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin , CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will ( Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin . …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

From Reginald Darwin   31 May 1879

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Summary

Thanks CD for another letter [of his father’s].

Cannot call to mind the story about the robber [see Erasmus Darwin, pp. 64–5].

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 May 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 156–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12072

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   31 May 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 156–7 Reginald Darwin Buxton 31 May …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … you good— Believe me, with best regards, Yours | affect y & gratefully | Reginald Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … father’s]. Cannot call to mind the story about the robber [see Erasmus Darwin , pp. 64–5]. …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 29 May [1879] . …
  • … CD had sent Reginald Darwin a letter from Reginald’ …
  • … s father, Francis Sacheverel Darwin , addressed to his …
  • … half-brother Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) . …
  • … Francis Sacheverel Darwin had been admitted to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1807 ( …
  • … different versions of an anecdote about Erasmus Darwin and a highway robber ( …
  • … see letter to Reginald Darwin, 29 May [ …
  • … 1879] , and Erasmus Darwin , pp. 64–5). CD had been away from 6 to 26 May 1879 (CD’s ‘ …

From V. H. Darwin   9 April 1879

Summary

Gives some examples of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s benevolence; will forward some books that may interest CD.

Author:  Violetta Harriot Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11985

Matches: 31 hits

  • … From V.  H.  Darwin   9 April 1879 …
  • Darwin, V. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.14: 22 Violetta Harriot Darwin Derby 9 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Litchfield on this subject has been found. Elston Hall was Erasmus Darwin’s birthplace. …
  • … Gives some examples of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s benevolence; will forward some books that may …
  • … Albert Museum . London: V&A publications. Darwin, Erasmus. 1789–91. The botanic garden; a …
  • … A later account of Erasmus Darwin had been given by Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck as part of …
  • … her autobiography ( Hankin ed. 1858 ). Erasmus Darwin’s poetry was published in quarto …
  • … volumes ( E. Darwin 1789–91 and E. …
  • Darwin 1803 ). Railway office. …
  • … Violetta’s drawing of Breadsall Priory ( Erasmus Darwin’s death place) …
  • … was used in Erasmus Darwin , p. …
  • … 125. Charles Darwin , CD’s uncle, died in 1778. No letter to Henrietta Emma …
  • … notes. Lichfield: J. Jackson. 1789. Darwin, Erasmus. 1803. The temple of nature; or, the …
  • … notes. 2 pts. London: J. Johnson. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Hankin, Christiana …
  • … Press. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … letters and verses written by Erasmus Darwin to William Burrow and Samuel Pegge , as …
  • … well as a manuscript book belonging to Erasmus Darwin (see letter …
  • … from Reginald Darwin, 9 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 4). Her father was Francis Sacheverel Darwin . The lines were from the poem by Brooke …
  • … first book of Horace imitated. To Erasmus Darwin ’, published in Sorrows. Sacred to the …
  • … s “Sorrows”— also the following Sonnet Darwin! had mortal science e’er availed To save …
  • … pigeon’s distressing fate—& it is D r . Darwin who reaches a kind hand across the table to …
  • … Believe me | yours very truly | Violetta H Darwin. I think that in the Sonnet, where Sir …
  • … from p. 71). The poem suggests that Erasmus Darwin treated Boothby’s daughter and it also …
  • … letter in order to quote them in Erasmus Darwin , p. 63. On the importance of the Roman …
  • … Wright was a close friend of both John Whitehurst and Erasmus Darwin . See plate on p. …
  • … 165. Anna Seward’s memoir of Erasmus Darwin had been published in 1804 ( Seward 1804 ). …

From E. A. Darwin   19 February [1866]

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Summary

Division of Catherine’s estate.

Arrangements for EAD’s will.

