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To Asa Gray   28 July [1862]

Summary

AG’s "capital" review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–44].

Thinks there are three forms of Lythrum salicaria.

Discusses transport of seeds by sea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (75)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3667

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, 3 March 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). In his review (A.   …
  • Hooker, 25 February [1862] ; see also letter from J.  D. …
  • … s review of Hooker’s paper on the distribution of Arctic plants (J.  D.  Hooker 1861a), …
  • … of Arctic species surviving in the south of the peninsula (J.  D.  Hooker 1862a, p.   …
  • … the eastern continent. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Starting in …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 April [1855] ). Gray sent CD a …
  • Hooker’s paper, CD concluded that ‘during the coldest part of Glacial period, Greenland must have been quite depopulated’, suggesting that it must then have been repopulated by ‘accidental means of transport by ice & currents’ (see letter to J.  D. …

To Asa Gray   22 July [1860]

Summary

Greatly praises AG’s discussion of Origin in Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. [4 (1860): 411–15; 424–6].

Mentions other reviews of Origin; believes the BAAS meeting at Oxford greatly advanced the subject. Has heard his views are gaining ground in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 July [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2876

Matches: 8 hits

  • … 410–15, 424–31. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] . Joseph Dalton Hooker’s …
  • … 20 July [1860]). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1860 , and Appendix VI. Ferdinand …
  • … pp.  495–520. Hopkins 1860 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20? July 1860] and n.  5. …
  • … write the review (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [20? July 1860] , and to T.  H.   …
  • … 1860b. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [July 1860] . CD’s annotated copies of all three …
  • … between receiving the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] and 19 [July 1860] . [ …
  • … 1860, p.  161. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1860] . The ‘missing’ pages …
  • … discussions relating to Darwin. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] . [Gray] …

To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862]

Summary

Discusses AG’s article ["Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio-dimorphism" or "precocious fertilisation". Discusses the separation of sexes in plants; cannot doubt that hermaphroditism is the aboriginal state.

Discusses AG’s observations on orchids and his review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26[–7] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3830

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Gray, by puzzling intermediate forms. ’ See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . …
  • Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [18 October 1862] ). See …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [ …
  • … to having received the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 ; since Joseph Dalton …
  • … are in DAR 111: 3–5. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] , letter to W.  E.   …
  • … and 24 April [1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). There are notes on …
  • … DAR 109 (ser.  2): 6. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , n.  17. CD’s notes …
  • … to Daniel Oliver, 15 April [1862] and n.  3. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862d, p.  371. CD refers to …
  • Hooker in October 1862 (see letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] , letter to J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … H.  Huxley, 1 January [1860]. Hooker 1859. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860]. …
  • … by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and 28 [December 1859] , …

To Asa Gray   15 August [1865]

Summary

Gratified by AG’s praise of "Climbing plants".

Thanks for Specularia seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4882

Matches: 5 hits

  • Hooker, [17 June 1865] , and letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D. Hooker, [10  …
  • … CD and Joseph Dalton Hooker had already discussed these books (see letters to J.  D. …
  • … recommended a strict diet (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [or 28 September 1865] ). Emma …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin. In a letter to J.  D.  Hooker of 1 June [1865] , CD had mentioned that …
  • Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  5, and [29 July 1865] and nn.  13 and 15). The reference is to Frances Wedgwood (see letter from Asa Gray, 24 July 1865  and n.  10). CD had evidently abandoned John Chapman’s ice treatment (see letter to J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   24 August [1855]

Summary

"Close" species in large and small genera.

Alphonse de Candolle on geographical distribution [Géographie botanique raisonnée (1855)].

Species variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1749

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Candolle 1855  at length in Hooker’s Journal of Botany ( J.  D. Hooker 1856 ). George …
  • … in the plant kingdom ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, [April 1852] ). See Living Cirripedia ( …
  • … the missing letter (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [August 1855] , n.  4). Fries 1850 , …

To Asa Gray   16 February [1862]

Summary

Floral structure of Melastoma. Asks AG to observe position of pistils in lately-opened flowers of different plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3448

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] , and this volume, …
  • … Monochaetum ensiferum (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 February [1862] and n.  7). There …

To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1859 , p.  447). CD had discussed the point with Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker,[20 December 1859]), and with Gray ( …
  • … Boston in January 1859 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). A.  Gray 1859 , pp.   …
  • … Palæontology. ’ See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 6 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . …
  • … Dalton Hooker, on which he had begun to experiment (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29  …
  • … with H.  roseum (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and 30 May [1862] ). CD’s …
  • … of Orchids. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Orchids , …
  • … at the end of May (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  2). See n.  16, …
  • … s observations on Viola , see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  7. Royer …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 6 hits

  • … read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … and 17 March [1863] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 March 1863] . See letter from …
  • … by 15 February 1863 (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 February [1863] and n.  5); Joseph …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 February 1863] ). See also …
  • … 9 November 1861 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] ). CD subsequently grew …
  • … February (see, for example, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ). Horace Darwin had …

To Asa Gray   21 August [1862]

Summary

Emma and Leonard have scarlet fever.

Houstonia seems "a grand case"; J. T. Rothrock should publish his observations on the two pollens and the reciprocal action of two hermaphrodites.

