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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   15 November 1876

Summary

Is satisfied with sales of his books.

Did not expect Orchids to sell more than 600 or 700 copies.

Only bad item is Expression, which astonishes him, since it sells well in Germany.

Asks size of printing of Cross and self-fertilisation; thinks 1500 would be ample.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Nov 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 306–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10672

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 November 1876 …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 306–7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov 1876 John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Descent 2d ed. : The descent of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …
  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Variation 2d ed. : The …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From John Murray   6 January [1876]

Summary

At last, Expression is beginning to sell again.

Cooke has not yet decided on number of Variation [2d ed.] to print.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 481
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10347

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   6 January [1876] …
  • … DAR 171: 481 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 6 Jan [1876] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … is able to determine. I am My Dear Sir | yours faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq r …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Correspondence vol. 21, letter from John Murray, 25 September [1873] ; Correspondence vol. …
  • … 1872. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth …

From R. F. Cooke   23 February 1876

Summary

Sends cheque for Descent [2d ed., 1875 issue].

Has sent corrections to printer for Climbing plants

and Origin. Has ordered to print: 1250 copies of Origin,

500 of Climbing plants,

and 1000 of Naturalist’s voyage [Journal of researches].

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 483
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10407

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 483 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Feb 1876 …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … CD recorded the receipt of £105 from John Murray in his Account books–banking account ( …
  • … Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray. The final corrected version (eighteenth …
  • … Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin (1876): The origin of …
  • … to 1872. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To R. F. Cooke   16 September 1876

Summary

Convinced Cross and self fertilisation is of permanent value, though an extremely dry, special subject. Thinks it will sell for many years and suggests a printing of 1500 copies. Asks that a good indexer be found and put to work. Appleton has agreed to publish it

and Orchids, [2d ed.], if Murray’s will supply stereotype plates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  16 Sept 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 308–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10603

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Cooke, R. F. John Murray
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 308–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept 1876 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Cross and self fertilisation US …
  • … have not been found. CD’s publisher, John Murray, had regularly provided stereotype plates …

To R. F. Cooke   19 September [1876]

Summary

Discusses page length [of Cross and self-fertilisation]. Doubts 1500 copies will be sold until lapse of some years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  19 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 293
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10610

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Cooke, R. F. John Murray
  • … DAR 143: 293 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Sept [1876] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1878. Cross and self fertilisation : …
  • … self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. …
  • … William Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray. CD wanted Clowes to keep the type up …

From R. F. Cooke   21 February 1876

Summary

Murray wishes to settle payments for Descent [2d ed., 11th thousand]. Over 500 copies of the 1000 printed have been sold.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 482
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10404

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 482 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 21 Feb 1876 …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … Capital)’. Descent 2d ed. was published by John Murray in 1874; the eleventh thousand was …

To Eduard Koch?   6 February 1876

Summary

Discusses use by correspondent of clichés from one of his books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch
Date:  6 Feb 1876
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.273a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10383

Matches: 5 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. John Murray generally sold electrotypes of the …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

From J. V. Carus   19 March 1876

Summary

Insectivorous plants is out

and Climbing plants is at the printer’s.

He is now at work on the geological writings.

Thinks all of CD’s papers extremely interesting "for the spirit and the method".

Cites some misprints in Climbing plants.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10419

Matches: 6 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Coral reefs 2d ed. : The structure …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Distribution of the erratic …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Royal Society catalogue of …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Volcanic islands : Geological …

To J. V. Carus   21 March 1876

Summary

Glad to hear that [German edition of] Insectivorous plants is published.

Thanks for errata in Climbing plants [2d ed.].

Sends list [missing] of his papers, with those certainly not worth translating marked with a red line.

Reports on work in progress.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  21 Mar 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 139–140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10422

Matches: 5 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Earthworms : The formation of …
  • … their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. ‘Formation of mould’: On the …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Volcanic islands : Geological …

From Friedrich Hildebrand   6 December 1876

Summary

Repeated maize crosses without success: i.e., in most cases yellow and red varieties did not produce fertile offspring.

