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To Asa Gray   18 February [1877]

Summary

Praises AG’s abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41].

Hopes soon to finish with dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10851

Matches: 6 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1878. Cross and self fertilisation : …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … February 1877 and n. 3). The letter to John Murray has not been found. Gray had written a …

To Asa Gray   1 June [1869]

Summary

Thanks for answers about expression.

Is going to N. Wales to recover after his riding accident.

New edition of Origin.

French edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 June [1869]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (86a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6767

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. ‘Fertilization of orchids’: Notes on …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Turner, James. 1999. The liberal …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1866]

Summary

L. Agassiz’s evidence [for glaciation of America] is very weak.

Thanks AG for arranging for American edition of Variation, but doubts that the book will be successful.

Has found no differences in pollen of Rhamnus so cannot conjecture whether it is dimorphic.

The common oxlip of England is certainly a hybrid between the primrose and the cowslip whereas Primula elatior is a good species.

Reports experiments on the relative vigour of seedlings from cross- and self-fertilised plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5210

Matches: 7 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’: …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … 1866 . CD had asked his publisher, John Murray, to send copies of the fourth edition of …
  • … to a number of people (see letter to John Murray, 15 July [1866] and n.  3). Gray’s name …

To Asa Gray   31 May [1863]

Summary

AG’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 430–44] is excellent.

Does not AG consider that orchids oppose Oswald Heer’s view that species arise suddenly by monstrosities?

Infers that AG cannot explain the angles of phyllotaxy; has been looking at Carl Nägeli on the subject.

Reports Gaston de Saporta’s belief that natural selection will ultimately triumph in France.

Is working slowly at Variation.

Reports his observations on the imperfect flowers of Viola and Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196

Matches: 6 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Farley, John. 1974. The initial …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Heer, Oswald. 1855–9. Flora …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Tort, Patrick. 1996. Dictionnaire …
  • … 16 December [1859] , and letter to John Murray, 22 December [1859] ). Variation was the …

To Asa Gray   28 January 1876

Summary

Thanks for reviews of Insectivorous plants and of Climbing plants in Nation and American Journal Science [see 10329].

AG’s essay on seed dispersal ["Burs in the borage family", Am. Nat. 10 (1876): 1–4].

Preparing book on advantages of crossing [Cross and self-fertilisation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10370

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Fish, David Taylor. 1876. Bunches …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids : On the various …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

To Asa Gray   4 August [1866]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s trouble about new edition of Origin.

Will be printing his new book [Variation] at the end of the year.

[Forwarded by AG, with covering note, to Mr Fields of Ticknor & Fields.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Aug [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5177

Matches: 5 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … Gray had suggested that CD’s publisher, John Murray, supply copies of the fourth edition …
  • … of the fourth edition of Origin , see the letter from John Murray, 18 July [1866] . …
  • … See also letter from John Murray, 23 July [1866] . For CD’s own presentation list for the …

To Asa Gray   3 June [1874]

Summary

CD is deeply pleased by AG’s article on him in Nature [10 (1874): 79–81].

Is preparing book on "Drosera and Co." for the printers. Reports observations on digestion in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 June [1874]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9480

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Insectivorous plants. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, …
  • … by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. ‘Recollections’: Recollections of …
  • … Descent by early April 1874 ( letter to John Murray, 4 April 1874 ). Ohr-spitze : ear-tip. …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Murray’s letter has not been found, but see the letter to John Murray, 20 [June 1862] . …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Stafleu, Frans Antonie. 1971. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … The reference is to CD’s publisher, John Murray. Gray planned to review Orchids in the …
  • … 7 June 1862 ). See letters to John Murray, 13 June [1862] and 20 [June 1862] . In his …

To Asa Gray   16 April [1866]

Summary

AG’s second article on Climbing plants [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 41 (1866): 125–30].

Fritz Müller’s observations on Rubiaceae.

