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From W. E. Darwin   6 January 1881

Summary

Passes on legal advice.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12980F

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   6 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 85) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 6 Jan …
  • … 1881 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … on Saturday. | Your affect son | W. E. Darwin 4.5 Scientific Library] ‘Diplomas’ added …
  • … Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. ‘ …
  • … of my mind and character. By Charles Darwin. In Evolutionary writings , edited by James A. …
  • … were William Erasmus and George Howard Darwin ). William had suggested buying stock in the …
  • … Dock Company (see letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 January [1881] , and letter to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, 3 January [1881] ); the person in whose name the shares were to be purchased …
  • … E. A. Darwin, 11 October [1866] ). …
  • … Leonard Darwin . …
  • … See letter to the Darwin children, 3 January 1881 . …
  • … CD’s honorary diplomas are in the Darwin Archive–CUL; transcriptions appear in appendixes …
  • … or his surviving eldest son); his scientific library was bequeathed to Francis Darwin . …
  • … deeds Autograph Voyage of Beagle " Memoirs Scientific Library Portraits of C. Darwin " E. …
  • Darwin " …
  • … R Darwin " J. Wedgwood ? …
  • … Picture of Foxgloves ? Portrait of W m Darwin from Uncle Eras As to plate I do not know …
  • … and autobiographical memoir ( ‘Recollections’ ) are in the Darwin Archive–CUL. …
  • … Probably Erasmus Darwin ; CD had purchased a painting of his grandfather in 1878 (see …
  • … 3 January 1878 ). Probably the painting of CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin , that is …
  • … now in Darwin College, Cambridge. Probably the …
  • … painting of Josiah Wedgwood I that is now in Darwin College, Cambridge. Trajan Hughes ’s ‘ …
  • … 1723) is at Down House; the painting originally belonged to Robert Waring Darwin . …
  • … Probably the painting of William Darwin (1655–82) that …
  • … is now in Darwin College, Cambridge. ‘ …
  • … Uncle Eras’ was Erasmus Alvey Darwin . CD had been awarded the Royal Society’s Copley …
  • … the death of his sister Susan Elizabeth Darwin (see Correspondence vol. 14, letter from …

From W. E. Darwin   9 January [1882]

Summary

CD’s division of his surplus income; fire engines; Sara Darwin’s relatives; GHD’s paper in Nature.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1882]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13672F

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   9 January [1882] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 112) William Erasmus Darwin 9 Jan [ …
  • … 1882] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … in Nature , 5 January 1882 ( G. H. Darwin 1882 ; see letter from J.  W.  Judd, 8 January  …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, George Howard. 1882. On the geological importance of the tides. …
  • … of his surplus income; fire engines; Sara Darwin’s relatives; GHD’s paper in Nature . …
  • … inscription What a capital letter of George’s in Nature. Your affect son | W. E. Darwin
  • … of his surplus income in the letter to the Darwin children, 8 January 1882 . William had …
  • … get one (see Correspondence vol. 29, letter from W. E. Darwin, 13 January [1881] ). A fire …
  • … pump was installed in Down House in February (letter from Emma Darwin to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [20 February 1882] (DAR 210.3: 40)). …
  • … The inscription was for Erasmus Alvey Darwin ’s gravestone and the FRS (fellow of the …
  • … Society) referred to his father Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) . See Correspondence vol. …
  • … 29, letter from G. H. Darwin, 15 October 1881 . …
  • … George Howard Darwin ’s short article on the geological importance of tides was published …
  • … Sara Darwin . …
  • … A letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 10 January 1882 (DAR 219.9: 283), …

From W. E. Darwin   21 November 1881

Summary

Financial matters; executing EAD’s will; pleased to hear news about Prof. Challis.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13497F

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   21 November 1881 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Goodbye dear Father | Your affect son | W. E. Darwin I shall much like meeting M r Graham …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 96) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 21 Nov …
  • … 1881 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … William Graham visited the Darwins at Down on 3 December 1881; Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hooker were also present ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 4 December 1881 ( …
  • … Emma Darwin ’s trust included shares in the Maryport & Carlisle railway company (CD’s …
  • … Down House MS), p. 124). Erasmus Alvey Darwin had been a co-trustee (see Correspondence …
  • … vol. 5, letter from E. A. Darwin, 26 April 1853 ). …
  • … William and George Howard Darwin were the executors of Erasmus’s will. CD had inherited …
  • … and property in Lincoln (see letter to W. E. Darwin, 13 September [1881] ). The lawyers …
  • … London agents, Paterson, Snow, & Bloxam (see letter from G. H. Darwin, [29 August 1881]) . …
  • … William and Sara Darwin came to Down on …
  • … 3 December ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 4 December 1881 (DAR 219.9: …
  • … in the event of James Challis ’s death (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 17 November 1881 ). …

