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From John Murray Jr   15 September 1874

Summary

Sends CD a statement of number of thousands of copies printed thus far [by Murray’s] of: Journal of researches (12), Origin (13), Descent (10), and Expression (9).

Author:  John Murray, Jr; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 440
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9639

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From John Murray Jr   15 September 1874 …
  • … Jr John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 440 John Murray, …
  • … Jr John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 15 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • Murray, John, …
  • … be quoted. I am Dear Sir | Yours faithfully | John Murray jun Ch Darwin Esq | &c &c &c …
  • John Murray Jr’s …
  • … father was John Murray (1808–92). CD’s letter has not been found. The ‘ …
  • … identified. Journal of researches (1870) . John Murray (1808–92) customarily held a sale …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1870. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth …

From R. F. Cooke   6 August 1875

Summary

Giovanni Canestrini should be reminded that before any plates for another of CD’s books can be sent, payment must be made for those already sent.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 462
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10109

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 462 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 6 Aug 1875 Charles …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … see letter from Ludwik Masłowski to [John Murray? ], 25 July 1875 and n. 5). See letter …
  • … The enclosure has not been found, but John Murray was seeking payment for electrotypes …
  • … for all CD’s other works published by John Murray, including Insectivorous plants , which …

From R. F. Cooke   5 November 1881

Summary

Memorandum: "3500 Worms!!!" sold at annual sale; 117 Movement in plants; 180 "Naturalist" [Journal of researches]; 600 Origin; 320 Descent.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 171: 523
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13460

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 523 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 5 Nov 1881 Charles …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Earthworms : The formation of …
  • … their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. Journal of researches (1870): …
  • … By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Movement in plants : The power …
  • … of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … with additions and corrections to 1872. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. …
  • … 1880. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth …

From R. F. Cooke   30 August 1875

Summary

Apologises for the annoyance caused about the size of proof paper. Clears up misunderstanding. As for Climbing plants, RC thinks no less than 1500 copies of a book by CD should be printed.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 468
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10139

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 468 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 30 Aug 1875 …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Descent 2d ed. : The descent of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation 2d ed. : The variation …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … paper. In addition to Variation 2d ed. , John Murray was publishing Climbing plants 2d ed. …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …

From R. F. Cooke   12 November 1874

Summary

New edition of Descent just off the press. Murray feels price must be 9s instead of 12s, if it is to sell. This will reduce profit to almost nil.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 442
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9717

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 442 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Nov 1874 …
  • … costs of future editions. The publisher John Murray customarily held a ‘sale dinner’ in …
  • … to Athenæum , 1 January 1867 and n.  1). John Murray was the publisher of Origin 6th ed.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, …
  • … to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Lyell, Charles. 1874. …
  • … The student’s elements of geology. 2d edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth Century …

From R. F. Cooke   26 February 1878

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion on number of copies to be printed of Cross and self-fertilisation [2d ed.]. Now that it is revised, they will stereotype.

Type of Forms of flowers stands, awaiting CD’s corrections, before stereotyping and printing of more copies.

RC regrets delay in supply of Origin.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 171: 500
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11376

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 500 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 26 Feb 1878 …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1878. Cross and self fertilisation : …
  • … up by the printers; see ibid. , letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . CD had asked for …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … had sold 570 copies of Origin 6th ed. at John Murray’s November sale dinner and was having …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Forms of flowers 2d ed. : The …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …

From R. F. Cooke   23 February 1876

Summary

Sends cheque for Descent [2d ed., 1875 issue].

Has sent corrections to printer for Climbing plants

and Origin. Has ordered to print: 1250 copies of Origin,

500 of Climbing plants,

and 1000 of Naturalist’s voyage [Journal of researches].

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 483
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10407

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 483 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Feb 1876 …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … CD recorded the receipt of £105 from John Murray in his Account books–banking account ( …
  • … Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray. The final corrected version (eighteenth …
  • … Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin (1876): The origin of …
  • … to 1872. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

From R. F. Cooke   8 October 1875

Summary

Canestrini still owes £10 from 1869 for electros of 1st edition [of Variation].

RC has urged Clowes on with printing of Variation [2d ed.],

but with Climbing plants [2d ed.] ready, it need not be done before the annual sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 471
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10187

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 471 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 8 Oct 1875 Charles …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Expression : The expression of …
  • … animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Lyell, Charles. 1875. Principles of …
  • … William Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray. Climbing plants 2d ed. was published …
  • … considered as illustrative of geology. 12th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d US ed. : The variation …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … copy of vol. 1 of Variation 2d ed. for John Murray’s November sale dinner (see J. Murray …
  • Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth Century …

From R. F. Cooke   25 October 1872

Summary

Murray’s will allow CD 18 copies [of Expression].

All foreign publishers, except Dutch, have paid for the plates.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 426
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8575

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 426 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 25 Oct 1872 …
  • … refers to Expression and Descent , and to John Murray. At CD’s request, Origin 6th ed.   …
  • … than previous ones (see letter to John Murray, 8 January [1872] and n.  3). Hermanus …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …

From R. F. Cooke   21 April 1875

Summary

V. O. Kovalevsky has paid for the Expression plates.

Still has 400 copies of Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet

and 450 of Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 448
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9944

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 448 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 21 Apr 1875 …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. [Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich], trans. …
  • … from R. F. Cooke, 19 March 1875 ). John Murray charged £75 for 1000 plates (Gaisinovich …
  • … 8 August [1872] . CD had arranged for John Murray to publish Chauncey Wright’s review of …
  • … Correspondence vol.  19, letter to John Murray, 17 August [1871] ). CD had also arranged …

From R. F. Cooke   31 July 1875

Summary

RC will confer with printer about type, etc., for reprint of Variation.

