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To Charles Lyell   12 [February 1860]

Summary

Encloses letters from H. G. Bronn, Asa Gray, and C. J. F. Bunbury, concerning the Origin.

Will send review by Gray and a notice by Bronn.

Says Bronn will superintend the German translation.

Comments on lecture by Huxley [at Royal Institution, 10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200]. Has remonstrated with him for saying sterility is "a universal and infallible criterion of species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.196)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2693

Matches: 6 hits

  • … see the letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 2 [February 1860] , and to H.  G.  Bronn, 4 February [ …
  • … that directly relates to CD’s comment (T.  H.  Huxley 1860a, p.  195): Leaving open the …
  • … 1860, in which he addressed CD’s work on species (T.  H.  Huxley 1860a). CD attended the …
  • … lecture (see letters to T.  H.  Huxley, [26 January 1860] and 2 [ February 1860] ). The …
  • H. G. Bronn, Asa Gray, and C. J. F. Bunbury, concerning the Origin . Will send review by Gray and a notice by Bronn. Says Bronn will superintend the German translation. Comments on lecture by Huxley [ …
  • H.  G.  Bronn, 14 February [1860] . Emma Darwin’s diary records that CD went to London on 27 February 1860. He stayed at the house of his brother Erasmus Alvey Darwin. Thomas Henry Huxley

To Charles Lyell   11 August [1860]

Summary

Comments on his fear that "so many heavy guns fired by great men" might influence the public and scientists.

Sends CL the Owen-inspired Wilberforce review [Q. Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions defence of Origin by Asa Gray at American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Agassiz and Theophilus Parsons have poor criticisms ["Prof. Agassiz on the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 142–54].

Lists other negative reviews by Rudolph Wagner ["An essay on classification by Louis Agassiz", Göttingische Gelehrte Anz. (1860) pt 2: 761–800], Charles Daubeny ["Remarks on the final causes of the sexuality of plants, with particular reference to Mr Darwin’s work On the origin of species by natural selection", Rep. BAAS 30 (1860) pt 2: 109–10], and two anonymous ones (one favourable).

Huxley says K. E. von Baer "goes a long way with us".

Comments on "pipes" in chalk as evidence of geological processes still at work.

Is writing on origin of dog breeds [Variation 1: 15–43].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.223)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2895

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Hooker, 7 August [1860] , and to T.  H.  Huxley, 8 August [1860]. Agassiz 1860 . Probably …
  • … letter. Wagner 1860b. See also letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 8 August [1860] and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 August 1860 . Parsons 1860 . See preceding letter. The …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [20? July 1860] , to T.  H.  Huxley, 20 July [1860], and to Asa Gray, 22  …
  • Huxley & Asa Gray, I see, are determined to stick to the battle, & not give in. —   I am fully convinced that whenever you publish, it will produce great effect on all trimmers, & on many others. —   By way I forgot to mention Daubeny’s pamphlet— very liberal & candid; but scientifically weak. — I believe Hooker is going nowhere this summer: he is excessively busy. M rs . H.   …

To Charles Lyell   10 April [1860]

Summary

W. B. Carpenter’s review of Origin [in Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 25 (1860): 367–404] "very good and well balanced, but not brilliant".

"There is a brilliant review by Huxley" [Westminster Rev. 17 (1860): 541–70].

Asa Gray sends good case of selection producing black pigs in Virginia.

Great blow to CD that CL cannot admit potency of natural selection.

Owen’s review in Edinburgh Review [111 (1860): 487–532] "extremely malignant, clever".

Patrick Matthew has published extract in Gardeners’ Chronicle [7 Apr 1860] from his Naval timber and arboriculture [1831], a complete but not developed anticipation of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.206)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2754

Matches: 3 hits

  • … W.  B.  Carpenter, 6 April [1860] . [T.  H.  Huxley] 1860b. Thomas Henry Huxley maintained …
  • … arise between interbreeding hybrids (T.  H.  Huxley 1860a, p.  198). Asa Gray’s letter is …
  • … 1860). [R.  Owen] 1860a. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 April [1860] . Patrick Matthew’s …

To Charles Lyell   4 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks CL for "the great book" [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Richard Owen "ought to be ostracised by every Naturalist in England".

