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To J. D. Hooker   30 March [1859]

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Summary

Hopes Murray will publish after seeing MS [of Origin].

Demurs at JDH’s saying that CD changes climate to account for migration of bugs, flies, etc. "We do nothing of the sort; for we rest on scored rocks, old moraines, arctic shells, and mammifers." Has given up the Lyellian doctrine as insufficient to explain all changes in climate; CD has no theory about the cause of the cold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2440

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   30 March [1859] …
  • … March [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1859] . Roderick Impey Murchison had …

From Alfred Russel Wallace to J. D. Hooker   6 October 1858

Summary

Thanks JDH and Lyell for the actions they have taken with respect to ARW’s and CD’s papers. Considers himself fortunate to have been given any merit for his work. Is pleased that his correspondence has led to the earlier publication of CD’s work. It would have caused him "much pain & regret" if CD had made ARW’s paper public unaccompanied by his own views.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct 1858
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2337

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to Joseph Dalton Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker,23 January [1859] ). CD had forwarded …

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1859]

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Summary

Sends MS [of Origin] on geographical distribution. Wants JDH to correct facts and say what he most vehemently objects to.

Has received JDH’s note on plant embryology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2429

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 March [1859] …
  • Hooker that he has learned so much from him, and followed up so many of his suggestions, that he may have inadvertently adopted views for which Hooker should receive the credit. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 9 November 1856 ). In this chapter, CD described his theory of the origins of Arctic and alpine distribution patterns and the migration of northern plants through the tropics during a former cold period. This material formed the first of two chapters on geographical distribution in Origin . The second chapter was written for Origin early in 1859. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [9 March 1859] . …

From J. D. Hooker   [20 December 1859]

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Summary

Forwards letter from Asa Gray.

Bentham is very agitated by Origin. CD over-emphasises natural selection. His theory accounts for too much and would be improved by unburdening it of natural selection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 180–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2589

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [20 December 1859] …
  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [December 1859] . The enclosure was a …

To Charles Lyell   27 [December 1859]

Summary

Mentions William Clift ["Report in regard to the fossil bones found in New Holland", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 10 (1830–1): 394–6].

Discusses relations between fossil and living types.

Discusses Hooker’s introductory essay [in Flora Tasmaniae]. Criticises Hooker’s views on flora of rising and sinking islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  27 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.187)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2608

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Naudin 1852 . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 23 [December 1859] and 25 [December 1859] , …
  • Hooker 1859, p. viii. The passage is marked in CD’s copy of the work in the Darwin Library–CUL, next to which CD wrote in pencil, ‘without selection doubtful’. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 26 [December 1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   [23 October 1859]

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Congratulates JDH on finishing his introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

Lyell’s position on mutability appears more positive in his letters to JDH than in those to CD. Considers JDH a convert.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 Oct 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2509

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [23 October 1859] …
  • … letter, but see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 October [1859] , for two of his suggestions. [ …
  • Hooker evidently referred to those parts of his essay that dealt with the fossil flora of Australia (Hooker 1859, pp. c–cvi). See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, [27 October or 3 November 1859] . …

To Williams and Norgate   16 January [1860]

Summary

Orders J. E. Tennent’s work on Ceylon [Sir James Emerson, afterwards Tennent, Ceylon, an account of the island, physical, historical, and topographical (1859)], and Richard Owen’s Classification and distribution of Mammalia [1859].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2653

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 7, letters to John Murray , 15 October [1859] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, [23 October 1859]). …

To J. D. Hooker   28 January [1859]

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CD not convinced that naturalisation of European plants abroad is strictly dependent on creation by agriculture of disturbed ground.

More than half through his chapter on geographical distribution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Jan [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2406

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   28 January [1859] …
  • … to America. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 January [1859] . The letter from Ferdinand …

To J. D. Hooker   2 April [1859]

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Summary

Thanks for letter of caution about Murray. He has offered to publish without seeing MS. CD thinks book will be popular to a certain extent. Lyell’s inducing Murray to publish Origin grates CD’s pride.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2446

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   2 April [1859] …
  • Hooker visited Down House on 21 April; on 23 April Francis (Frank) Wedgwood and his family arrived. Francis Boott was a mutual friend of CD and Hooker. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [8–11 April 1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [June 1859]

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Summary

CD making extensive corrections on proofs of Origin. Worries that style is too dry.