Only 250 copies remain of [2d ed. of] Descent – will print 1000 more for annual sale.

Expression does not move.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10105

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 460 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 31 July 1875 …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the printing firm used by CD’s publisher, John Murray. Cooke refers to Variation 2d ed. A …
  • … the eleventh thousand; Freeman 1977 ). On John Murray’s annual sale dinner, at which major …
  • … Conn. : Archon Books, Shoe String Press. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. …

From R. F. Cooke   3 July 1875

Summary

CD’s pessimistic view [of prospective sale of Insectivorous plants] is to blame for the small printing. Murray’s printed only 1250 copies and sold 1700. A thousand more have been ordered.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 456
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10040

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 456 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 July 1875 …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … CD had warned his publisher, John Murray, that Insectivorous plants might ‘ …
  • … sell very poorly’ ( letter to John Murray, 29 April [1875] ). See also letter to R.  F.   …
  • … copies were required ( letter from John Murray, 1 May [1875] ). CD had negotiated the …

From R. F. Cooke   16 November 1875

Summary

Electrotypes of woodcuts in Climbing plants [2d ed.]

and Variation [2d ed.] for Appleton.

Asks CD whether he has any corrections for Insectivorous plants before stereotypes are made.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 477
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10260

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 477 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 16 Nov 1875 …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Expression : The expression of …
  • … in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of Orchids and Expression were published by John Murray in 1877 and 1890, respectively. …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation 2d ed. : The …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From R. F. Cooke   3 August 1875

Summary

Murray is willing to make same arrangement with D. Appleton for Climbing plants as for Insectivorous plants.

There will be no difficulty about corrections for reprint of Descent, providing new matter fills same space as old.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 461
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10107

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 461 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Aug 1875 Charles …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants US ed. : The …
  • … Insectivorous plants was published by John Murray in London on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘ …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants US ed. By …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From R. F. Cooke   12 February 1872

Summary

Sends first copy of new [6th] edition of Origin. Expenses have been much higher than estimated because of extensive revisions. 3000 copies retailing at 6s would yield only £100 profit. Suggests fixing price at 7s 6d.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 407
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8209

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 407 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Feb 1872 …
  • … an even lower price (see Correspondence vol.  19, letter from John Murray, 31 May [1871] , …
  • … and letter to John Murray, 3 June [1871] ). …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  19, letter to John Murray, 23 April [1871] ). CD had added a new …
  • … editions, as well as much new content. John Murray had suggested a price of 7 s. 6 d. for …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …

From R. F. Cooke   14 December 1875

Summary

Copies remaining in stock of Climbing plants [2d ed.], 105,

and Origin [6th ed.], 100.

CD should send the printer any corrections he wants made before reprinting.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 480
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10297

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 480 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 14 Dec 1875 …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … 2d ed. and Origin 6th ed. ; in 1876, John Murray published the eighteenth thousand of …
  • … Freeman 1977 ). William Clowes was John Murray’s printer. Longman, Green, and Co. were …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …

From R. F. Cooke   24 January 1873

Summary

Popular Edition [6th] of Origin has sold out 3000 copies. Asks CD whether he has found any errors that should be corrected.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 434
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8749

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 434 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 24 Jan 1873 …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … in February 1872 ( Freeman 1977 ). John Murray’s sale dinner took place on 8 November  …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  20, letter from John Murray, 9 November 1872 ). Expression. CD’s …

From R. F. Cooke   3 March 1880

Summary

Three hundred copies of Erasmus Darwin remain from the 1000 printed. Demand is small.

Should 250 copies of Forms of flowers be printed before type is distributed?

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1880
Classmark:  DAR 171: 503
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12506

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 503 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Mar 1880 Charles …
  • … notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Forms of flowers 2d ed. : The …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …

From R. F. Cooke   26 April 1871

Summary

Believes heliotype process is best for book illustrations. Has sent copies [of Descent] to Loescher and Carus.

Is working on an estimate for the cheap [6th] edition of the Origin.

The Times review has not hurt sales of Descent.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 396
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7719

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 396 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 26 Apr 1871 …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … Carus trans.  1871). See letter from John Murray, 12 April [1871] and n.  2, and letter to …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

From R. F. Cooke   26 October 1872

Summary

Does not understand Reinwald [French publisher of Expression], who apparently intends an edition of only 500 copies. Sends first copy to CD.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 427
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8576

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Cooke, R. F. John Murray Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 171: 427 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 26 Oct 1872 …
  • … of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … No correspondence between Reinwald and Cooke or John Murray regarding payment for plates …
  • … has been found in the John Murray Archive (National Library of Scotland). …
Document type
letter (114)
Author
John Murray[X]
Cooke, R. F. (113)
Murray, John, Jr (1)
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1869 (7)
1870 (1)
1871 (10)
1872 (21)
1873 (1)
1874 (5)
1875 (26)
1876 (2)
1877 (14)
1878 (2)
1879 (3)
1880 (12)
1881 (10)
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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