From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862]

Summary

Suggests sending plant specimens. Asks about visit of Emma and the boys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585G

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13) William Erasmus Darwin [1 Aug …
  • … 1862] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … between this letter and the letters from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 and 2 August [1862] ( …
  • … of the incomplete letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ( Correspondence vol. 10). …
  • … collecting plants (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). …
  • … E. Darwin, [July 1862? ] (DAR 219.1: 47)). …
  • … In a letter to William of [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59), Emma Darwin reported that …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin , CD’s sister, had ‘a great fancy for larking down to Southampton …
  • … to do all the crosses Your affect son | W E Darwin please get Mama to write before Brodie …
  • … Francis and George Howard Darwin were going to stay with William in Southampton; they …
  • … were due to arrive on 1 August (letter from Emma Darwin to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59)). However, they did not arrive until 2 …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter from G. H. Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n. 3). By ‘ …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). William was helping CD …
  • … who had been William and Anne Elizabeth Darwin ’s nurse until 1851, would arrive towards …
  • … the end of Francis and George’s stay (letter from Emma Darwin to W. …

From W. E. Darwin   [16 January 1881]

Summary

Thanks CD for writing for papers to enter Geological Society. Will return Leslie Stephen’s letter. Has had a severe frost. Emma’s puppy died.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Jan 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13023F

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [16 January 1881] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 100) William Erasmus Darwin Basset, Southampton [16 …
  • … Jan 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … well and her holiday has done her good. She sends her love. Your affect Son | W. E. Darwin
  • … in Southampton. Sara had spent time at Down after Christmas ( letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Sara Darwin, [13 January 1881] (DAR 219.1: 140)). …
  • … this letter and the letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 January [1881] . The Sunday following 14 …
  • … 1881 was 16 January. See letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 January [1881] ; CD was preparing a …
  • … Society of London . See letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 January [1881] and n. 5. CD was trying …
  • … ledges on steep grassy slopes. Sara Darwin . CD had asked Stephen for advice about how to …
  • … from Leslie Stephen, 12 January [1881] ). Leonard Darwin had suggested adding an errata …
  • … sheet to unsold copies of Erasmus Darwin (see letter …
  • … from Leonard Darwin to Leslie Stephen, [10 January 1881] ). …
  • … Leonard was ill in London ( letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Sara Darwin, [13 January 1881] (DAR 219.1: 140)). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Leonard next visited Down on 5 and 6 February …

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin   c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, Emma …
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin   c .  20–5 September 1877 …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin

From W. E. Darwin   9 December 1881

Summary

Financial paperwork; pleased at news of Horace and Ida Darwin’s baby, Erasmus.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 98)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13541F

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   9 December 1881 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 98) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 9 Dec …
  • … 1881 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Financial paperwork; pleased at news of Horace and Ida Darwin’s baby, Erasmus. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … dear Father | Your affect son | W. E. Darwin I had a satisfactory interview with Salt and …
  • … CD had inherited the Lincoln property from Erasmus Alvey Darwin (see letter to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 September [1881] ). The rent paid prior to Erasmus’s …
  • … 1881 went into the account being administered by his executors, William Erasmus Darwin and …
  • … George Howard Darwin . John Higgins was CD’s …
  • … land agent in Lincolnshire. Erasmus Darwin , born on 7 December 1881 ( Freeman 1978 ), …
  • … was the first child of Horace and Ida Darwin , who lived in Cambridge. George Moultrie …
  • … to property bequeathed to CD by Erasmus Alvey Darwin . CD had loaned William Mostyn Owen £ …
  • … of his investments to William Erasmus Darwin (CD’s Account books–banking account (Down …

From W. E. Darwin   26 November [1880]

Summary

Observations on worms’ pulling leaves into their burrows.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12861