Wishes CD would pay him another visit.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5010

Matches: 24 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B40–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. …
  • … University calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950. Darwin, Francis. 1916. …
  • … Memoir of Sir George Darwin. …
  • … In Scientific papers , by George Howard Darwin. Vol. 5. …
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866] . The letter from CD …
  • … has not been found. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866] . Emily Catherine …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … 13301)). William Erasmus Darwin was CD’s eldest son. George became an undergraduate …
  • … University calendar 1867, p.  400, F.  Darwin 1916 ). The references are to the family of …
  • … Allen , lived near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978 ). …
  • … Emily Catherine Langton . Susan Elizabeth Darwin was the the younger of CD and Erasmus’s …
  • … had attended Catherine when she was dying (undated letter from H.  E. Darwin to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin (DAR 245: 273)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was CD’s second son. …
  • … s death in 1881, George and William Erasmus Darwin appear to have acted as executors (see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 28 August 1881 ( Calendar no.   …

From V. H. Darwin   12 April [1879]

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Summary

Discusses material for Erasmus Darwin including an engraved portrait by Joseph Wright.

Author:  Violetta Harriot Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11988

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From V.  H.  Darwin   12 April [1879] …
  • Darwin, V. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 166 Violetta Harriot Darwin Derby 12 Apr [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Discusses material for Erasmus Darwin including an engraved portrait by Joseph Wright. …
  • … For Joseph Wright’s portraits of Erasmus Darwin , see M. Keynes 1994 . …
  • … Milo. 1994. Portraits of Dr Erasmus Darwin, F.R.S. , by Joseph Wright, James Rawlinson and …
  • … make a point of it. With kind regards to M rs . Darwin | Believe me | Your affect e . …
  • … Cousin— | Violetta H.  Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from V. H. Darwin, 9 April 1879 . CD’s letter has not …
  • … been found. CD had found letters from Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802) and …
  • … others in Robert Waring Darwin’s deeds …
  • … box; Leonard Darwin was a photographer ( …
  • … see letter to Reginald Darwin, 8 April 1879 and nn. 2 and …
  • … 4). CD had asked to borrow Reginald Darwin’s copy of …
  • … the print of Erasmus Darwin engraved by John Allen …
  • … Wedgwood (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 8 April 1879 and n. 3). …
  • … a family Photographer. The print of D r . Darwin belongs to Reginald, not to me. I bought …

To Reginald Darwin   29 May [1879]

Summary

Encloses a family document [another letter from F. S. Darwin to R. W. Darwin?].

Asks whether RD has ever heard a story about their grandfather and a highway robber.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  29 May [1879]
Classmark:  Kōbunzo (dealers) (1977); DAR 153: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12067

Matches: 19 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   29 May [1879] …
  • … Kōbunzo (dealers) (1977); DAR 153: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 …
  • … May [1879] Reginald Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Encloses a family document [another letter from F. S. Darwin to R. …
  • … W. Darwin? ]. Asks whether RD has ever heard a story about their grandfather and a highway …
  • … acknowledge it— Yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin P.S.  Did you ever hear your father tell …
  • … established by the references to the life of Erasmus Darwin , which CD started writing in …
  • … May 1879 (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 2 May 1879 ). …
  • … On 16 April 1879 , CD had sent Reginald Darwin some letters …
  • … from Francis Sacheverel Darwin to …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) ; the enclosure, which has not been found, …
  • … was another of these letters (see letter from Reginald Darwin, 31 May 1879 ). …
  • … Reginald’s father was Francis Sacheverel Darwin ; Reginald and CD …
  • … were grandsons of Erasmus Darwin . CD gave …
  • … the story of the robber in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 64–5. See letter from E. A. Wheler, 25 …

From Reginald Darwin   12 November 1879

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Summary

Thanks for copy of Erasmus Darwin. The refutation of Miss Seward is admirable and conclusive.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12310

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   12 November 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 162–3 Reginald Darwin Buxton 12 Nov …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Bibliography Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … Thanks for copy of Erasmus Darwin . The refutation of Miss Seward is admirable and …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s name appears on …
  • … the presentation list for Erasmus Darwin (see Appendix …
  • … IV); Erasmus Darwin was published by John Murray . …
  • … of Anna Seward ’s biography of Erasmus Darwin ( Seward 1804 ). See letter to Ernst Krause, …
  • … and n. 4, letter to Francis Galton, 22 March 1879 and n. 2, and Erasmus Darwin , pp. 70–9. …
  • … conclusive, & every descendant of Erasmus Darwin ought, & no doubt will, hold you in …
  • … With best regards to you & to your family, I am ever | affect ly Yours | Reginald Darwin

