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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To T. H. Huxley   15 September [1857]

Summary

Thanks for three last lectures and the account of cirripedes.

Difficulty of classifying the higher groups.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  15 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 137)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2141

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   15 September [1857] …
  • … merely analogical ( Correspondence vol.  5, letter to T.  H. Huxley, 8 March [1855] ). …
  • … T.  H. Huxley 1857a. Huxley and John Tyndall had just returned to London after a second …
  • … Royal Institution on 15 May 1857 (T.  H. Huxley 1857a) and to lectures eleven and twelve …
  • … at the Royal School of Mines ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 ). The second part of lecture twelve …
  • … which has appeared in our time’ ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 15: 238). CD had previously …
  • … his copies of successive parts of T.  H. Huxley 1856–7  to John Lubbock (see letter to …
  • … closely allied to the Branchiopoda ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 15: 241). CD believed that the …

To T. H. Huxley   3 October [1857]

Summary

Thinks naturalists look for something further than Cuvier’s view of classification. Poses a theoretical problem on the classification of the races of man to prove that a genealogical system is best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 139)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2150

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   3 October [1857] …
  • … with Huxley (see letters to T.  H. Huxley, 15 September [1857] and 26 September [1857] ). …
  • … See letter from T.  H. Huxley, [before 3 October 1857] , which was a reply to …
  • … CD’s letter to T.  H. Huxley, 26 September [1857] . In Origin , CD included a long section …

To T. H. Huxley   9 July [1857]

Summary

Thanks THH for his cautionary response on Brullé, but departs from THH in thinking that Barnéoud, if true, would shed light on Milne-Edwards’ proposition that the wider apart classes of animals are the earlier they depart from common embryonic plan.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2122

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   9 July [1857] …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from T.  H. Huxley, 7 July 1857 . …
  • … See letter from T.  H. Huxley, 7 July 1857 . CD’s abstract of Brullé 1844  is in DAR …
  • … 72: 123–4. See also letter to T.  H. Huxley, 5 July [1857] and n.  5. Barnéoud 1846 . …
  • … only occasionally (see letters to T.  H. Huxley, 1 July [1856] , 8 July [1856] , and 13 [ …
  • … type‘ del ] plan’. See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 5 July [1857] , n.  4. CD had asked Huxley …

To T. H. Huxley   [before 12 November 1857]

Summary

Glad THH has taken up aphid question versus Owen ["On the agamic reproduction and morphology of Aphis", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1858): 193–236].

Fertilisation and inheritance discussed. Speculates that fertilisation may be a mixture rather than a fusion. Can understand in no other way why crossed forms tend to go back to ancestral forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [before 12 Nov 1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2166

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   [before 12 November 1857] …
  • … Moor Park (see n.  2, below) and to T.  H. Huxley 1857–8 (see n.  3, below). CD travelled …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, Appendix II). T.  H. Huxley 1857–8, the first part of which Huxley …
  • … is simply “ignorance writ large” ’ (T.  H. Huxley 1857–8, p.  216). Burnett 1854 , p.  63. …
  • … parthenogenesis in the aphid in T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 12: 482, in which he had strongly …
  • … between Huxley and Richard Owen. In T.  H. Huxley 1857–8, pp.  212–18, Huxley attacked …
  • H. K. Thwaites, 10 December 1855). CD developed his theory of inheritance, ‘pangenesis’, and set it out in Variation 2: 357–404. CD was in London from 17 to 20 November 1857 (Emma Darwin’s diary). On 19 November, he attended a meeting of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society, at which Huxley

To T. H. Huxley   26 September [1857]

Summary

Agassiz’s superficiality and wretched reasoning powers. But he stirred up Europe on glaciers. Lyell has been working on their effects – testing work of others.

CD believes "Natural Systems" ought to be simply genealogical. "Time will come when we shall have true genealogical trees of each great kingdom of nature."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  26 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2143

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   26 September [1857] …
  • … In a published letter to John Tyndall (T.  H. Huxley 1857b), Huxley criticized Agassiz’s …
  • … Huxley ed. 1900, 1: 146). See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 15 September [1857] . For Huxley’s …
  • … CD’s further remarks, see letter from T.  H. Huxley, [before 3 October 1857] , and letter …
  • … to T.  H. Huxley, 3 October [1857] . CD explained his views on classification in chapter …
  • … cockroach, Blatta orientalis (T.  H. Huxley 1857–8, pp.  230–1). Huxley had returned from …

To T. H. Huxley   3 February [1857]

Summary

Thanks THH for his response on glacial movement. Hopes Tyndall will experiment on broken ice and explain how two pieces of ice can freeze together.

Sorry to hear of THH’s row with Richard Owen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2045

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   3 February [1857] …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] . …
  • … See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] , in which CD posed several questions …
  • … was below freezing (see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] , and letter to John …

From T. H. Huxley   [before 3 October 1857]

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Summary

On classification and possibilities of a scientific morphology and zoology. CD’s "pedigree business" is important for physiology but has nothing to do with pure zoology any more than human pedigree has to do with the census. Zoological classification is a census of the animal world.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2144

Matches: 5 hits

  • Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From T.  H. Huxley   [before 3 October 1857] …
  • … the relationship to the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 3 October [1857] . Huxley is responding …
  • … as put forward in the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 26 September [1857] , that classification …
  • … the animal world Ever yours faithfully | T.  H. Huxley Cha s . Darwin Esq 2.2 for they … …

To T. H. Huxley   5 July [1857]

Summary

Asks THH’s opinion on embryological views of G. A. Brullé [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 13 (1844): 484–6] and F. M. Barnéoud [Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 3, Bot. 6 (1846): 268–96] and on Milne-Edwards’ classification.

