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From John Murray   28 January [1867]

Summary

JM will publish [Variation] "coute qui coute", paying CD half the profits.

Thinks he can count on 500 purchases of what he calls the "Pièces Justificatives" of the Origin and will print 750 copies.

His literary friend found it "difficult of digestion".

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 344
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5380

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From John Murray   28 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 344 John Murray London, Albemarle St 28 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ; see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] and n.  1. …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray I hope to return the MS.  this week | JM …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] . For CD’s …
  • … publish Variation , see the letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] and n.  3. Murray had …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  14, letter from John Murray, 24 February [1866] ). On CD’s astute …
  • … vol.  14, especially letters to John Murray, 22 February [1866] and 21 and 22  …
  • … 1866] , and this volume, letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] ). According to Freeman  …
  • Murray refers to John Milton. …

From John Murray   30 January [1867]

Summary

First portion of Variation MS has been set up. Murray will not decide on number to be printed until he has read a good portion. The agreement applies only to the first edition.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 345
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5383

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   30 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 345 John Murray London, Albemarle St 30 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … only to First Edition My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 29 January [1867] . For CD’ …
  • … of Variation , see the letter to John Murray, 29 January [1867] . In 1867, the Saturday …
  • … the publication of Variation , see the letter from John Murray, 28 January [1867] , …
  • … and the letter to John Murray, 29 January [1867] . …

To John Murray   10 January [1867]

Summary

Relieved by JM’s note and by his agreement on type size. Is alarmed by what the verdict [on Variation] of JM’s friend will be. He is not a man of science. An unscientific reader would have condemned the Origin. An eminent semi-scientific man thought the Journal of researches not worth publishing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5356

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 January [1867] …
  • … 14, letter from John Murray, 18 July [1866] ). …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 166) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … type sizes and woodcuts for Variation (see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] and n.  4). CD also refers to Origin. No …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … William Clowes & Sons (see letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  5). In his …
  • … would object to receiving books cut, was John Murray (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • Murray had not identified the reader of Variation , John Milton, to CD ( …

To John Murray   20 March [1867]

Summary

The new title is fixed. Thanks for clean sheets. As to number of copies, now that JM proposes 1500, CD is frightened.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 169–170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5450

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 March [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 169–170) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1867] John Murray
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] . …
  • … refers to Variation ; see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  2. Murray had …
  • … a German translation of Variation (see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.   …
  • … 5). See letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  3. …

To John Murray   15 January [1867]

Summary

Approves of type [for Variation]. Pleased to hear from Hooker that he is not surprised that MS is big.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5363

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 January [1867] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 161) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of the manuscript of Variation (see letters to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and 10  …
  • … January [1867] , and letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). No letter from Murray or …
  • … C.  Lyell 1867–8 ); see letter from John Murray, 2 January [ 1867] . Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To John Murray   31 January [1867]

Summary

Is convinced his chapter on man [for Variation] will excite plenty of attention and abuse, which he supposes is as good as praise for selling a book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 164–165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5384

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   31 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 164–165) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . CD refers to the printer William Clowes & …
  • … he had sent to Murray (see letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] and n.  2). Material …

To John Murray   20 September 1867

Summary

Thanks for "pleasant remittance" of £250 for 4th edition of Origin.

Glad to see that Orchids sells a little.

Hopes Variation will be more successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Sept 1867
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5632

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 September 1867 …
  • … Carus, 16 September 1867 ). See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  4. …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 20 Sept 1867 John Murray
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  2. An entry in CD’s Account …
  • … remained (see enclosure to letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] ). CD refers to …

From John Murray   19 September [1867]

Summary

Sends CD cheque for £250, two-thirds of the profits on the sale of 700 copies of Origin, 4th ed.

Hopes he has found a suitable indexer for Variation.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 350, 524
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5630

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From John Murray   19 September [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 350, 524 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 19 Sept [1867] Charles Robert …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … of £12 for presentation copies. See letter to John Murray, 20 September 1867  and n.  2. …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Plant, Marjorie. 1965. The English …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 20 September 1867 . The reference is to …
  • … Sweetland Dallas (see letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] ). This figure was …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray I hope I have found a suitable Index- …
  • … vol.  13, Supplement, letter from John Murray, [1 July – 23 August 1862] ). After …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] and n.  4). Trade …

From John Murray   19 March [1867]

Summary

Agrees that new title of Variation is an improvement. Now thinks 1500 copies a safe number to print.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 347
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5448

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   19 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 347 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 19 Mar [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … to adventure I am | My Dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | John Murray Charles Darwin Esq …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 18 March [1867] . …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 18 March [1867] and n.  1. …
  • … printing only 750 copies (see letter from John Murray, 28 January [1867] ). CD had asked …
  • … sche Verlagsbuchhandlung has been found in the John Murray Archive ( Virginia Murray, …

From John Murray   9 January [1867]

Summary

CD should not be discouraged by the bulk of Variation. CD’s suggestion to print technical details in small type is good.