New edition [4th] of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Apr [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5057

Matches: 6 hits

  • … additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845. McKitrick, Eric. 1988. Andrew …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Origin US ed. : On the origin of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Winks, Robin. 1960. Canada and the …
  • … revisions for the fourth edition of Origin as requested by his publisher, John Murray. …
  • … See also letter from John Murray, 21 February [1866] , …
  • … and letter to John Murray, 22 February [1866] . On the publication of a third German …

To Asa Gray   9 August [1862]

Summary

Believes Lythrum is trimorphic. Asks AG for seeds of plants he suspects are polymorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3685

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. ‘Illegitimate offspring of …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Vaucher, Jean Pierre Etienne. 1841. …
  • … them, since he supposed CD’s publisher, John Murray, would supply him with copies at half …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …

To Asa Gray   19 October [1865]

Summary

AG’s article on climbing plants [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 40 (1865): 273–82] is admirable and complimentary.

Reports Fritz Müller’s observations on climbers.

Experiments on dimorphism with Mitchella and Pulmonaria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4919

Matches: 5 hits

  • … edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ‘Climbing plants’: On the movements …
  • … not published until 1868 (see letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] , n.  1). Joseph Dalton …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Gray, Asa. 1865–6. On the movements …
  • … of travel in Yucatan. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Variation : The variation of animals …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Asa Gray   15 April [1867]

Summary

Thanks AG for his trouble about expression queries; wishes he had thought earlier of having them printed.

Is "plodding on" correcting Variation

and getting "a little amusement" from plant experiments. Oxalis is trimorphic like Lythrum.

Is continuing his experiments on seedling vigour.

Has heard hybrid potatoes can be produced by joining halves of different tubers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (97)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5442

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Expression : The expression of the …
  • … animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s …

To Asa Gray   21 December [1860]

Summary

Asks AG to send his reviews [of Origin] as soon as he has definitely fixed on a title for the pamphlet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (J. L. Gray autograph collection 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3028

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Origin lists only works published by John Murray (see Freeman 1977 , pp.  78–9). …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To Asa Gray   16 October [1862]

Summary

Lythrum salicaria is coming out clear.

Would be glad of Nesaea seed.

Is disappointed with Melastoma, but is sure there is something curious to be made out.

His experiments with poisons on Drosera lead him to conclude that it possesses something analogous to nervous matter.

Comments on natural hybrids of Verbascum.

Deplores the Civil War and the feelings it has fostered in Britain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3766

Matches: 4 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. [Lindley, John. ] 1846a. A note upon the …
  • … by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. McPherson, James M. 1988. Battle …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Insectivorous plants. …

To Asa Gray   20 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for information about Hottonia.

Has found dimorphism in Forsythia.

Considers AG’s arguments on different terms for dimorphism, but cannot change to using the proposed new term [see 10699].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Dec 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (116)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10728

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Kuhn, Max. 1867. Einige Bemerkungen …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Asa Gray   28 January [1860]

Summary

If an American edition of Origin is considered worth while, CD would like AG’s reviews prefixed to it.

Will use all his strength to produce first part of his three-volume big work [Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2665

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Origin US ed. : On the origin of …
  • … in 1859 ( Correspondence vol.  7, letter to John Murray, 22 December [1859] ). For some of …
  • … 1860]). For CD’s arrangement with John Murray concerning the publication of Origin , see …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter from John Murray, 1 April 1859 . See also letter to Asa …

To Asa Gray   24 October [1860]

Summary

Has been consulting with John Murray about the possibility of publishing AG’s three Atlantic Monthly articles [see 2910] as a pamphlet, but has been strongly advised against it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (33)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2961

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Has been consulting with John Murray about the possibility of publishing AG’s three …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To Asa Gray   19 April [1865]

Summary

Congratulates AG on the "grand news of Richmond".

Still interested in dimorphism and would welcome new cases.

Working on Variation

and correcting proofs of Climbing plants.

Would like seed of AG’s dimorphic Plantago.

Cannot understand how the wind could fertilise reciprocally dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4467

Matches: 5 hits

  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … refers to Variation (see letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] and n.  2). CD’s paper ‘On …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1878]

Summary

Heterostyly in Linum perenne. Believes the American form may be a distinct species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11364

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
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John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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