CL’s book will "give the whole subject of change of species an enormous advance".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.287)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3967

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from T.  H. Huxley, 9 October 1862  and n.  4; and this …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 1 April [1861] , and letter to J.  D.   …

To Charles Lyell   28 [September 1860]

Summary

Discusses extinction of ammonites.

Discusses August Krohn’s cirripede research and Krohn’s correction of his own work.

Discusses origin of dog in connection with origin of man.

Comments on the guinea-pig in South America.

Notes K. E. von Baer’s view of species.

Mentions difficulty of crossing rabbit and hare.

Agrees with Hooker’s views on variation under cultivation and in nature.

Regrets use of term "natural selection", would now use "Natural Preservation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 [Sept 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2931

Matches: 4 hits

  • … observations on these points in T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 , 15: 239. See Correspondence vols.   …
  • … Correspondence vol.  5, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 2 September [1854] , n.  4). Krohn later …
  • … a new species. See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 August 1860 , in which Baer’s initial …
  • H. I. Youssef and B. A. Malek, with an introduction by Jane Maienschein. Washington, D.C. : Al Ahram Center for Scientific Translations for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation. Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 27 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Huxley, …

To Charles Lyell   [25 April 1873]

Summary

Offers condolences on the death of CL’s wife.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8884

Matches: 1 hit

  • … fund for Thomas Henry Huxley (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873  and n.  4). …

To Charles Lyell   24 November [1860]

Summary

Comments on CL’s advice not to reply directly to reviews.

Describes work on his Drosera manuscript.

Work delayed on his "larger book" [Variation].

Comments at length on the evolutionary significance of Robert McDonnell’s investigations ["On an organ in the skate", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1861): 57–60].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.234)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2996

Matches: 2 hits

  • … been found, but see the letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 16 November [1860] and 22 November [ …
  • … had called for. See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 22 November [1860] , and to John Murray, …

To Charles Lyell   3 October [1860]

Summary

Comments on letter from Jeffries Wyman.

Discusses reprinting reviews by Asa Gray.

Mentions views of W. S. Symonds on the geological record.

Discusses descent of turtles and tortoises.

The universality of variation.

Notes only a few species leave modified descendants.

Discusses Apteryx.

Variation among pigeons.

Comments on fertility among hybrids.

Does not agree that he makes natural selection do too much work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.230)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2935

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to the Royal Institution on 10 February (T.  H.  Huxley 1860a). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 7, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 13 December [1859] and 16 December [1859] . CD hinted to …

To Charles Lyell   4 February [1860]

Summary

Suggests references in Journal of researches 2d ed. in response to a query about the antiquity of man. Perplexed about S. S. Haldeman and Haldeman 1843–4. Glad to hear about A. C. Ramsay. Has received letter from H. G. Bronn.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2687F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  8, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 2 [February 1860] and n.  2. For CD’s …
  • … vol.  7, letter from Charles Lyell to T.  H.  Huxley, 17 June 1859 , and letter to Charles …

To Charles Lyell   23 [September 1860]

Summary

Hopes to get Asa Gray’s review of Origin republished.

Argues for single origin of mammals.

Encloses two phylogenetic diagrams indicating possible descent of mammals.

Comments on rodents, marsupials, and dingo in Australia,

and on a paper on the survival of stumps as a result of root grafting.

Argues that man had a single progenitor and consists of a single species.

Comments on destruction of non-white races.

Discusses introduction of rodents to islands by man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 [Sept 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.227)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2925

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Gray, 10 September [1860] , and to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 September [1860]). François Jules …
  • … on 15 September 1860. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 September [1860] . The sentence …
  • H.  Harvey, [20–4 September 1860] . [Gray] 1860b, pp.  229–39. Louis Agassiz’s criticism of Origin , taken from proof-sheets of the third volume of Agassiz 1857–62  and first printed in the American Journal of Science and Arts , was reprinted in the August issue of the Annals and Magazine of Natural History ( Agassiz 1860 ). CD had discussed with Asa Gray and with Thomas Henry Huxley
  • H. (who has reprinted Agassiz’s article) in fair play to reprint this; & I would attach A.  Gray’s name to it. From giving so much of Pictet it seems to me very good. I intended to offer to pay for its printing. What think you? The Annals, I fear, has very small circulation. — Etty has stood her journey excellently: she & Emma drove in one carriage all the way here. — —I suppose you have heard of the Huxleys’ …

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]

Summary

Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discussed the subject at length in T.  H.  Huxley 1861b. CD had made much the same remark …
  • … Hooker, 5 July [1857]). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 11 January [1860] . CD discussed the …

To Charles Lyell   20 November [1860]

Summary

Admires Edward Forbes’s theory of continental extensions, but it will discourage investigation of distribution.

