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To John Murray   31 March [1859]

Summary

CD has heard from Lyell that JM is inclined to publish his work on the origin of species. Will send some chapters as soon as copyist has finished. Sends list of 12 chapters. It will be a popular abstract of more than 20 years’ work. It ought to be popular with scientific and semi-scientific readers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.12–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2441

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker for his comments in early March (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). CD …

To W. D. Fox   [6 October 1859]

Summary

First impressions of the water-cure establishment are not favourable – "I always hate everything new".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [6 Oct 1859]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 123)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2502

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 24 November 1859 ( Emma Darwin’s diary). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 October [1859] . …

Darwin, Charles and Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1858. On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection … Communicated by Sir Charles Lyell … and J. D. Hooker. [Read 1 July 1858.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 3 (1859): 45–62. [Shorter publications, pp. 282–96.]

Matches: 1 hit

  • J. D. Hooker. [Read 1 July 1858. ] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society ( Zoology ) 3 (1859): …

To Charles Lyell   22 [December 1859]

Summary

Comments on Hooker’s introductory essay [in Flora Tasmaniae].

Cites C. V. Naudin’s article ["Considérations philosophiques sur l’espèce et la variété", Rev. Hortic. 4th ser. 1 (1852): 102–9].

Mentions letter from William Jardine criticising discussion of the Galapagos in the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.186)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2593

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Origin through Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 15 October [1859] and 23 [December …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 6 November [1855] ). Lyell probably drew CD’s attention to the work after reading Hooker’s comments on it in Hooker 1859, …

From J. D. Hooker   [23 March 1862]

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Summary

Lighthearted thoughts on "the development of an Aristocracy" after a visit to Walcot Hall, Shropshire.

On CD’s point about the effect of changed conditions on the reproductive organs, JDH does not see why this is not "itself a variation, not necessarily induced by domestication, but accompanying some variety artificially selected".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 27–9; American Philosophical Society Library (Hooker papers, B/H76.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3480

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 1 July [1857] ( Correspondence vol.  6). CD and Hooker had corresponded extensively on this point in 1860 (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] , …

To J. D. Hooker   14 February [1860]

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Summary

Huxley’s Royal Institution lecture on Origin [10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200] an "entire failure" as an exposition of CD’s doctrine.

R. I. Murchison very civil.

CD counts Lyell among the converted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2696

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1860] ) and his conditions for publication meant that Hooker had to pay for any presentation copies (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D. Hooker, [8–11 April 1859] , …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1860] . CD refers to the copies of Hooker’s introductory essay of the Flora Tasmaniæ (Hooker 1859), …

To W. D. Fox   [16 November 1859]

Summary

News of his health and the water-cure establishment.

[Origin] "my weariful book on Species" has been sent to WDF, who will not agree with it. Hooker is a convert, and Lyell is "staggered".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [16 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 124)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2533

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Lyell , 25 October [1859] , and to J.  D. Hooker, [27 October or 3 November 1859]. …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [April 1860]

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Summary

What a base dog Owen is for praising his own work in reviewing Origin [anonymously].

J. H. Balfour is narrow-minded.

CD cannot understand pollination of Goodenia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2763

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [26 May 1859] and n.  3. The January …
  • Hooker the draft of a letter to the Gardeners’ Chronicle to see whether he thought he should send it to the journal for publication. See letters to Gardeners’ Chronicle , [13 April 1860], and to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 [April 1860]. The letter from Richard Owen to Hooker is also mentioned in CD’s letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1860] . Owen reviewed Origin , Hooker 1859, …

To Charles Victor Naudin   7 February 1863

Summary

Thanks for informative letter of 2 February. CD is glad to have CVN’s opinion on the crossing of varieties of melons,

has made use of his memoir on the Cucurbitaceae ["Cucurbitacées cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) 18 (1863): 159–208]

and anticipates with great interest his work on hybridisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Victor Naudin
Date:  7 Feb 1863
Classmark:  Progressus rei botanicæ 4 (1913): 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3972

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 January 1863 ). CD cited Naudin’s study of varieties of melon (Naudin 1859) …

From S. V. Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   19 September 1873

Summary

Thanks for proofs of the Supplement to Crag Mollusca. Sends crab apples.