Rhexia glandulosa offers nothing odd, but Heterocentron will turn out something marvellous like Lythrum.

Would like to know what AG thinks of last chapter of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3692

Matches: 5 hits

  • … plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862– 83), see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] ). Suspecting that …
  • … resulting from the latter (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and nn.  7–9). On  …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . In his letter to CD of …

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]

Summary

Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and n.  4. CD’s …
  • … Parthenon at this time (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). Cooper 1855 . …
  • … 4 and 13 October 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , n.  10. Gray had …
  • … 4 September [1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  11 and 12. [ …
  • … his copies of the numbers in which [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c appeared (see DAR 222 and DAR …

To Asa Gray   28 May [1864]

Summary

Is slowly writing Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Thanks for [Charles?] Wright’s observations on orchids

– could he note what attracts insects to Begonia and Melastoma? H. Crüger, who was going to observe Melastomataceae, has died.

Describes the climbing habits of Bignonia capreolata and Eccremocarpus scaber.

How does AG know the perfect flowers of Voandzeia are quite sterile?

He has a case of dimorphism in holly; asks AG to report on American hollies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4511

Matches: 7 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 April 1864 , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 April [1864] …
  • … vol.  11, enclosure to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [November 1863] , and this volume, …
  • … 12, Appendix III.  See also letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and n.  7, and 22 [ …
  • … plants’ , pp.  56–9). See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December [1864] and n.  13. CD …
  • … 1864  and n.  22, and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1864] and n.  22. CD discussed …
  • … flowers ([Oliver] 1864a). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and nn.  9–10, and …
  • … of its editorial board, see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [1864] and n.  17. CD …

To Asa Gray   22 January [1862]

Summary

Dimorphism: "new cases are tumbling in almost daily".

U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3404

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Boott and Joseph Dalton Hooker, and to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] and [30 and 31  …
  • … at its head’. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  10. This is a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 December 1861] and 28 [December …
  • … trimorphism in Lythrum in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] , and asked if …
  • … Melastomataceae (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [1 January 1862] and n.  3). The reference …

To Asa Gray   8 June [1860]

Summary

Discusses recent reviews of Origin and has made a note on Owen’s [see 2737].

Has become interested in the floral structures of orchids.

Notes his recent observations on Primula; believes he has found male and female forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 June [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2825

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1860] and 17  May [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 May [1860]. CD’s observations are …
  • … s letters has been located. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 June [1860] . CD refers to [R. …
  • … s improving health, see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 June [1860] . See letters to J.   …
  • … Haughton] 1860b. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 June [1860] , and to Charles Lyell, 6  …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] , and letter to …
  • … 9 November 1861 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] , and Correspondence …
  • … instance, Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 October [1861] and n.  4, …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). He read his account …
  • … on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). See Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . On 17 January 1863, Hooker …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). The construction …

To Asa Gray   1 July [1862]

Summary

Thanks for notes on Cypripedium and Platanthera hookeri, which is really beautiful and quite a new case.

His son, George, has been observing the insect fertilisation of orchids.

CD has been crossing peloric flowers of Pelargonium, but doubts he will get good results with respect to sterility of hybrids.

Rhexia glandulosa does not appear to be dimorphic. Lythrum is trimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (69)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3634

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] ), and had obtained …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [March 1862] ). He had previously …
  • … suffering from eczema (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and 30 [June 1862] ). …
  • … 1862, are in DAR 70: 37. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 . CD refers to Miles …

To Asa Gray   10 September [1860]

Summary

Has received second part of AG’s Atlantic Monthly article ["Darwin on the origin of species", 6 (1860): 109–16, 229–39], and would like to have it reprinted in England with the first part.

Regrets no reviewer has touched upon embryology, which he feels provides one of his strongest arguments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2910

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and, in this …
  • … Asa Gray, 22 July [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1860]. See letters to Charles …
  • … Hooker was Joseph Dalton Hooker’s mother. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 September [ …

To Asa Gray   16 October [1862]

Summary

Lythrum salicaria is coming out clear.

Would be glad of Nesaea seed.

Is disappointed with Melastoma, but is sure there is something curious to be made out.

His experiments with poisons on Drosera lead him to conclude that it possesses something analogous to nervous matter.

Comments on natural hybrids of Verbascum.

Deplores the Civil War and the feelings it has fostered in Britain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3766

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October  …
  • … and 22 September 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.  7. Gray’s …
  • … in Bournemouth in 1862, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . There are …

To Asa Gray   28 January [1860]

Summary

If an American edition of Origin is considered worth while, CD would like AG’s reviews prefixed to it.

Will use all his strength to produce first part of his three-volume big work [Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2665

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January 1860 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [22 January  …
Document type
letter (85)
Author
Addressee
Gray, Asa[X]
Correspondent
Date
1855 (2)
1856 (4)
1857 (7)
1858 (4)
1859 (3)
1860 (13)
1861 (7)
1862 (15)
1863 (8)
1864 (4)
1865 (3)
1866 (1)
1867 (3)
1869 (1)
1870 (2)
1872 (1)
1873 (1)
1874 (1)
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1877 (1)
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