Author:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10701

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Körnicke, Friedrich August. 1872. Vorläufige …

To Samuel Smiles    16 December 1876

Summary

Has written via John Murray to thank for SS’s biography of Thomas Edward (Smiles 1876).

Is happy to sign a memorial concerning a Civil List pension for Thomas Edward.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Smiles
Date:  16 Dec 1876
Classmark:  Kenneth W. Rendell (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10720F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Has written via John Murray to thank for SS’s biography of Thomas Edward (Smiles 1876). Is …
  • … a Scotch naturalist: Thomas Edward, associate of the Linnean Society. London: John Murray. …
  • … biography of Thomas Edward ( Smiles 1876 ). John Murray was Smiles’s publisher. Smiles had …

To William Clowes & Sons   7 October [1876]

Summary

Approves the type for Orchids [2d ed.]. The printer should advise Murray that it will be 300 pages.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Clowes & Sons
Date:  7 Oct [1876]
Classmark:  University of California Santa Barbara, Davidson Library, Special Collections (Charles Darwin / Evolution Collection Mss 28 Correspondence Box 4: 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10634

Matches: 4 hits

  • … was 365 pages long. As published by John Murray, Orchids 2d ed. was 300 pages long. CD was …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

To Smith, Elder & Co.   22 April 1876

Summary

Discussing a reprint of South America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  22 Apr 1876
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 43127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10466G

Matches: 3 hits

  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 43127) Charles Robert Darwin Down …
  • … 2d edition]. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1852. South America : Geological …
  • … CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD’s publisher John Murray reprinted several of CD’s books …

To Asa Gray   28 January 1876

Summary

Thanks for reviews of Insectivorous plants and of Climbing plants in Nation and American Journal Science [see 10329].

AG’s essay on seed dispersal ["Burs in the borage family", Am. Nat. 10 (1876): 1–4].

Preparing book on advantages of crossing [Cross and self-fertilisation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10370

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Fish, David Taylor. 1876. Bunches …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

To Lawson Tait   22 February [1876]

Summary

Herbert Spencer invented the term "survival of the fittest". CD used it but found "natural selection" more convenient.

He has often spoken of natural selection’s destruction of individuals which do not come up to "proper standards of structure", which comes to nearly the same thing as RLT’s suggested distinction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  22 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Randall House, Santa Barbara (dealers) catalogue XXV (1993)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10406

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation 2d ed. : The variation …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To J. V. Carus   25 October 1876

Summary

Sends sheets [of Cross and self-fertilisation].

Heliotypes for Expression delayed because new negatives must be made.

Thanks Herr Koch [of Schweizerbart] for copies of Coral reefs and Climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  25 Oct 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 149)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10654

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Coral reefs 2d ed. : The structure …
  • … heliotype illustrations supplied by John Murray (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter from …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Expression : The expression of the …
  • … emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …

From Giovanni Canestrini   6 May 1876

Summary

Two parts of the second edition of the Italian translation of Variation are already out.

Expression will soon follow [published in 1878].

The publisher [Unione] asks CD to give him the right of Italian translations of his works.

Author:  Giovanni Canestrini
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10499

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Hermann Müller   28 December 1876

Summary

No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10736

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

To Anton Kerner von Marilaun   20 November 1876

Summary

Expresses his pleasure in reading Die Schutzmittel der Blüthen gegen unberufene Gäste (Kerner 1876)..

Realises he has made some errors in Cross and self fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Anton Kerner von Marilaun
Date:  20 Nov 1876
Classmark:  Archive of the University of Vienna (151.273-4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10681F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1878. Cross and self fertilisation : …
  • … vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Kerner, Anton. 1876. Die …

From W. H. Patterson   24 April 1876

Summary

Observations on expression and variation in cats.

Author:  William Hugh Patterson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Apr 1876
Classmark:  DAR 174: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10469

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1890. Expression : The expression of the …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
Document type
letter (202)
Date
1876
01 (15)
02 (13)
03 (15)
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05 (20)
06 (18)
07 (7)
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

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  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

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  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

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  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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