Has been reading John Goodsir ["On the morphological constitution of the skeleton of the vertebrate head", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 5 (1857): 123–78].

Has embryology of bats ever been worked out?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2118

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   5 July [1857] …
  • … within the incubating pouch of the parent. ’ ( ’ (T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 14: 639). …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from T.  H. Huxley, 7 July 1857 . CD sent Huxley a fair …
  • … lecture in the Medical Times & Gazette ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 ). In Mysis , ‘the larva is …
  • … DAR 72: 123v. ). ’ See letter from T.  H. Huxley, 7 July 1857 . Goodsir 1857 . Huxley …

To T. H. Huxley   4 January [1857]

Summary

Congratulations [on Mrs H’s delivery].

Balanus balanoides positively identified by CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   4 January [1857] …

From T. H. Huxley   7 July 1857

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Summary

THH comments on G. A. Brullé’s paper ["Researches upon the transformations of the appendages of the Articulata", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 13 (1844): 484–6].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 11.1: 41a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2119

Matches: 7 hits

  • Huxley, T. H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From T.  H. Huxley   7 July 1857 …
  • … transcribed following the letter. T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 14: 639. Rathke 1840 . Huxley’s …
  • … of less functional importance. See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 5 July [1857] , n.  5. In the …
  • … to Huxley’s point, see the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 9 July [1857] . The quotation is taken …
  • … to plants— Ever yours faithfully | T.  H. Huxley [Enclosure] 1) En suivant, comme on l’a …
  • … that CD had sent him (see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 5 July [1857] , n.  2). The passage in …

To T. H. Huxley   17 January [1857]

Summary

Asks THH question on flow of glaciers after ice has been fractured and fragmented.

CD had to leave Royal Society lecture [joint paper by THH and J. Tyndall, "On the structure and motions of glaciers", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 327–46] before the end because of headache.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 1 (EH 88205939)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2041

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   17 January [1857] …
  • … p.  333). See also letters to T.  H. Huxley, 3 February [1857] , and to John Tyndall, 4  …

To T. H. Huxley   16 December [1857]

Summary

THH’s catalogue [THH and R. Etheridge, A catalogue of the collection of fossils in the Museum of Practical Geology (1865), part published in 1857] best résumé he has seen of science of natural history. On classification he is not quite sure that he wholly goes along with THH. Encloses a few criticisms of THH’s preface.[enclosure survives as copy only].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 151); DAR 145: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2185

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Huxley, T. H. …
  • … To T.  H. Huxley   16 December [1857] …
  • … discussed classification in letters to T.  H. Huxley, 15 September [1857] , 26 September [ …
  • … closely related to the annelids (see T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 13: 635–9, and Winsor 1976 , …

To John Tyndall   4 February [1857]

Summary

CD is "as ignorant of mechanics as a pig", but glaciers have interested him greatly. Hopes to hear that JT’s experiments with ice will explain the freezing together of ice below the freezing point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  4 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 2 (EH 88205940)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2046

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 3 February [1857] . …
  • … See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] , and letter to …
  • … T.  H. Huxley, 3 February [1857] . In Volcanic islands , pp.  70–1, CD compared the …
  • … theory in his Croonian lecture of 1858 (T.  H. Huxley 1859), by which time the ‘jolly row’ …
  • … mentioned in CD’s letter to T.  H. Huxley, 3 February [1857] , was well advanced (see A.   …
  • … question, posed in CD’s letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] , of how Tyndall knew ‘ …

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1857]

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Summary

Species with marked varieties.

Dana’s pamphlet also too metaphysical for CD.

Natural selection chapter on hybridism completed.

Doubts JDH will resist theory in his introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2194

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by analogy with chemical species or elements. T.  H. Huxley and Etheridge 1865. See …
  • … also letter to T.  H. Huxley, 16 December [1857] . J.  D. Hooker 1860. See letter from …

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

Matches: 2 hits

  • … D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] , and to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857]. William Jackson …
  • … 17 January [1857] . See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17 January [1857] . William Sharpey was a …

To J. D. Dana   25 May [1857]

Summary

Thanks him for information concerning Crustacea.

Comments on natural history study in the U. S.

Mentions work done by Huxley on Crustacea ["Description of a new crustacean", J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 13 (1857): 363–9];

John Lubbock on larvae of Diptera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  25 May [1857]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Silliman Family Papers (MS 450) Box 19, folder 25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2094

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in the Medical Times & Gazette ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 ). In lecture eleven, published in …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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Summary

CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 12 April 1857] . See letter to T.  H. Huxley, 17  January [1857] . ‘American-’ has been …
Document type
letter (17)
Date
1857
01 (4)
02 (2)
05 (1)
07 (3)
09 (2)
10 (2)
11 (1)
12 (2)