Mentions Oswald Heer’s proposed map of Atlantis.

Discusses extinction of plants caused by the glacial era. Migration of plants and animals during glacial period.

Encourages CL’s work [on Antiquity of man (1863)].

Comments on unfriendly reviews. Asks CL’s opinion about including a reply to reviewers in next edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2989

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 2 (pt 1): 89–99. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 16 November [1860] and n.  8. See following …
  • … Review , see especially the letter to T.  H. Huxley, 9 April [1860] . CD refers to R.   …

To Charles Lyell   21 June [1859]

Summary

Discusses S. S. Haldeman’s paper ["Enumeration of the recent freshwater Mollusca", Boston J. Nat. Hist. 4 (1844): 468–84].

Centres of species origin.

Describes his corrections of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 June [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2470

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See letter from Charles Lyell to T.  H. Huxley, 17 June 1859 . CD had read Haldeman 1843– …

To Charles Lyell   5 [July 1860]

Summary

Glad CL plans trip to Amiens to investigate flints and post-glacial period.

Mentions support by Huxley, Hooker, and Lubbock at Oxford BAAS meeting. Asa Gray also goes on fighting.

Likes article by William Hopkins ["Physical theories and the phenomena of life", Fraser’s Mag. 61 (1860): 739–52; 62 (1860): 74–90].

Comments on hybrids of hare and rabbit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 [July 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.221)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2860

Matches: 1 hit

  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [2 July 1860] , to T.  H.  Huxley, 3 July [1860], and to John Lubbock, [4  …

To Charles Lyell   20 October [1859]

Summary

Comments on CL’s letters.

Discusses foreign animals naturalised in Australia and elsewhere.

Affirms man’s capacity to survive in Eocene climate.

Comments on American types.

Denies necessity for "continued intervention of creative power".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Oct [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2507

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See letter from Charles Lyell to T.  H. Huxley, 17 June 1859 . CD still intended to …

To Charles Lyell   18 [and 19 February 1860]

Summary

Encloses reviews by Asa Gray and Bronn. Comments on Bronn review. Mentions review by Wollaston.

Comments on paper by W. H. Harvey in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1860): 145–6]. Discusses Harvey’s belief in the permanence of monsters.

Discusses CL’s objection that still-living primitive forms failed to develop.

The survival of Lepidosiren and other primitive types of fish and mammals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 and 19 Feb 1860
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.199)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2703

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Lyell, 4 [January 1860] , and to T.  H.  Huxley, 11 January [1860]). CD discussed these …

To Charles Lyell   29 [November 1859]

Summary

Encloses letter from Adam Sedgwick [2548].

Mentions conversion of A. C. Ramsay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  29 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.180)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2560

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from Thomas Henry Huxley has not been found, but see letter to T.  H. Huxley,27 November [ …

To Charles Lyell   15 April [1860]

Summary

Has resolved not to correct Owen’s misrepresentations in his review of Origin.

Discusses at length the theological implications of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2761

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of his views. See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 April [1860] , and to Charles Lyell, 10  …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  11, letter to T.  H. Huxley, 10 [January 1863]). Most of the letter …

To Charles Lyell   30 July [1860]

Summary

Comments on BAAS meeting: "our side seems to have got on very well". Asa Gray, too, is fighting nobly.

Comments on review [by Samuel Wilberforce] in the Quarterly [Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions a favourable review in the London Review.

Wonders if German translation [of the Origin] by Bronn has drawn attention to the subject.

The Natural History Review to be edited by Huxley and others.

Expects CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] to be a bombshell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.222)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2881

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bronn trans.  1860. See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 20 July [1860] , and to John Lubbock, …
Document type
letter (28)
Author
Addressee
Lyell, Charles[X]
Correspondent
Date
1859 (5)
1860 (16)
1862 (1)
1863 (3)
1865 (1)
1866 (1)
1873 (1)
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