To Reginald Darwin   10 April [1879]

Summary

Research for Erasmus Darwin. CD has always thought there is one "golden rule" for biographers: "not to insert anything which … would interest only the members of the Family".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  10 Apr [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11986

Matches: 19 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   10 April [1879] …
  • … DAR 153: 99 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 …
  • … Apr [1879] Reginald Darwin
  • … Research for Erasmus Darwin . CD has always thought there is one "golden rule" for …
  • … I have had another most kind letter from your sister Yours affectionately | Ch. Darwin
  • … of James Keir ( Moilliet and Moilliet 1859 ). In Erasmus Darwin , pp. 13–14, 35–6, 49–50, …
  • … from the letter from Keir to Robert Waring Darwin , 12 May 1802 (DAR 227.6: 76). CD marked …
  • … crayon to indicate the sections he quoted. See letter from V. H. Darwin, 9 April 1879 . …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus, ed. 1780. Experiments establishing a criterion between …
  • … some diseases. Lichfield: J. Jackson. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Moilliet, Amelia …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Reginald Darwin, 9 April 1879 . …
  • … Reginald Darwin had offered to lend CD an …
  • … edition of medical works by Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles ( E. …
  • Darwin ed. …
  • … 1780 ; letter from Reginald Darwin, 9 April 1879 ). CD had already received a copy from …
  • … 28 March 1879 ). See letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 . Amelia Moilliet and James …

From V. H. Darwin   28 May [1879]

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Summary

Will attempt to copy the drawing of Elston Hall [Erasmus Darwin, p. 3]. Does not remember the highway robber story [ibid., pp. 64–5].

Author:  Violetta Harriot Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12065

Matches: 18 hits

  • … with the when & the where, & the who— I remain | Yours very affect ly | V.   H.  Darwin
  • … From V.  H.  Darwin   28 May [1879] …
  • Darwin, V. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 169–70 Violetta Harriot Darwin Derby 28 May [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … the drawing of Elston Hall [ Erasmus Darwin , p. 3]. Does not remember the highway robber …
  • … of Elston Hall was published in Erasmus Darwin , p. 3. See plate in Correspondence vol. …
  • … not been found. Emma Nixon was Violetta Darwin’s cousin. For the highway robber story, see …
  • … by the references to the illustrations for Erasmus Darwin , which was published in 1879. …
  • … Violetta Harriot Darwin was preparing a drawing of Elston Hall using …
  • … possibly photographs taken by Leonard Darwin ) as well as an old sketch of Elston Hall …
  • … made around 1750 (see letter from V. H. Darwin, 30 [May 1879] ). CD …
  • … had found the old sketch among letters from Erasmus Darwin and others (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 6). …
  • … answer to your questions about D r . Darwin will write again. I am but a poor rememberer …

From C. M. C. Darwin   16 April [1879]

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Summary

Thanks CD for offer of his portrait.

Suggests a solicitor who has Darwin papers and who may have information about Cleatham.

Describes her portrait of Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 142–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11996

Matches: 19 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From C.  M.  C.  Darwin   16 April [1879] …
  • … DAR 99: 142–3 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 16 Apr [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … portrait. Suggests a solicitor who has Darwin papers and who may have information about …
  • … Cleatham. Describes her portrait of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … arms are on the back of the picture— believe me | Y rs .  very truly | C.  M.  C.  Darwin
  • … about the acreage of the Cleatham Estate (see letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 15 April 1879 ). …
  • … Charlotte’s husband was Francis Rhodes Darwin . The solicitor was Simon Dunning (see …
  • … letter from C.  M.  C.  Darwin, 14 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 4). Charlotte Darwin probably refers to …
  • … the portrait of Robert Darwin (1682–1754) , CD’s great-grandfather (see letter from C.   …
  • … M.  C.  Darwin, 14 April 1879 and n. 3). …
  • … between this letter and the letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 15 April 1879 . In his letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 15 April 1879 , CD promised to send a copy of the etching by Paul Adolphe …
  • … Creskeld, | Otley. April 16 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Your letter has reached me this …
  • … date you sent it us— At present neither Mr Darwin nor I can give any intelligence about …
  • … M r . Dunning the Solicitors has piles of old Darwin Papers and if any one could have the …