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   26 November [1880] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 162: 110 William Erasmus Darwin Bassett 26 Nov [ …
  • … 1880] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … buttery’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 22 November 1880 ). Sara Darwin ; see n. 4, above. …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, George Howard. 1883. On the formation of ripple-mark in sand. [Read …
  • … 1883–4): 18–43. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … s when at Down—. Your affect son | W E.  Darwin I find Sara has returned George 4.1 I …
  • … between this letter and the letter to W. E. Darwin, 23 [November 1880] . In his letter of …
  • … own garden and William Henry Rogers’s garden. See letter from G. H. Darwin, 19 November …
  • … 1880 ; George Howard Darwin’s paper ‘On the formation of ripple-mark in sand’ discussed …
  • … between crests and the factors that affected wavelength ( G. H. Darwin 1883 , pp. 40–1). …
  • … The letter from Emma Darwin to William has not been found. …
  • … Both Horace and Ida Darwin and William …
  • … and Sara Darwin were at Down …
  • … for Christmas 1880 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). A review of Movement in plants …

From W. E. Darwin   30 November [1876]

Summary

Pleased to hear about GHD’s paper at the Royal Society.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov [1876]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11260F

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   30 November [1876] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … going to Hen for Sunday as I want to be in London on Monday Your affect son | W E Darwin
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 65) William Erasmus Darwin Basset [Southampton] 30 …
  • … Nov [1876] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … also Correspondence vol. 24, letter to W. E. Darwin, 29 September [1876] . Henrietta Emma …
  • … is established by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, [5? ] December [1876] (DAR 239.23: 1.54), which quotes from this letter. …
  • … volume, Supplement, letter to W. E. Darwin, [before 30 November 1876] and n. 3. William …
  • … to James Geikie, 16 November 1876 , and letter to W. E. Darwin, [after 20 November 1876] . …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, George Howard. 1876b. On the influence of geological changes on the …
  • … Society of London 167 (1877): 271–312. Darwin, George Howard. 1876c. On an oversight in …
  • … constants of Jupiter and Saturn ( G. H. Darwin 1876b ). See Correspondence vol. …
  • … 24, letter from G. H. Darwin, [27? November …
  • … 1876] . Emma Darwin ’s notes would probably have been directions about how …
  • … to circulate the letter. Elizabeth Darwin ’s letter to William has not been found. William …
  • … George Howard Darwin’s paper ‘On the influence of geological changes on the earth’s axis …
  • … of rotation’ ( G. H. Darwin 1876 ) was read at the Royal Society of London on 23 November …

From W. E. Darwin   [7 April 1868]

Summary

Describes the action of facial muscles at the onset of crying as observed by Langstaff.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6100

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   [7 April 1868] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 8 April [1868] . …
  • … DAR 162: 99 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton [7 Apr …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … Lewes, George Henry. 1868b. Mr. Darwin’s hypotheses. Fortnightly Review n.s. 3: 353–73, …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … our partnership deeds. Your affect son | W E Darwin 1.1 We … difficulty 1.3] crossed blue …
  • … this letter and the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 8 April [1868] . In 1868, the Tuesday before …
  • … George Atherley . See letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 21 March [1868] and 25 March [1868] . …
  • … George Henry Lewes’s long essay, ‘Mr.  Darwin’s hypotheses’, appeared in instalments …
  • … Gazette ([Lewes] 1868a). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [15 April 1868] . See letter to …
  • … to Charles Langstaff . See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 March [1868] and n.  4. Sanford, …
  • … mentioned in the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 March [1868] , has not been identified. CD …

From W. E. Darwin   23 March 1882

Summary

News of Great Western Railway dividend; discussion of Leonard Darwin’s ‘exciting news’.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Mar 1882
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13734F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   23 March 1882 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 111) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 23 Mar …
  • … 1882 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … News of Great Western Railway dividend; discussion of Leonard Darwin’s ‘exciting news’. …
  • … Charing Cross Branch, London. Leonard Darwin had written to his mother to announce his …
  • … engagement to Elizabeth Frances Fraser (letter from Leonard Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin, [March 1882]; DAR 239.1: 5.1). …
  • … can come here next week | Your affect son | W E. Darwin G. West div was at 7 1 4 per cent …

From W. E. Darwin   5 August 1862

Summary

Has read CD’s long letter on Lythrum and agrees with it. Is examining the pollen of the different types.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3683