Doubts about Joseph Prestwich’s discovery [of flint tools].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [June 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2471

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   22 [June 1859] …
  • … 26 May (see n.  2, above). See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 6 May [1859] and 2 July [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1860]

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High praise and detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae, which CD has now finished reading.

Disagrees on power of transoceanic migration. Advocates glacial transport of plants.

CD’s response to reviews of Origin in Saturday Review [8 (1859): 775–6] and John Lindley’s in Gardeners’ Chronicle [but see 2651].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2635

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] . …
  • 1859, pp.  1051–2, had been written by the editor, John Lindley . It was printed in the opening columns of the Gardeners’ Chronicle that were normally reserved for the editor’s comments. In fact, Hooker was the author (see letter to J.  D.   …

To J. D. Hooker   14 December [1859]

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CD’s great satisfaction with JDH’s approval of Origin. The book has been extremely successful. Reactions of Asa Gray, Lyell, Bentham, and J. E. Gray.

Not one friend has noticed his pet bit in Origin: embryology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2583

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 December [1859] …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 November 1859] . Hooker and Asa Gray had corresponded …
  • … 4 and 5). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 December 1859] , in which Hooker mentioned …

To J. D. Hooker   23 November 1880

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Admires Wallace’s Island life.

Criticises: 1. His view of similar plants on distant mountains – CD prefers previous low-land connections to Wallace’s summit–summit dispersal;

2. Source of warmth for ancient Arctic climate;

3. Origin of S. Australian flora.

CD’s favourite cases in Movement in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 95: 496–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12841

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1859]

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Summary

CD has written to Asa Gray criticising J. D. Dana’s arguments for a warm period subsequent to glacial period.

Remembers it is Alphonse de Candolle who states that many species are not true species.

Did Huxley write the excellent review in the Times?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2610

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   28 [December 1859] …
  • Hooker, of the geological discussion in A.  Gray 1858–9 . See letters to Asa Gray , 24 December [1859] and n.  6, and to J.  D. Hooker, 26 [December 1859]. …

To J. D. Hooker   23 January [1859]

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Wallace has written and is well satisfied with the joint presentation.

CD requests some facts to make case in his abstract for former glacial action in Himalayas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Jan [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2403

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   23 January [1859] …
  • … botanic garden from 1842 to 1875. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 January 1859 . …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1859]

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Summary

JDH half through Origin. High praise for facts and reasoning.

Lyell told JDH his criticisms: small matters JDH did not appreciate.

Reactions of G. Bentham, J. S. Henslow, and C. C. Babington.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 137–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2579

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [12 December 1859] …
  • Hooker had read and commented on several chapters of CD’s species manuscript (see Correspondence vol.  6) as well as the equivalent material prepared for Origin (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   15 March [1859]

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Summary

Will finish last chapter (except recapitulation) tomorrow.

Pleased with JDH’s response to geographical distribution chapter;

CD disagrees with Lyell’s view that glacial epoch is connected with position of continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2432

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   15 March [1859] …
  • Hooker the manuscript on geographical distribution intended for his forthcoming ‘abstract’ ( Origin , pp.  346–410). Hooker’s comments have not been found. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] , …

From J. D. Hooker   24 January 1863

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JDH delivers CD’s letter to C. V. Naudin.

Neither Naudin nor Decaisne appreciates Origin.

Discusses Naudin on physiological causes of species formation;

Decaisne on plant heredity.

JDH on Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3940

Matches: 1 hit

  • … nn.  6 and 7, and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 [December 1859] , and Correspondence vol.   …

From J. D. Hooker   9 [March] 1864

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Reception of Scott’s paper.

Difficulty of writing Boott’s obituary.

Critical of Edward Frankland’s glacial theory.

Falconer’s and Ramsay’s views on Himalayan lakes lack support of basic evidence.

Taxonomic distribution of climbing plants.

Huxley picks quarrels with minor figures and thus magnifies them.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 [Mar] 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 189–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4404

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, 5 February 1864 , n.  17. Richard Owen reviewed Hooker’s On the flora of Australia ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ) …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1857]

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News of Mrs Henslow’s death.

Studying Impatiens, which bears on CD’s problems. Though genus is endemic to India, with over 100 species, CD will be glad to know they do not run into one another.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 178–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2178

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D. Hooker, 21 November [1857] ). Harriet Henslow was the daughter of George Leonard Jenyns of Bottisham Hall, Cambridgeshire, and the sister of Leonard Jenyns . In J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1859, …
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