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From T. H. Huxley   2 July 1863

Summary

Too busy to examine specimen. Will ask W. H. Flower to do it. Long catalogue of what keeps him busy and concerned.

C. Carter Blake, "a jackal of Owen’s", is the reviewer in Edinburgh Review and Anthropological Review [see 4223]. Has sent back his diploma of Hon. Fellowship to Anthropological Society.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4228

Matches: 28 hits

  • … of you occasionally   I hope M rs Darwin is well Ever yours faithfully | T H Huxley
  • Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   2 July 1863 …
  • … 17 March [1863] . See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] and n.  18. The reference …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] . William Henry Flower. …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1863c. Huxley was appointed Hunterian Professor of comparative anatomy at …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] and n.  13. Huxley …
  • … Blake’s anonymous critical review of T.  H. Huxley 1863b in the Edinburgh Review ([Blake] …
  • … the manner in which the account in T.  H.  Huxley 1863a of his long-standing dispute with …
  • … subsequently republished in book form (T.  H.  Huxley 1864). According to Leonard Huxley …
  • … they subsequently formed the basis of T.  H.  Huxley 1866a. As Hunterian Professor of …
  • … medical publisher, John Churchill (T.  H.  Huxley 1877, p.  iii, and L.   Huxley ed.   …
  • … the anatomy of invertebrated animals (T.  H.  Huxley 1871 and 1877). As naturalist of the …
  • … Flett 1937 , pp.  66–7; see also T.  H.  Huxley and Etheridge 1865). Huxley had recently …
  • … Journal of the Geological Society (T. H.  Huxley 1862b). Huxley presented a ‘brief …
  • … Royal Society on 18 December 1862 (T.  H.  Huxley 1862c). Huxley apparently refers to his …
  • … read before the Royal Society on 28 January 1864, and published as T.  H.  Huxley 1864b. …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1866b. Since 1849, the Geological Survey had published an occasional series …
  • … at length to a number on fish (T.  H.  Huxley 1861a, 1861b, and 1861c). He contributed an …
  • … and made a further contribution to the series in 1872 ( T.  H.  Huxley 1866b and 1872). …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1865. Thomas Oldham was the director of the Geological Survey of India ( …
  • … A.  Desmond 1994–7 , 1: 315–16). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] and n.  12. …
  • … Huxley refers to Jeffries Wyman and to T.  H.  Huxley 1863b. The first …
  • … American edition of T.  H.  Huxley 1863b was published by D.  Appleton & Co.   …
  • … York in May or early June 1863 (T.  H.  Huxley 1863d; see American Publishers’ Circular …
  • … issued pirated editions of both T.  H.  Huxley 1863a and 1863b (see L.  Huxley ed.  1900, …
  • … 1987 , pp.  245–54. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] and n.  16. Huxley refers …
  • Huxley. 2 vols. London: Michael Joseph. DNB : Dictionary of national biography. Edited by Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee. 63 vols. and 2 supplements (6 vols. ). London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1912. Dictionary of national biography 1912–90. Edited by H. …

From T. H. Huxley   20 February 1863

Summary

Has not answered CD’s former letters. Has been ill. Will look up fish business as soon as he is square again.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4001

Matches: 8 hits

  • Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … I will look up the fish business Ever | Yours faithfully | T H Huxley Feb.  20 th 1863 …
  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   20 February 1863 …
  • … his stay in London (see letter to T.   H. Huxley, [8 February 1863] ). CD had consulted …
  • … on polydactylism (see letters to T.  H. Huxley, [8 February 1863] and 16 February [1863] , …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 [February 1863] . The reference is to Huxley’s …
  • … Evidence as to man’s place in nature (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b). CD stated …
  • … his opinion on T.  H.  Huxley 1863b in his letter to Huxley of 26 [February 1863]. Huxley …

To T. H. Huxley   3 July [1863]

Summary

Will be obliged if Flower examines specimens. States questions he wants answered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 July [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   3 July [1863] …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 . …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 . William Henry Flower. …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 27 June [1863] and letter from …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 . …

To T. H. Huxley   26 [February 1863]

Summary

Praise of Man’s place.

Owen’s muddling letter in Athenæum [21 Feb 1863, pp. 262–3].

