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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   8 May [1861]

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of promissory note for £372 from JM for third edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 May [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 f. 26)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3143

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   8 May [1861] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 f. …
  • … 26) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 May [1861] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from John Murray, 7 May 1861 . …
  • … See letters to John Murray, 30 April [1861] and 3  …
  • … May [1861] , and letter from John Murray, 7 May 1861 . …

To John Murray   2 June [1865]

Summary

There is no chance of publication [of Variation] by autumn, because of CD’s illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  2 June [1865]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 130)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4850

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Murray   2 June [1865] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 130) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 June [1865] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … press in early autumn (see letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). CD agreed to Murray’s …
  • … be ready by autumn would depend on his health (see letter from John Murray, 1 April 1865 , …
  • … and letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] and n.   …
  • … 3). See letter from John Murray, 1 April  …
  • … 1865 , letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] , and letter from W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier to John Murray and R.  F.  Cooke, 17 April 1865. …
  • … April 1865, p.  427 (see letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] and n.  2). He advertised …

To John Murray   20 November 1875

Summary

Greatly pleased at sale [of Climbing plants].

Points out a discrepancy in their records of copies of Origin printed.

500 more copies of Insectivorous plants should last forever.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Nov 1875
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 318–19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10267

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 November 1875 …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 318–19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Nov 1875 John Murray
  • … plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. (see letter from John Murray, 19 November [1875] ). In his letter …
  • … reprint of Origin 6th ed. ; see, however, letter from John Murray, 22 November [1875] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 November [1875] and n. 2. For CD’s presentation list for …

To John Murray   29 September [1870]

Summary

CD did not promise Appleton stereotypes of text [of Descent]; only of cuts.

Wishes to know which passage JM thought "coarse". Remembers only a quotation from John Hunter on courtship of female being required "to give her desires" [Descent 1: 273]. He fancied a quotation rendered the sentence less coarse.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  29 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 212–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7331

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   29 September [1870] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 212–13) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Sept [1870] John Murray
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.   …
  • … 5. See letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.   …
  • … 4. See letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.  7. CD quotes John Hunter’s …

To John Murray   10 January [1867]

Summary

Relieved by JM’s note and by his agreement on type size. Is alarmed by what the verdict [on Variation] of JM’s friend will be. He is not a man of science. An unscientific reader would have condemned the Origin. An eminent semi-scientific man thought the Journal of researches not worth publishing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5356

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 January [1867] …
  • … 14, letter from John Murray, 18 July [1866] ). …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 166) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … type sizes and woodcuts for Variation (see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] and n.  4). CD also refers to Origin. No …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … William Clowes & Sons (see letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  5). In his …
  • … would object to receiving books cut, was John Murray (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • Murray had not identified the reader of Variation , John Milton, to CD ( …

To John Murray   23 February 1871

Summary

Receipt for payment by John Murray of £630 for the first edition, consisting of 2500 copies, of Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  23 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 249: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7509A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   23 February 1871 …
  • … DAR 249: 105 Charles Robert Darwin London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Feb 1871 John Murray
  • … See also letter from John Murray, 23 February 1871  and nn.  2 and 3. …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … Receipt for payment by John Murray of £630 for the first edition, consisting of 2500 …
  • … Street Feby 23. 1871 Received of Mr John Murray the Sum of Six Hundred and thirty pounds …

To John Murray   23 November 1875

Summary

Asks to be informed whenever more copies of his books are printed, as there may be errors to correct.

Asks how many copies of Origin have been printed "from the first". The number will be "a good puff" when listed in the new edition of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  23 Nov 1875
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 316–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10272

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   23 November 1875 …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 316–17) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Nov 1875 John Murray
  • … See letter from John Murray, 22 November [1875] . A list of CD’s publications appeared on …
  • … s own presentation copies, which were free (see letter to John Murray, 20 November 1875 ). …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Variation 2d ed. : The …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To John Murray   30 November 1877

Summary

Thanks for accounts which make everything intelligible to him. Since he was glad to have Orchids published at one-half of profits for himself, he believes it would be very shabby to accept JM’s new offer of two-thirds profits. Thinks it would be fairer to both to change to JM’s usual practice with authors [i.e., annual statements of sales, payments based on them, and final accounting when all copies have been sold].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  30 Nov 1877
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 299)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11262

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   30 November 1877 …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 29 November [1877] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 29 November [1877] and n. 4. …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. …
  • … 299) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Nov 1877 John Murray

To John Murray   20 March [1867]

Summary

The new title is fixed. Thanks for clean sheets. As to number of copies, now that JM proposes 1500, CD is frightened.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 169–170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5450

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 March [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 169–170) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1867] John Murray
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] . …
  • … refers to Variation ; see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  2. Murray had …
  • … a German translation of Variation (see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.   …
  • … 5). See letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  3. …

To John Murray   5 May 1875

Summary

Agrees not to receive his share of sales on Insectivorous plants until 750 or 800 copies are sold. 1250 to be printed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  5 May 1875
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 f. 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9972

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   5 May 1875 …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 4 May [1875] , concerning the publication of Insectivorous …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 f. …
  • … 50) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 May 1875 John Murray

To John Murray   15 January [1867]

Summary

Approves of type [for Variation]. Pleased to hear from Hooker that he is not surprised that MS is big.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5363

