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To John Ralfs   13 July [1874]

Summary

Discusses specimens of Utricularia.

Mentions JR’s work on desmids [The British Desmidieae [Desmidiae!?] (1848)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  13 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.443)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9546

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Ralfs, John
  • … Bibliography Ralfs, John. 1848. The British Desmidieæ. London: Reeve, Bentham, and Reeve. …
  • … To John Ralfs   13 July [1874] …
  • … Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.443) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 July [1874] John Ralfs
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 . …
  • … See letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 . Ralfs sent a small specimen of Utricularia ( …

From John Ralfs   9 July 1874

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Summary

Sends specimens of Pinguicula and observations made on them. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 390–1.]

Author:  John Ralfs
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9540

Matches: 7 hits

  • Ralfs, John Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From John Ralfs   9 July 1874 …
  • … DAR 58.1: 73–4 John Ralfs Penzance 9 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Pinguicula lusitanica is the pale butterwort; see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 , n.   …
  • … 2. See letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 . …
  • … See letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874  and n.  5. …
  • … reward. I remain My dear Sir | Yours truly | John Ralfs Charles Darwin Esq 1.1 Yesterday … …

To John Ralfs   [after 25 June 1874]

Summary

Wants particularly to know whether seeds or leaves of other plants are ever found adhering to the leaves of Pinguicula. Observations would perhaps best be made in a month or two.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  [after 25 June 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 59.1: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9514F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Ralfs, John
  • … To John Ralfs   [after 25 June 1874] …
  • … DAR 59.1: 88 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 25 June 1874] John Ralfs

To John Ralfs   8 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for the Pinguicula plants, which have recovered, and asks if he could also send Utricularia, since his other supplies have failed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  8 July 1874
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 76527)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Ralfs, John
  • … To John Ralfs   8 July 1874 …
  • … The Huntington Library (HM 76527) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July 1874 John Ralfs
  • … previous letters to or from Ralfs have been found. CD’s letter to John Price has not been …

To David Moore   12 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for Drosophyllum. No longer needs Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Moir; David Moore
Date:  12 July 1874
Classmark:  National Botanic Gardens of Ireland Library, Glasnevin (DSS/DM/1/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9544

Matches: 3 hits

  • … who had been searching for the plant (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874  and n.   …
  • … 2). John Ralfs sent CD specimens of Pinguicula grandiflora ( …
  • … flowered butterwort; see letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 ). Moore had mentioned that …

To J. D. Hooker   2 November [1858]

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Summary

On moving the natural history collection of the British Museum to Kensington.

Subscription for John Ralfs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2351

Matches: 3 hits

  • … history collection of the British Museum to Kensington. Subscription for John Ralfs. …
  • … to a fund set up to aid the botanist John Ralfs. Hooker’s role in organising the fund …
  • Ralfs an annuity was subscribed twice over (L.  Huxley ed. 1918, 1: 414). Instead of using the whole sum for an annuity much larger than intended, the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society proposed investing the excess capital to serve as a general scientific charitable fund. CD was a signatory of a preliminary draft drawn up on 16 December 1858 to put this proposal before the Royal Society’s council (see Correspondence vol.7, Appendix VII). CD refers to John

To J. D. Hooker   1 October [1874]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for extract on Hedychium pollination; it shows CD’s prior interpretation was incorrect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 421–422
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9665

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ; for Penzance, see the letter from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 , …
  • … and the letter to John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] . Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne Hooker sent …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Summary

Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

Matches: 2 hits

  • … et al. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1993–7. Ralfs, John. 1848. The British Desmidieæ. London: …
  • … Devonshire, had previously subscribed to John Ralfs’s monograph on the desmids ( Ralfs …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874

Summary

Did not know cabbage contained so much nitrogen.

Pinguicula more excited by seeds than Drosera. Asks for information about Pinguicula.

Asks name of weed.

Asks to borrow Utricularia plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  9 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9486

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hooker. Thiselton-Dyer suggested that CD approach John Ralfs (see letter from W.  T.   …
  • … 25 June 1874 ; see also letters from John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and 9 July 1874). Thiselton- …

To ?   8 June 1874

Summary

Asks about insects and seeds on leaves of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.435)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9230

Matches: 1 hit

  • … used as the basis for the draft letter to John Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; CD marked the …

To J. D. Hooker   4 July 1874

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Summary

It would be interesting to prove that some plants feed on decayed animal matter whilst others like Drosera can digest fresh animal matter. Suggests the method for observing this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9532

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to William Darwin Fox (see letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 and n. 2). Mg: morning. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

Summary

Thanks for letter and seeds.

Asks that Hooker return references about plants eating insects.

Discusses Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 14–15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9515

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter. Exalbuminous: having no albumen. John Ralfs; see letter from W.  T.   Thiselton- …

To W. C. Marshall   8 June [1874]

Summary

Asks what proportion of leaves of Pinguicula have insects adhering to them. Also, whether seeds of any plants ever adhere to the leaves, and in what situations does P. vulgaris grow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Date:  8 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to John Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; see also letter to …

To W. D. Fox   13 November [1858]

Summary

Has suggested WDF’s name to Hooker and Henslow, who are sending a circular for aid to John Ralfs.

Is working steadily at his abstract, hopes to publish in spring.

Asks if WDF has seen a donkey with double shoulder stripe; also, has he seen a black greyhound with tan feet and a tan spot over each eye? "Such must exist because theory tells me it ought!"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  13 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2360

Matches: 1 hit

  • … who are sending a circular for aid to John Ralfs. Is working steadily at his abstract, …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   25 June 1874

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Summary

Reports on his examination of the dried specimens of Pinguicula at Kew to answer CD’s query whether all species secrete.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 64–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9513

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Pinguicula (butterwort); the botanist John Ralfs was known to Joseph Dalton Hooker (see …

From John Price   [27 July 1874]

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Summary

Has some Utricularia minor for CD. Has found the bladders on U. vulgaris are not floats.

Thanks CD for book [Descent, 2d ed.].

Author:  John Price
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9522

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had written to Price in his letter to John Ralfs, 8 July 1874 . CD probably sent Price a …

From Mary Treat   2 December 1874

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Summary

Observations on the insects captured by Utricularia.

Author:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9740

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the plant themselves (see letter to John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] ). Treat published her …

To J. D. Hooker   11 April [1859]

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Summary

Murray has read first three chapters of Origin and abides by his offer to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2452

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the oversubscription to the fund set up to aid John Ralfs (see letter to J.  D. Hooker,2  …

To J. D. Hooker   9[–10] November [1858]

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Summary

Lyell receives Copley Medal; CD to write notes for JDH’s éloge of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9[–10] Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2355

Matches: 1 hit

  • … subscription Hooker was raising for John Ralfs. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 November [ …

To J. D. Hooker   14 November [1858]

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Summary

Hermaphrodite trees are enough to "knock" CD down. Can JDH observe Eucalyptus to see whether pollen and stigma mature at same time?

JDH’s facts showing European plants are more common in southern Australia than in South America are disturbing because they are improbable on CD’s views of migration.

JDH said he would give examples of Australian forms that have migrated north along the mountains of the Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2361

Matches: 1 hit

  • … subscription organised by Hooker for John Ralfs. Letter from J.  D. Hooker, 12 November …