Is disappointed in Lyell’s excessive caution on species and origin of man [in Antiquity of man].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  26 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4013

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   26 [February 1863] …
  • … after receiving her criticisms of T.  H Huxley 1863a. CD refers to Owen’s letter published …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 25 February 1863 . CD refers to Huxley’s …
  • … Evidence as to man’s place in nature (T.  H. Huxley 1863b); CD’s annotated copy is in the …
  • … Marginalia 1: 423–4). Part 2 of T.  H.  Huxley 1863b, pp.  57–118, examined ‘the relations …
  • … 1860a, p.  500). Huxley wrote (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b, p.  106): At the present moment, but …
  • … humanity] is assuredly not of them’ (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b, pp.  109–12). CD refers to the …
  • … scientific’ nature (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 25 February 1863 , n.  4). In his …
  • … structure of man and the apes’ (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b, pp.  113–18). In his letter in the …

From T. H. Huxley   25 February 1863

Summary

Pleads guilty to both criticisms of "Miss Henrietta Minor Rhadamanthus Darwin" [see 3896] of points in his Lectures [to working men].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4010

Matches: 7 hits

  • Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   25 February 1863 …
  • … 1: 201–2). CD sent his comments on T.  H.  Huxley 1863b in his letter to Huxley of 26 [ …
  • … post? I should be most immensely obliged for them Ever | Yours faithy | T.  H.  Huxley
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, [before 25 February 1863] . The reference is to Henrietta ( …
  • … s 1862 lectures to working men (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a), included a prefatory notice by …
  • … s Evidence as to man’s place in nature (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b), was first published on 20  …

To T. H. Huxley   [before 25 February 1863]

Summary

Two criticisms (one by Henrietta Darwin) of THH’s Lectures [to working men].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [before 25 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 181)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3896

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   [before 25 February 1863] …
  • … Vol. 2 of Collected essays. By T. H. Huxley. 9 vols. London: Macmillan. 1893–4. …
  • … the Museum of Practical Geology (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, p.  89), where he wrote: We notice …
  • … annotated copies of the six parts of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a are in the Darwin Library–CUL ( …
  • … remained unchanged when the lectures were republished ( T.  H.  Huxley 1893 , pp.  397–8). …
  • … In T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, p.  151, it was stated that: Lamarck thought that by a very …
  • … the lectures were republished ( T.  H.  Huxley 1893 , p.  468). Henrietta Emma Darwin. …
  • … available, in six separate parts (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a). CD commented on the first five …

To T. H. Huxley   [after 16 February 1863]

Summary

A note reminding THH to examine the rudiment of the 6th toe on the hind foot of a Batrachian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [after 16 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 202)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3992F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   [after 16 February 1863] …

To T. H. Huxley   18 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks for "monkey book" [Evidence as to man’s place in nature (1863)].

Must wait till he has finished Lyell [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  18 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3996

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   18 [February 1863] …
  • … by reference to the publication of T.  H.  Huxley 1863b on 20 February 1863 ( Publishers’ …
  • … as to man’s place in nature (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b) was published in February 1863 (see …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863]

Summary

CD overwhelmed by THH’s praise.

Agrees with his reservations about species theory but not wholly about sterility and gives his reasons for differing.

On Natural History Review, Hugh Falconer, and R. Owen.

Has written a review [Collected papers 2: 87–92] of H. W. Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 183)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3852

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … is established by the reference to T.  H.  Huxley 1863a (see n.  2, below), and by the …
  • … between this letter and the letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence …
  • … and sold as a separate volume (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a). Huxley sent the first three parts …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] , 18 December [ …
  • … annotated copies of the six parts of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a are in the Darwin Library–CUL ( …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] . Huxley’s sixth …
  • … the phenomena of organic nature’ (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.   133–57). In the last lecture …
  • … of inquiry in Origin , and concluded (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  156–7) by comparing CD’s …
  • … of natural selection in speciation (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–9, and n.  6, below); …
  • … beyond the reach of all possible assault’ (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, p.  147), until CD could …
  • … in the origin of new species (see T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50, and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix VI). Letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence …
  • … causes’ ( Variation 2: 145–72). T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  142–3. Huxley contrasted the …
  • … There is an annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …

To T. H. Huxley   27 June [1863]

Summary

Has caught a frog and examined its possibly rudimentary toe. Asks THH if he will dissect it.

Has heard THH is abused in Edinburgh Review and in Anthropological Review [reviews of Man’s place in nature, Edinburgh Rev. 117 (1863): 541–69 and Anthrop. Rev. 1 (1863): 107–17].

Owen on heterogeny and the aye-aye.

Has been very ill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 June [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 225)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4223

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   27 June [1863] …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 . CD refers to Roget 1834 , …
  • … 1: 544, and to the letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 16 February [1863] . See …
  • … also letter to T.  H.  Huxley, [after 16 February 1863] . Rarissima avis: ‘the rarest …
  • … Carter Blake’s anonymous review of T.  H.  Huxley 1863b in the April 1863 number of the …
  • … to Jeffries Wyman and to T.  H.  Huxley 1863b. The first issue of the Anthropological …
  • … It contained an anonymous review of T.  H.  Huxley 1863b that, while critical of the book, …
  • … and beast’, which attacked T.  H.  Huxley 1863b in more virulent terms ( Anthropological …
  • … author as Blake. See also letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 . CD’s annotated copy of …

To T. H. Huxley   16 February [1863]

Summary

It is not carpal or tarsal bones that are increased [in six-fingered men] but generally only the digits and metacarpals.