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 January [1867] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 161) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of the manuscript of Variation (see letters to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and 10  …
  • … January [1867] , and letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). No letter from Murray or …
  • … C.  Lyell 1867–8 ); see letter from John Murray, 2 January [ 1867] . Joseph Dalton Hooker …

To John Murray   17 November [1870]

Summary

Pleased at [advance] sale [of Descent]. Suggests 3000 copies be printed. Corrections are frightful and, CD fears, will not be done until end of year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  17 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 242)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7374

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Murray   17 November [1870] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 242) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Nov [1870] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 16 November [1870] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 16 November [1870] . Murray …
  • … 2500 copies of Descent ( letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] ). In February 1871, …

To John Murray   31 January [1867]

Summary

Is convinced his chapter on man [for Variation] will excite plenty of attention and abuse, which he supposes is as good as praise for selling a book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 164–165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5384

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   31 January [1867] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 164–165) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Jan [1867] John Murray
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . CD refers to the printer William Clowes & …
  • … he had sent to Murray (see letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] and n.  2). Material …

To John Murray   28 November 1877

Summary

On publishing details for various CD books.

Has no corrections for new issue of Descent [2d ed.].

Questions amount of cheque for profits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  28 Nov 1877
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 293–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11258

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Murray   28 November 1877 …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 293–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Nov 1877 John Murray
  • … diary (DAR 242)). See Correspondence vol. 9, letter from John Murray, 23 September 1861 . …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 27 November [1877] . Orchids 2d ed. was published in January …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Earthworms : The formation of …
  • … habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Movement in plants : The power …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

To John Murray   2 September [1845]

Summary

Encloses signed receipt for promissory note for £150 from John Murray. Hopes to have pleasure of meeting him soon. Is particularly obliged for promise of information on success of volume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  2 Sept [1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.1–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-911

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   2 September [1845] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.1–2) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 2 Sept [1845] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … for promissory note for £150 from John Murray. Hopes to have pleasure of meeting him soon. …
  • … London Sept 1 st . 1845 Received of John Murray Esq. a Promissory note for One hundred and …

To John Murray   3 June [1871]

Summary

Is disappointed at high price, 7s 6d, being considered for the cheap edition of the Origin [6th ed.]. Has been told that, in Lancashire, workmen club together to buy the Origin.

Little chance that Expression will be done this autumn.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 June [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 246–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7798

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Murray   3 June [1871] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. …
  • … 246–7) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 June [1871] John Murray
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 31 May [1871] . CD refers to …
  • … Robert Francis Cooke. See letter from John Murray, 31 May [1871] and n.   …
  • … 2. See letter from John Murray, 31 May [1871] and n.  4. No correspondence has been found …
  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … ed. William Clowes & Sons were printers to John Murray. CD refers to a substantially new …

To John Murray   20 September 1867

Summary

Thanks for "pleasant remittance" of £250 for 4th edition of Origin.

Glad to see that Orchids sells a little.

Hopes Variation will be more successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Sept 1867
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5632

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 September 1867 …
  • … Carus, 16 September 1867 ). See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  4. …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 20 Sept 1867 John Murray
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  2. An entry in CD’s Account …
  • … remained (see enclosure to letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] ). CD refers to …

To John Murray   11 October [1870]

Summary

Glad to hear Dallas will do index of Descent, but he needs keeping up to the mark. Agrees to a Dutch edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  11 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 41–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7341

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   11 October [1870] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 41–2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Oct [1870] John Murray
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] . …
  • … The references are to the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] , and to William …
  • … its publisher, see the letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] and n.  6. CD’s enclosed …

To John Murray   3 October [1861]

Summary

Would JM object to size of Orchids being same as W. N. Hutchinson, Dog breeding [1850]? Prefers little book, not to look pretentious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 110–111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3275

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   3 October [1861] …
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. …
  • … 110–111) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1861] John Murray
  • … is required. 2d edition. London: John Murray. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … the publication of Orchids (see letter from John Murray, 23 September 1861 ). Murray had …
  • … 1850 ) in the Darwin Library–CUL.  See also letter to John Murray, 5 October [1861] . …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 24 September [1861] . George Brettingham Sowerby Jr arrived at …

To John Murray   10 May [1859]

Summary

Sends first six chapters [of Origin] for the press. Asks JM to urge printer to keep well ahead of CD so as not to waste time. This is important for his health’s sake.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 May [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.56–57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2460

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 May [1859] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.56–57) Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin Down 10 May [1859] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … Journal of researches 2d ed. , also published by John Murray. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 3, letter to John Murray, 16 [July 1845] . …
  • … RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. …
Document type
letter (210)
Addressee
Murray, John (b)[X]
Cooke, R. F. (1)
John Murray (1)
Date
1845 (20)
1846 (1)
1849 (2)
1853 (1)
1856 (2)
1859 (26)
1860 (17)
1861 (12)
1862 (9)
1863 (2)
1865 (5)
1866 (6)
1867 (19)
1868 (10)
1869 (6)
1870 (10)
1871 (20)
1872 (9)
1873 (2)
1874 (7)
1875 (11)
1876 (1)
1877 (3)
1878 (1)
1879 (2)
1880 (4)
1882 (2)
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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