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To Charles Lyell   28 March [1859]

Summary

Has heard that CL has spoken to John Murray about publication [of Origin]. Encloses prospective title-page. Asks whether he ought to tell John Murray about unorthodoxy of the book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.163)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2437

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Has heard that CL has spoken to John Murray about publication [of Origin ]. Encloses …
  • … title-page. Asks whether he ought to tell John Murray about unorthodoxy of the book. …
  • … 1838. Elements of geology. London: John Murray. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … to publishing CD’s work on species. John Murray had taken over his father’s prestigious …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 6 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … are in total 809 pages in C.  Lyell 1865 . John Murray published C.  Lyell 1865 . Sheets …
  • … monuments. 6th edition, revised. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … to causes now in operation. 3 vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1865. Elements of …

To Charles Lyell   22 January [1865]

Summary

Criticises Duke of Argyll’s address [to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1864)] and demurs on Argyll’s "new birth" theory.

Agrees with CL on beauty.

Enjoyed hearing of Princess Royal’s discussion [on Darwinism].

CD’s illness.

CL’s advice on chapter [of Variation] on dogs was excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.304)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4752

Matches: 7 hits

  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Journal of researches : Journal …
  • … 6th edition, revised. London: John Murray. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s notebooks, 1836– …
  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Zoology : The zoology of the voyage …
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin …

To Charles Lyell   18 July [1867]

Summary

Chapter 12 [of Variation] finished;

too late to include information on six-fingered men. Plans for book on man [Descent].

Mentions coral reefs of Tahiti.

Discusses volcanic islands; volcanoes of the Cordillera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 July [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.331)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5584

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Volcanic islands : Geological …
  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Rütimeyer, Ludwig. 1867c. Ueber …

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]

Summary

Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

Matches: 5 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to John Murray, 14 November [1859] . See following …
  • … For the circumstances involving John Murray’s publication of Origin , see Correspondence …
  • … 1859] and 30 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 31 March [1859]. Louise Swanton Belloc had …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Charles Lyell   7 February [1866]

Summary

Discussion of Mrs Agassiz’s letter [to Mary Lyell, forwarded to CD] regarding S. American glacial action,

with comments on Bunbury’s letter on temperate plants.

Refers to opinions of Agassiz, David Forbes, Hooker, and CD on glacial period and glaciers.

Wishes he had published a long chapter on glacial period [Natural selection, pp. 535–66] written ten years ago.

Tells of death of his sister, Catherine, and other family matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.312)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4999

Matches: 6 hits

  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin …

To Charles Lyell   30 September [1859]

Summary

Is sending off last proof-sheets of Origin.

Asks CL’s opinion of final chapter. Mentions difficulties of his argument.

Is too unwell to start for Ilkley.

Murray’s printing of 1250 copies seems too large to CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.171)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2496

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for a second edition (see letter to John Murray, 24 November [1859] ). Lyell’s books were …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … Appendix II). The orders for Origin at John Murray’s autumn sale exceeded the first …

To Charles Lyell   [28 November 1859]

Summary

Asks how many kinds of supposed birds’ footprints were found in North American sandstone.

Making progress on second edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [28 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (6 July 1977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2559

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … 24 November 1859, the day CD first heard from John Murray that a second edition of Origin …
  • … would be required (see letter to John Murray, 24 November [1859] ). The two remaining …

To Charles Lyell   [8 February 1845]

Summary

Remarks on fossils described in A. D. d’Orbigny’s Voyage dans l’Amérique méridionale.

Asks CL whether he has talked with John Murray concerning 2d ed. [of Journal of researches].

Mentions conversation with Hugh Cuming about South American shells. Has had G. B. Sowerby (elder) look at some specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-824

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Asks CL whether he has talked with John Murray concerning 2d ed. [of Journal of …
  • … of researches to be published by John Murray. Hugh Cuming provided CD with information …
  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal …

To Charles Lyell   [5 July 1845]

Summary

Sends the first part of Journal of researches [2d ed.]. Explains his dedication of book to CL. Describes revisions.

Has received CL’s book [Travels in North America, 2 vols. (1845)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [5 July 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-882

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Journal of researches 2d ed. on 3 July (see letter to John Murray, [3 July 1845] ). …
  • … See letter to John Murray, [31 May 1845] , n.  2. Journal of researches , pp.  268–98; 2d …
  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. Journal of researches : Journal …

To Charles Lyell   12 June 1867

Summary

CD probably advised omitting mention of experiments suggesting that oxlips, cowslips, and primroses could be produced from the seed of a single plant

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 June 1867
Classmark:  DAR 146: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5568F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles …
  • … geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: …

To Charles Lyell   25 March [1865]

Summary

Mentions Miss Buckley’s information on roosting in trees [see Variation 1: 181 n.].