Author:  Searles Valentine Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1873
Classmark:  The University of Edinburgh Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6327-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059G

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker’s view had been expressed in J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , p.  ix, and quoted …

To J. D. Hooker   24–5 November [1858]

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Summary

Praises JDH’s Australian introduction.

Disputes JDH’s emphasis on SE. and SW. Australian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24-5 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2371

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker was preparing an introductory essay (Hooker 1859) for his flora of Tasmania (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, …

Barnard, Anne (1833/4–99)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in-law of J. D. Hooker. Married Robert Cary Barnard, an army officer, in 1859. Botanical …

From Asa Gray   [10 January 1860]

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Summary

Agassiz denounces Origin as "atheistical";

AG is currently reviewing it [in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84].

Jeffries Wyman praises it, though not a convert.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 26a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2631

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  7, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] , and letter to Asa Gray, 21  …
  • … Christmas 1859 (see Dupree 1959 , p.  267–8, and letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To John Murray   9 April [1860]

Summary

Asks that a copy of Origin [1860] be sent to R. A. von Kölliker.

A venomous review "manifestly by Owen" has appeared in Edinburgh Review.

Sedgwick has been fierce in Spectator, but fair and open.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.90–91)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2752

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [27 October or 3 November 1859] . …

From H. C. Watson   3 January 1858

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Summary

Discusses the ranges and distribution of varieties relative to the type species.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1858
Classmark:  DAR 98: A19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by CD. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, [26 May 1859] . It is possible that Watson added …

To J. D. Hooker   12 [June 1860]

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Summary

Progress of [Thomas?] Thomson and G. H. K. Thwaites on accepting mutability.

Bee orchid pollination.

JDH has written to CD on homologies of stigma in Goodeniaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [June 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2830

Matches: 1 hit

  • … but see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 [May 1860] . Hooker 1859. George Henry Kendrick …

To T. H. Huxley   16 December [1859]

Summary

Will bring materials for Royal Institution lecture [when he comes to London].

Plans to bring out separate detailed volumes [on his theory], starting with domestic variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2585

Matches: 1 hit

  • … make this trip (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [December 1859] ). The Museum of Practical …

From J. D. Hooker   29 May 1866

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Summary

JDH sends a list of the principal confirmatory evidences of CD’s theory which he has prepared at W. R. Grove’s request for Nottingham speech ["Presidential address", Rep. BAAS 26 (1866): liii–lxxxi].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5104

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker had endorsed CD’s theory of evolution by natural selection and applied the theory to the distribution of plants in his essays on Australian and Arctic floras ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859  and J.  D.   …

To A. R. Wallace   18 May 1860

Summary

Pleasure in ARW’s approbation of the Origin. Other supporters among scientists. ARW’s generosity.

Attacks by Owen, Sedgwick, and others.

Anticipation of natural selection by Matthew in 1830.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  18 May 1860
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 21–23v)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2807

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1863 (C.  Lyell 1863). Hooker 1859. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1860] , and to …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, 10 May 1860 . Phillips 1860 . [Jardine] 1860 . [Wollaston] 1860 . Murray 1860a. Haughton 1860a. Dawson 1860b. For a list of reviews of Origin that were published in 1859  …

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

Matches: 3 hits

  • … links. Hooker’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniæ ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ), in which he …
  • Hooker , who was one of the first publicly to endorse natural selection (see J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ), …
  • Hooker’s essay as having been published ‘a few months before the appearance of the “Origin of Species’”. In the second edition of Antiquity of man the publication date of Hooker’s essay was given as December 1859 (C.  Lyell 1863b, p.  417). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ …
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