From Francis Darwin   3 March [1879]

Summary

Astonished at circular and will risk revolutions to invest. Describes Blidah, Algeria.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11913F

Matches: 15 hits

  • … replies. Ubbadubba was a pet name for Francis’s son, Bernard Darwin . …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   3 March [1879] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 59 Francis Darwin Blidah 3 Mar [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … too next letter— I have no intellect tonight— Your Affectionate son | Frank Darwin
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to the Darwin children, 21 February 1879 . …
  • … See letter to the Darwin children, 21 February 1879 . CD advised investing in safe …
  • … interest. No information on George Howard Darwin ’s foreign investments has been found. …
  • … having left Down on 4 February 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He arrived back at …
  • … March 1879, departing from Algiers on 8 March ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 3 March 1879 ; …
  • … letter from Emma Darwin to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [12 March 1879] (DAR 219.1: 130)). By Francis’s calculation of a lunar month …
  • … to the region. The letters from Elizabeth Darwin have not been found, nor have Francis’s …

From W. D. Fox to G. H. Darwin   15 April [1879]

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Summary

Fears he cannot give much information for CD’s book [Erasmus Darwin]. Recounts how his mother’s health was improved by Erasmus Darwin’s treatment. Remembers being attacked as a boy by an angry lady whose beautiful teeth were extracted by Dr Darwin "to cure some nervous spasms".

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  15 Apr [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 175–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11995

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Fox, W. D. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … From W.  D.  Fox to G.  H.  Darwin   15 April [1879] …
  • … DAR 99: 175–6 William Darwin Fox Sandown 15 …
  • … Apr [1879] George Howard Darwin
  • … Fears he cannot give much information for CD’s book [ Erasmus Darwin ]. Recounts how …
  • … mother’s health was improved by Erasmus Darwin’s treatment. Remembers being attacked as a …
  • … lady whose beautiful teeth were extracted by Dr Darwin "to cure some nervous spasms". …
  • … was Jane Darwin (1746–1835) . …
  • … Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood I were close friends for …
  • … years, and Erasmus’s son Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) married Wedgwood’s daughter …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … Anthony W. D. 2009. A natural calling: life, letters and diaries of Charles Darwin and …
  • … William Darwin Fox . [Dordrecht]: Springer. …
  • … fellow passenger—found out my name was Darwin. She attacked me with great vehemence asking …
  • … The year is established by the references to collecting materials for Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … George Howard Darwin was helping CD with with this research (see letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 19 April [1879] ). Fox’s father, Samuel Fox ( …
  • … of the Derby Philosophical Society, formed by Erasmus Darwin in 1783 ( Larkum 2009 , p. …
  • … 4). He married Ann Darwin (1777–1859) , a …
  • … niece of Erasmus Darwin , in 1799 ( ibid . , p. …
  • … 503). Ann Darwin’s mother …
  • … Broadlands | Sandown | I.  W April 15 My dear Darwin I fear I cannot give …
  • … any information of D r Darwin. I am a generation too late. My Father and Mother abounded …

To Reginald Darwin   27 March 1879

Summary

Announces his intention to translate and preface [E. Krause’s] sketch of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s life. Asks whether RD has any documents concerning Dr Darwin or letters by him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  27 Mar 1879
Classmark:  Forum Auctions (dealers) (28 March 2019, lot 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11957

