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From John Murray   19 September [1867]

Summary

Sends CD cheque for £250, two-thirds of the profits on the sale of 700 copies of Origin, 4th ed.

Hopes he has found a suitable indexer for Variation.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 350, 524
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5630

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From John Murray   19 September [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 350, 524 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 19 Sept [1867] Charles Robert …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … of £12 for presentation copies. See letter to John Murray, 20 September 1867  and n.  2. …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Plant, Marjorie. 1965. The English …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 20 September 1867 . The reference is to …
  • … Sweetland Dallas (see letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] ). This figure was …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray I hope I have found a suitable Index- …
  • … vol.  13, Supplement, letter from John Murray, [1 July – 23 August 1862] ). After …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] and n.  4). Trade …

To John Murray   10 May [1859]

Summary

Sends first six chapters [of Origin] for the press. Asks JM to urge printer to keep well ahead of CD so as not to waste time. This is important for his health’s sake.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 May [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.56–57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2460

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 May [1859] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.56–57) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 10 May [1859] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … Journal of researches 2d ed. , also published by John Murray. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 3, letter to John Murray, 16 [July 1845] . …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …

To John Murray   15 November 1876

Summary

Is satisfied with sales of his books.

Did not expect Orchids to sell more than 600 or 700 copies.

Only bad item is Expression, which astonishes him, since it sells well in Germany.

Asks size of printing of Cross and self-fertilisation; thinks 1500 would be ample.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Nov 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 306–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10672

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 November 1876 …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 306–7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov 1876 John Murray
  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Descent 2d ed. : The descent of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …
  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Variation 2d ed. : The …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From John Murray   19 March [1867]

Summary

Agrees that new title of Variation is an improvement. Now thinks 1500 copies a safe number to print.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 347
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5448

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   19 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 347 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 19 Mar [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … to adventure I am | My Dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | John Murray Charles Darwin Esq …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 18 March [1867] . …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 18 March [1867] and n.  1. …
  • … printing only 750 copies (see letter from John Murray, 28 January [1867] ). CD had asked …
  • … sche Verlagsbuchhandlung has been found in the John Murray Archive ( Virginia Murray, …

From John Murray   27 January 1860

Summary

Presents statement of expenses and anticipated profit of the new edition of 3000 copies [of Origin].

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1860
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 41913 p. 78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2664B

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Murray   27 January 1860 …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. …
  • … 41913 p. 78) John Murray 27 Jan 1860 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … reads: ‘633/6/8’. For a transcript of John Murray’s ledger listing the cost of and profits …
  • … Origin , see Peckham ed.  1959, pp.  775–6. See letter to John Murray, [25 January 1860] . …

From John Murray   29 July [1874]

Summary

Orchids is at last sold out. Settles account.

The Origin [6th ed.] is making good [sales] progress.

Expression is not selling.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.11: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9574

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   29 July [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 2 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 29 July [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Somerville, Mary. …
  • … On the connexion of the physical sciences. London: John Murray. Somerville, Mary. 1858. On …
  • … physical sciences. 9th edition. London: John Murray. Somerville, Mary. 1877. The connexion …
  • … 10th edition. Corrected and revised by Arabella Burton Buckley. London: John Murray. …
  • … Dear Sir | your obliged & faithful serv | John Murray Can you suggest the name of a fit & …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Orchids : On the various …
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 6th ed. : The origin …

To John Murray   22 March [1871]

Summary

Has this day sent off corrections for new issue [of Descent]. Asks whether title-page may read "Sixth Thousand".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 ff. 58–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7610

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   22 March [1871] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 ff. …
  • … 58–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Mar [1871] John Murray
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 21 March 1871 . …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 21 March 1871  and n.   …
  • … 2. See letter from John Murray, 20 March [1871] . The title page of …
  • … see Freeman 1977 ; see also letter from John Murray, 22 March 1871 ). CD’s letter to the …

From John Murray   9 January [1867]

Summary

CD should not be discouraged by the bulk of Variation. CD’s suggestion to print technical details in small type is good.

Murray has sent MS to a "man of letters and good information" as an experiment to test its effect. Has no intention of throwing up publication.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5354

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   9 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 343 John Murray London, Albemarle St 9 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Sons was the firm printing Variation (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | John Murray The printer will send you rough proofs of …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . The reference …
  • … is to Variation. See letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  1. CD had expressed …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]. See letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . …
  • Murray’s reader was John Milton, an accountant ( A.  Fraser 1996 , pp.  16, …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   3 November 1874 …
  • … DAR 171: 441 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … stand still. — curious! My dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  21, letter from John Murray, 25 September [1873] ), but the …
  • … anticipated sales did not occur (see letter from John Murray Jr, 15 September 1874 ). …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Journal of researches (1870): …
  • … a printed list of CD’s titles that John Murray attached to his letter, adding the numbers …
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …

To John Murray   4 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks JM for trouble taken with French edition [of Journal of researches].

