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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Friedrich Hildebrand   25 June [1864]

Summary

Thanks for orchids.

Recovering from nine months’ illness.

Discusses fertilisation of Pulmonaria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  25 June [1864]
Classmark:  Courtesy of Eilo Hildebrand (photocopy) (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4545

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Fertilization of orchids’: Notes …
  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. ‘Illegitimate offspring of …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …

To B. D. Walsh   21 October [1864]

Summary

Thanks for letter and memoirs.

Suggests a "rather hopeless experiment" of introducing poisons into tissues of plants on the chance that monstrous growths may be produced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  21 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4640

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. LL : The life and letters of …
  • … by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From John Scott   28 March 1864

Summary

Surprised at CD’s account of Bryanthus.

H. Crüger’s approach to Gongora fertilisation is beset with difficulties.

Reports his work on self-sterility of Oncidium.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4438

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Taylor. 4 vols. and supplement. London: John Murray. Collected papers : The collected …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Crüger, Hermann. 1864. A few notes …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   29 April – 19 May 1864

Summary

Recalls being introduced to CD when [undergraduate] at Cambridge.

Sends CD some of his pamphlets

and expresses support of Origin.

Has discovered there are "3 sexes" in the solitary Cynips as well as social insects.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr – 19 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 181: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4477

Matches: 4 hits

  • … life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Sorensen, W. Conner. 1995. Brethren of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On the origin of …

From William Bennett   29 April 1864

Summary

Will send grasses CD asked about.

Reports observations on brood of Australian chicks he is hatching.

Author:  William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1864
Classmark:  DAR 160: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4475

Matches: 4 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Journal of researches : Journal of …
  • … life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From Hermann Crüger   21 January 1864

Summary

Sends his MS of orchid paper ["A few notes on the fecundation of orchids and their morphology", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35] for CD to send to an editor.

CD was right about Catasetum sexes.

Ficus experiments fail.

Author:  Hermann Crüger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 161: 278
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4394

Matches: 5 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Crüger, Hermann. 1851. Ueber …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Post Office directory of Hampshire, …

To John Traherne Moggridge   19 June [1864]

Summary

Discusses fertilisation of flowers by bees. Thanks JTM for drawings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  19 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 372
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4540

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the …
  • … 4th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1864

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Summary

Rejoices that CD is beginning "the book of books", Variation.

Suggests that changes in colour of pollen, stigma, and corolla, as Scott reports in his Primula paper, may be related to changes in the insects required for pollination.

Supports Gärtner translation by Ray Society.

Comments on recent addresses by Lyell [Rep. BAAS 34 (1864): lx–lxxv], Bentham [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 8 (1864): ix–xxiii], and Murchison [Rep. BAAS 34 (1864): 130–6].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 243–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4614

Matches: 4 hits

  • … eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Spruce, Richard. 1908. Notes of a …

To Roland Trimen   25 November 1864

Summary

Has forwarded RT’s paper on Bonatea to the Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1865): 156–60].

The Oxalis sent by RT flowered but CD has made out only two forms; he thinks there ought to be three, so would welcome more seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  25 Nov 1864
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 60)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4680

Matches: 3 hits

  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Oxford dictionary of natural …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Fertilization of orchids’: Notes …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …

To Roland Trimen   13 May 1864

Summary

Oxalis plants have arrived safely [see 4347].

CD regrets his mistake about Disa; will correct it.

Thanks RT for his additional facts about Disa.

Is recovering slowly from ten months’ illness.

Asks whether Strelitzia reginae grows in gardens at the Cape. Suspects it must be fertilised by a bird.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  13 May 1864
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4493

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. McCracken, Donal P. 1997. Gardens …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Poulton, Edward Bagnall. 1909. …

To J. D. Hooker   13 June [1864]

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Summary

W. H. Harvey’s dandelion case worth publishing.

Suspects the uniform Primula elatior JDH referred to is a distinct species.

Scott’s paper on Passiflora shows variability of reproductive systems.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4531

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Decaisne, Joseph. 1863. De la …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: …

From William Henry Harvey   19 May 1864

Summary

Sends dandelion [enclosed] with peculiar form of achene; suggests this solitary "sport" must have arisen by sudden jump from normal type.

Author:  William Henry Harvey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 166: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4503

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Praeger, Robert Lloyd. 1913. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To J. D. Hooker   [1 April 1864]

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Summary

Proposes to support John Scott in research on relative fertility and self-incompatibility of plants. CD would pay him for a year or two but wants JDH to give him research facilities at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 226a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4444

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Desmond, Ray. 1995. Kew: the …
  • … and Albert Charles Seward. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1903. Scott, John. 1867. On the …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From Hermann Kindt   16 September 1864

Summary

CD’s views go hand-in-hand with those of Ludwig Büchner.

He requests an autograph for a friend.

Author:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1864
Classmark:  DAR 169: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4615

Matches: 3 hits

  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 2d ed. : On the origin …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Zoology : The zoology of the …

From Robert Goodwin Mumbray   18 January 1864

Summary

Has verified J. M. Bechstein’s contention that species of finches hybridise.

Quotes Thomas Bewick’s observations on hybrids between pheasants and common fowl. RGM had often noticed so-called "pheasant fowl", but thought it was a foreign bird.

Author:  Robert Goodwin Mumbray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 171: 318–318/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4392

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Roscoe, Sydney. 1953. Thomas …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …

From John Scott   19 March 1864

Summary

On fertilisation of Gongora.

His work on peloric Antirrhinum, Passiflora, and Verbascum, done at CD’s suggestion, is at CD’s disposal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4432

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …

From [C. P.]   29 April 1864

Summary

On rereading the Origin, he offers a criticism on two grounds: 1. Blending inheritance; 2. The tendency of species to elude competing species. Also competition within species eliminates the weak and thus preserves the species.

Author:  P., C.
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1864
Classmark:  DAR 174: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4476

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. 1860. Journal of researches 2d ed. : …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Ornithological notes : Darwin’s …
  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal …

From G. C. Oxenden   1 August 1864

Summary

Spent two days watching Epipactis palustris in a bog. Never saw a moth.

Thinks "Suddenism" and not "Graduality" is the great Law of Nature.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Aug 1864
Classmark:  DAR 173: 62, 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4581

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

To Daniel Oliver   17 February [1864]

Summary

Sends Hermann Crüger’s paper ["A few notes on the fecundation of orchids and their morphology", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35] for publication.

"Boasts" of confirmation that sexes are separate in Catasetum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  17 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 58 (EH 88206041)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4410

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …

From J. D. Hooker   5 February 1864

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Summary

John Scott’s paper [see 4332] read at Linnean Society; praised by George Bentham.

Himalayan pine in Macedonia.

JDH is in a quarrel with H. C. Watson.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 100: 161; DAR 101: 180–1, 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4401

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Reprint of the first edition. London: John Murray. Browne, Janet. 1983. The secular ark. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Watson, Hewett Cottrell. 1843. The …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On the origin of …
Document type
letter (164)
Correspondent
Date
1864
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05 (21)
06 (18)
07 (13)
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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