Matches: 18 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   27 March 1879 …
  • … Forum Auctions (dealers) (28 March 2019, lot 173) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 …
  • … Mar 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … his intention to translate and preface [E. Krause’s] sketch of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s life. …
  • … Asks whether RD has any documents concerning Dr Darwin or letters by him. …
  • … Bibliography Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … me | Dear Cousin | Yours sincerely | Ch. Darwin P.  S | Did you ever happen to hear …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were arranging a translation of Ernst Krause ’ …
  • … s sketch of the life of Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ; see letter to Ernst Krause , 9 …
  • … 1879 ). Anna Seward had published a biography of Erasmus Darwin in 1804 ( Seward 1804 ). …
  • … CD last met Reginald Darwin in 1839 ( …
  • … letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s eldest son, Charles , was a nineteen-year-old medical student at …
  • … died from the effects of a wound received while dissecting (see Erasmus Darwin , p. 80). …

From E. A. Darwin   3 March 1867

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Summary

He has promised Mark [coachman to R. W. Darwin and Susan] that CD will continue the payment of £20 a year after EAD’s death; the house is rent free.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 105: B57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5428

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   3 March 1867 …
  • … DAR 105: B57–8 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 3 Mar …
  • … 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … He has promised Mark [coachman to R. W. Darwin and Susan] that CD will continue the …
  • … Mark Briggs had been the Darwin family coachman at The Mount, Shrewsbury ( Correspondence …
  • … lived with the family until Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s death in October 1866, after which he …
  • … lived in a cottage near The Mount ( Emma Darwin (1904) 2: 13). …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … al. 29 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Emma Darwin (1904): …
  • … Emma Darwin, wife …
  • … of Charles Darwin. A century of family letters. Edited by Henrietta Litchfield. 2 vols. …
  • … of the £20 per annum after my death. The house I give him rent free— yours | Eras Darwin C …
  • … R Darwin Esq Payable 1 st May & Nov …

From G. H. Darwin   [30 November 1879]

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Summary

Erasmus thinks CD should give a copy of Erasmus Darwin to Henry Parker.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 Nov 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12240

Matches: 15 hits

  • … is here. I shall see you on Wedn.  as I sha’nt go back to Camb.  till evening | G H Darwin
  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [30 November 1879] …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Erasmus thinks CD should give a copy of Erasmus Darwin to Henry Parker. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 81 George Howard Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [ …
  • … 30 Nov 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … at Erasmus Alvey Darwin’s house in London on …
  • … Wednesday, 3 December 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … established by the reference to Erasmus Darwin and by the date of CD’s visit to London ( …
  • … below). In 1879, the Sunday preceding 3 December was 30 November. Erasmus Alvey Darwin . …
  • … Erasmus Darwin was published in early November 1879. Henry Parker was CD’s nephew. The …
  • … 1879). No letter from CD to Parker has been found. CD and Emma Darwin went to stay …

To G. H. Darwin   7 May [1879]

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Summary

A big book arrived for GHD before CD left Down. Hopes it is Thomson and Tait [Treatise on natural philosophy, 2 vols., 2d ed. (1869)]. It shows what they think of GHD.

Thinks it grand if GHD has made a correction about "such an old sinner as the Sun" and hopes his arithmetic on his old subject will turn out right.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  7 May [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12036

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   7 May [1879] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 80 Charles Robert Darwin Western Hotel, Heene 7 …
  • … May [1879] George Howard Darwin
  • … will “fit to a T” Your affect Father | C.  Darwin Off early tomorrow morning to Basset. …
  • … to George’s discovery about the sun (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 May 1879 ). CD and …
  • … Emma stayed at Bassett from 8 to 21 May 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus. 1797. A plan for the conduct of female education in …
  • … boarding schools. London: J. Johnson. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 May 1879 . George had asked whether the …
  • … natural philosophy had arrived for him (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 May 1879 and n. …
  • … 6). Francis Darwin may have forwarded it from Down. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 May  1879 . …
  • … CD described the book in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 115–17, but did not name the Parker sisters; …
  • … them up ( ibid. , p. 88 n. ). CD and Emma Darwin had arrived in Heene, Worthing, on 6 May …
  • … to visit Anthony Rich ; they had lunch with him on 7 May ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Rich proposed to leave Darwin a large bequest in his will (see Correspondence vol. 26). A …
  • … located an article CD wanted on Erasmus Darwin in the Monthly Magazine (see letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 5 May 1879 and n. 1). …
  • … CD travelled to Bassett, Southampton, the home of Sara and William Erasmus Darwin , on 8 …
  • … May 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Erasmus Darwin had published A plan for the conduct of female education in boarding …
  • … two illegitimate daughters, Susanna Parker and Mary Parker , to run ( E. Darwin 1797 ). …