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   5 August 1862 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 5 Aug …
  • … 1862 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … three sexual forms. See also letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  7. …
  • … letter has not been found; however, Emma Darwin discussed the ‘account of Bournemouth’, in …
  • … boys have just returned. Your affect son | W.  E Darwin. drawn Cam. Lucida. Aug 1. 62. the …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and nn.  6 and …
  • … 7. CD refers to Francis and George Howard Darwin , who arrived on a visit to their brother …
  • … on 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). CD had …
  • … the other two forms (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] ). The reference is to Lythrum hyssopifolia ( …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  9). See enclosure. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  8. Orley Farm , by Anthony …
  • … in book form in 1862 ( Trollope 1862 ). The letter from Emma Darwin has not been found. …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin visited William in Southampton on 2 and …
  • … 3 August, bringing Francis and George Howard Darwin with her (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] ). See also letter …
  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  3. …
  • … is near Bournemouth in Hampshire. Emma Darwin added a postscript to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , asking William to inquire about ‘quiet sea places near …
  • … August 1862] ). In the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] , CD asked William to …

From W. E. Darwin   [25 March? 1877]

Summary

Staying with W. D. Fox on the Isle of Wight. Offers to find Pulmonaria plants.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Mar? 1877]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10922F

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [25 March? 1877] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 67) William Erasmus Darwin Sandown [25 Mar? …
  • … 1877] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … anyone he has known. Your affect son | W E Darwin Frightfully written better be read by M. …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … places with William and the rest of the Darwin family in 1858; see Correspondence vol. 7, …
  • … letter to W. D. Fox, 21 [July 1858] . Robert Waring Darwin . …
  • … M: mother ( Emma Darwin ). …
  • … 3 April [1877] , and the letter from W. E. Darwin, 4 April 1877 . The Sunday following 25 …
  • … when William planned to make his observations. William was visiting William Darwin Fox . …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin had made observations on the forms of flowers of Pulmonaria …
  • … vol. 24, Supplement, letter from W. E. Darwin, 11 October [1862] ). The ‘sisters’ …
  • … Theodora, Gertrude Mary, and Edith Darwin Fox ; Reginald Henry and Gilbert Basil Fox were …

From W. E. Darwin   [13 March 1881]

Summary

Cannot write so is using Lily as secretary. Proud to be member of Geological Society. Sends observations of rhododendron leaves. Could not find piece of ploughed land. Has proved Josiah Wedgwood III’s death in North Eastern Railway Company. Taking care because head hurts.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Mar 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13141F

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [13 March 1881] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Family Papers (DAR 275: 101) William Erasmus Darwin Ridgemount, Basset, Southampton [13 …
  • … Mar 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … listed in CD’s Investment book (Down House MS), p. 152. The letters from Emma Darwin and …
  • … from Sara Darwin have not been found. …
  • … on how my old head feels after a few days more light work. Your affect son | W. E. Darwin
  • … Norton was known as Lily; she was Sara Darwin ’s niece. CD had organised the signing of …
  • … Society of London (see letter to W. E. Darwin, 25 January 1881 ). For more on CD’s …
  • … from James Paget, 30 May 1876 ). See letter to W. E. Darwin, [27 February 1881] . William …
  • … was probably authorising the purchase of shares for Emma Darwin’s trust; her …
  • … trustees were Erasmus Alvey Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood III , who had …
  • … died on 11 March 1880 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). William was Josiah’s executor. On …
  • … CD recorded a payment under the heading ‘W. E. Darwin for alloted shares Trust N. E. R d ( …
  • … in rhododendron leaves, see the letter from W. E. Darwin, 3 February [1881] and nn. …
  • … 3 and 4. Emma Darwin , in a letter …
  • … to George Howard Darwin , 7 March 1881 (DAR 251: 1002) mentioned that William had been …

From W. E. Darwin   14 December [1881]

Summary

Paperwork relating to 6 Queen Anne Street, London.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec [1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 97)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13548F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   14 December [1881] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 97) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 14 Dec [ …
  • … 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … a request to forward it to M r . C. R. Darwin for his signature Yours truly | Paterson …
  • … Snow & Bloxam G. H. Darwin Esq | Trinity College | Cambridge …
  • … Mess r Paterson &c Your affect son | W. E. Darwin N.B. | Besides signing the deed where we …
  • … Salt . The deed related to Erasmus Alvey Darwin ’s house at 6 Queen Anne Street, London, …
  • … on 26 August 1881. The deed was first sent to George Howard Darwin , who forwarded it …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin ; George and William …
  • … were Erasmus Alvey Darwin’s executors. …