Refers to Duke [of Argyll] and his Lamarckian view of change.

Roosting habits and behaviour of pigeons in Egypt.

Criticises Herbert Spencer’s works.

Has finished Elements; comments on Laurentian stages.

Remarks on his health

and forthcoming work [Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Mar [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.307)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4794

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Spencer, Herbert. 1860–2. First …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … monuments. 6th edition, revised. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On the origin of …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 5 hits

  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Spencer, Herbert. 1855. The …
  • John Lindley, the editor. The author, however, was Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [January 1860] . Andrew Murray’ …

To Charles Lyell   4 October [1867]

Summary

Replies to CL’s further comments [on Variation].

Discusses direct action of the environment as a cause of variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.334)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5640

Matches: 4 hits

  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Charles Lyell   11 August [1860]

Summary

Comments on his fear that "so many heavy guns fired by great men" might influence the public and scientists.

Sends CL the Owen-inspired Wilberforce review [Q. Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions defence of Origin by Asa Gray at American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Agassiz and Theophilus Parsons have poor criticisms ["Prof. Agassiz on the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 142–54].

Lists other negative reviews by Rudolph Wagner ["An essay on classification by Louis Agassiz", Göttingische Gelehrte Anz. (1860) pt 2: 761–800], Charles Daubeny ["Remarks on the final causes of the sexuality of plants, with particular reference to Mr Darwin’s work On the origin of species by natural selection", Rep. BAAS 30 (1860) pt 2: 109–10], and two anonymous ones (one favourable).

Huxley says K. E. von Baer "goes a long way with us".

Comments on "pipes" in chalk as evidence of geological processes still at work.

Is writing on origin of dog breeds [Variation 1: 15–43].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.223)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2895

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Parsons, Theophilus. 1860. On the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. [Wilberforce, Samuel. ] 1860. [ …
  • … and to Asa Gray, 22 July [1860]). John Murray, the publisher of the Quarterly Review and …
  • … had also sent CD a copy (see letter to John Murray, 3 August [1860] ). See letter to J.   …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Mentions glaciers in North Wales. Agreement with John Murray to publish [ Orchids ]. …
  • … 11 November [1859] and 24 December [1859]. John Murray published Orchids in May 1862. …
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Rudwick, Martin John Spencer. …

To Charles Lyell   24 [November 1859]

Summary

Sales of Origin.

Discusses revisions for second edition. Mentions possible French translation.

Views of Quatrefages [de Bréau].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.178)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2547

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to John Murray, 24 November [1859] . Letter from Charles …
  • … to Louise Swanton Belloc. See letter to John Murray, 14 November [1859] . The letter from …

To Charles Lyell   8 March [1866]

Summary

Gives details of enclosed MS on cool period. Mentions Hooker’s opposed "axis of the earth" view. Causes of glacial period are beyond CD; "cannot believe change in land and water being more than a subsidiary agent".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Mar [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5028

Matches: 4 hits

  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin …
  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To Charles Lyell   24 September 1873

Summary

Discusses apple specimens received from CL; reversion to crab state. Cites passage on subject in Variation.

Comments on letter from Mr Wood on inheritance in fruit-trees.

Would like to cross flowers of "Hawthornden" with many distinct varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Sept 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.432)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9065

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1859. On the …
  • … geology. 11th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Charles Lyell   22 August [1862]

Summary

Relates personal news about family members.

CD is "glad Glen Roy is settled".

Mentions evolutionary remarks on birds by Owen.

Compares variability among lower and higher organisms. Comments on Hooker’s view of the subject.

Forthcoming publication of Huxley’s book [Evidence as to man’s place in nature (1863)] and Lyell’s [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.281)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3695

Matches: 4 hits

  • … now in operation. 3 vols. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
Document type
letter (121)
Addressee
Lyell, Charles[X]
Correspondent
Date
1837 (1)
1838 (3)
1845 (5)
1846 (2)
1849 (2)
1850 (1)
1851 (1)
1853 (1)
1855 (1)
1856 (4)
1859 (21)
1860 (32)
1861 (7)
1862 (2)
1863 (7)
1865 (3)
1866 (10)
1867 (8)
1868 (2)
1869 (2)
1872 (3)
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John Murray in keywords
86 Items
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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