Is glad 3000 copies of 2d ed. [of Origin] will be printed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f.47)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2570

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 December [1859] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f.47) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Ilkley 4 Dec [1859] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] . CD’s letter to Louise …
  • … Swanton Belloc has not been found. See letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] . …

To John Murray   10 April [1875]

Summary

Is glad JM will publish [Climbing plants] as a separate little book. Some people have been much interested in it, though it has been read by very few.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9922

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 April [1875] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. …
  • … 313) Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 10 Apr [1875] John Murray
  • … and habits of climbing plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 9 April [1875] . Murray had returned …
  • … of Climbing plants 2d ed. ; see letter from John Murray, 9 April [1875] and n. 2. …

To John Murray   20 [June 1862]

Summary

It is not certain cuts are wanted by an American publisher [of Orchids].

Has fixed price of £10 for Schweizerbart [Stuttgart publisher].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 [June 1862]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 124)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3615

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 [June 1862] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 124) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 [June 1862] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … 7 June 1862 , and letter to John Murray, 13 June [1862] ). Asa Gray had asked CD whether …
  • … in May and June 1862 between CD and John Murray and CD and Asa Gray (see nn.  2–4, below). …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , and letter to John Murray, 13 June [1862] ). Christian Friedrich …

To John Murray   21 March 1871

Summary

Is astonished at sale [of Descent]. Will make no additions, but must correct a few misprints and errors [for third issue].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  21 Mar 1871
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 252)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7608

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   21 March 1871 …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. …
  • … 252) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Mar 1871 John Murray
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … CD refers to Descent ; see letter from John Murray, 20 March [1871] . For more on the …
  • … 1871  and n.  2. CD refers to the firm William Clowes & Sons, John Murray’s printers. …

From John Murray   9 March [1871]

Summary

JM will print 2000 more copies of Descent as a second edition [issue]. Profits should be large as expenses are small.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 391
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7559

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   9 March [1871] …
  • … DAR 171: 391 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 9 Mar [1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … following 9 March was 15 March. See letter to John Murray, 8 March [1871] and n.  3. CD’ …
  • … s annotation is a draft of his reply to Murray. See letter to John Murray, 13 March 1871 . …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq r 3.1 You shall … as …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 8 March [1871] . …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 8 March [1871] . χρύσεα χαλκείων, εκατομβοι’ εννεαβοίων: gold …
  • … printing of Descent . See letter to John Murray, 8 March [1871] . In 1871, the Wednesday …

To John Murray   28 May [1866]

Summary

Has corrected and improved Origin.

Now hopes to make real progress [on Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  28 May [1866]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 143–144)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5103

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To John Murray   28 May [1866] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 143–144) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 May [1866] John Murray
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 25 May [1866] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 25 May [1866] and n.  2. CD had been revising Origin since 1  …
  • … new edition was called for (see letter from John Murray, 21 February [1866] ). The fourth …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letter to John Murray, 30 April [1861] ). In a letter to H.   …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To John Murray   27 May [1871]

Summary

Asks JM for final decision about a cheap edition of Origin. Would like to begin soon to revise and answer recent objections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  27 May [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 287–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7772

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   27 May [1871] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 287–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 May [1871] John Murray
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 26 May [1871] . …
  • … Letter from John Murray, 26 May [1871] . CD refers to …
  • … Origin 6th ed. See letter to John Murray, 12 May [1871] . CD refers to Expression. CD …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …

From R. F. Cooke   6 August 1875

Summary

Giovanni Canestrini should be reminded that before any plates for another of CD’s books can be sent, payment must be made for those already sent.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 462
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10109

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 462 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 6 Aug 1875 Charles …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … see letter from Ludwik Masłowski to [John Murray? ], 25 July 1875 and n. 5). See letter …
  • … The enclosure has not been found, but John Murray was seeking payment for electrotypes …
  • … for all CD’s other works published by John Murray, including Insectivorous plants , which …

To John Murray   [3 November 1859]

Summary

Infinitely pleased and proud of the appearance of his "child" [Origin, 1st ed.]. Thinks JM has been overgenerous in paying for his corrections. Offers to divide cost and regrets sending such badly composed copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [3 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f.49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2514

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   [3 November 1859] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f.49) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Ilkley [3 Nov 1859] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from John Murray, 2 November 1859 . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 2 November 1859 . This sum had been cited by Murray as the …
  • … the printer of Origin (see letter from John Murray, 2 November 1859 ). Murray’s accounts …
  • … foreign naturalists (see letter to John Murray, 15 October [1859] ). CD’s Account books ( …

To John Murray   12 May [1871]

Summary

Will require at least six weeks’ notice before a new edition of Descent has to go to press because of considerable corrections needed.

Thinks cheap edition of Origin is needed, since he could answer objections in it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  12 May [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 244–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7755

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   12 May [1871] …
  • … editor of Vanity Fair , Thomas Gibson Bowles. See letter from John Murray, 10 May 1871 . …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 244–5) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 12 May [1871] John Murray
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 10 May 1871 . The bills were Murray’s …
  • … printing of Descent. See letter from John Murray, 10 May 1871 . The Darwins were visiting …

To John Murray   4 March [1868]

Summary

Payment of 400 guineas [Variation royalties] delights CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 f. 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5978

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 March [1868] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 f. 36) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 4 Mar [1868] John Murray
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 3 March [1868] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 3 March [1868] . CD refers to Descent. …
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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