From W. E. Darwin   25 February [1879]

Summary

Thanks CD profusely for the circular which detailed his and Emma Darwin’s plans to increase their children’s income. Thinks a few hundred really makes the difference for feeling really rich, especially as he now knows how important it is for bankers to have available personal savings.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb [1879]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   25 February [1879] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 71) William Erasmus Darwin Basset 25 Feb [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … your savings continue to grow. I am, dear Father | your affectionate son | W. E. Darwin
  • … see Collins 1989 , p. 525. George Howard Darwin was in Algeria at this time ( letter from …
  • … G. H. Darwin, 3 March 1879 ). …
  • … circular which detailed his and Emma Darwin’s plans to increase their children’s income. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to the Darwin children, 21 February 1879 . …
  • … Sara Darwin . …
  • … See letter to the Darwin children, 21 February 1879 , in which CD said that he would …

From W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin   22 July 1880

Summary

Returns Geikie’s letter; is glad he has accepted settlement of gravel through melting of snow. Is trudging around with hammer and bag with help of Ramsay’s book. Describes visits to Kenilworth and Stratford. Sara consulted a physician. Called on Reginald D. and enjoyed meeting relations and seeing picture of Erasmus. Reginald very taken with George.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  22 July 1880
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 76)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12665F

Matches: 22 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, Emma …
  • … From W. E. Darwin to Charles …
  • … and Emma Darwin   22 July 1880 …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 76) William Erasmus Darwin Buckingham House, Buxton 22 …
  • … July 1880 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin
  • … London: Groombridge and Sons. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Geikie, James. …
  • … Reginald possessed two portraits of Erasmus Darwin , one by Joseph Wright and one by James …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 27, letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 ). CD had given …
  • … of Natural History Societies to award a Darwin Prize and Medal; the medal featured a bust …
  • … Scott] 1821 ). Anne Ashburner , Sara Darwin ’s aunt, was visiting from America. William …
  • … Henry Robertson . CD had consulted his uncle Reginald Darwin , who lived in Buxton, when …
  • … he was working on Erasmus Darwin (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 27). George Howard Darwin had provided Reginald with a pedigree of the family and other …
  • … family papers (see letters from G. H. Darwin, 6 March 1880 and 28 May 1880 ). …
  • … George had recently met Reginald Darwin ; …
  • … Emma Darwin wrote of the meeting, ‘G. came home delighted w. …
  • … letters seemed to be’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [11 July 1880] ; DAR …
  • … was known as ‘second wrangler’ ( Cambridge University calendar 1868). Mary Anne Darwin . …

From W. E. Darwin   [7 October 1881]

Summary

Asks for two property valuations. Is afraid he has made a mistake in CD’s property settlements.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Oct 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13325F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [7 October 1881] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … among all. This is one of the points which I wish to check Your affect son | W. E. Darwin
  • … Family Papers (DAR 275: 104) William Erasmus Darwin 6 Queen Anne St, Cavendish Square, …
  • … London [7 Oct 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … William and Sara Darwin travelled there on 8 …
  • … October ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [9 October …
  • … 275)). This is the money settled on Emma Darwin as part of her marriage settlement (see …
  • … 2, letter from Josiah Wedgwood II and Emma Wedgwood to R. W. Darwin, 15 November 1838 ). …
  • … established by the mention of William Erasmus Darwin ’s forthcoming trip to Cambridge (see …
  • … the value of his property including the bequest from Erasmus Alvey Darwin ( letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 8 September [1881] ). William had done the calculations quickly before leaving …
  • … worried that he had made a mistake. He intended to see George Howard Darwin in Cambridge; …

From W. E. Darwin   1 November 1881

Summary

Requests a list of CD’s trust securities; he and Sara have finished Worms; asks what he should do with dividend warrant.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13445F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   1 November 1881 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 95) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 1 Nov …
  • … 1881 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence vol. 5, letter from E. A. Darwin, 26 April 1853) . CD’s bank was the Union …
  • … seems awfully busy. Your affect son | W. E. Darwin P.S. | When we get the dividend warrant …
  • … observations on their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. Post Office …
  • … George Howard Darwin and …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin were the executors …
  • … of Erasmus Alvey Darwin ’s will. Erasmus had died on 26 August 1881 (CD’s ‘ …
  • … and CD had been co-trustees of Emma Darwin ’s trust; George and William were evidently …
  • … over Erasmus’s role as co-trustee. The Darwins were in Cambridge from 20 to 27 October …
  • … 1881 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Sara Darwin ; William was on CD’s presentation list …