From G. H. Darwin   [23 January 1882]

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Summary

Has sent Kovalevsky his major paper on the moon’s motion, with references to others.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Jan 1882]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13639

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [23 January 1882] …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … the Proceedings were G. H. Darwin 1879a and G. …
  • … H. Darwin 1880 . …
  • … DAR 210.2: 103 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge [23 …
  • … Jan 1882] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … 80, 81 & two short ones besides in Proceedings for those years Yours affec | G H Darwin
  • … Bibliography Darwin, George Howard. 1878b. On the bodily tides of viscous and semi-elastic …
  • … Royal Society of London 170 (1879): 1–35. Darwin, George Howard. 1878e. Problems connected …
  • … Society of London 170 (1879): 539–93. Darwin, George Howard. 1879a. The determination of …
  • … between this letter and the letter to G. H. Darwin, 21 January 1882 . In 1882, the Monday …
  • … January was 23 January. See letter to G. H. Darwin, 21 January 1882 . Vladimir Onufrievich …
  • … body. The longest of George’s papers was G. H. Darwin 1879b , published in 1880. George is …
  • … in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London . G. H. Darwin 1878b and G. …
  • … H. Darwin 1878d were both published in 1879; G. …
  • … H. Darwin 1881a was published in 1881. The shorter papers in …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 29: 168–81. Darwin, George Howard. 1879b. On the secular …
  • … Society of London 171 (1880): 713–891. Darwin, George Howard. 1880. On the analytical …
  • … Royal Society of London 30 (1879–80): 255–78. Darwin, George Howard. 1881a. On the tidal …

From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868]

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Summary

Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5799

Matches: 18 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868] …
  • … a Clapham in Yorkshire, but Horace and Leonard Darwin were at school in Clapham, London. …
  • … DAR 99: 34–5 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 25 Jan [ …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler. …
  • … calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … us know. With very kind regards, believe me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, …
  • … below). Charlotte had eight children ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was second in the mathematical honours examination at Cambridge; the …
  • … University calendar 1868). Francis Rhodes Darwin . George attended Clapham Grammar School …
  • … Otley. Jan y . 25 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Judging by my own feelings as a Parent, I feel …
  • … s as second Wrangler at Cambridge— M r . Darwin begs to unite with me in Congratulations …
  • … to yourself & M rs . Darwin, and we so much regret, that you did not tell us of your bo

To Francis Darwin   2 June [1879]

Summary

Thanks for FD’s letter describing microscopic work under experienced supervision.

Is glad to hear of C. E. Stahl’s objection to treating plants as mere machines.

Pleased that J. von Sachs has yielded on growth.

Perhaps Stahl will recognise whether the case of the silver fir is the same as that referred to in the German account [see 12074b].

CD has finished the first draft of his essay on Erasmus Darwin’s life and is "heartily sick of the job".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  2 June [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12078A