Murray has sent MS to a "man of letters and good information" as an experiment to test its effect. Has no intention of throwing up publication.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5354

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   9 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 343 John Murray London, Albemarle St 9 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Sons was the firm printing Variation (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … My Dear Sir | Yours very sincerely | John Murray The printer will send you rough proofs of …
  • … between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . The reference …
  • … is to Variation. See letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  1. CD had expressed …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]. See letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . …
  • Murray’s reader was John Milton, an accountant ( A.  Fraser 1996 , pp.  16, …

From John Murray   2 January [1867]

Summary

William Clowes [printer for J. Murray] estimates that Variation will come to a first volume of 648 pages and a second volume of 624 pages – which is too much for volumes the same size as Origin. Murray proposes a larger size.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 342
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5345

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Murray   2 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 342 John Murray London, Albemarle St 2 Jan [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … will be set to work I am My Dear Sir | faithfully yours | John Murray Ch. Darwin Esq …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] . …
  • … CD sent the manuscript of Variation to John Murray on 22 December 1866 (see Correspondence …
  • … vol.  14, letter to John Murray, 21 and 22 December [1866] , and Appendix II). Murray also …

To John Murray   2 November [1867]

Summary

Dallas’ index [for Variation] well done but rather too full.

A hybrid from an ass and a bull is utterly incredible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  2 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 176–177)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5667

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   2 November [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 176–177) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Nov [1867] John Murray
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of the index for Variation (see letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] ). Neither the …
  • … s note to Dallas has been found. See letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] and n.  4. …

To John Murray   27 January [1867]

Summary

Hopes JM’s friend will give his judgment [on Variation] soon; and urges JM to come to a decision about publishing. CD believes it will have "a fair sale".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  27 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 153–154)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5379

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To John Murray   27 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 153–154) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … was not a man of science (see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] and n.  4); Murray …
  • … humans for Variation (see letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5). CD’s chapter …
  • Murray’s friend was John Milton. In his letter of 9 January [1867] , Murray wrote that he …

From John Murray   1 November [1867]

Summary

Sends Dallas’ specimen of indexing [for Variation].

Asks CD’s opinion of likelihood of a hybrid of ass and bull, reported in a MS of a journey to Asia Minor he is reading.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 352
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5661

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   1 November [1867] …
  • … DAR 171: 352 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 1 Nov [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John (b) Darwin, C. R. …
  • … returned to Dallas and has not been found (see letter to John Murray, 2 November [1867] ). …
  • … in archaeology. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of extra-breeding I am | My Dear Sir | Yours very faithfully | John Murray Chas Darwin Esq …
  • … to prepare the index for Variation (see letter from John Murray, 23 September [1867] , …
  • … and letter to John Murray, 19 October [1867] ). In his letter of 19 September [1867] , …
  • Murray refers to a manuscript later published by him as Travels in little-known parts of Asia Minor: with illustrations of biblical literature and researches in archaeology by Henry John

To John Murray   3 January [1867]

Summary

Sorry about enormous size of Variation MS, but cannot shorten it now. If JM is afraid to publish, CD will consider agreement cancelled. Suggests he ask someone with judgment to read the MS. Has written concluding chapter on man. Whether it will be included depends on size of volume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 158–160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5346

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   3 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 158–160) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to John Murray, 21 and 22 December [1866] . See also …
  • … monuments. 6th edition, revised. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … CD refers to Variation (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). CD refers to the …
  • … of Variation , see the letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] . For CD’s own complaints …

To John Murray   8 January [1867]

Summary

CD annoyed at large size of Variation. Suggests printing detailed parts in small type. JM can, of course, decline to publish altogether.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 155–157)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5350

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Murray   8 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 155–157) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … Clowes & Sons at Stamford Street, London (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … size of the book (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). For CD’s anxiety …
  • … his chapter on humans, see the letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5, and the …

To John Murray   6 August [1867]

Summary

Sends the four volumes [of Brehm’s Thierleben] for Murray’s consideration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  6 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  S. J. Hessel (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5599

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   6 August [1867] …
  • … S. J. Hessel (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Aug [1867] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 5 August [1867] . CD had recommended …
  • … See letter from H.  J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867, letter to John Murray, 4 August [1867] , …
  • … and letter from John Murray, 5 August [1867] and n.  3. …

To John Murray   19 October [1867]

Summary

An absurd error ("Election" for "Selection") in the advertisement of Variation. Dallas is the best man for index.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  19 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 174–175)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5654

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   19 October [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 174–175) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [1867] John Murray
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … title (see Correspondence vol.  13, letter to John Murray 2 June [1865] and n.  3). …
  • … to prepare the index to Variation (see letter from John Murray, 23 September [1867] ). …

To John Murray   31 December [1867]

Summary

Introduces Clair Grece who wishes to translate a work on English grammar from the German.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 64–65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5743

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   31 December [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. …
  • … 64–65) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Dec [1867] John Murray
  • … my dear Sir | yours sincerely | Charles Darwin To | John Murray Esq re | 50 Albemarle St …
  • … J.  Grece, 29 December 1867 and n.  5. John Murray later published Grece’s translation of …

To John Murray   10 April [1867]

Summary

CD writes about stereotypes for German and Russian editions of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 34–35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5497

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 April [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. …
  • … 34–35) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr [1867] John Murray
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … to Murray has not been found in the John Murray Archive, but there is a ledger entry under …
  • … Buchhandlung, 22 March 1867, letter to John Murray, 4 April [1867] , and letter from J.   …
Document type
letter (298)
Date
1867
01 (39)
02 (24)
03 (47)
04 (32)
05 (23)
06 (13)
07 (12)
08 (21)
09 (12)
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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