From W. E. Darwin   [13 October 1881]

Summary

Discusses division of Trust. Is concerned Bessy’s portion will be smaller than Henrietta's. Had a pleasant visit in Cambridge. There is a clerical error in the division of CD’s property.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Oct 1881]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340G

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [13 October 1881] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 103) William Erasmus Darwin Leith Hill Place [13 …
  • … Oct 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … on 8 October 1881 (see letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 October 1881] and n. 2) and his letter …
  • … s making a new will (see letter to G. H. Darwin, 8 September [1881] ), but later, worried …
  • … dear Father | Your affect son | W. E. Darwin I hope all bothers like that of M rs Pearce …
  • … 273)). Pearce had also been a servant at Down House and kept in touch with the Darwins. …
  • … On 13 September 1881, Emma Darwin wrote in a letter to Henrietta Litchfield, ‘Mrs Pearce …
  • … James Pearce (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 15 October 1881 and n. 6). On 7 January 1882, …
  • … have made a mistake, asked George Howard Darwin to help him check the calculations (see …
  • … letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 October 1881] ). William was looking at a later version of …
  • … but for the earlier draft, see the letter to the Darwin children, 16 September 1881 . …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin and Henrietta Emma Litchfield . According to CD’s Investment book (Down …
  • … Railway debenture stock on Henrietta on her marriage. William and Sara Darwin had visited …
  • … Horace and Ida Darwin in Cambridge. Ida was eight months pregnant. Caroline Wedgwood ; …
  • … of CD’s circular for his children (see letter to the Darwin children, 16 September 1881 ). …
  • … Elizabeth Pearce was Erasmus Alvey Darwin ’s housekeeper at the time of his death; she …
  • … in finding work ( letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, 2 October [1881] (DAR …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Darwin in letters, 1881: Old friends and new admirers

Summary

In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began writing about all the eminent men he had met. He embarked on this task, which formed an addition to his autobiography, because he had nothing else to do. He had…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began …
  • … a very old man, who probably will not last much longer.’ Darwin’s biggest fear was not death, but …
  • … sweetest place on this earth’. From the start of the year, Darwin had his demise on his mind. He …
  • … provision for the dividing of his wealth after his death. Darwin’s gloominess was compounded by the …
  • … and new admirers got in touch, and, for all his fears, Darwin found several scientific topics to …
  • … Evolution old and new when revising his essay on Erasmus Darwin’s scientific work, and that Darwin
  • … memory in November 1880 and in an abusive letter about Darwin in the St James’s Gazette on 8 …
  • … in a review of Unconscious memory in Kosmos and sent Darwin a separate letter for …
  • … Butler wished to boast publicly that his quarrel was with Darwin, agreed. Unsure how to address …
  • … gone mad on such a small matter’. The following day, Darwin himself wrote to Stephen, admitting that …
  • … a slap in the face as he would have cause to remember’. Darwin was enormously relieved. ‘Your note …
  • … wrote such a savage review of Unconscious memory that Darwin feared he had redirected Butler’s …
  • … so much for anything in my life as for its success’, Darwin told Arabella Buckley on 4 January . …
  • … that Wallace would receive £200 a year,  he wrote to Darwin, ‘I congratulate you on the success of …
  • … on 8 January (his 58th birthday) and immediately wrote to Darwin to thank him for his ‘constant …
  • … he had done. Buckley’s delight was evident when she told Darwin on 13 January : ‘I have always …
  • … of 1881. This book had been a major undertaking for both Darwin and his son Francis, who assisted in …
  • … ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January 1881 ). Unlike Darwin’s other books, Movement in plants …
  • … those who had received presentation copies who complimented Darwin, made suggestions, and pointed …
  • … of the technical terms used in the book particularly pleased Darwin because, he told Candolle on …
  • … Brazil on the movements of leaves that were so original that Darwin sent them to Nature for …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

‘My heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on 14 November 1880. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …
  • … 3 January 1880 ). At the top of Butler’s letter, Emma Darwin wrote: ‘it means war we think’. …
  • … a grievance to hang an article upon’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [28 January 1880] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …
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