Matches: 20 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   2 June [1879] …
  • … DAR 271.4: 15 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 …
  • … June [1879] Francis Darwin
  • … more today— Abberdubby is very flourishing & cocket. — Your affect.  father | C.  Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 1878–9): 397–424. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … the first draft of his essay on Erasmus Darwin’s life and is "heartily sick of the job". …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Francis Darwin, 29 May 1879 . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 29 May 1879 . Francis had asked Ernst Stahl about Albert …
  • … plant movement (see letter from Francis Darwin, 29 May 1879 and n. 9). In Movement in …
  • … pet name for Francis’s son, Bernard Darwin . ‘Cocket’: pert, saucy; brisk; merry ( OED ). …
  • … of any plant (see letter from Francis Darwin, 29 May 1879 ). CD had spent several weeks …
  • … an English translation of Ernst Krause ’s essay on Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). …
  • … appeared in November 1879 ( Erasmus Darwin ). In his letter of [before 29 May 1879] CD had …

From G. H. Darwin   10 July 1879

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Summary

Has written to Col. J. L. Chester [genealogist] to ask whether he would like to see the deeds [for Darwin genealogy, see Emma Darwin 2: 237].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12145

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   10 July 1879 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 79 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 10 …
  • … July 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Chester [genealogist] to ask whether he would like to see the deeds [for Darwin genealogy, …
  • … see Emma Darwin 2: 237]. …
  • … Sunday & Monday. Yours affec. | G H Darwin “M rs . D | Creskeld | Otley | Yorkshire” …
  • … Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin (see letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 8 [July 1879] and n. …
  • … 2). William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin and Mary Elizabeth Atkin had travelled to Switzerland on 17 …
  • … returned to Down on 18 July 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George refers to the …
  • … Joseph Lemuel Chester . See letter to G. H. Darwin, 8 [July 1879] and nn. 2 and 3. …
  • … estate in North Lincolnshire, formerly owned by Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin and CD’s …
  • … great-great-uncle William Darwin (1681–1760). Edward Peacock was a fellow of the Society …
  • … to Simon Dunning , a solicitor who held records of the Darwin family ( letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 8 [July 1879] ). …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Darwin in letters, 1881: Old friends and new admirers

Summary

In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began writing about all the eminent men he had met. He embarked on this task, which formed an addition to his autobiography, because he had nothing else to do. He had…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began …
  • … a very old man, who probably will not last much longer.’ Darwin’s biggest fear was not death, but …
  • … sweetest place on this earth’. From the start of the year, Darwin had his demise on his mind. He …
  • … provision for the dividing of his wealth after his death. Darwin’s gloominess was compounded by the …
  • … and new admirers got in touch, and, for all his fears, Darwin found several scientific topics to …
  • … Evolution old and new when revising his essay on Erasmus Darwin’s scientific work, and that Darwin
  • … memory in November 1880 and in an abusive letter about Darwin in the St James’s Gazette on 8 …
  • … in a review of Unconscious memory in Kosmos and sent Darwin a separate letter for …
  • … Butler wished to boast publicly that his quarrel was with Darwin, agreed. Unsure how to address …
  • … gone mad on such a small matter’. The following day, Darwin himself wrote to Stephen, admitting that …
  • … a slap in the face as he would have cause to remember’. Darwin was enormously relieved. ‘Your note …
  • … wrote such a savage review of Unconscious memory that Darwin feared he had redirected Butler’s …
  • … so much for anything in my life as for its success’, Darwin told Arabella Buckley on 4 January . …
  • … that Wallace would receive £200 a year,  he wrote to Darwin, ‘I congratulate you on the success of …
  • … on 8 January (his 58th birthday) and immediately wrote to Darwin to thank him for his ‘constant …
  • … he had done. Buckley’s delight was evident when she told Darwin on 13 January : ‘I have always …
  • … of 1881. This book had been a major undertaking for both Darwin and his son Francis, who assisted in …
  • … ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January 1881 ). Unlike Darwin’s other books, Movement in plants …
  • … those who had received presentation copies who complimented Darwin, made suggestions, and pointed …
  • … of the technical terms used in the book particularly pleased Darwin because, he told Candolle on …
  • … Brazil on the movements of leaves that were so original that Darwin sent them to Nature for …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

‘My heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on 14 November 1880. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …
  • … 3 January 1880 ). At the top of Butler’s letter, Emma Darwin wrote: ‘it means war we think’. …
  • … a grievance to hang an article upon’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [28 January 1880] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …
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