Pectoral fins of fish and sharks.

Asks THH to check P. M. Roget’s statement that there is a rudiment of a sixth digit in frogs.

[P.S. missing from original.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 200, 202)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3987

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   16 February [1863] …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 February 1863 . Huxley was professor of …
  • … staying in London (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, [8 February 1863] ). In his letter to …

To T. H. Huxley   23 January [1863 or 1864]

Summary

THH’s efforts to obtain Copley Medal for CD fail. Thanks THH for kind words of sympathy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  23 Jan [1863-4]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 254)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2662

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   23 January [1863 or 1864] …

To T. H. Huxley   [8 February 1863]

Summary

On six-fingered men: suspects increase confined to metacarpals and digits. Has asked James Paget to look it up.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [8 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3973

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   [8 February 1863] …
  • … see Variation 2: 16, and letter to T.  H. Huxley, 16 February [1863] ). CD’s letter to …
  • … to H.  B.  Dobell, 16 February [1863], and by the reference to CD’s visit to Huxley’s …

To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

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Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 10 hits

  • … November and December 1862; the lectures were published as T.  H.  Huxley 1863a. See …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and letter from J.  D. …
  • … Hooker, [12 January 1862]. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  55–67. Huxley’s discussion of …
  • … Kölreuter 1761–6 ). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863], and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix VI. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  29–52. CD refers particularly to pages …
  • … to a non-geologist. See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] and n.  7, and 18  …
  • … 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  153–6. While arguing that ‘ …
  • … There is a lightly annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …
  • … that were sterile with one another (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50). CD, by contrast, …
  • … 12 January 1863] , and letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  4. Letter from …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1863]

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Summary

Huxley’s lectures [Man’s place in nature (1863)]; he would be a scientific H. T. Buckle, if he were more careful.

Asks CD what the evidence is for inheritance of acquired characteristics.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3892

Matches: 5 hits

  • … however, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January [1863] . T.  H.  Huxley 1863a. See …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  2. …
  • Huxley’s lectures [ Man’s place in nature (1863)]; he would be a scientific H. T. Buckle, …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  83–157. Hooker refers to the historian Henry Thomas Buckle, the …
  • … 7 March [1862] ). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and n.  4. In his letter …

To W. H. Flower   11 July [1863]

Summary

Discusses rudimentary sixth toe of frogs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  11 July [1863]
Classmark:  John Innes Foundation Historical Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4559

Matches: 4 hits

  • … this letter and the letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 3 July [1863] . The letter from Flower has …
  • … of the dissection (see letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 16 February [1863] and 27 June [1863] ). …
  • … to answer CD’s questions (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 July 1863 , and letter to …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 3 July [1863] ). The ‘great men’ referred to in Flower’s letter have not …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 January 1863]

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Summary

JDH on Asa Gray’s sanguine view of the Civil War and slavery.

Wishes to discuss variation with CD, a subject that Huxley does not understand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3919

Matches: 6 hits

  • … s six lectures to working men (T.  H.  Huxley 1863a) delivered at the Museum of Practical …
  • … with Huxley about ‘overdoing sterility’ (see T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  146–50). …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 [January 1863] and nn.  5–9, and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 December [1862] and 28 December [1862] , and …
  • … VI.  There is an annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a in the Darwin Library–CUL (see …
  • … 1862  in the Darwin Library– Down. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  153–6. In his letter to …

From Charles Lyell   15 March 1863

Summary

Lyell has received compliments for letting readers draw own inferences [on species question]. Now feels he earlier did Lamarck injustice. [CD’s] substitution of variety-making power for volition [as in Lamarck] in some respects only a change of names.

Thinks Huxley taking on too many responsibilities.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1863
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 364–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4041

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 20 July [1860] ). Lyell refers to James …
  • … degradation, or retrograde movement towards a simpler structure T.  H.  Huxley 1863b. See …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 25 February 1863  and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 26 [February 1863] and n.  6. See also …
  • … Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] . T.  H.  Huxley 1863a and 1862a. No letter from Thomas …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1863]

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Summary

Criticism of Antiquity of man; its public reception.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 108–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4011

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his shop displays a human head and body parts for sale (T.  H.  Huxley, 1863b, p.  55). …
  • … as to man’s place in nature (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b). The reference is to Hugh Falconer, and …
  • … Brain-chapter was Huxley’s writing, though not his words. I have just received H’s coarse- …

To Charles Lyell   4 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks CL for "the great book" [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Richard Owen "ought to be ostracised by every Naturalist in England".

CL’s book will "give the whole subject of change of species an enormous advance".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.287)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3967

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from T.  H. Huxley, 9 October 1862  and n.  4; and this …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 1 April [1861] , and letter to J.  D.   …
Document type
letter (53)
Date
1863
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